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Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education
ISSN : 22525084     EISSN : 26545810     DOI : https://doi.org/10.22146/jpki.46690
Core Subject : Health,
The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education (Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia) is a peer-reviewed open-access journal which publishes research and innovation in curriculum development, student-centred learning, faculty development, assessment, and learning resources in health professions education. Aiming to improve literacy on health professions education in Indonesia and globally, this journal publishes three issues annually in English and Bahasa Indonesia.
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Articles 180 Documents
Pembelajaran Profesionalisme Kedokteran dalam Persepsi Instruktur dan Mahasiswa Purnamasari, Cicih Bhakti; Claramita, Mora; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 4, No 1 (2015): MARET
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (430.26 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25263

Abstract

Background: Profesionalism has become a main competency for physician. Therefore, it is important to get an agreement from health provider about professionalism and it’s applicable learning method for medical institution. This research aimed to explore skills laboratory instructor and student’s perception of the learning method that can facilitate the mastery of professionalism and it’s professional behavior components.Method: A descriptive qualitative method was carried out in this research. Data was collected by indepth interview among instructors and FGD among two groups of students, and analyzed by grounded theory method approach.Results: Medical professionalism is an integrated ability of  knowledge, skill and attitude. Professional behavior formed by attitude. Professionalism can be learnt and taught by eksplisit, implisit and continuing education methods.Conclusion :. Medical professionalism can be collaborated in several learning methods. Role model is claimed as an effective learning method for medical professionalism and professional behavior mastery.
COMPARISON OF TRUWINIST INTERDIGITAL METHOD AND CONVENTIONAL IN LEARNING APPROPRIATE DRUG SELECTION AND PRESCRIBING FOR TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS Sitorus, Trully Deti Rose; Kuswinarti, Kuswinarti; Istriati, Istriati
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 7, No 3 (2018): November 2018
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (227.74 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.41841

Abstract

Background: Medical education in Indonesia has been using Problem Based Learning curriculum. Meanwhile, the patient management ability evaluation showed the lowest result among all evaluation in Ujian Kompentensi Mahasiswa Program Pendidikan Dokter (UKMPPD).  Truwinis Interdigital Method (TIM) has been developed to improve student ability in choosing the appropriate drug and prescribing for Diabetes Mellitus type 2. The purpose of this research is to compare the effectiveness of TIM toward Conventional Method (CM).Methods: This research used cross-sectional design. The subject is 82 student who attend Clinical Skill Laboratory of Endocrine and Metabolism System of Faculty Medicine of Universitas Padjadjaran. The subject is divided into two groups, Group I: CM (control), Group II:  TIM (Intervention). TIM consist of e-learning and audiovisual material. Parameters in this research were ability of choosing appropriate drugs test and Objective Skill Clinical Examination (OSCE). The data is analyzed statistically. Results: The data showed   homogenousity in both groups (p>0,05). The average test score for CM group was 25,11 ± 10,84 and for TIM group was 80,06 ± 14,19. This was statistically significant (p < 0,0001). The average   test score of OSCE for CM group was 39,63   11,73 and for TIM group was 62,74 ±14 ,07. This was also statistically significant (p<0,0001).Conclusion: Truwinist Interdigital Method is more effective than the Conventional Method in learning appropriate drugs selection and prescribing for type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
DIFFERENCES IN STUDENTS’ ATTITUDES TOWARD COMMUNICATION SKILLS IN A MEDICAL SCHOOL IN INDONESIA Noya, Farah; Noija, Stazia; Manuputty, Amanda
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 7, No 3 (2018): November 2018
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.246 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.41839

Abstract

Background: Communication skills play an important role in clinical practice. Attitudes toward medical communication skills   that are built since a stage of medical student, would affect practice as a doctor later.  Good communication skills based on positive attitude will improve other clinical skills that are needed as a doctor, also will help a doctor to consider the importance of the improvement of the skills quality related to it. A number of studies have explored this context widely using CSAS as an instrument that consists of 2 subscales, a positive (PAS) and a negative (NAS) subscale. This study aimed to determine the difference in attitudes among students in Faculty of Medicine Pattimura University Ambon toward medical communication skills. Method: This was a cross-sectional analytical study that used primary data, obtained using an Indonesian version CSAS questionnaire that is first validated, thus, the scale consists of 24 items within 13 items as PAS and 11 items as NAS. Subjects were 124 active students of the academic year 2014/2015, woh undergo pre-clinical (semesters 2, 4, 6 and 8) and clinical study (Co Ass), obtained through stratified random sampling and complied the restriction criteria. Data were analysed using Mann-Whitney, Kruskall-Wallis, Unpaired t-test, One-Way ANOVA, and Post-Hoc Bonferroni tests with significance level of p<0,05.  Results: There were no difference in attitude toward communication skills between students across most variables; however, there were differences in negative attitudes (NAS) on medical communication skills between each batch of students (p=0.02).Conclusion: The difference in attitude toward communication skills can be seen between students across study batch in Pattimura University Faculty of Medicine.
Pengembangan Kuesioner Penilaian Proses Belajar Problem-Based Learning dengan Model SPICES Akbar, Surya; Claramita, Mora; Kristina, Tri Nur
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 3, No 3 (2014): NOVEMBER
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (238.163 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25235

Abstract

Background: Every medical education institution in Indonesia must used SPICES model as a strategy/approach on their curriculum. This accord with what is state in Standar Pendidikan Profesi Dokter Indonesia (SPPDI). Assessment of implementation of SPICES model in educational curriculum is highly important in determining the direction of learning process underway. The aim of this study is to develop a questionnaire that helps medical educational institution to assess degree of implement of SPICES model on their curriculum.Method: Questionnaire of Problem-based learning (PBL) learning process with SPICES model development made the two stages. First stage purpose was to develop questionnaire, while second stage was to validate of the questionnaire construct. First stage consists of three steps, i.e literature study, arrangements the items, and content validity. Construct validity of the questionnaire is done by used reliability test, and factor analysis test.Results: Result from questionnaire development in the first stage was 29 items. Construct validity process in the stage two produced 17 items.Conclusion: Assessment of PBL learning process with SPICES model questionnaire proven to be valid and reliable. Further investigation needs to assess stability of the questionnaire in other region.    
Determinan Pilihan Karir Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran sebagai Spesialis di Indonesia Syakurah, Rizma Adlia; Sari, Dwi Atika; Riansyah, Dendy; Yolanda, Priska
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 3, No 2 (2014): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (250.807 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25233

Abstract

Background: In this “Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional” (JKN) era, career preference among medical students became an important issue to be concerned with, especially regarding career as a specialist physician in order to ensure equal distribution of doctor's quantity and profession variation. Several studies had been conducted abroad with aim to analyse career preference's determinants of medical students, but these kind of studies are rarely found in Indonesia. The objective of this study is to analyse the determinants of career preferences in medical speciality among medical students in Indonesia.Method: Cross-sectional study with questionnaire. Population of the study were first year students in 13 public universities with “A” accreditation. Samples collected by stratified consecutive sampling method. Chi square was used to evaluate the association between career preferences with socio-demographic and academic factors.Results: Among 315 samples, 83,8% students chose medical speciality as their preferred career. Determinants which influence career preferences are having parents that works in medical field (P= 0.036), higher parents earning (P= 0.04), and deciding to enrol to medical school since before high school (P= 0.036).Conclusion: Parents social economic state and background, along with personal motivation are some of important determinants to be considered. More studies need to be conducted in this area, especially regarding the underlying behaviour that affect further career preferences. Socialization about the importance and merits of other medical professions needs to be implement to prevent gap in medical profession's distribution later on.
Refleksi Pembelajaran Aplikasi Medical Writting Presentation pada Mahasiswa Semester Satu Fakultas Kedokteran Yulianto, Kevin; Rukmini, Elisabeth
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 3, No 2 (2014): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (500.742 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25232

Abstract

Background: Medical students need the ability to write and present research. Skills needed are referencing, using internet to help their research, and searching literatures through search engines. The lack of students’ ability about searching a valid and reliable literature in the field of health and medicine according to EBM principle is a profound problem. Reflective thinking is also needed for the students to be able to reach meaningful learning. This study aimed to analyze the students’ reflective writings within the Medical Writing Program. Method: This research was a descriptive-explorative study using a qualitative approach. Subjects comprised 207 first semester medical students of Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia batch 2012. Qualitative data were collected from students’ written reflections about their learning experiences in MWP program. Qualitative analysis utilized content analysis included identification, coding, categorization, and synthesis.Results: Students found that Zotero® was helpful as reference manager program in their writings. Zotero® Volunteer Troops also helped them in learning to use Zotero® and they felt more comfortable learning from their peers. EBM helped students searching and synthetizing literatures. Students also indirectly learned soft skills such as teamwork, time management, and speed reading in English (not their natives language)Conclusion: Students had positive views of the program and its implementation. Students understood the importances of learning the MWP and felt that they could implement their studies directly in their academic careers.
Persepsi terhadap Training From Senior Student dalam Penugasan Keterampilan Klinik Saputra, Oktadoni; Widyandana, Widyandana; Hadianto, Tridjoko
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 3, No 2 (2014): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (369.464 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25231

Abstract

Background: Peer-Assisted Learning (PAL) has been widely used in medical education. Training From Senior Student (TFSS) is a PAL-scheme program in Skills-Lab FM GMU which one of its aim is to facilitate students to master their cinical skills. However, failure rate in OSCE is still high. This research conducted to explore students’, assistants’ and faculty’s perceptions on the benefits of TFSS in students’ clinical skills acquisition.Method: This study used exploratory focus group discussion (FGD) and in-depth interview with respondents, which were chosen purposively. The data were then transcribed and analysed for themes using deductive content analysis.Results: Thirty-six respondents joined the study (13 medical students; 17 assitants; 6 faculty staffs). The respondents’ perceptions were categorized in 3 aspects: cognitive aspects, social aspects, and organizational aspects of clinical skills learning. As a whole, the view of each respondent was not much differents. TFSS enhanced cognitive and social aspects of both students’ and assistants’ learning, but it didn’t provide the optimal opportunity to practice their skills. Various related problems in organizing were also found.Conclusion: TFSS provided positive benefits on both cognitive and social aspects of clinical skills learning, but not for the opportunity to practice the skills. Improvements need to be done to enhance the quality and quantity of skills training.
Perbedaan Efektivitas Diskusi Kelompok, Motivasi Intrinsik dan Nilai Modul dari Mahasiswa yang Difasilitasi Dosen dan Tutor Sebaya Pariartha, I Made; Sanusi, Rossi; Hadianto, Tridjoko
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 3, No 2 (2014): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (294.205 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25230

Abstract

Background: Peer teaching is a teaching method that widely applied in many medical institutions. This research was designed to evaluate group discussion effectiveness, intrinsic motivation, and student achievement differences between peer tutor−facilitated students and faculty tutor−facilitated students.Method: This research is an experimental research using post−test only control group design during the implementation of third and fourth module of the Cardiovascular Block (consist of five modules). Fifty-nine third year students were randomly assigned into two groups. Three experimental groups (n= 30) was facilitated by peer tutors (PT) and three control groups (n= 29) was facilitated by faculty tutors (FT). Two students were randomly elected from each PT group as peer tutor. A six hour training was given to the peer tutors. In the end of the third and fourth module, group discussion effectiveness, intrinsic motivation, and student achievement in those modules were evaluated using Tutorial Group Effectivenes Instrument (TGEI) questionnaire, Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (IMI) questionnaire, and 20 multiple choice questions, respectively. Mean differences between groups were measured by Cohen's d with the practical significance at Cohen's d > 1.Results: There was no significant differences of group discussion effectiveness (Cohen’s d= -0.41) and intrinsic motivation (Cohen’s d= -0.83) between two groups. Significant difference in student achievement is found between those groups, peer tutor−facilitated students score higher than faculty tutor−facilitated students (Cohen’s d= 2.96). Peer tutors showed higher achievement than discussants (Cohen’s d= 1.86).Conclusion: The results showed that peer tutor can facilitated group discussion as well as faculty tutor in group discussion effectiveness, intrinsic motivation and student achievement paramaters. There was advantage for students who given role as peer tutor.  
Validasi Approaches to Learning and Studying Inventory di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta Leman, Michael A.; Sanusi, Rossi; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 3, No 2 (2014): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (476.701 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25229

Abstract

Background: Short version instruments are being developed to meet the needs of social sciences researchers who simulataneously use a number of instruments. The Approaches to Learning and Studying Inventory (ALSI) is a short version instrument to measure learning approaches used by students. This analysis is part of a study that is published in different medical education periodicals. The objective of this assessment was to validate the ALSI in a population of second year medical students of the Gadjah Mada University Faculty of Medicine (GMU FM), Yogyakarta.Method: 225 second year students in the regular program at the GMU FM were invited to complete the ALSI questionnaire. To suport construct validities of ALSI, an item’ validity, Crönbach alpha, factor analysis, convergent validity, and discriminant validity were measured.Results: A total of 160 students participated in this study (71,11% response rate). The data collected did not support the construct validities of ALSI.Conclusion: ALSI requires improvement, in particular the items of the surface approach subscale. Instead of the initial five subscales, it is probably more appropriate if the instrument is divided in only three subscales - surface approach, effort management-organized studying, and deep approach-monitoring studying. 
Resensi Film Dokumenter King Gimp Mimpi dalam Keterbatasan. Media Video sebagai Sarana Pendidikan Kedokteran Maria, Jenny; Rukmini, Elisabeth
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Maret
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (143.59 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25223

Abstract

Film dokumenter yang telah meraih Penghargaan Oscar ini patut ditonton oleh berbagai kalangan, terutama oleh mahasiswa kedokteran dan profesi kesehatan sebagai salah satu bahan ajar. Materi dalam film ini dapat dikaitkan dengan aspek kedokteran umum ataupun dengan hubungan sosial dan kesehatan masyarakat. Film ini tersedia dalam versi untuk siswa sekolah umum. Versi bagi siswa ini memotong kata-kata yang dipandang vulgar atau berkaitan dengan seksualitas. Dengan demikian, film King Gimp versi siswa menjadi layak ditonton oleh segala usia.

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