cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kota pontianak,
Kalimantan barat
INDONESIA
Al-Maslahah
ISSN : 19070233     EISSN : 25028367     DOI : -
Core Subject : Religion, Economy,
Al-Maslahah (ISSN: 1907-0233, E.ISSN: 2502-8367) is a scientific journal in the fields of syari’ah that published by Syari’ah and Islamic Economic Faculty. Pontianak State Institute of Islamic Studies. This journal contains the masterpiece of professional writers and researchers. The vission of the journal is to be qualified Syari'ah journal either locally or internationally level. Meanwhile, the mission of Al-Maslahah is disseminating professional ideas of Syari'ah study to lectures, researcher, and those who have concern of this field. This journal warmly welcomes contribution from scholars and experts of related disciplines. Al-Maslahah is published biannually i.e. April and October.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 77 Documents
NORMATIFITAS HUKUM ISLAM DAN HISTORISITAS SOSIAL DALAM TAUTAN HARMONISASI PEMAHAMAN Achmad, Firdaus
Al-Maslahah Vol 11, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah dan Ekonomi Islam (Syari'ah Faculty and Islamic Economic)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (306.116 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/almaslahah.v11i2.141

Abstract

As a religion that contains universal values, Islam offers well organized, balanced, and meaningful life. This offer is strengthened by role of Al-Qur’an and Al-Hadits as main sources of Islamic teaching.These sources comprise normative rules which are believed to beguidance in the process of living and finding the meaning of life.The existence of Al-Qur’an constitutes idealization of universe within well-organized life of human being. Meanwhile, Al-Hadits offers interpretation of language used by God in Al-Qu’an. In other word, Al-Qur’an more tends to be idealistic while Al-Hadits more tends to be realistic. As the interpretation of Al-Qur’an, Al-Hadits is trapped inspace and time because its interpretation is full of modern society consideration. This consideration then brings some problems when the result of the interpretation passes space and time which are to come. The difference in factual phenomenon emergesas the consequence of manner pattern towards life movement, future and past. It needs to fit the formulation of rule based on modern values. It suggests that Al-Qur’an and Al-Hadits should prioritize harmonic values in the combination of normative demand and life history.
KEBUTUHAN MANUSIA DALAM PANDANGAN EKONOMI KAPITALIS DAN EKONOMI ISLAM Gunawijaya, Rahmat
Al-Maslahah Vol 13, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah dan Ekonomi Islam (Syari'ah Faculty and Islamic Economic)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (149.648 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/almaslahah.v13i1.921

Abstract

In Islam, consumption cannot be separated from the role of faith. Faith is an important benchmark because it gives viewpoints that tend to affect the human personality and behaviour. It strongly influences the quantity and quality of consumption in the form of material or spiritual satisfaction, which then shapes the behaviour of market consumption trend. It is certainly in contrast to the principle of the fulfillment of human needs according to a more capitalist economy on the orientation of the material to maximize the production of goods and services to meet human needs. The cornerstone of the philosophy of the capitalist is secularism, separating spiritual and material (or religion and the world) by dikotomis.
WACANA HUKUM INDONESIA SEBUAH PERSPEKTIF KEBAHASAAN Sultan, Sultan
Al-Maslahah Vol 9, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah dan Ekonomi Islam (Syari'ah Faculty and Islamic Economic)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (233.698 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/almaslahah.v9i2.687

Abstract

Tulisan ini betujuan untuk mendeskripsikan bentuk-bentuk kesalahan berbahasa dalam wacana hukum Indonesia (WHI) pada surat perjanjia. Dalam wacana hukum, penulis menemukan beberapa kesalahan berbahasa dalam bentuk kesalahan penggunaan tanda baca, struktur morfologi pada peroses pemajmukan, sintaksis dalam bentuk struktur kalimat yang pannjang, dan kesalahan dalam pembuatan kalimat yang efektif.
FIKIH PERNIKAHAN DALAM TAFSIR AḌWA’ AL-BAYĀN Nashirudin, Muh.
Al-Maslahah Vol 11, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah dan Ekonomi Islam (Syari'ah Faculty and Islamic Economic)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (611.873 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/almaslahah.v11i1.124

Abstract

This writing describes the thought of Muhammad al-Amin ash-Shinqiṭi in his tafsir of Adhwa’ al-Bayan especially that is concerning mut’ah marriage, marrying women who committed adultery and women of the people of the book. The tafsir of Adhwa’ al-Bayan combines between textual method and contextual method, between tafsir bi al-ma’sur and tafsir bi ar-ra’y. However it has more tendencies in tafsir bi al-ma’tsur (understanding and interpreting the verses of al-Qur’an by making connections between the verses each other, between hadits, atsar of sahabah, and linguistic analysis. After describing Muhammad al-Amin ash-Shinqiṭi’s thought on Islamic family law and comparing it with the thoughts of other Islamic scholars, his thought then can be understood. According to him, mut’ah marriage is against the main purpose of marriage. Next, he tries to combine between two opinions by validating the two interpretations of nikah in one verse. Further he categorizes ahl al-Kitab into musyrik. His thought of Islamic law is based on the construct of tafsir method which he uses as a consistency in implementing the tafsir method and the paradigm of Islamic law. For these three problems, ash-Shinqiṭi tends to follow the opinion of majority of Islamic scholars about mut’ah marriage, marrying women who committed adultery and women of the people of the book.
KEABSAHAN KONTRAK KERJA FREELANCE DENGAN MEDIA DIGITAL DI AMAZONE PONTIANAK DALAM PANDANGAN HUKUM ISLAM KONTEMPORER Ikhsan, Muhammad Arif
Al-Maslahah Vol 14, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah dan Ekonomi Islam (Syari'ah Faculty and Islamic Economic)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (436.164 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/al-maslahah.v14i1.1010

Abstract

Freelance work contract with digital media is a contracting activity that follows the development of contemporary era in the business world. Basically, Amazone Pontianak responds to the development of this era by performing work contracts to freelancers by utilizing internet and computer technology. Companies certainly get a positive impact by doing this contract because for every company as long as the new thing is effective and efficient then everything needs to be done including the practice of freelance work contract with this digital media. The way contract work is made with digital media is not the same as a general contract work without using technology. Important points in the practice of employment contracts at Amazon Pontianak with digital media are: 1) Contract agreement items. 2) Approval of freelance contract. 3) Inspection of contract beneficiary data. Freelance work contract with digital media made by Amazone Ahmad Yani Mega Mall Pontianak fall into the category of lease (ijarah) in the concept of Islamic law because the pillars and terms in freelance work contract with digital media is in accordance with harmonies and terms on ijarah.
AL-MUHASSINĀT AL-BADI'IYYAH PADA AYAT-AYAT HUKUM TENTANG BERJUANG DI JALAN ALLAH Ardiansyah, Ardiansyah
Al-Maslahah Vol 12, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah dan Ekonomi Islam (Syari'ah Faculty and Islamic Economic)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (216.253 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/almaslahah.v12i2.553

Abstract

Language characteristic of law is independent, unemotional, and plain in order to avoid ambiguity. Al-Quran with the perfection and miracle of its language make it different from other law sources. This writing addresses the language style of Quranic verses discussing law: the duty to do jihad for the sake of Allah. The verses will be identified using Badi’ study byelaborating not only their beautiful meaning (al-muhassināt alma’nawiyah) but their beautiful lafadz (al-muhassināt al-lafdziyah) as well. There are nine muhassināt found in this study. These beauties include meaning (al-muhassināt alma’nawiyah) and lafadz (al-muhassinat al-lafdziyah). Al-Muhassināt al-Ma’nawiyah found in these verses consists of four kinds: Tibaq, Tauriyah, Jam and Taqsim, while al- Muhassināt al-Lafdziyah includes two softs of beauties, they are Jinas and Radd al-A’jz ala al-Sadr. These findings prove that the verses do not address jihad emotionally but discuss it beautifully and calmly. Keywords: Ilmu badī’, al-muhassināt al-ma’nawiyah, al-muhassināt al-lafdziyah, verses law.
HILAH Al-HUKMI Studi Perkembangan Teori Hukum Islam Rosyadi, Moh. Imron
Al-Maslahah Vol 12, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah dan Ekonomi Islam (Syari'ah Faculty and Islamic Economic)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.341 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/almaslahah.v12i1.335

Abstract

In the history of Islamic law development there were two boards mazhab: the first mazhab tended to use hadith to interpret Qur’anic verses and the second was based on logic. Later, the first was known as ahl al-hadith and the second was ahl al-ra’yi. Ahl al-hadith began to flourish in Madina and led by Imam Malik bin Anas while the latter spread in Kuffah and Bagdad in which Imam Abu Hanifah was the pioneer. Currently there are four products of syariah thought: fiqh books, fatwa of Islamic scholar, decision of syariah court, and acts or rules in Islamic states. Each of which has various characteristics for that it requires different attention. This article discusses hilah al-hukmi that is a product of Islamic scholar includes meaning, role, and Islamic scholars’ opinions about the relevancy of hilahto overcome syariah cases. In this study the writer uses qualitative analysis approach. He elaborates Islamic scholars’ opinions and then analyses them. He then concludes that hilah al-hukmi is still relevant to modern life and is not a deviation.
ISLAM DAN TRADISI LOKAL DI NUSANTARA (Telaah Kritis Terhadap Tradisi Pelet Betteng Pada Masyarakat Madura dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam) Buhori, Buhori
Al-Maslahah Vol 13, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah dan Ekonomi Islam (Syari'ah Faculty and Islamic Economic)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (182.297 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/almaslahah.v13i2.926

Abstract

Abstract Religion and culture are main elements in an interconnected society. When a religion enters a community, there will be a trade-off between the religion and culture e.g. when Islam is descended at Arab which has old tradition. Tradition is part of culture, for that it is not a surprise that every country has tradition including Indonesia. One of Indonesian local tradition is madurese tradition: Pelet Betteng or Pelet Kandhung or Peret Kandung or Salamenddhen Kandhungan which constitutes a pregnancy ritual. It is held by making du’a and giving alms in the fourth or seventh month of pregnancy period of a woman who is pregnant for the first time (seriyang). According to sharia perspective, Islam presents without ignoring Arabian tradition (`adah) and convention. They are even considered as sources of Islamic jurisprudence with particular limitations. Therefore, the term of `adat which has a similar meaning to `uruf, has become a basic of istinbath hukm.Keywords: Islam, Local Tradition, Islamic Law.  Abstrak Agama dan budaya merupakan dua unsur penting dalam masyarakat yang saling mempengaruhi. Ketika ajaran agama masuk dalam sebuah komunitas yang berbudaya, akan terjadi tarik menarik antara kepentingan agama di satu sisi dengan kepentingan budaya di sisi lain. Demikian juga halnya dengan agama Islam yang diturunkan di tengah-tengah masyarakat Arab yang memiliki adat-istiadat dan tradisi secara turun-temurun. Tradisi merupakan bagian dari budaya. Salah satu tradisi lokal yang melekat erat dalam kehidupan masyarakat Indonesia, khususnya suku Madura adalah Pelet Betteng,atau terkadang dikenal dengan sebutan Pelet Kandhung atau Peret Kandung atau Salameddhen Kandhungan, yangsecara sederhana diartikan sebagai pijat kandungan atau selamatan kehamilan. Tradisi ini merupakan upacara selamatan yang dilakukan dengan cara pembacaan do`a-do`a dan sedekah, ketika seorang wanita tengah mengandung pertama kalinya (Madura: seriyang) pada saat usia kehamilan mencapai empat bulanatau tujuh bulan.Dalam persepektif hukum Islam, ternyata ajaran Islam sangat memperhatikan tradisi (Arab: `adah) dan konvensi masyarakat untuk dijadikan sumber bagi jurisprudensi hukum Islam dengan penyempurnaan dan batasan-batasan tertentu.Terma `adat yang memiliki kesamaan makna dengan `uruf telahmenjadi salah satu landasan dalam istinbat hukum Islam.Kata Kunci: Islam, Tradisi Lokal, Hukum Islam.
KETERTARIKAN PENGUSAHA MUSLIM PAMELLA SUNARDI PEMILIK PAMELLA SUPERMARKET YOGYAKARTA MENGGUNAKAN PRODUK PEMBIAYAAN DI BANK SYARIAH Trimulato, Trimulato
Al-Maslahah Vol 13, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah dan Ekonomi Islam (Syari'ah Faculty and Islamic Economic)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (137.677 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/almaslahah.v13i1.917

Abstract

AbstractIslamic banking now has a legal strength by the presence of law number 21 of 2008 which is very influential for the existence of Islamic banking. Currently the market share of Islamic banking has reached 5 percent of the total national banking. Islamic banking products continue to grow over time;the funds of third-party in the period of June 2016 reached 12,185,860 trillion rupiah with financing funds of 3,027,266 trillion rupiah. This suggests that the existence of inequality especially on financing products of Islamic banks must be optimized byofferingfinancing products to all people, especially to Muslim entrepreneurs in order that they use the products to develop their business. A Muslim businessman, Sunardi Pamella, the owner of Pamella supermarket Yogyakarta has become a customer of Islamic bank and employs its products to develop her businesses. The demand on financing products of Islamic banks is still low, so that Islamic banks need to promote their products to Muslim entrepreneurs. This paper focuses on financing products of Islamic banks and the motivation of Pamella Sunardi as a businessman to usethe products. This is alibrary research and the results show that the number of loan of Islamic banking has grown 6,074 percent or higher than that ofconventional bank. Further, the number of loan is 10.127 percent in BPRS, but in Islamic business unitsis -8.234 percent. Pamella Sunardi uses financing products offered by Islamic Bank because he wants to do business based on Islamic ethics. Besides, he hasa trauma with conventional banks’ products.Keywords: Pamella Sunardi, Financing Products, Islamic Banking. Abstrak Perbankan syari’ah saat ini telah memiliki payung hukum yang kuat dengan hadirnya undang-undang nomor 21 tahun 2008 tentang perbankan syari’ah. Hal ini sangat berpengaruh terhadap eksistensi dari perbankan syari’ah yang semakin diminati oleh banyak kalangan. Saat ini pangsa pasar bank syariah telah mencapai 5 persen dari total perbankan secara nasional. Produk perbankan syariah terus mengalami pertumbuhan dari waktu ke waktu, dana pihak ketiga di Bank Syariah pada periode juni 2016 mencapai 12.185.860 triliyun rupiah dan dana pembiayaan 3.027.266 triliyun rupiah. Hal ini menunjukkan adanya ketimpangan khusunya pada produk pembiayaan di bank syariah harus lebih dioptimalkan. Bank syariah bisa menawarkan produk pembiayaan kepada semua kalangan khususnya kepada para pengusaha muslim untuk digunakan sebagi modal pengembangan usaha. Salah satu pengusaha muslim Pamella Sunardi pemilik supermarket Pamella Yogyakarta menjadi nasabah pembiayaan di bank syariah untuk mengembangkan usahanya. Adapun pertumbuhan pembiayaan di bank syariah masih sangat minim dibutuhkan upaya bagi bank syariah agar menawarkan kepada para pengusaha muslim.Batasan dalam tulisan ini difokuskan pada produk pembiayaan di bank syariah serta ketertarikan pengusaha Pamella Sunardi menggunakan produk pembiayaan di bank syariah. Tulisan ini menggunakan studi pustaka kajian dari berbagai sumber. Dalam tulisan ini menggunakan jenis penelitian kualitatif. Hasil dari tulisan ini menunjukkan bahwa jumlah rekening pembiayaan di bank syariah mengalami pertumbuhan 6,074 persen pada bank umum syariah, kemudian 10,127 persen pada BPRS, sedangakan pada unit usaha syariah turun -8,234 persen. Kemudian ketertarikan Pamella Sunardi menggunakan produk pembiayaan di Bank Syariah, pertama menerapkan etika bisnis islam pada usahanya, kedua karena pernah mengalami trauma menggunakan produk bank konvensional.Kata Kunci: Pamella Sunardi, Produk Pembiayaan, dan Bank Syariah
PESONA PEMIKIRAN POLITIK MUHAMMAD ABDUH Ridwan, Ridwan
Al-Maslahah Vol 11, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah dan Ekonomi Islam (Syari'ah Faculty and Islamic Economic)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (302.672 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/almaslahah.v11i1.135

Abstract

This writing is aimed at discussing the thought of Muhammad Abduh and addressing his social condition and influence in Islamic modern politics. Abduh was Islamic modern scholar that campaigned for the change based on rationale not religious dogmatism. His campaign can be seen from his effort to accommodate syari’ah basic principles with contemporary standards. Abduh’s movement has colored Egyptian politics. Abduh’s reform was started from changing education system critically according to modern method. He campaigned for Pan-Islamism and Islamic reform. He separated between essential and non-essential elements. He also perpetuated fundamental aspects and abandoned accidental historical aspects. Thus, he proposed several elements: returning to original source, Al-Qur’an and Hadits; using rationale proportionally in order to suit contemporary interpretation and standards. Then, according to Abduh, political organization cannot be ruled by Islamic teaching but the chorus. Therefore, Abduh’s reform emphasized more in freedom to determine the form of state: Khalifah or western democracy