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Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies
ISSN : 22526323     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education,
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 37 Documents
THE GOD’S MORTALITY AS CULTURAL REPRESENTATION IN THE PELASGIAN CREATION MYTH Nizar, Afif Alfia; Rosyidi, Mohamad Ikhwan
Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies Vol 7 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies

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Abstract

The god’s mortality is an interesting topic to be discussed since people believe that god exists and appears like human. Besides, mortality is related human and very near to human’s life. There have been many events where the gods’ part of body is claimed to appear. Accordingly, this study aims to describe the gods’ mortality shown in The Pelasgian Creation Myth and explain the gods’ mortality portraits as cultural representation. The method of this study is a qualitative analysis by Barthes’ semiotics approach (1983; 1991). The data are collected from the myth text by reading, identifying, and inventorying based on Barthes’ semiotics. Then, the method of data analysis is based on literal meaning in the primary modeling system and the cultural meaning in the secondary modeling system. Ultimately, the final finding is done by contextualizing signifieds as cultural representation. This study finds: first, the gods’ mortality is described literally in the way they do, need, appear, and behave. Second, the gods’ mortality is the cultural representation of ancient Greek society and their surroundings. It is the connection between the humanism and the imagination manifestation of ancient Greek people. Both of them altogether create the gods’ mortality in the ancient time.
NIHILISM DESTRUCTIVE EFFECTS IN LIFE REFLECTED IN ERNEST HEMINGWAY’S SHORT STORY ENTITLED A CLEAN, WELL-LIGHTED PLACE Nisa, Kamilatun; Wulandari, Rini Susanti
Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies Vol 7 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies

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This final project is about revealing the author‘s personal experience and world vision toward nihilism which are reflected in Hemingway‘s short story A Clean, Well-Lighted Place. The objectives of the study are; 1) to describe how nihilism is depicted in A Clean, Well-Lighted Place, 2) to describe how nihilism destructive effects are portrayed in A Clean, Well-Lighted Place, and 3) to reveal the author‘s experience and world vision toward nihilism in A Clean, Well-Lighted Place. The writer used qualitative analysis based on genetic structuralism approach by Lucien Goldman to analyze the author‘s personal experience of nihilism which reflected in A Clean, Well-Lighted Place. The data were gained by reading the novel, identifying, inventorying, selecting, reporting; and concluding. The results of this study are; First, nihilism is depicted in A Clean, Well-Lighted Place with believe in nothing, have no purpose of life, and have an impulse to destroy life. Second, the destructive effects of nihilism are portrayed with a tendency to put one’s life to an end and living a life in the depth despair. Third, A Clean, Well-Lighted Place is the reflection of the author‘s personal experiences and it also reveals the author‘s world vision toward nihilism that life is a war. The way people are eliminated from life is totally different from war. Some people are eliminated through sick or illness on his body while some other eliminated from inside. These people has meet death even before death taken his body. These people are thus who convicted nihilism that brings bad impacts.
THE PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS UNDER DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AS REFLECTED ON NICHOLAS SPARK’S SAFE HAVEN Pratiwi, Marisya; Widayanti, Maria Johana Ari; Margawati, Prayudias
Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies Vol 7 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies

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The objectives of this study are to find the motive of main character escape from her marriage and to explain how the main character struggle against life as reflected on Safe Haven novel. In doing this research, I used descriptive qualitative method because the data are taken in the form of words, sentences, utterances, and conversations made by the characters. There are several procedures to collect data; reading, identifying, inventorying, classifying, selecting and reporting. Millet's radical feminism theory was used to uncover some of the causes why domestic violence can occur, especially violence in women. The results of this study indicated that there is an existence of patriarchy system which controls social relationships within the family. The main character in this study tried to break the patriarchy system by escaping from her husband and changed all of her appearance. She started over her life in Southport in order to get her right which had been controlled by her husband. There she could live peacefully without violence and pressure. It also proved that women should use androgyny means they must have a side of masculinity to avoid being easily colonized and hurt by men in their private sphere.
MEN’S DOMINATION OVER WOMEN IN VICTORIAN SOCIETY AS PRESENTED IN GASKELL’S THE OLD NURSE’S STORY Kharismawaty, Inggil; Hetami, Fatma; Bahri, Seful
Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies Vol 7 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies

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Men and women have a different position in society. The men are in the upper position than the women. It can be seen in several aspects of life that men hold more power than women such as in social, economic, and cultural. Men’s position as an upper class of society gives them the power to dominate women. This study aims at investigating men’s domination over women and women’s characters’ reaction to deal with it. The objectives of this study are; 1) to investigate how men’s domination over women is presented in Gaskell’s The Old Nurse’s Story, and 2) to investigate what are women’s characters reactions to men’s domination over women as it is presented in Gaskell’s The Old Nurse’s Story. This is a qualitative study which the data had taken are in the form of words, phrases, and sentences. The data had interpreted and reported descriptively. Gaskell’s The Old Nurse’s Story was used as the object of the study. Moreover, Feminist Criticism was applied in this study. Then, to support the analysis, the writer used radical feminist theory by Betty Friedan. The analysis was conducted by analyzing the elements of a short story, then relating the data based on Friedan’s theory of radical feminism. The result of the study shows that 1) men’s domination over women in Victorian society is presented through power inequality, social hierarchy, and social competition. 2) women’s characters reaction to men’s domination can be seen through the character of Hester and the two ladies Furnivall, they are being female, androgynous, supporting as well as rejecting the term biological motherhood.
TRANSLATION METHODS AND DEGREE OF EQUIVALENCE IN ENGLISH-INDONESIAN TRANSLATION OF LEO TOLSTOY’S “GOD SEES THE TRUTH BUT WAITS” Nafisah, Nuharani Dyah; Hartono, Rudi; Yuliasri, Issy
Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies Vol 7 No 2 (2018): Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies
Publisher : Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies

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This research is conducted to identify the methods used by the translator in translating Tolstoy’s God Sees the Truth, But Waits, to describe the degree of equivalence between the English original version and the Indonesian translation of the short story, and to show the relation between them. The translation method used in this research are proposed by Newmark, while the degrees of equivalence are analyzed using Bell’s. This research applies qualitative method to describe the aims of this study. The data are analyzed by comparing the English short story and its Indonesian translation. After the data are identified, they are examined to find the relation between the methods used and the degrees of equivalence.The findings of this study show that (1) six translation methods were used to translate God Sees the Truth, but Waits into Indonesian, These include semantic translation, communicative translation, literal translation, adaptation, free translation and word-for-word translation, (2) In terms of the degree of equivalence, it was found that 57 data are partly equivalent with increased meaning, 41 data are fully equivalent, 39 data are non-equivalent with different meaning, 32 data are partly equivalent with decreased meanig and 1 datum are non-equivalent with no meaning, (3) most of the translation methods used produce partly equivalent translation with increased meaning.
DUALISM IN THE STRANGE CASE OF DR. JEKYL AND MR. HYDE BY ROBERT STEVENSON: A DEMOLITION OF ALTER Cahya, Romzan Dwi; Margawati, Prayudias
Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies Vol 7 No 2 (2018): Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies
Publisher : Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies

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This final project is the analysis of the multiple personality disorder that reflected in the novel entitled The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Stevenson. There are three objectives of this study. The first is to find out how does multiple personality disorder develop in the main character. The second is to find out how the main character deals with multiple personality disorder. And, the third is to find out the impacts of the disorder in character’s life. The analysis and the description of the data are provided to find the conclusion. The analysis of this study is using Freudian psychoanalysis theory. The study shows that the main character has two personalities. He can be Dr. Jekyll who is smart and kind or he can be Mr. Hyde who is cruel. This multiple personality disorder has the bad impacts to the character. His idea about dual human nature does not have support from his colleagues, even they deny it. It makes his relationship with his colleagues as scientist become worst. The multiple personality disorder also makes him being psychiatric disorder as his willing to do physical abuses in the form of Mr. Hyde in purpose to keep his reputation as Dr. Jekyll safe. In the end, the multiple personality disorder brings him to death. As stated in the novel he commits suicide to eliminate Mr. Hyde. These impacts affirm that multiple personality disorder causes a messy life psychologically and physically.
Women’s Disempowered Behavior as an Impact of Over-ruling Government as Reflected in Collins’ The Hunger Games Perdana, Putranto Adi; Rosyidi, Mohamad Ikhwan
Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies Vol 7 No 2 (2018): Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies
Publisher : Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies

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This study aims at explaining the over-ruling government in society results women’s disempowered behavior as reflected in Collins’ The Hunger Games which compared to the historical and social condition happening in the American society. This study is a qualitative analysis by applying a Carol Gilligan’s approach, especially in care-focused feminism. The data were collected by reading, identifying, interpreting and analyzed using the approach and theories which used in this study by relating to binary opposition, social and historical events and society belief in seeing women in the real life where the author produced the  novel. The results of this study were the explanation of how government’s rules affect and result women disempowered behavior which begins with the internal conflict that women felt when the way society around them expect women to act and behave in some certain ways which was not parallel with some government’s rules. The government’s rules indirectly demand women to act and behave in some certain ways outside the way society expect women to act and behave when the rules were made without considering women’s position in society.
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF MEMORY IN SOLVING INDIVIDUAL’S IDENTITY CRISIS DEPICTED IN JAMES DASHNER’S THE MAZE RUNNER Mustika, Rindi; Wulandari, Rini Susanti; Hartono, Rudi
Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies Vol 7 No 2 (2018): Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies
Publisher : Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies

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Identity crisis is a psychological condition that happened to an individual because of the confusion of roles someone experienced in the society. This study was conducted to analyze the significance of memory in solving individual's identity crisis depicted in James Dashner's The Maze Runner. The purposes of this study are to describe how identity crisis depicted in the novel and to explain what factors cause an identity crisis. This study was done using a descriptive qualitative method and using Erikson's psychosocial theory to explore the identity crisis of the main character in the form of words. The object of the study was the novel The Maze Runner and this study focused on Thomas as the main character.  List of an observational sheet was used as the research instrument and the data was taken through library research. The analysis was conducted by interpreting Thomas’ utterances and actions using Erikson’ stages of development’s theory to describe Thomas’ identity crisis. The study results showed that the identity crisis Thomas’ experienced was the results of the changing environmental condition and Thomas’ missing memories that made him unable to make new sets of values needed to form an identity. In order to solve his identity crisis, Thomas had to remember old memories he had forgotten in order to create new sets of values.
THE DISTRESS OF BEING AMERICAN AS A REJECTION OF DIFFERENTIATION IN TONI MORRISON’S PARADISE Andani, Viky; Rosyidi, Mohammad Ikhwan
Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies Vol 7 No 2 (2018): Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies
Publisher : Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies

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America is a diverse nation. America has many races from all around the world and been recognized by the world as salad bowl. America also known for country of freedom. The fact that freedom and diversity who build America is interesting. Besides, American diversity has unique historical story which is between black and white. Paradise captures the journey and struggle of people fighting the distress of becoming American as a result of the diversity exist which create differentiation within the society of America. This study aims to find the way how to fight the distress as rejection of differentiation in the land of America and its relevant of American nowadays. The method of this study is a qualitative study analyzed by deconstruction method of Jacques Derrida. Then, the method of data analysis is based on the distress experienced by people described in the novel and how they deal with the distress. Morrison’s novel shows that differentiation within the society of America is various; race, gender, background, age, etc. but actually it can be changed. They can fight the differentiation that exist by put the distress in reverse. The final finding of this study shows that power, constructs and control the distress experienced by American which is also still relevant today.
AN ANALYSIS OF IDIOMS AND THEIR PROBLEMS FOUND IN THE NOVEL THE ADVENTURES OF TOM SAWYER BY MARK TWAIN Mabruroh, Khofiana
Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies Vol 4 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : English Department, Languages and Arts Faculty, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/rainbow.v4i1.7364

Abstract

Idiom is one of part language used in spoken language, written text and mass media. The purpose of this research is to find out idioms, their types, dominant type, and problems in understanding idioms. The object of the study was the English idiom in the novel The Adventure of Tom Sawyer. The data were the phrases or words or collocations found in the novel. The data were taken by reading, identifying, and inventorizing. Then, the data were analyzed by using the theories offered by Makkai related to the topic and find out the problems in that analysis. The result of this study, there were 796 idioms found in the novel and classified into 6 types of idiom offered by Makkai used. The dominant type of idiom used in the novel is phrasal verb idiom with 446 idioms (56.03%). In understanding the meaning of idiom, there are 4 problems existed, that are distinction between phrasal verbs that is idiom or not idiom; translation of idiom; understanding the closest meaning of idiom; and no grammatical rule of forming idiom. Therefore, readers should comprehend the idiomatic expressions used in novel to understand the meaning of idioms and the whole context of novel.

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