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INDONESIA
Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial
ISSN : 14126451     EISSN : 25280430     DOI : -
Core Subject : Social,
The social welfare research journal focuses on writing materials which is an article that discuss results of research related to social welfare issues, divides scientific thought and reviews of research results in the field of social welfare. Publication of researchs have impact on the prospect of development of social welfare service program, and effort of handling social welfare problem. JPKS is published every four times in a year like in March, June, September and December.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 224 Documents
PENGARUH TINGKAT KESENJANGAN SOSIAL EKONOMI TERHADAP GAYA BERBUSANA MAHASISWA (The Influence of Socio Ekonomic Gap Levels on Students Styles) Elvera, Resi Sepsilia; Astuti, Widhi
Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 18, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial
Publisher : Babes Litbang Yankessos

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31105/jpks.v18i1.1646

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan (1) kesenjangan social ekonomi terhadap gaya berbusana mahasiswa angkatan 2016, (2) kesenjangan social ekonomi terhadap gaya berbusana mahasiswa angkatan 2016-2017. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa S1 Tata Busana angkatan 2016-2017 di Jurusan PTBB Fakultas Teknik Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta sebanyak 160 mahasiswa. Menggunakan teknik Purposive Proposional Randome Sampling. Data variable tingkat sosial ekonomi dan gaya berbusana mahasiswa ke kampus, diperoleh menggunakan koesioner. Analisis data menggunakan statistik deskriptif korelasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa: (1) Hasil  uji  t  dengan  satu  pihak dalam taraf signifikansi 5% diperoleh t hitung ≥ t tabel (2.166 ≥ 1,664) artinya  variabel  social ekonomi berpengaruh  positif  terhadap gaya berbusana, (2) Hasil  uji  t  dengan  satu  pihak dalam taraf signifikansi 5% diperoleh t hitung ≥ t tabel (3.032 ≥ 1,664) artinya  variabel  kemampuan social ekonomi berpengaruh  positif  terhadap gaya berbusana  Kata Kunci: kesenjangan social ekonomi, gaya berbusana This study aims to describe (1) socio-economic disparity in the style of dress for students in 2016-2017, (2) socio-economic disparities in the style of dress for students of the class of 2017. This research is a quantitative study. The population in this study were the 2016-2017 Bachelor of Fashion Management students in the PTBB Department of the Faculty of Engineering, Yogyakarta State University as many as 160 students. Using Randome Sampling's Proposal Purposive technique. Data on the variable socio-economic level and style of dress for students to campus, obtained using questionnaires. Data analysis used descriptive correlation statistics. The results showed that: (1) The results of the t test with one party in the 5% significance level obtained t count ≥ t table (2.166 ≥ 1.664) means that socioeconomic variables have a positive effect on dress styles, (2) t test results with one party in 5% significance level obtained t count ≥ t table (3,032 ≥ 1,664) means that the variable socio-economic ability has a positive effect on dress style  Keywords: socio-economic disparity, fashion style 
FAKTOR DEMOGRAFI YANG MEMPENGARUHI PEKERJA ANAK DI PROVINSI KEPULAUAN BANGKA BELITUNG TAHUN 2018 Sohidin, Sohidin
Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 19, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial
Publisher : Babes Litbang Yankessos

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (222.853 KB) | DOI: 10.31105/jpks.v19i1.1888

Abstract

Mempekerjakan anak merupakan fenomena yang selalu terjadi setiap tahun di Indonesia, tidak terkecuali di Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui gambaran umum dan faktor apa saja  yang memengaruhi timbulnya pekerja anak. Informasi tersebut sangat penting untuk dianalisis karena menjadi bahan pertimbangan bagi pemerintah daerah dalam mengatasi permasalahan pekerja anak. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah bersumber dari BPS, yaitu Survei Angkatan Kerja Nasional (Sakernas) tahun 2018 dengan unit analisis anak usia 10-17 tahun. Untuk melihat gambaran umum pekerja anak, digunakan analisis deskriptif berupa tabulasi silang sederhana. Selain itu, untuk melihat faktor apa saja yang memiliki pengaruh terhadap pekerja anak, digunakan analisis regresi logistik. Variabel prediktor yang digunakan adalah klasifikasi daerah, jumlah anggota rumah tangga (ART), jenis kelamin, pendidikan, dan umur. Hasil regresi logistik menunjukkan bahwa semua variabel prediktor memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap pekerja anak di Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung. Odds ratio dari klasifikasi daerah sebesar 2,201. Odds ratio dari jumlah anggota rumah tangga adalah sebesar 1,924. Odds ratio jenis kelamin sebesar 0,432. Odds ratio pendidikan sebesar 0,348. Terakhir, odds ratio dari umur sebesar 1,761. Dengan kata lain, anak yang tinggal di perdesaan, memiliki jumlah anggota rumah tangga lima orang ke atas, berjenis kelamin laki-laki, berpendidikan SD ke bawah, dan semakin meningkatnya umur, memiliki kecenderungan lebih besar untuk menjadi pekerja anak. Kecenderungan untuk menjadi pekerja anak merupakan kondisi yang sangat berbahaya. Mereka tidak mampu menerima pendidikan yang maksimal, kehidupan sebagaiamana anak tidak diperoleh, serta kondisi fisik belum siap untuk bekerja menjadi kerugian jangka panjang yang diterima oleh pekerja anak. Salah satu rekomendasi penting dari hasil penelitian ini adalah pemerintah daerah, instansi terkait, dan sekolah mampu memberikan rujukan beasiswa kepada semua siswa khususnya yang berasal dari keluarga dengan ekonomi rendah. Hal ini bertujuan agar siswa tidak putus sekolah dan bekerja sejak dini. Penelitian ini masih banyak kekurangan dan kelemahan karena masih preleminary report sehingga perlu penelitian lanjutan.  Hal penting yang perlu disampaikan berupa gambaran utuh terkait potret pekerja anak di Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung yang mayoritas bekerja di sektor pertanian dan pertambangan.
PERSEPSI PUBLIK TERHADAP PENYANDANG DISABILITAS DI KOTA KUPANG NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Habaora, Fellyanus; Riwukore, Jefirstson Richset; Susanto, Yohanes; Manafe, Hilda
Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 18, No 3 (2019): Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial
Publisher : Babes Litbang Yankessos

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Abstract

Research on public perceptions towards persons with disabilities with case research in Kota Kupang has been carried out for 7 months, starting from June-December 2018. Determination of respondents' samples using a purposive sampling technique. Based on this technique, the respondents in this research were 51 people. The types of data used are primary and secondary data. Data obtained were then analyzed descriptively (qualitative and quantitative) based on frequency distribution tables and measurements using a Likert scale. The results showed that the public's perception of persons with disabilities in Kota Kupang, namely: (1) someone who has a disability would certainly experience biomedical, social and biopsychosocial discrimination and stereotypes; (2) the perception of the Kota Kupang Government paying attention to persons with disabilities in the disagree category because the public considers that the facilities, policies, and services by the government have not been disability-friendly; (3) public perceptions of the existence of persons with disabilities need to protect shows in the strongly agree category if the interests of disability are very urgent, disability strengthening is very important, disability protection and inclusive friendly policies are needed as the government's commitment to carry out protection and fulfillment of human rights in Kota Kupang.
GENTRIFIKASI : DAMPAK SOSIAL-EKONOMI PEMBANGUNAN HOTEL DI MALIOBORO, KOTA YOGYAKARTA. Widianto, Hardian Wahyu; Keban, Yeremias Torontuan
Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 19, No 2 (2020): Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial
Publisher : Babes Litbang Yankessos

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (623.005 KB) | DOI: 10.31105/jpks.v19i2.1937

Abstract

Gentrifikasi atau pembangunan masif properti yang khusus ditujukan hanya untuk pekerja kerah putih atau fungsi komersil seperti apartemen dan hotel di Yogyakarta memicu perlawanan publik. Sebagai salah satu masalah urban di era modern, dampak gentrifikasi di Indonesia belum diteliti secara mendalam. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengisi celah tersebut, menggunakan studi kasus gentrifikasi di kota Yogyakarta yang terwujud dalam pembangunan hotel berbintang. Penelitian dilakukan melalui metode kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa gentrifikasi muncul karena proses desentralisasi tata pemerintahan. Desentralisasi membuat reformasi di sektor perizinan dan memicu kekosongan dalam kebijakan spasial yang memfasilitasi laju investasi hotel. Akibatnya, jumlah hotel meningkat pesat, terutama di kecamatan yang sering dikunjungi seperti Gedongtengen atau lebih akrab dikenal sebagai kawasan Malioboro. Ketika gentrifikasi sedang berlangsung, dampak yang paling jelas terlihat ialah pembaruan ruang  di daerah kumuh. Akan tetapi, pembaruan ruang selama gentrifikasi telah memicu proses displacement, yang berakibat pada menurunya kondisi ekonomi penghuni sebelumnya, menghilangkan perumahan murah dalam sistem tradisional, dan menciptakan konflik. Peluang kerja yang dijanjikan akan tersedia ketika gentrifikasi berlangsung, pada kenyataanya susah untuk diakses. Kondisi demikian memberikan pemahaman bahwa gentrifikasi di Gedongtengen cenderung berdampak negatif, sehingga temuan ini memperkuat teori dampak gentrifiask temuan Atkinson (2004).
PENGARUH TERAPI BERMAIN TERHADAP TINGKAT SOSIALISASI ANAK TUNA GRAHITA SLB NEGERI SELONG Muratama, Muhammad Satriadi; Setiawati, Farida Agus
Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 18, No 3 (2019): Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial
Publisher : Babes Litbang Yankessos

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31105/jpks.v18i3.1726

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of play therapy on the level of socialization of children with mild adolescence. This research is pre-experimental design research, one group pre-test-post-test. The number of samples in this study was 40 students. The sampling technique was done randomly with a total sampling technique. The results of the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test with an error rate (?) = 0.05 obtained a value of p = 0,000 (p <?) so that it can be concluded that there is an influence of play therapy on the level of socialization of children with Mild Grump at Selong State SLB.
PEMBERDAYAAN PEREMPUAN BERPENDAPATAN RENDAH MELALUI STRATEGI KEUANGAN INKLUSIF OLEH KOPERASI MITRA DHUAFA (KOMIDA) CABANG CILEUNGSI, BOGOR, JAWA BARAT Saragih, Junius Fernando
Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 19, No 2 (2020): Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial
Publisher : Babes Litbang Yankessos

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (875.683 KB) | DOI: 10.31105/jpks.v19i2.2002

Abstract

This article discusses the empowerment of low income women carried out by Koperasi Mitra Dhuafa (KOMIDA) of the Cileungsi Branch through inclusive financial policies. In addition to facilitating financial access to low-income women, non-financial empowerment is also implemented that aims to improve the lives of poor people both in terms of financial management and in improving health and entrepreneurial ability. This research uses a qualitative approach with descriptive type. The results show that KOMIDA plays a role in helping low-income women to start and develop businesses in order to increase family income. Weekly meetings are also a means of gathering and promoting low-income women, training discipline and responsibility while increasing their social functioning.Keywords: empowerment, financial inclusion, financial access, social functioning
Determinant Atribute Ship Assistance Program Successfulness on Fishermen Welfare Enhancement Mira, Mira
Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 14, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial
Publisher : Babes Litbang Yankessos

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3273.99 KB) | DOI: 10.31105/jpks.v14i1.1311

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze determinant attribute of the success of ship assistance program to enhance fishermen welfare. The study uses multidimensional scalling (MDS) for economic, social, and institutional dimension. The results of the analysis indicate that stress values for all dimensions is close to 0, it means that configuration measurementattribute for the sustainability of the program in one point is quite appropriate. In social dimension, the attributes that affect the sustainability of the assistance program are an increase community participation in program, increase cooperation in fishing effort, an increase in the number of villages that received the program, and strengthening the involvement of indigenous peoples in the program. In institutional dimension, priorities for improving the sustainability of the program are to strengthen the microfinance institutions, social institutions, and the strengthening of the fishermen group. In the economic dimension, the attributes that affect the sustainability of the program are alternative livelihoods, business profits of the fishery, the fisheries subsidies, availability of human resources (fishermen), and transfer of profits
Assessment of Social Assistant Competencies Standard on the Base of Social Work Systems Hermawati, Istiana
Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 16, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial
Publisher : Babes Litbang Yankessos

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2327.962 KB) | DOI: 10.31105/jpks.v16i3.1393

Abstract

This This research is aimed to describe social companion profiles; identifying social companion qualifications and the amount of incentives received per month; describing competences of the social companion; describing the development of social companion competence standards, and formulating standard hypothetical models of social companion on the base of social work systems. The research was conducted in five locations involving 150 respondents that were determined by proportional random sampling technique and a number of informants that were determined purposively. The data are collected through questionnaires, in-depth interviews, FGD and documents. The data are then analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively, which are both used simultaneously. The results of the study indicate that: 1) The majority of female companions are in the range of productive age, in married status, relatively well educated, coming from the local area and on average accompanying 48 PMKS, 2) From companion qualification, only 28 percent of social companions are qualified as professional social workers, the majority of companions (as many as 67 percent) have never attended the training of consolidation as social companions, and 75.33 percent of social companions received incentives of less than Rp. 500.000, - per month. Many companions function to accompany several PMKS programs and because of the littleamount of the incentive they received, consequently they are less focused and their performance is less optimal; 3). Based on testing of contract model of social companion competence with confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) technique, it can be concluded that the competence of social companion was successfully reflected by certain knowledge, skill and values /attitude variable. Among the three variables tested, the factor content of the skill variable is merely the highest in forming competence; 4) The recruitment system of companions is identified in three ways, namely: a) direct recruitment system; b) election system; c) appointment system; 5) Developing social companion standard on the base of social work system, can be created by optimizing various components in the system including recruitment system, human resource management system, intervention system and training system. This research recommends that it is urgently needed to decide the relatedlegislation to national standard of social companion so that the position of the companion is growing stronger and its competence is standardized; it is necessary to increase the competence of social companion, either through formal and nonformal education channels and it is also necessary to apply a hypothetical model of development of social companion standards based on the social work system as proposed.
Konstruksi Maskulinitas Global pada Majalah Pria di Indonesia dalam Persepsi Pria Metroseksual (Studi Kasus di Kota Medan) Daulay, Harmona
Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 13, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial
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Abstract

This research sees problems of global masculinity construction that appears in men’s magazine in Indonesia. Be conscious or not globalization era gives a strong effect upon Indonesian social order. This research started from researcher’s concern toward masculinity studies from masculine perspective itself in Indonesia which haven’t been critical detailed. The models of masculinity from masculine construction haven’t been found conceptually in Indonesia. The image that appears in mass media such as printed and electronic media are still about the image of men, which attach to the values of masculinity in western world. This research is conducted on 10 metrosexual men (informants) in the city of Medan, it uses interview technique and case study analyzes.The result of research shows the fact that metrosexual men in Medan come from upper middle class and have a lot money, so that it could support their needs of lifestyle. Metrosexual men often follow the latest fashion through global men’s magazine in Indonesia or from the western world. The result of research expresses the talks on global masculinity construction, which appear in men’s magazine show a very strong influencefrom western values. For example, from the fashion used by men to the lifestyle in western world. Most of the informants admitted the influence of global masculinity happens to Indonesian people especially to the informants in Medan. Even they don’t mind with masculinity construction in many facets such as in fashion, the informants admitted that they liked suits,which are formal attire in the western world. Most of the informants don’t agree to Asian style phenomenon masculinity, which appears from Korean Boy Band, according to them, Korean Boy Bands are very feminine and reduce the concept of existing Indonesia local masculinity.
Climate Change and Food Security on Coastal Community Novianti, Kurnia; Warsilah, Henny; Wahyono, Ary
Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 15, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial
Publisher : Babes Litbang Yankessos

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3559.793 KB) | DOI: 10.31105/jpks.v15i3.1357

Abstract

Food security is an issue that is closely related to the phenomenon of climate change. Attention to the community of people who live on the coast of the greater given that approximately 60 percent of Indonesian people living in the region becomes vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. One thing that is threatening the sustainability of the food is the disruption of the public so that food security decreases. Questioning of food security not only on the fulfillment of food needs for households in sufficient quantity, but also in the aspect of safety, quality, nutrition, variety, and an affordable price for the community (Food Act, 1996). Climate change on the other hand very threatening loss of biodiversity, including ocean acidification, damage and coral bleaching, and most worrying is the decrease of the number of fish that can be caught by fishermen as a result of the damaged habitat. Jerowaru village, East Lombok sub-district, West Nusa Tenggara district is one of the coastal area of eastern Indonesia are highly vulnerable to climate change impacts. The authors focus on the issue of food security is based on the research data that collected by researchers from LIPI and Ministry of Marineand Fisheries (KKP) in 2014 that the losses suffered by traditional fishermen due to the failure of the state to run the agenda of adaptation and mitigation of climate change reached more than 73 billion per year and that fact shows that the productivity of the catch continues to drop and make fishing more distant fishing. The study, entitled “Sustainable Future: Strategy Supports Indonesia’s efforts Anticipating the Social Impact of Climate Change on the island of Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara” conducted in 2014 using in-depth interviews, observation, and focus group discussions to explore the primary data. Subjects were fishing communities, local governments, and NGOs involved in mitigation and adaptation of fishing communities.Cooperation and coordination between stakeholders is essential to minimize the impact of weather changes, also it takes effort to strengthen vulnerable communities so that food security is maintained.

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