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INDONESIA
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT & GIZI (JKG)
ISSN : -     EISSN : 26550849     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Kesmas & Gizi (JKG) terbit dua kali setahun yakni periode Mei-Oktober, dan November- April tiap tahunnya. Jurnal ini memberikan ruang bagi akademisi, peneliti dan pengguna hasil penelitian dan pengabdian untuk mendiseminasikan, menginformasikan, mendiskusikan dan menggunakan hasil penelitian dan pengabdian sebagai upaya meningkatkan kualitas kebijakan di bidang kesehatan masyarakat dan gizi yang berbasis ilmiah dan dapat dipertanggung jawabkan. Jurnal ini menyajikan hasil penelitian, pengabdian masyarakat serta artikel ilmiah di bidang kesehatan masyarakat dan gizi.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 34 Documents
ANALISA FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENERAPAN INOVASI KELUARGA SEHAT DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS Butarbutar, Astriana; Stevani R, Defry
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT & GIZI (JKG) Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesmas & Gizi (JKG)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Institut Kesehatan Medistra Lubuk Pakam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.845 KB) | DOI: 10.35451/jkg.v1i1.58

Abstract

Healthy family can be said as the condition and prosperous.circumstances. Both physically, socially to mentally that make it possible to become a whole family is consists of individuals who are led by a head of the family and live in an environment in order to live normally either economically or socially. This study aims to analyze the factors related to the application of healthy family innovation in the work area Public Health Center of Kalangan, ​​South Tapanuli. The type of this study is quantitative by using cross sectional approach. The population in this study is all residents in the working area of ​​Public Health Center of Kalangan that is Desa Aek Garut and Desa Sitio tio.  The study started from January to May in 2018. The sample was 127 people with simple random sampling. Data analysis included univariate, bivariate to multivariate. The results showed that respondents who apply healthy family only 62.2% where as the age factor, knowledge, planning, monitoring, facilities / infrastructure and organizational staff related to applying healthy family innovation. It is recommended to the health office of Tapanuli Tengah to make supervision and direction for the community to implement healthy family program by increasing promotion and socialization of healthy families up to intergrated Service Post level and establish cooperation with community leaders.
PENGARUH PROMOSI KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP TENTANG SEKS PRANIKAH PADA REMAJA Samura, Maximilianus Dasril; Sitorus, Martha
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT & GIZI (JKG) Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesmas & Gizi (JKG)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Institut Kesehatan Medistra Lubuk Pakam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.452 KB) | DOI: 10.35451/jkg.v1i1.64

Abstract

Knowledge and attitude is a psychological factor that plays an important to role influence someone behavior. Teenagers premarital sex is very important notice nowadays,  because  in  the  last  few  decades  this  premarital  sex  become  an important health issue not only among teenegers but it also occur in  large number of developed  and  developing  countries.  The  purpose  of  this  research  was  to determine the knowledge and attitudes of teenagers about teenagers premarital sex at SMP Negeri 02 Satu Atap Kecamatan Patumbak. This research used pre experiment method, where as the data collecting is done by interview with the tool of questioner, this research method used one grup pre-test post-test design. The population of this research were all of the second grade students of junior high school as many as 153 peoples and sampling used was probability sampling, with simple  random  sampling  technique  counted  96  peoples.  Statistic  test  used  T paired  sample  t-test  with  computerization  and  test  result  as  follows:  (1) knowledge  before  and  after  counseling  (p  =  0.000),  (2)  attitude  before  and attitude after counseling (p = 0.000). Suggestions from research that for the school is expected to understand and realize the intellectual ability of learners and developed for the potential of each individual materialized in accordance with their respective differences, especially regarding reproductive health in order to prevent teenagers premarital sex  
EVALUASI PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM EXPANDING MATERNAL AND NEONATAL SURVIVAL (EMAS) UNTUK MENURUNKAN ANGKA KEMATIAN IBU DAN ANAK Bangun, Sri Melda Br; Lubis, Basyariah
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT & GIZI (JKG) Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesmas & Gizi (JKG)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Institut Kesehatan Medistra Lubuk Pakam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (175.341 KB) | DOI: 10.35451/jkg.v1i1.65

Abstract

Increasing the degree of maternal and child health continues to be carried out in Indonesia which is the achievement of the MDGs program. One program included in this program is Improving Maternal and Child Health. Based on the 2012 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS), the maternal mortality rate was 359 per 100,000 live births. This figure is still far from the target set in the MDGs, which is 102 per 100,000 live births in 2015. To achieve this target, the Maternal and Neonatal Survival (EMAS) program was created which focused on reducing maternal and child mortality. This study was conducted qualitatively with a case study design to evaluate the implementation of the EMAS program. Research locations in Batang Kuis Health Center and Sembiring Delitua Hospital. The informants of this study were the heads of the puskesmas, coordinating midwives, hospital management and the community. In-depth interviews were carried out using guidelines, by analyzing the results transcripts and describing them in the form of a matrix.From the results of the study it was found that the EMAS program in the first year had not reached the target because the application of the Information and Communication System of the Emergency Referral Network, the Public Health Gate Information System and the Strengthening and Learning Information System had not been implemented only in the system development stage. This is due to the lack of human resources in terms of technology and limited internet networks due to the different geographical conditions of each puskesmas. Suggestions to the health office and Puskesmas provide facilities and infrastructure in the implementation of the information system because this system focuses on addressing maternal and child emergencies by using the internet and SMS gateway as well as improving the ability of health workers to apply
HUBUNGAN PAPARAN KEBISINGAN DAN KARAKTERISTIK INDIVIDU DENGAN KELAINAN TEKANAN DARAH PENGEMUDI BECAK BERMOTOR DI KECAMATAN MEDAN JOHOR KOTA MEDAN TAHUN 2017 LUBIS, FITHRI HANDAYANI; Annisa, Rizka
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT & GIZI (JKG) Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesmas & Gizi (JKG)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Institut Kesehatan Medistra Lubuk Pakam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.673 KB) | DOI: 10.35451/jkg.v1i1.69

Abstract

Noise is unwanted sound from an activity which could cause disruption of human health and comfort environment. The impact of noise are physiological disturbances, psychological, communication and effects of hearing loss. At this time the noise began to increase in the community as of physical development activities as a means of transport, should be controlled noise level so to exceed the limits. The objective of this study is to know The relationship of exposure to noise and the individual characteristics of Becak Bermotor driver with blood pressure on Kecamatanamatan Medan Johor, Kota Medan in 2017.  Type of research is a survey which has analytic with cross secsional design. The variables measured were the characteristics of the driver, the noise exposure and blood pressure. The population in this research is the driver Becak Bermotor, which conducted to 35 persons and a sample of 31 people. Research is analyzed with test chi-square. The result of research show that there is a significant relationship between noise intensity with blood pressure (p <0,05) with strength value 0,020. There was a significant relationship between the duration of noise exposure and the use of helmets with blood pressure (p <0.05) with chi-square test, with value value 0.001. There was a significant relationship between coffee drinking habits and smoking with blood pressure (p <0.05) with a strength value of 0.002.  
PENGARUH KEPATUHAN DAN MOTIVASI PENDERITA TB PARU TERHADAP TINGKAT KESEMBUHAN PENGOBATAN DI PUSKESMAS TANJUNG MORAWA KABUPATEN DELI SERDANG TAHUN 2017 Sirait, Reni Aprinawaty; Lubis, Imelda J. Verawati
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT & GIZI (JKG) Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesmas & Gizi (JKG)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Institut Kesehatan Medistra Lubuk Pakam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (16.468 KB) | DOI: 10.35451/jkg.v1i1.85

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the infectious disease remains a significant health problem for people the world till now, including Indonesia. Tanjung Morawa Health Center is  clinic that the lowest cure rate of 34 health centers in Deli Serdang district. The number of patients with Pulmonary TB positive BTA at Deli Serdang district by the Year 2014 many as 142 people with cure rate 75,79% In year 2015, there were 124 patients with Pulmonary TB positive BTA but cure rate 63,5%.. This means decreasing of cure rate in Deli Serdang district and did not reach the target yet was set at least 85%. This type of research using explanatory research aims to explain the effect of adherence and motivation  cure level of pulmonary tuberculosis treatment at Tanjung Morawa  . The population were all patients with positive BTA pulmonary TB with a sample size of  21  people.  The results of bivariat statistic test showed variables which influence treatment of Pulmonary TB cure rate, patient compliance (p=0.002), the family support/PMO (p=0.003) and staff support (p=0.008). For increase TB patients awareness need IEC about pulmonary tuberculosis diseases, extension or counseling patients that patients more understand about their diseases and responsible on their recovery.
HUBUNGAN KUALITAS SPERMA PADA PEROKOK BERAT DAN BUKAN PEROKOK PADA MAHASISWA Devy, Sisca
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT & GIZI (JKG) Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesmas & Gizi (JKG)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Institut Kesehatan Medistra Lubuk Pakam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (229.395 KB) | DOI: 10.35451/jkg.v1i1.98

Abstract

Smoking is a major source of free radicals that can cause various health problems, one of which is a disorder of male fertility.This study aims to determine the influence of cigarette and sperm quality in heavy smokers and nonsmokers at FK students UISU 2015. The study design was observational analytic study is to find the relationship between the free variable with variable tied to using cross sectional study approach of independent variables and the dependent variable. As the case in this study were heavy smokers and nonsmokers with normal sperm quality comparison according to the WHO in 2010 and the category of heavy smokers according PDPI > 600 stems per year. These results indicate male heavy smokers experiencing abnormal sperm quality is higher than non-smokers with normal value based on the comparison of sperm volume 10 heavy smokers (62.5%) non-smokers 15 people (93.8%) and also heavy smokers sperm motility 4 the (25.0%) and non-smokers 15 (93.8%) and sperm morphology also heavy smokers 3 (18.8%) and non-smokers 16 (100.0%). It can be concluded that there is a relationship of smoking with sperm quality.
HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN IBU TERHADAP PERILAKU HIDUP BERSIH DAN SEHAT DENGAN KEJADIAN DIARE ANAK Lukito, Alamsyah
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT & GIZI (JKG) Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesmas & Gizi (JKG)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Institut Kesehatan Medistra Lubuk Pakam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (242.88 KB) | DOI: 10.35451/jkg.v1i1.99

Abstract

Diarrhea the second leading cause of death in children under five years old. with morbidity and mortality rates are relatively high in many countries, especially in developing countries, and as one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality of children in the world. Especially in northern Sumatra in 2012, of the estimated 559 011 cases of diarrhea are found and dealt with is as much as 216 175, or 38.67%, resulting in morbidity IR (incedent Rate) diarrhea per 1,000 population reaches 16.36%. This study aims to determine the relationship of the level of knowledge of mothers on Behavior Clean and Healthy Lifestyle (PHBS) with the incidence of diarrhea in health centers johor field in 2017. This research is an analytic descriptive correlation with cross sectional approach. The samples using proportionate stratified random sampling technique with sample number 64 data collection using questionnaires. Data were analyzed using chi square with Continuity correction. The results showed that of the test statistics Chi squaer obtain the value of p <0.05 can be concluded that there is a significant relationship between knowledge tehadap behavior of clean and healthy mother with the incidence of diarrhea in children in Puskesmas Medan Johor. The level of knowledge of the Clean and Healthy Lifestyle (PHBS) affect the incidence of diarrhea was one mother's lack of knowledge to recognize the causes of diarrhea incidence and wrong behavior in a child care health centers in the scope of Johor field.  
ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PEMANFAATAN POSYANDU UNTUK MENINGKATKAN STATUS GIZI LANSIA Sinaga, Jon Piter; Pasaribu, Julpan
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT & GIZI (JKG) Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesmas & Gizi (JKG)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Institut Kesehatan Medistra Lubuk Pakam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (231.256 KB) | DOI: 10.35451/jkg.v1i1.100

Abstract

Intergrated Service Post is a community activity in the effort of health service. Intergrated Service Post for elderly is the center of community activity in the effort of health service in elderly. Intergrated Service Post as a forum of activities that nuance community empowerment will run well and optimal if there is the process of leadership, organizing process, the existence of group members and cadres and the availability of funding. This study aims to analyze factors related to Utilization of Intergrated Service Post To improve Elderly Nutrition Status. The type of study is quantitative by using cross sectional approach. The population in this study were all elderly enrolled in Intergrated Service Post elderly of Sipea pea Public Health Center, West Sorkam Subdistrict that amounted to 54 elderly people and it started from January to March 2018. Samples amounted to 54 people with Saturated Sample method or the entire population. Data analysis included univariate, bivariate and multivariate. The results showed that respondents who use Intergrated Service Post 81.5% and 18.5% who did not utilize the Intergrated Service Post. There is a relationship of knowledge, elderly attitude, family support, and support of health officer with Intergrated Service Post utilization to improve nutritional status of elderly, with p value <0,05 for all four variables. The most influential variable is family support with OR value of 6,755. As well as advise the Intergrated Service Post officers to continue socialization to the community, especially elderly about Intergrated Service Post program and obey  the Technical Guidelines appropriately and wisely.
HUBUNGAN KELELAHAN KERJA DENGAN KEJADIAN KECELAKAAN KERJA PADA PEKERJA GALANGAN KAPAL ,, Aulia; ,, Aladin; Tjendera, Mariaman
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT & GIZI (JKG) Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesmas & Gizi (JKG)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Institut Kesehatan Medistra Lubuk Pakam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (223.511 KB) | DOI: 10.35451/jkg.v1i1.106

Abstract

  Fatigue and workplace accidents are part of occupational health and safety science. One form of the accident was the explosion of a ship at one of the shipyard companies in Batam. This accident can occur due to human factors such as fatigue. Fatigue causes unsafe work behavior that causes workplace accidents. Fatigue is easier for shipyard workers because of the heavier workload. So the researchers wanted to find a relationship between fatigue and the incidence of workplace accidents at PT. Bandar Abadi Shipyard. The research method is observational analytic with cross sectional approach conducted at PT. Bandar Abadi Shipyard Batam. The sampling technique was simple random sampling with a population of 416 workers and obtained the results of 200 workers determined by inclusion and exclusion criteria. The results of the study were analyzed and tested by Chi-square test. The results showed that there were 51 (58.6%) workers who were not fatigued and did not work accidents, 36 (41.4%) workers who were not fatigue and workplace accidents. Whereas 38 (33.6%) workers and workers who were exhausted and did not work accidents were exhausted and workplace accidents were 75 (66.4%) workers. The Chi-Square analysis results obtained a significance value of p = 0,000. This number is significant because the p value is smaller than 0.05. So it can be concluded that there is a significant relationship between fatigue and the incidence of workplace accidents. The relative value of risk in this study was 2,796. With this value, it can be interpreted that workers who experience fatigue are at risk of 2,796 or almost 3 times to experience workplace accidents compared to workers who do not experience fatigue.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA KONSUMSI MINUMAN BERKAFEIN DENGAN POLA TIDUR PADA MAHASISWA TEKNIK Oktaria, Selly
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT & GIZI (JKG) Vol 1 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat & Gizi (JKG)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Institut Kesehatan Medistra Lubuk Pakam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (164.232 KB) | DOI: 10.35451/jkg.v1i2.110

Abstract

Caffeine in low doses is able to provide positive and negative effects on a person's body. The main pharmacological effects of caffeine is adenosine receptor antagonist that may affect the functioning of the central nervous system and can interfere with sleep quality and will affect sleep patterns, sleep should be important to maintain physical health, mental and emotional. This study aims to determine the relationship between the consumption of caffeine on sleep patterns. This research use analytical method with cross sectional approach. The population are all students of Faculty of Civil Engineering ITM of 2014. With total sampling technique, amounting to 142 students. Methods of data collection using primary data and interviews. This study showed that 34 students who did not consume caffeine, there were 12 (35,3%) students had bad sleep pattern, while 22 (64,7%) students had good sleep pattern. Based on the results of chi-square test, it is concluded that there is a significant relationship between caffeine consumption to sleep patterns.

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