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INDONESIA
Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK
Published by Universitas Andalas
ISSN : 20988746     EISSN : 23027142     DOI : -
WACANA ETNIK diterbitkan oleh Pusat Studi Informasi dan Kebudayaan Minangkabau bekerja sama dengan Jurusan Sastra Daerah Universitas Andalas. Terbit dua kali setahun, April dan Oktober. Terbit pertama kali pada 2010.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 80 Documents
KOSA KATA BAHASA MINANGKABAU OLEH PENUTUR TUA DAN PENUTUR MUDA Werni, Werni
Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK Vol 6, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK
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This article describes words that have changed the Minangkabau language vocabulary by Old Speakers and Young Speakers in Kanagarian Gunuang Rajo and the causes of these changes.The method used consists of three stages, the provision of data, the data analysis stage, and the stage of presenting the results of data analysis. The methods and techniques used in the data provision stage are competent methods and referring methods. In the skillful method used proficient techniques, fishing techniques, note-taking techniques, and recording techniques, while the listening method was used tapping technique, then continued with several techniques, namely SLC technique and SBLC technique. In data analysis used referential and translational matching methods with basic techniques, namely PUP techniques. The follow-up technique is the HBB technique.The results of data analysis and classification found two forms of changes in vocabulary usage in Kanagarian Gunuang Rajo, namely 1) Words that are lost or not used anymore caused by internal and external factors. Internal factors, namely: homonymic conflict. External factors, namely: social aspects, age, education and foreign languages, 2) The emergence of new vocabulary found only in the form of new words formed from outside Kanagarian Gunuang Rajo.Keywords: Change, vocabulary, factors, old speakers, speakers
SISTEM FORMULA DAN FUNGSI DALAM SASTRA LISAN RONGGENG PASAMAN Gayatri, Satya
Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK Vol 1, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK
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Oral literature that has the values of local wisdom, but less desirable, especially on the younger generation. Oral literature is a cultural asset that has been abandoned by their owners. This is one of them caused by the impact of globalization that hit the Indonesian nation, so many lost literature that only a name. Along with the automatic player oral literature has a reduced or even lost. Therefore, it is necessary revitalization of the oral literature one formulaic system and the function of an oral literature to overcome the scarcity of players a show oral literature in society.The system is the use of iteration formula is implemented in a show. Formula made by players in conveying the text often is by repeating words, phrases, clauses, or array. Likewise, the frequency of carrying out automatic performance function of a show done and will anticipate the scarcity of players on an oral literary performances.
PANDANGAN SOSIOLINGUISTIK DALAM KONTROVERSI TIGA SURAT SULTAN PONTIANAK: STRATEGI KOMUNIKASI DAN KESANTUNAN Syahrani, Agus
Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK Vol 3, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK
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Makalah ini membincangkan kandungan yang terdapat dalam tiga surat Sultan Pontianak yang dikirimkan kepada T.S. Raffles. Tiga surat yang dikirimkan oleh Sultan Syarif Kasim Alqadrie kepada T.S. Raffles di Malaka bertanggal 14 Februari, 12 Maret, dan 22 Maret 1811. Perbincangan kandungan fokus kepada tiga warkah Sultan Pontianak yang memunculkan kontroversi aktivitas perompak di masyarakat Melayu Kalimantan Barat. Warkah ini mengandung perkara yang “kontroversial” yaitu mengenai aktivitas perompak yang dilakukan oleh Pengiran Anom dari Kesultanan Sambas. Tiga warkah Sultan Pontianak akan diuraikan berdasarkan struktur surat yang berbeda dari surat Melayu pada umumnya.Struktur surat menghasilkan bentuk kandungan yang dilihat dari penyampaian pesan yang terpenting dalam surat. Kandungan tiga warkah diuraikan berdasarkan kaidah komunikasi yang digunakan oleh Sultan untuk menyampaikan pesan tentang perkara yang kontroversial dan memunculkan perdebatan sampai sekarang di Kalimantan Barat. WACANA ETNIK Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora ISSN: 2098-8746.Volume 3 Nomor 2 Oktober 2012. Halaman: 257 – 282.Padang: Pusat Studi dan Informasi Kebudayaan Minangkabau (PSIKM)dan Sastra Daerah FIB Universitas Andalas. Teknik genre yang digunakan berkaitan dengan strategi komunikasi dan kesopanan yang ditetapkan oleh budaya masyarakat Melayu pada waktu itu. Surat-surat Melayu mempunyai teknik tersendiri berdasarkan strategi komunikasi dan lakuan bahasa yang melibatkan pemeran dalam peristiwa komunikasi. Teknik genre dalam surat Sultan Pontianak juga memiliki teknik tersendiri berdasarkan strategi komunikasi dan lakuan bahasa yang ditetapkan oleh budaya masyarakat Melayu. Lakuan bahasa memperlihatkan aspek kesopanan dalam warkah Sultan Pontianak. Teknik genre yang digunakan dalam warkah Sultan Pontianak berupa kaidah langsung ataupun kaidah tidak langsung memerikan sebuah model kearifan masyarakat Pontianak pada masa lalu yang sampai saat ini model tersebut masih tetap dipelihara sebagai kearifan lokal masyarakat Melayu Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat.
MOTIF MERANTAU DALAM KABA Septian, Haris
Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK Vol 6, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK
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This article describes the motives of Minangkabau people to merantau in kaba. Through intrinsic analysis, the analysis of kaba was continued using the socio-literary approach based on the sociology of the Minangkabau communityThe motive of merantau in kaba are (1) cultural factors, (2) economic factors, (3) deepening knowledge, (4) social factors, and (5) accompanying the husband. The professionals involved in the majority are trading. The area that is the destination of nomads is cities with a high level of the trade such as the City of Bukittinggi, the City of Padang, and the City of Medan.
Bahasa Minangkabau dan Dialek Negeri Sembilan: Satu Tinjauan Perbandingan Linguistik Historis Komparatif Reniwati, Reniwati
Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK Vol 3, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK
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Negeri Sembilan was one of temporary and permanent residence abroad. The migration went on in 14th century.  The influence of this might be looked at the sociocultural Negeri Sembilan today including at their dialect.  In this paper will be explained the comparison between the Minangkabau language and Negeri Sembilan dialect. The purpose of this is to review the relation of that isolect. To achieve them, the analyzing of data will apply the lexicostatistics that is one of the methods in historical comparative of linguistics.
BUDAYA LISAN VS BUDAYA LITERASI MAHASISWA MELAYU: Implikasinya pada Model Pembelajaran Mahasiswa Syahrani, Agus
Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK Vol 4, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK
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This study reflects on complaints that some students have not been able to fulfill their duties and responsibilities to the fullest , especially in fulfilling the tasks of reading and writing . It is assumed to be closely related to the habits of the students related to deep-rooted social and cultural backgrounds of students are predominantly Malay cultural background with kelisanannya identity . Referring to the reality and mind, this study aims to reveal the habits of students in terms of orality and literacy , both as a duty to meet the needs of students as well as for other purposes such as for leisure . The data collection technique used is the technique of direct observation by researchers , discussion through Focused Group Discussion ( FGD ) and observation indirectly through questionnaires and equipped with library research . Qualitative data obtained from each instrument were analyzed and described qualitatively .
SILEK KUMANGO: KEBERADAAN, PEWARISAN, DAN KEARIFAN LOKAL MINANGKABAU Saputra, Isral
Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK Vol 2, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK
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Nowadays, the Minangkabau silek is waning interest and users. Technological developments are considered to be the cause. This article describes the research result of the presence of silek Kumango in Kanagarian Rao-Rao Tanah Datar, West Sumatra. Using ethnographic methods and approaches, it’s also obtained the inheritance and local genius in this silek. There are some functions and symbols that show local content in silek Kumango which are manifested in the succession process, control, and motion itself in this silek.
BUDAYA BANYUMASAN TAK SEKADAR DIALEK (REPRESENTASI BUDAYA BANYUMAS DALAM PROSA KARYA AHMAD TOHARI) Suhardi, Imam
Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK Vol 4, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK
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Pelestarian budaya Banyumasan kembali bergaung di jagat penginyongan. Beberapa diskusi dan lokakarya tak urung membicarakan hal itu. Semakin memudarnya penggunaan dialek ngapak-ngapak (sebagai subsistem budaya) di kalangan generasi muda menjadi perbincangan hangat beberapa budayawan Banyumas.  Padahal, bahasa Banyumasan merupakan aset budaya yang sangat penting. Istiyani (2004:6) menyatakan bahwa pandangan dunia adalah perefleksian pengalaman, pengetahuan, dan pemahaman dalam bentuk bahasa yang merupakan hasil penerimaan rangsangan dari alam sekitar melalui pancaindranya. Pandangan dunia komunitas bahasa dapat ditentukan dengan memeriksa sejumlah kosakata (Suhandano, 2004 dalam Syarifuddin, 2008:41). Berdasar pada teori tersebut dapat dikatakan bahwa Bahasa Banyumas sebagai sistem lingusitik sudah tentu memiliki pola khas yang akan merujuk pada pola dasar metalitas (basic assumption) masyarakat Banyumas.
PERSOALAN MAGIS DALAM KABA PUTI NILAM CAYO KARYA SJAMSUDIN SUTAN RAJO ENDAH Fatma, Suria Dewi
Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK Vol 1, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK
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This article describes magical contents in kaba Puti Nilam Cayo.  Intrinsic aspects were analized with structural approach. After that, the results were analized with sociological approach. After all, this object describes magical contents as rutinity and as symbols. This kaba shows Minangkabaunesse believe in supernatural activity in their universe.
METAFORA PADA DESAIN KAOS PRODUKSI KAPUYUAK DAN KONCO CLOTHING Rulianty, Chesil; Lindawati, Lindawati; Bahren, Bahren; Hidayat, Herry Nur
Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK Vol 6, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK
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This article describes the use of metaphoric words of T-shirt design produced by the Kapuyuak and Konco Clothing stores. T-shirts in both stores contain many metaphors about the daily life of Minangkabau people. This study discusses metaphorical forms and functions in the product's design of those two shops. The theory used is the theory of the metaphor form proposed by Stephen Ullman and the theory of functions by Geoffrey Leech.The results show metaphorical forms in the T-shirts design produced by the Kapuyuak and Konco Clothing stores, which are 6 anthropomorphic metaphors, 4 animal metaphors, 7 metaphors from concrete to abstract, and 3 synaesthetic metaphors. Whereas, the functions found are 4 informational functions, 4 expressive functions, 1 directive function, 1 fatigue function, and 10 aesthetic functions.Keywords: metaphor, shirt design, metaphorical form, metaphorical function