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Contact Name
M Galih Permadi
Contact Email
galih@unmus.ac.id
Phone
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Journal Mail Official
maef-j@unmus.ac.id
Editorial Address
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Location
Kab. merauke,
P a p u a
INDONESIA
Musamus AE Featuring Journal
Published by Universitas Musamus
ISSN : 26231484     EISSN : 26231492     DOI : -
The aims of MAEF-j is to provide a venue for academicians, researchers, and practitioners for publishing the original research articles or review articles. The scope of the articles published in this journal deals with a contemporary issues in agriculture engineering.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 12 Documents
Simulasi Pola Tanam (Palawija) Berdasarkan Potensi Ketersediaan Air di Kampung Kweel Distrik Elikobel, Kabupaten Merauke Mekiuw, Yosehi; Wahida, Wahida
Musamus AE Featuring Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2018): MAEF Oktober
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Musamus University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35724/maef-j.v1i1.1608

Abstract

Agriculture is one of the sectors that play a role in deciding the rural poverty chain. Agriculture is a productive sector for rural communities in increasing household incomes through cultivation of crops and livestock. The purpose of this study is to plan, establish or simulate appropriate planting pattern based on the potential availability of water resources and land, so that the production or productivity of plants and land can be obtained optimally and can improve the rural economy. The method used in this research is descriptive analytic method. Based on the results obtained that the potential of available water resources in Kampung Kweel is able to be used as an irrigation water source in both monoculture and polyculture (tumpangsari).
Conservation of Soil Moisture Using Mulch of Green Bean Plants (Vigna Radiata) Suburika, Frederikus; Mangera, Yosefina; Wahida, Wahida
Musamus AE Featuring Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2018): MAEF Oktober
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Musamus University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35724/maef-j.v1i1.1609

Abstract

The aim to this study was to determine the effect of plastic silver mulch and rice straw mulch on soil moisture conservation of green bean so that the plant can grow in dry season with enough water. The method used in this study was a randomized block design with three treatments: no mulch (T0), plastic silver mulch (T1) and rice straw mulch (T2). The parameters observed were physical soil of initial and final research, soil moisture measurements every 3 days, as well as growth and crop production parameters including plant height, number of seeds in pods, 100 seeds weight, sample plant production and total production. The results showed that the physical of soil analyzed were clay textured soil, preliminary porosity 60.77 and at the end of the study increased to 77.50%, organic matter 1.52%, initial bulk density 1.04 g/cm3 at the end of the study decreased to 0.60 g/cm3, soil permeability of 7.77 cm / hour and available water is 13.95%. The use of rice straw mulch from the beginning to the end of the study showed the best water content while the use of plastic silver mulch and no mulch showed water content not much different. The use of palstic silver mulch gives the highest yield of the best crops on 14 HST measurements where the plastic silver mulch differs markedly by the rice straw mulch and no mulch. The yield of green beans produced in the treatment of plastic silver mulch using the best results with a total production of 2.00 tons/ha, this result is significantly different from no mulch but not significantly different of rice straw mulch. Rice straw mulch is better used for soil conservation because it can improve soil aeration, retain water, prevent soil erosion, and increase organic matter on the soil.
The Effect of Dryer Air Temperature on The Moisture Content of Cassava Flour in The Pneumatic Drying Process Witdarko, Yus
Musamus AE Featuring Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2018): MAEF Oktober
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Musamus University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35724/maef-j.v1i1.1610

Abstract

Drying method that is applied in flour manufacturing industry, one of which is pneumatic drying. Variable types of both the properties of the dried material and the conditions of the drying process greatly affect the quality of the results of drying. Water content is an important variable in determining the quality of flour. The purpose of this study was to find the effect of drying air temperature on the moisture content of cassava flour under the conditions of the pneumatic drying process. Drying of cassava flour at desiccant air temperatures of 145oC and 160oC with 2 drying cycles produced a moisture content of 11.3 and 8.7% wb and had fulfilled SNI for flour water content, which was a maximum of 12% wb. The higher the temperature of the drying air, the lower the moisture content.
Aplications of Liquid Organic Fertilizer From Agricultural Waste in Wati Plants (Piper methysticum Forst). Wahida, Wahida; Susanti, Diana Sri
Musamus AE Featuring Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2018): MAEF Oktober
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Musamus University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35724/maef-j.v1i1.1611

Abstract

Custom reflects the personality and soul of a society or nation, is hereditary and contains belief values ​​in it. The Wati plant (Piper methysticum Forst) is one of the parts or tools used in a Marind tribal in Merauke Regency. As part of custom, it is necessary to develop so that the custom can be maintained. Therefore, most to find simple propagation and cultivation techniques of Wati plants and later can be applied to the community. This study aim to analyze the utilization of agricultural waste into liquid fertilizer which is applied to wati plants. The metode of study with randomized block design (RBD) with five treatments, is P0 (2 l of water) as a control, P1 (10 mL), P2 (20 mL), P3 (30 mL), and P4 (40 mL). Each treatment was repeated as many as five times, so that 25 experimental units. The parameters observed were the content of N, K, and P2O5, from agricultural waste, stem diameter, number of leaves and stem length. The results showed that the N and P2O5 contents were low, whereas K had met the minimum technical requirements for POC. The results of the POC application showed that the best growth of wati plant seeds for plant height and number of leaves with a dose of 40 mL/L water.
Design to Build A Shallots Drying House with Fumigation in District Tanah Miring Widanarti, Indah; sunardi, sunardi; Suryaningsih, Ni luh Sri
Musamus AE Featuring Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2018): MAEF Oktober
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Musamus University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35724/maef-j.v1i1.1612

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to make a simple shallots drying house design with fumigation so that dried shallots were obtained in accordance with the Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI). The method used in this study is the temperature measurement in the smoke house. The benchmark in testing the smoking house is the temperature used in the room at the smoke house with the construction of a small scale permanent building. The temperature that shallots have to accept is 35-40oC.  Temperature data obtained from measurements at 3 observation points in the smoke house for heat transfer analysis. The test results on the design of the smoke house with a shelf design located 2 meters from the ground floor showed that convection heat transfer in the fumigation chamber was stable so as to produce dry shallots with a weight loss of 30%.
KAJIAN STATUS UNSUR HARA MAKRO TANAH (N, P, DAN K) DI PROFIL TANAH LAHAN HUTAN, WANATANI, DAN TEGALAN Parjono, Parjono
Musamus AE Featuring Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2019): MAEF-J April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Musamus University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35724/maef-j.v1i2.1847

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui status unsur hara makro Nitrogen (N), Fosfor (P), dan Kalium (K), serta kemasaman tanah (pH) pada penggunaan lahan hutan, wanatani, dan tegalan. Penelitian dilakukan dengan mengambil sampel tanah pada empat horizon tanah (Ao atau Ap, A1 atau A2, B1, dan B2) di setiap penggunaan lahan. Analisis tanah di laboratorium untuk mengetahui konsentrasi N, P, K, dan pH tanah. Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa distribusi N, P, dan K pada lahan hutan dan wanatani menurun berdasarkan kedalaman horizon tanah, sedangkan tegalan berpola fluktuatif. Pada lahan hutan konsentrasi N= 0.20-1.11%, P= 5.81-6.62 ppm, dan K= 0.19-1.52%. Wanatani N= 0.06-0.22%, P= 3.66-4.70 ppm, dan K= 0.11-0.78 ppm. Sedangkan di tegalan konsentrasi N= 0.18-0.51%, P= 5.61-6.68 ppm, dan K= 0.11-0.37 ppm. Bahan organik, intensitas pengolahan tanah berperan penting dalam pola distribusi dan konsentrasi N, P, dan K dalam tanah. Sistem wanatani dapat menjadi solusi dalam stabilitas kesuburan tanah.
MODIFIKASI DAN UJI KINERJA MESIN PEMARUT SAGU DENGAN PENGGERAK MOTOR BENSIN DAN PEDAL SEPEDA Ali, Saripudin Nur; Mulyono, Toni; Mangera, Yosefina
Musamus AE Featuring Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2019): MAEF-J April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Musamus University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35724/maef-j.v1i2.2026

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian adalah memodifikasi hopper pemasukan, rol pemarut, motor penggerak pedal, serta mengetahui kapasitas efektif alat pemarut yang telah dimodifikasi dan membandingkannya dengan mesin pemarut yang belum dimodifikasi. Metode yang dilakukan yaitu dengan melakukan desain, modifikasi, serta pengujian alat dan mesin. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, pemarutan sagu Ali BK menggunakan tenaga motor penggerak berbahan bakar bensin Honda WZ 20 (motor penggerak lama) menghasilkan empulur sebanyak  3.25 kg/menit, motor penggerak CPT National 5.5 HP 2200 rpm (motor penggerak baru) menghasilkan empulur sebanyak 5,90 kg/menit dengan diameter empulur rata-rata sebesar 0.4318 mm, dan pemarutan menggunakan penggerak pedal sepeda menghasilkan empulur sebanyak 0.63 kg/menit dengan diameter empulur rata-rata sebesar 0.5410 mm. Pembuatan mesin pemarut sagu ini menghabiskan biaya sebesar Rp. 4 242 000.
PEMANFAATAN DAUN SAGU UNTUK ATAP DAN DINDING RUMAH KUMBUNG Masdjudi, Masdjudi; Permadi, M Galih; Widanarti, Indah
Musamus AE Featuring Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2019): MAEF-J April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Musamus University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35724/maef-j.v1i2.2027

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk memberi solusi tentang keterbatasan modal dalam pembangunan rumah kumbung untuk membuka usaha jamur tiram di wilayah Merauke dalam menciptakan iklim mikro yang sesuai untuk pertumbuhan jamur tiram. Penelitian dilakukan dengan membangun rumah kumbung serta kegiatan budidaya jamur tiram di dalamnya. Variabel yang di amati dalam penelitian ini antara lain suhu, kelembaban udara dan produksi jamur tiram. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan daun sagu dapat di jadikan solusi untuk pembangunan rumah kumbung dengan biaya yang relatif murah dengan biaya Rp. 1.947.000, iklim mikro yang tercipta di dalam rumah kumbung menggunakan daun sagu yaitu suhu pada kisaran 23ºC ? 29.2ºC dan RH pada kisaran 88% - 99%.
UJI ALAT PENGERING PISANG TIPE RAK ENERGI SURYA DAN BIOMASSA Masela, Mario Rinaldo; Jamaludin, Jamaludin; Suryaningsih, Ni Luh Sri; Mulyono, Toni
Musamus AE Featuring Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2019): MAEF-J April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Musamus University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35724/maef-j.v1i2.2031

Abstract

Pengeringan chips pisang merupakan proses yang penting dalam penepungan. Pengeringan secara konvensional memiliki banyak kekurangan seperti waktu pengeringan lama, butuh area yang luas, dapat terjadi penurunan kualitas karena terkena kotoran, dan hujan tidak dapat diprediksi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menguji alat pengering pisang tipe rak energi surya dan biomassa. Tahapan penelitian ini yaitu perancangan alat pengering pisang tipe rak, pembuatan bagian-bagian alat, dan pengujian alat pengering. Pengujian dilakukan dengan tiga perlakuan yaitu pengeringan dengan alat pengering energi surya, pengering energi biomassa, dan pengeringan konvensional sebagai kontrol. Pengujian pengeringan dilakukan selama 600 menit dengan kadar air sampel awal sebesar 69.33%. Selama pengujian, sampel pisang diambil untuk diukur suhu dan kadarnya air setiap 30 menit. Hasil pengujian menunjukan kadar air chips pisang pada pengeringan menggunakan energi biomassa terendah dibanding dengan alat pengering energi surya maupun pengeringan konvensional. Kadar air akhir chips pisang pada rak 5 alat pengering energi surya dan alat pengering energi biomassa masing-masing sebesar 22% dan 16%. Sedangkan, pada pengeringan konvensional, kadar air akhir chips pisang adalah 33.33%
MODIFIKASI UNIT PEMBERSIH GABAH MESIN MINI COMBINE HARVESTER TIPE MCB-120 Widiantoni, Ariadi; Andriyono, Andriyono; Mangera, Yosefina
Musamus AE Featuring Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2019): MAEF-J April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Musamus University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan hasil gabah lebih bersih dengan memasang sarangan dan melepas katup penyetel angin pada blower pengisap mini combine harvester MCB 120. Prosedur dalam penelitian ini  terdiri dari tahap pertama meliputi persiapan, penyediaan alat, bahan material dan perancangan sarangan, tahap kedua yaitu pembuatan alat, dan tahap ketiga adalah pengamatan (tingkat kebersihan gabah sebelum dan sesudah menggunakan sarangan dan rekapitulasi pembuatan alat). Kotoran yang tercampur di dalam gabah dapat berkurang setelah dibersihkan menggunakan saringan, yaitu 15.7 % (sesudah menggunakan saringan) pada pengamatan varietas sikumis, kemudian untuk hasil varietas cigelis yaitu 17.5 % (setelah menggunakan saringan).

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