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INDONESIA
Medical and Health Science Journal
ISSN : 25497588     EISSN : 25497596     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Medical and Health Science (MHSJ) published peer-reviewed original articles research, case report or article review. This journal is published twice (February and August) by Faculty of Medicine Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya.
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Articles 107 Documents
HUBUNGAN POLA MAKAN DAN KEBIASAAN OLAHRAGA YANG BAIK DENGAN KADAR GULA DARAH PENDERITA DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE II DI RSI JEMURSARI Rachmawati, Marlia Alief; ., Handayani; Donastin, Adyan
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 2 No 1 (2018): FEBRUARY
Publisher : UNUSA Press

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Abstrak: Diabetes Mellitus tipe II adalah penyakit kronis mengalami resistansi terhadap aksi insulindan ketidakmampuan pankreas untuk menghasilkan cukup insulin. DM tipe II sendiri mendudukiperingkat ke-2 di dunia dengan penderita terbanyak Pola makan yang buruk dan kurangnya olahragadapat memengaruhi terjadinya DM tipe II. Perkembangan pola makan yang salah arah saat inimempercepat peningkatan jumlah penderita DM di Indonesia. Pada saat tubuh melakukan gerakan,maka sejumlah gula akan dibakar untuk dijadikan tenaga gerak. Sehingga sejumlah gula dalamtubuh akan berkurang dan kebutuhan akan hormon insulin juga akan berkurang. Penelitian inibertujuan adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan pola makan dan kebiasaan olahraga dengan kadargula penderita Diabetes Mellitus II pada penderita Diabetes Mellitus II di RSI Jemursari Penelitianini dilakukan dengan metode survey atau observasional dengan pendekatan crosssectional. Sampelyang diambil sebanyak 24 pasien. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua pasien DiabetesMellitus Tipe 2 yang menjalani rawat jalan pada poli penyakit dalam, namun dibatasi dengankriteria inklusi dan eksklusi yang penulis buat. Dari 24 pasien, pada hubungan pola makan dengankadar gula darah sebanyak 13 pasien (54,2%) mempunyai kadar gula tidak tinggi. 11 pasien (45,8%)mempunyai kadar gula tinggi. Dengan hasil uji statistik didapatkan nilai p=1,000 (p>0,05). Makadapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang tidak signifikan antara pola makan dan kadargula. Serta hubungan olahraga dengan kadar gula darah sebanyak 13 pasien (54,2%) mempunyaikadar gula tidak tinggi. 11 pasien (45,8%) mempunyai kadar gula tinggi. Dengan hasil uji statistikdidapatkan nilai p=0,432 (p>0,05). Maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang tidaksignifikan antara olahraga dan kadar gula.
CASE STUDY EFFECTIVNESS OF AMYODARON USE IN PATIENTS WITH SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA AND HYPOTHYROIDISM Savitri, ,Ardyarini Dyah
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 3 No 1 (2019): February
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A woman, 53 years of age, with recurrent supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) with hypothyroidism was thought to be associated with amiodarone use. Patients repeatedly get amiodarone for their arrhythmias, where amiodarone has a broad antiarrhythmic effect making it effective for the management of SVT. In addition, the low inotropic properties of amiodarone are low, making amiodarone the drug of choice in patients with heart failure. However, repeated use of amiodarone can cause many side effects, one of which is amiodarone induced hypothyroidism (AIH). Patients are given thyroxine hormone substitution therapy during the use of amiodarone and the response to the therapy given is quite good, so the patient has a good prognosis.
IMUNOHISTOKIMIA PADA KONDILOMATA AKUMINATA Widyaswari, Meidyta Sinantryana; Lumintang, Hans; Soemarno, Troef
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 3 No 1 (2019): February
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Background: Condylomata Acuminata (CA) is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) type-specific and may be simultaneously co-infected with other HPV types associated with malignancy. Purpose: To differentiate between CA and histopathological of malignancy by immunohistochemistry. LiteratureReview: CA refers to benign epidermal proliferation caused by the HPV types 6 and 11, but co-infection with high- risk HPV types are common. The clinical presentation of CA can’t differentiate between benign or preneoplastik diplasia lesions. Koilocytes considered pathognomonic for HPV lesions, these findings sometimes don’t appear on CA, and histopathology was not accurate, that immunohistochemistry with MIB-1 (Ki-67) and p16 can beused. Conclusion: Immunohistochemistry examination can help differentiate the diagnosis between malignancy or non- malignancy in the case of CA.
THE RELATIONSHIP OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS TO URIC ACID LEVEL IN COMMUNITY OF PONDOK PESANTREN AL-HIDAYAH, NGAWI Lestari, Marselli Widya; Bintarti, Tri Wahyuni
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 3 No 1 (2019): February
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Gout or Gouty Arthritis is a degenerative disease. Gouty arthritis is a clinical syndrome that is caused by deposition of purine crystals in the tissues, due to levels of uric acid (hyperuricemia) in the extracellular fluid that passes through saturation. The etiology of gout arthritis included age, sex, history of medication, obesity, consumption of purine and alcohol. Aging is an important risk factor for men and women. This study uses an analytical-descriptive approach with cross-sectional design. This study was conducted to obtain a relationship between nutritional status and uric acid levels in the community in the area of Al-Hidayah Islamic Boarding School, Ngawi. This research was conducted in Majasem Village, Kendal District, Ngawi Regency, starting from 7 June - 31 August 2018. The results showed that there was a relationship between nutritional status and uric acid levels in the community in the area of Al-Hidayah Islamic Boarding School, Ngawi (p=0,008). Suggestions for further research are bivariate analysis based on gender, knowledge and attitude to response to diet so that other factors that influence can be seen clearly.
PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN GURU TENTANG P3K MELALUI PROMOSI KESEHATAN DI SMK KAL 1 SURABAYA Rinarto, Nisha Dharmayanti; Priyantini, Dwi; Fitriastuti, Annisa Nurayu
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 3 No 1 (2019): February
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Health promotion is an effort planned to influence other people, whether individuals, groups or communities, so that they do what is expected by health promotion actors. Health promotion of P3K in schools has an effect on the level of knowledge that teachers have about P3K on emergencies. This study aims to see the effect of health promotion on increasing teacher knowledge about first aid at Surabaya KAL-1 Vocational School. Sampling technique with Simple Random Sampling, a total sample of 39 respondents. The research method is Pre Experimental with the One Group Pretest-Posttest approach. Data collection using questionnaires. Data analysis techniques using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. The results of the study showed that the teacher's knowledge before being given a health promotion with an average value of 1.38 and after being given a health promotion obtained an average value of 2.54. The results of statistical tests obtained the results of Asymp. Sig 0.001> α 0.05, which means that there are significant differences. Further analysis found that there was an effect of health promotion on the level of teacher knowledge, so it was hoped that the school would propose to the relevant UPTD for the provision of first aid training in schools
GAMBARAN INDEKS LARVA AEDES AEGYPTI DI BUFFER WILAYAH KERJA BANDARA SEPINGGAN BALIKPAPAN Abdurrakhman, Abdurrakhman
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 3 No 1 (2019): February
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The House index and Container Index in the buffer area of the working area of Balikpapan Sepinggan Airport is still above 1%, so the potential for the spread of dengue disease. Mobilization of people, goods and transportation equipment will increasingly affect the transmission of disease in ports and airports, especially for vector-borne diseases. This study aims to analyze the risk factors associated with larvae density of Aedes aegypti and describe the larvae index in the buffer zone of the Sepinggan Balikpapan Airport This study was a descriptive study with a cross sectional design. The sample in this study was 121 houses with a proportionate stratified random sampling, the research location was in the buffer zone of Sepinggan Balikpapan Airport in November 2018. The variables studied were houses with positive larvae containers, breeding sites and PSN behavior and larvasidation. The data was analyzed using the chi square test. There was a relationship between houses with larvae positive Aedes aegypti, behavior of Mosquito Nest Eradication (PSN) and larvasidation with larvae density of Aedes aegypti but not for breeding sites (p =0.00and95%CI=0.64),and (p=0.00and95%CI=0.34).Thedescription of several Aedes aegypti larvae index, namely House Index (HI) = 57.02%, Container Index (CI) = 24.36%, Bruteau Index (BI) = 148.76, and Flick Free Numbers (ABJ) = 42.98 %. Houses with larvae of Aedes aegypti larvae and PSN and larvasidation behavior were associated with larvae density of Aedes aegypti. The index of HI, CI and BI larvae is of high value so there is a risk of DBD transmission
PENGARUH EKSTRAK BUAH MENGKUDU (MORINDA CITRIFOLIA) TERHADAP KADAR KOLESTEROL TOTAL DARAH PADA TIKUS PUTIH (RATTUS NORVEGICUS) JANTANGALUR WISTARYANG DIBERI DIET TINGGI LEMAK Priadna, Astrid Ika; Adiwinoto, Budiarto; Handajani, Fitri
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 3 No 1 (2019): February
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Background: High cholesterol dietinduced hypercholesterolemia. Noni fruit extracthas flavonoids which are expected to reduceblood total cholesterol levels.This study aims to determine the effect of noni fruit extract (Morinda citrifolia) on total blood cholesterol levels in wistar strain male rats (Rattus norvegicus) given a high-fat diet. Method: Experimental study using post test only control group design. A total of 24 wistar strain male rats were divided into 3 groups: negative controlgroup given standard feed; positive control group of experimental animals who were given a high-fat diet; the experimental group treated with a high-fat diet for 14 days and given noni fruit extractat a dose of 200 mg / Kg BB. On the 29th day total blood cholesterol levels were measured for all groups of experimental animals. Results: The Mann Whitney UTest showed a significant increase in total blood cholesterol levels in the positive group of experimental animals given a high-fat diet (68.13 mg/dl) compared to the negative control group of experimental animals given standard feed (51.25 mg/dl). There was a significant decrease in total blood cholesterol levels in the experimental group treated with a high-fat diet and noni fruit extract (61mg/dl) compared to the average positive control group of experimental animals given a high-fat diet (68.13 mg/dl). Conclusion: Provision of a high-fat diet in wistar strain male ratscan significantly increase total blood cholesterol levels. The administration of noni fruit extract in wistar strain male ratscan significantly reduce total blood cholesterol levels
PENGARUH SUPLEMENTASI VITAMIN D TERHADAP NILAI PENGUKURAN FEV1/ FVC PADA PENDERITA ASMA TERKONTROL SEBAGIAN Donastin, Adyan; Bakhtiar, Arief; Maranatha, Daniel
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 1 No 1 (2017): FEBRUARY
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v1i1.617

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Background:Airflow resistance in asthma caused by changes in the airways that is bronchoconstriction,airway edema, airway hyperresponsiveness and airway remodeling. Vitamin D supplementation is expectedto raise the value of the measurement of FEV1/ FVC in patients with asthma controlled in part through therole of vitamin D in terms of antiviral effects, atopic response, response improvement steroid and preventairway remodeling process.Objective:Comparing the measurement values of FEV1/ FVC in patients withasthma controlled most of which do not get supplemental vitamin D than getting supplemental vitaminD.Methods:This study is a randomized experimental simple study. This research was conducted in drSoetomo Hospital from June to July 2015. The sampling technique using consecutive sampling. Sampleswere divided into two groups each consisting of 14 samples which have earned a combined therapy ofinhaled corticosteroids and LABA. The control group that was not given additional vitamin Dsupplementation and the treatment group were given supplements of vitamin D for 1 month. Measurementand main result:Testing of data distribution using the ShapiroWilk method because the sample size is lessthan 50. The result of the difference in FEV1 / FVC with a paired sample t - test is known that in the controlgroup (not given additional vitamin D supplements) did not occur significant difference (p = 0.219> 0.05),while the treatment group (given additional vitamin supplements D) proved significant difference (p = 0.020<0.05) where the value of FEV1 / FVC after being given additional vitamin D supplements increased to96.071% of the initial conditions is 84.786%.Conclusions:The measurement values of FEV1/ FVC in patientswith asthma controlled most of which get vitamin D supplementation are the most significant increasecompared to the control group who did not receive supplementation ofvitamin D.
TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI PADA SISWA SMA KANJENG SEPUH GRESIK Afridah, Wiwik; Fajariana, Ratna
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 1 No 1 (2017): FEBRUARY
Publisher : UNUSA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v1i1.616

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ABSTRACTBackground: Adolescence is a transitional period between the time of children with adulthood. There are stillmany found little regard for teens on health on reproductive, will consequently risk against the occurrence ofan increase in diseases, among others; Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI). Methods: This type of researchis the pre-design experiments using One-Shot Case Study, measured through a questionnaire. Class X studentpopulation of 33 students, XI IPS 2 of 26 students, and XII IPS 1 of 29 students. With a variable level ofknowledge about reproductive health education, sexually transmitted diseases, prevention and theintroduction of infectious disease symptoms, processed and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: Theresults of the research on reproductive health education on class X most (63, 64%) have moderate levels ofknowledge about sexually transmitted diseases in class XI IPS 2 most (73%), 8 have a level of knowledge,level of knowledge about the prevention of infectious diseases and the introduction at the XII 1st most IPS(58, 62%) have moderate levels of knowledge. Conclusion: the level of knowledge of students of SMKKanjeng Sepuh Gresik about adolescent reproductive health is on a category of being. Therefore the expectedreproductive and Sexual health education as a subject/local content through the media of the school as aproper step as a medium of education can provide information on sexual and reproductive health is right forteens.
JUMLAH RELATIF SEL NEUTROFIL (GR-1+) PADA MENCIT (MUS MUSCULUS) TERINFEKSI STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS SETELAH PEMBERIAN EKSTRAK BUAH MENGKUDU (MORINDA CITRIFOLIA L.) Mufidah, Zumrotul
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kesehatan Vol 1 No 1 (2017): FEBRUARY
Publisher : UNUSA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33086/mhsj.v1i1.615

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the relative number of neutrophil (GR-1+) on miceinfected Staphylococcus aureus after treatment noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) crude extract. Methods: Micewere devided into two group: non-infected and infected. Non infected group was without S.aureus infectionwhereas the infected group was infected with S.aureus. Group contain kontrol, dose 1 (25 mg/kg BW), dose 2(100 mg/kg BW), and dose 3 (300 mg/kg BW). Oral treatment carried out for 20 days in every morning andeach sample was injected with S.aureus at day 21 with 109 cell/mL. Relative number of neutrophil (GR-1+)was measured using the BD FACSCaliburTM Flowcytometer. Data were analyzed by using Analysis ofVarians (p<0,05) and SPSS 16 for windows. Result: The result showed that administration of noni crudeextract was significantly change the relative number of neutrophil (GR-1+). Conclusion: Treatment of noni(M. citrifolia) crude extract could increase relative amount of neutrophil (GR-1+) on infected S.aureus andwithout infected group. That might be caused by active compound on noni crude extract that can influenceactivity of increasing Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor (G-CSF) so can increase relative amount ofneutrophil (GR-1+).

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