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INDONESIA
Jurnal ILMU DASAR
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : 14115735     EISSN : 24425613     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Education,
Jurnal ILMU DASAR (JID) adalah jurnal ilmiah yang melingkupi bidang matematika, fisika, kimia dan biologi. Naskah yang diusulkan untuk diterbitkan Jurnal Ilmu Dasar adalah naskah yang belum pernah diterbitkan dan atau tidak sedang dipertimbangkan penerbitannya di majalah lain. Jurnal Ilmu Dasar menerima tulisan hasil penelitian dasar (bukan aplikasi) untuk bidang matematika, kimia, fisika, dan biologi. Naskah ilmiah ditulis dalam bahasa Indonesia atau dalam bahasa Inggris yang baik. Secara lebih detail dapat dilihat dari pedoman penulisan.
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Articles 294 Documents
EFFECT OF RED DRAGON FRUIT EXTRACT AS DYE IN SOLAR CELLS Eliyana, Ajeng; Puspitarum, Deska Lismawenning; Laksono, Dana
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 21 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (131.352 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v21i1.10922

Abstract

Along with the development of nanotechnology, the development of solar cells entered a significant stage with the emergence of the newest generation, namely DSSC (Dye Sensitized Solar Cell). The utilization of dragon fruit skin which has been extracted as dye in dye sensitized solar cells and solar cell development to realize sustainable energy supply is the main target in this study. The method carried out begins with the synthesis of nanoparticles from organic material (TiO2), to obtain good TiO2 material as an anti-reflection, where anti-reflection is selected on DSSC technology to reduce light reflection in the visible light region. The crystal size of TiO2 was analyzed as an oxide layer material in DSSC. DSSC synthesis was carried out and the parameters of organic solar cell devices (DSSC) were optimized to obtain solar cells with good conversion efficiency. The results showed that the size of TiO2 obtained was an average of 0.211 nm and the maximum wavelength value of the extract of the dragon fruit dye solution was 530 nm. Keywords: dye, solar cell, DSSC, TiO2.
DISCRIMINANT ANALYSISFOR CLUSTER VALIDATION IN A CASE STUDY OF DISTRICT GROUPING IN JEMBER REGENCY BASED ON POVERTY Istiqomah, Fikriana Nur; Tirta, Made; Anggareni, Dian
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (469.156 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v20i2.9862

Abstract

Cluster validation is a procedure to evaluate the results of cluster analysis quantitively and objectively on a data. The validation process is very important to get the results of a good and appropriate grouping. In the validation process, the author uses internal validation, stability, and discriminant analysis test. This study aims to obtain validation results from the hierarchy and kmeans method. This data grouping uses ?iris? simulation data, which results from the grouping method used can be applied to the original data to see which vaidation method is used for all data and produce an optimal grouping. The result of the study show that in the ?iris? data, a single linkage link is an appropriate grouping method because the result of the grouping are optimal for all validations and classification of group members whose groups are significant. In District poverty data in Jember Regency with a single linkage link optimal grouping was obtained and complete linkage links were also used as a method that resulted in optimal groupig for all validation. Cluster validation discriminant analysis test is appropriate for various types of data in general annd shows that single linkage methods are better than other methods for grouping and validation methods for ?iris? data and District data in Jember Regency based on variabels of poverty status. Keywords: Cluster Analysis, Diskriminant Analysis, Multivariate Analysis, Validation Cluster.
ESSENTIAL OIL COMPOSITION OF ROSE FLOWERS FROM KARANGPRING VILLAGE JEMBER DISTRICT EXTRACTED BY DISTILLATION AND ENFLEURAGE Oktavianawati, Ika; Letisya, Nanda; Citra, Priscillia; Utari, Dwi Purwita; Winata, I Nyoman Adi; Handayani, Wuryanti; Nugraha, Ari Satya
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (346.523 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v20i2.8995

Abstract

Karangpring is one tourist destination villages in Jember district which is popular with beautiful large rose field areas. Therefore, this area grows to be a leading producer of rose flowers in Jember district. However, the bulky presence of these flowers made its price becomes lower in regular days. Local community only uses and sells these fresh flowers as the flower for funeral. The rose flower has a great potency to be explored as a source of rose essential oil production. To date, there is no previous research on studying rose flowers from Karangpring village for its potency on the essential oil production. In this research, rose flowers were subjected to be extracted of its essential oil using two extraction methods, distillation, and enfleurage. Hydrodistillation resulted two phases of distillates, above part formed a cloudy white phase as a normal essential oil extracted from plants, and the lower phase was an aqueous phase containing rose hydrosols. Both phases of these condensates were analyzed using GCMS. Data explained that above phase, with a yield oil of 0.07%, only contains long-chain hydrocarbons such as n-nonadecane, n-heptadecane, 9-nonadecene, and eicosane, while the lower phase only contains 2-phenylethyl alcohol. On the other hand, enfleurage of fresh rose flowers resulted in 0.06% oil yield. GCMS analysis of this oil shows that 2-phenylethyl alcohol, eugenol, and phenylacetic acid are three major compounds which take more than 85% of total rose absolute. The results show that enfleurage is a better method for extracting rose oil in better quality than using the distillation method, in term of the variety of volatile components. Meanwhile, hydrodistillation is still benefiting from producing rose water that is qualified as an industrial additive agent for food and cosmetic productions or even a new potent of agromedicine products. Keywords: rose, rose oil, rose water, rose absolute, distillation, enfleurage.
THE EFFECT OF ETHANOL EXTRACT TURMERIC RHIZOME (CURCUMA LONGA) TO HISTOLOGYCAL STRUCTURE OF RAT RECTUM INDUCED DEXTRAN SODIUM SULPHATE (DSS) Nikmah, Lidia Maziyyatun; Fajariyah, Susantin; Mahriani, M.
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (108.158 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v20i1.7629

Abstract

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a plant that people use as a traditional medicine to treat some diseases such as: anti-inflammatory, antidiarrhea, antioxidants, hepatoprotector, and others. One of the main chemical compounds contained in turmeric and has a role as anti-inflammatory is curcumin. This study was conducted to determine the effect of ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome (Curcuma longa) on the histologycal structure of rat rectum induced by Dextran Sodium Sulphate (DSS). Wistar strain rats was divided into three groups: negative control group, positive control group (1% DSS), and DSS treatment group 1% + ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome dose 200mg/KgBB. DSS is given ad libitum, while ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome is given orally. We used paraffin method and Haematoxilyn Eosin staining to make the preparation organ. The data were analyzed using One Way ANOVA test, Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) test, and correlation test. The result of this study is DSS administration has an effect on decreasing average of crypt, number of Goblet cell, and depletion of rectal mucous layer. While treatment of extract turmeric rhizome can increase height of crypt and number of Goblet cell in rectal mucosal layer of rat. Keywords: Extract of turmeric rhizome, DSS, rectum, Rattus norvegicus
SYNTHESIS OF ZEOLITE A FROM COAL FLY ASH WITH VARIATION OF SI/AL MOLAR RATIO Andarini, Novita; Haryati, Tanti; Lutfia, Zuhrotul
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 19 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.921 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v19i2.5910

Abstract

Fly ash containing 30-36% silica and 14,52-23,78% alumina can be potentially as raw material for synthetic zeolite such as zeolite A. Zeolite A is an aluminosilicate mineral which is rich in alumina so that this zeolite has a good cation exchange capability. Zeolite A has been synthesized by hydrothermal treatment after NaOH fusion. Fly ash has been fused with NaOH at 550 0C for 40 minutes and hydrothermally treated at 1000C for 5 hours. The hydrothermal treatment was conducted in some various Si/Al molar ratios from 0.90; 1.00.; 1.05; to 1.24. The zeolite A was then analyzed using XRD and XRF. The best zeolite A based on XRD result is zeolite with Si/Al molar ratio of 1.1 with crystallinity of 96,80%. The x-ray fluorescence result showed that the Si/Al molar ratios of the four zeolite samples were close to of Si/Al molar ratios of 1, 1.1, 1.21.3 respectively.Keywords: Fly ash, Zeolite A, Hydrothermal Fusion
STUDY OF INSECT DIVERSITY IN RICE AGROECOSYSTEM IN KARAWANG WEST JAVA Siriyah, Siti Latifatus; Khamid, Miftakhul B.R.; Bayfurqon, Fawzy M
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 19 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3222.364 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v19i1.5619

Abstract

Insects were collected from rice fields in Karawang West Java. Since insects are dominant in Rice field, their role in the ecosystem are important regarding the rice production. Therefore, the occurance of insect species and their role in ecosystem are important to understand. The aim of this reasearch was to study the insect occurance in rice field in Karawang to obtain the potential candidate for biological control agent. The insects were collected using sweep net, pit fall trap and light trap. Nine insect orders were collected and 49 morphospecies were identified including insect pest, parasitoids, predator, tourist and detritivore. Paederus sp., Cyrtohinus and Micraspis sp., were the most abundant entomophagous insect that is potential candidate for biological control agent in Karawang. Keywords: insect, insect diversity, rice fields, karawang
STUDY OF A PHENOMENON STT (SPIN TRANSFER TORQUE) ON THE MATERIAL LA0.7SR0.3MNO3 SHAPED NANOWIRE USING MICROMAGNETIC SIMULATION Rohman, Lutfi; Musyarofah, L.; Purwandari, Endhah
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 18 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1209.742 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v18i2.5911

Abstract

STT (Spin Transfer Torque) can be referred to as a process of manipulation and control of spin current in the field of spintronics. When the material is ferromagnetic nanowire La0.7Sr0.3MnO3injected currents will move the domain wall with accompanying changes of spin currents. In mikromagnetik simulation shows that the application is capable of producing flow velocity or pressure of domain wall in the direction of electron flow. The domain wall pressure generating magnetization changes with increasing current density occurs. To that end, the simulation research was done in order to obtain the effect of the injection of electric current to the magnetization of the material. This phenomenon is simulated by modeling the material into the 3D geometry. The greater the current density is given the domain wall velocity or pressure on the nanowire faster so that the magnetization process is also faster. Changes in the velocity of the fastest domain wall is obtained when the material is injected with a current density as well as M-t get a graph showing oscillation pattern that is denser when the current is increased. Furthermore, the total energy analysis with variations in size diameter of 10 nm, 20 nm and 30 nm. The results show that with increasing diameter, total energy tends to increase. Keywords: spin transfer torque, La0.7Sr0.3MnO3, magnetisation, domain wall, ferromagnetic
EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON THE RELATIVE FITNESS AND SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF MANGROVE CRABS (SCYLLA SPP) IN BLOK BEDUL SEGORO ANAK, ALAS PURWO NATIONAL PARK, INDONESIA Mahfud, Mohamad Zaenal; Sudarmadji, Sudarmadji; Subchan, Wachju
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 18 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (257.933 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v18i2.3909

Abstract

The mangrove forest are natural and renewable. resources Mangrove has the physical, chemicaland biological function which highly support the fulfillment of human needs and serve as a bufferbalance of the ecosystem in coastal areas. One of the functions associated with the mangrovebiological existence as a source of diversity of marine life. Marine life is affected by the presenceof mangrove forests among mangrove crab (Scylla serrata) to maintain the ecological balance andcause the energy cycle running fast. This study aims to determine the condition of environmentalfactors, the relative fitness and spatial distribution of mangrove crabin the mangrove forests BlockBedul Kali Segoro Alas Purwo National Park. Data from the study are described and classified bysimilarity of environmental factors, then performed multiple linear regression betweenenvironmental factors with relative fitness and spatial distribution of mangrove crabs. The resultsshowed that the average relative fitness mangrove crabs at all the research station is 69 with astandard deviation of 13.51. Spatial distribution of mangrove crab at any observation station isless than 1, so it can be concluded that the distribution is uniform. Environmental factors withrelative fitness mud crab significant correlation, but no significant correlation betweenenvironmental factors with the spatial distribution of mangrove crabs. Keywords: Relative Fitnes Crab Mangrove, Mangrove Crab Spatial Distribution, Alas Purwo National Park
VOLTAMMETRIC SYNTHESIS OF CONDUCTING POLYMER POLYPYRROLE AND ITS RESPONSE CHARACTERISTIC TO ALCOHOL Nurqomariyah, Susi; Asnawati, Asnawati; Neran, Neran; Siswoyo, Siswoyo
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 16 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (243.328 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v16i2.1485

Abstract

Conducting polymer is a used material for many purposes, including active compound of chemical sensor. Polypyrrole, one type of conducting polymers, is frequently used because of its advantages, namely owing high conductivity, strong mechanical properties and relatively stable compound.  This research was aimed to develop an alcohol sensor based on polypyrrole. Electropolymerisation of the polypyrrole was carried out using cyclic voltammetric technique. This research investigated some parameters electropolymerisation, namely variation of dopant electrolyte concentration, potential scan-rate, surface morphology of the polymer resulted, characteristic of the sensor performance when exposed to some alcohol compounds. According to the result of investigation, it was found that variation of potential scan-rate and dopant concentration has significant effect to the electropolymerisation process as well as to the resulted polymer, as indicated by the voltammogram profiles, the surface morphology of the resulted polymer and the response of resistance change of the polymer when exposed to the alcohol compounds.Keywords: polypyrrole, conducting polymer, alcohol sensor, cyclic voltammetry, electropolymerisation.
MOLECULAR DYNAMICS STUDY FOR INHIBITION OF IRON CORROSION IN HIGH-TEMPERATURE LIQUID PBBI WITH NOBEL GAS INHIBITORS Sa?adah, Umi; Arkundato, Artoto; Rohman, Lutfi
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 17 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1057.906 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v17i2.2690

Abstract

Molecular dynamics is a popular method to observe the movement of interacting molecules. In this study molecular dynamics method was used to observe the phenomenon of iron corrosion and analyze effect of noble gases as a corrosion inhibitor for iron in liquid metal PbBi. Physical quantities are evaluated from the results of this study including: Mean Square Displacement (MSD), the diffusion coefficient, and for the crystal structure is visualized using Ovito program. The ron is placed in the middle high temperature liquid PbBi, the noble gases is injected into the liquid metal. Based on the three kinds of the noble gases (helium, neon, and argon) thhat injected into the molten metal PbBi, it obtained that Argon is the most effective in inhibiting the corrosion of iron. Argon is able to reduce the corrosion rate of 80.29% iron for temperature of 1023K. One reason to use the noble gas because these gases are difficult to react with other elements. Keywords: Molecular Dynamics, Corrosion in Liquid metals, Nobel Gases, Inhibitors

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