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Jurnal ILMU DASAR
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : 14115735     EISSN : 24425613     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Education,
Jurnal ILMU DASAR (JID) adalah jurnal ilmiah yang melingkupi bidang matematika, fisika, kimia dan biologi. Naskah yang diusulkan untuk diterbitkan Jurnal Ilmu Dasar adalah naskah yang belum pernah diterbitkan dan atau tidak sedang dipertimbangkan penerbitannya di majalah lain. Jurnal Ilmu Dasar menerima tulisan hasil penelitian dasar (bukan aplikasi) untuk bidang matematika, kimia, fisika, dan biologi. Naskah ilmiah ditulis dalam bahasa Indonesia atau dalam bahasa Inggris yang baik. Secara lebih detail dapat dilihat dari pedoman penulisan.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 15 No 1 (2014)" : 9 Documents clear
DESIGNING AND DEVELOPMENT OF 30 KV DC RECTIFIER AMPLIFIER FOR POLLING OPTIMIZATION ON PVDF THIN FILM Hartono, Ambran; Djamal, Mitra; Satira, Suparno; Bahar, Herman; Ramli, Ramli; Dadang, Dadang
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 15 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (734.167 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v15i1.624

Abstract

DC high voltage amplifier is one of the important components to support of PVDF thin films polling equipment. Hardware polling is a very important tool in the characterization of PVDF thin films to increase piezoelectric properties. The existence of the problem will be difficult to obtain a high voltage DC sources of lead in the market encouraged us to design and create high-voltage DC source. In research that has been done I've been able to design and create high-voltage amplifier 30 KV DC as a producer of high electric field. To validate the performance of this high voltage DC amplifier has created further testing and measuring the output voltage. Testing is performed to determine the precision, accuracy and stability of the output voltage of the amplifier for more than 60 minutes. From the test results and output measurements performed show that the relative error of 4.5%. Tool output stability is good enough for a span of 30 minutes. This indicates that the design and manufacture of high DC voltage gain have been successful.   Keywords: DC Amplifier, Electric field, High voltage, Polling, PVDF Film
ANALYSIS OF GROUNDWATER DECLINE AND LAND SUBSIDENCE BY USING OF MICROGRAVITY AND VERTICAL GRAVITY GRADIENT OVER TIME METHOD Minardi, Suhayat; Hiden, Hiden; Dahrin, Daharta; Yusuf, Mahmud
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 15 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1791.845 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v15i1.643

Abstract

Studies have been conducted to identify the occurrence of subsidence, a decline of groundwater, and to model the causes of subsidence in areas of Jakarta based on response of microgravity anomaly and vertical gravity gradient over time. Based on the processing and interpretation of gravity data advance of the time concluded that by using a combination of time lapse microgravity and its vertical gradient have been able to localize the source of the gravity anomaly and the results are strongly support the results of filtering to separate the source of the anomaly. The subsidence that occurs predominantly due to resettlement (in West and North Jakarta), caused by the extraction of groundwater and resettlement (in Central and East Jakarta), and dominated due to the extraction of groundwater (in South Jakarta).Keywords : Groundwater, time lapse micogravity, time lapse vertical gradient, resettlement, subsidence
THE EFFICIENCY OF FIRST (GEE1) AND SECOND (GEE2) ORDER “GENERALIZED ESTIMATING EQUATIONS” FOR LONGITUDINAL DATA Hidayati, Rizka Dwi; Tirta, I Made; Dewi, Yuliani Setia
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 15 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (799.799 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v15i1.553

Abstract

The approach of GEE focuses on a linear model for the mean of the observations in the cluster without full specification  the distribution of full-on observation. GEE is a marginal model where is not based on the full likelihood of the response, but only based on the relationship between the mean (first moment) and variance (second moment) as well as the correlation matrix. The advantage of  GEE is that the mean of  parameter are estimated consistently regardless whether  the correlation structure is specified correctly or not, as long as the mean has the correct specifications. However, the efficiency may be reduced when the working correlation structure is wrong. GEE was designed to focus on the marginal mean and correlation structure as nuisiance treat. Implementation of GEE is usually limited to the number of working correlation structure (eg AR-1, exchangeable, independent, m-dependent and unstructured). To increase the efficiency of the GEE, has introduced a variation called the Generalized Estimating Equations order 2 (GEE2). GEE2 has been introduced to overcome the problem that considers correlation GEE as nuisiance, by applying the second equation to estimate covariance parameters and  solved simultaneously with the first equation. This study used simulation data which are designed based on the the AR-1 and Exchangeable correlation structure, then estimation are done  using theAR1 and exchangeable. For GEE2,  estimation done by adding model for correlation link. The result is a link affects the efficiency of the model correlation is shown with standard error values ??generated by GEE2 method is smaller than the GEE method.
DETERMINATION OF SESAME OIL QUALITY USINGFRAUNHOFER DIFRACTION METHOD: REFRACTION INDEX AS A TEMPERATURE FUNCTION Alfianinda, Nur Inna; Misto, Misto; Arkundato, Artoto
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 15 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (918.971 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v15i1.834

Abstract

Telah dirancang alat uji kemurnian bahan yang bekerja berdasarkan metode difraksi Fraunhofer celah ganda. Metode ini mempunyai akurasi yang baik, tidak memerlukan bahan uji dalam jumlah banyak serta tidak merusak kemurnian bahan uji itu sendiri (non destructive testing/non contactive testing). Pengujian dilakukan dengan menentukan persamaan indeks bias sebagai fungsi suhu bahan uji, yang diperoleh berdasarkan perubahan pola frinji gelap terang difraksi cahaya yang melewati bahan uji untuk variasi suhu yang diberikan (26 °C hingga 90 °C). Dari persamaan indeks bias yang diperoleh kemudian dapat dihitung indeks bias pada suhu sembarang. Uji kemurnian dilakukang dengan membandingkan nilai indeks bias terukur dengan nilai indeks bias referensi pada suhu tertentu. Uji statistik t-test digunakan untuk melihat tingkat akurasi alat. Pada penelitian ini digunakan tiga buah merk minyak wijen yang ada di pasaran. Dari hasil pengukuran dan perhitungan menggunakan minyak wijen tiga macam (A,B dan C) dapat diketahui bahwa dari ketiga bahan uji yang dipilih maka minyak wijen label B memiliki nilai t hitung yang paling kecil dibandingkan minyak wijen label A dan C, sehingga minyak wijen label B dianggap memiliki kualitas yang paling baik dia antara ketiga minyak wijen yang telah di uji. Keywords: Difraksi Fraunhofer, minyak wijen, indeks bias bahan, uji-t  
EFFECT OF THICKNESS AND TEMPERATURE OF SIO2 LAYER ON LEAKAGE CURRENTS IN MOS CAPACITOR MATERIALS WITH HIGH DIELECTRIC CONSTANT BY INVOLVING THE CHARGE TRAP Noor, Fatimah A.; Masturi, Masturi; Abdullah, Mikrajuddin; Khairurrijal, Khairurrijal
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 15 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (657.255 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v15i1.642

Abstract

Modeling of the leakage current in a field-effect transistor metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOSFET) with high dielectric material has been developed by taking into account the effect of charge traps formed at the interface of high-k material/SiO2. Transmittance calculated using Airy wave function approach and involving the anisotropic electron mass and the effect of coupling between transverse and longitudinal energy represented by the speed of the electrons in the metal gate. Transmittance obtained is then used to calculate the leakage current in the structure of n+Poly-Si/HfSiOxN/trap/SiO2/p-Si for oxide voltage variations, temperature, and thickness of the SiO2. From the calculation that the leakage current decreases with decreasing of oxide voltage and increasing of the thickness of the oxide layer of SiO2. Also obtained that the temperature of the device does not give a great influence on the change of leakage current. Keywords: Leakage current, electron speed, charge traps
THE ROLE OF THE 13C ISOTOPE OF THE TREE RING IN RECORDING OF CARBON CYCLE CHANGE IN ATMOSPHERE Pujiindiyati, E. Ristin
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 15 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (653.112 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v15i1.310

Abstract

Some natural materials such as tree rings, rocks, sediments, ice cores, coral reefs, shell fish and micro fossil record the chemical, physical and biological changes in atmosphere that had taken place in the past. One of these changes which are recorded in tree rings is C-13 isotope. Through the measurement of ratio of 13C compared to 12C (defined as ?13C value), it can be known atmospheric CO2 conditions in the past to reflect the present conditions. Present value of ?13C in atmospheric CO2 is -7.5 ? that had decreased gradually from -6.69 in 1956. Pre-industrial ?13C value in atmospheric CO2 is not available. However, the historical records of those are stored in tree rings. Starting from pre-industrial era about 1850 up to 2000, the records of ?13C value in some tree rings which are spread in northern hemisphere showed decreasing value ranging from 0.60/00 to 2.30/00. Major factors contributing to variability of these ?13C values are pollution effects and climatic effects. Besides those, some effects such as choice of the wood components, inner ring variability and juvenile stage of trees are also correlated to variability of ?13C value. Records of ?13C value from tree rings defined that atmospheric CO2 from pre-industrial era were between 240 ppm and 310 ppm then this concentration continuously increase to 340 ppm at present. Integrated biospheric carbon flux calculated for ?13C records in tree rings using four models from the year of 1850 to 1975 showed an increasing value between 135 Gt and 345 Gt. Keywords : Tree rings, C-13 isotope, atmospheric CO2
CONDITIONS OF KEJAWANAN BEACH BASED ON STANDARD QUALITY AND SUITABILITY FOR POLLUTION INDEX MARINE TOURISM AREA Sudirman, Nasir; Husrin, Semeidi; Ruswahyuni, Ruswahyuni
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 15 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (789.92 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v15i1.637

Abstract

Kejawanan tourist beach is one beach which is located in West Java. This beach is located side to the Kejawanan fishing port. Kejawanan beach topography sloping beach with quiet waters and the waves are not too big. The dominant wind direction throughout the year that influencet the formation of ocean waves are heading toward the bay coast of Cirebon. The existence tourist beach that is located near to the fishing port crowded with activity interesting to known the conditions coast as marine tourism area based on Water quality standars according to Decree of The Minister of Environment Number 51 of 2004. Pollution indeks is based on Decree of The Minister of Environment Number 115 of 2003. Indication of biological contamination by Diversity index of makrobentic animal. The results of the research obtained Water quality standard for marine tourism area mostly exceeded. Pollution index is at the level Heavy pollution. Diversity index of macrobentic animal are at the level of Medium Pollution. Keywords : Kejawanan, standard quality, pollution index, diversity index  
THE THERMAL ANNEALING EFFECT ON CRYSTAL STRUCTURE AND MORPHOLOGY OF TITANIUM DIOXIDE (TIO2) POWDER Supriyanto, Edy; Holikin, Ashanal; Suwardiyanto, Suwardiyanto
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 15 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (783.746 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v15i1.638

Abstract

In this research, crystal structure and morphology of TiO2 (powder) has been observed. TiO2 (powder) was heated by furnace unit at temperature 200 °C - 400 °C to obtain the relation of temperature influences to crystallty and morphology of TiO2. Structural characterization has been done using XRD whereas morphology using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) method. The result of this research showed that form of the TIO2 structure was polycrystalline in which mostly dominated by crystal structure (101). Scherrer method used to obtain information that at temperature 300oC, TiO2 has a real small particle size less than 10 nm and large pore size to serve the purpose of photocatalyst material. Keywords : Crystal structure,crystalline size, photocatalyst, morphology, SEM, TiO2.  
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EDIBLE FILM GEL MADE UNDER VARIOUS PH AND RATIO OF CASEIN AND TAPIOCA Lindriati, Triana; Praptiningsih, Yhulia; Wijayanti, Dwi Fatma
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 15 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (996.262 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v15i1.614

Abstract

Gelation from casein and tapioca take place in the edible film making. An interaction of carbohydrate and protein in the formation of gel could be affect on the physical properties of edible film gel. An appropriate ratio of casein-tapioca and pH was expected to produce physical characteristics of edible film gel. The aims of this research were to know the influence of casein- tapioca ratio, pH and the interaction of casein-tapioca ratio and pH to produce edible film gel. The research was conducted by randomized completely block design with two factors. The first factor was casein-tapioca ratio (0:100; 20:80; 40:60; 60:40; 80:20; 100:0) and the second factor was pH (4; 7; 9). The parameter of observation were colour (lightness and chroma), moisture content, WHC, precipitation and viscosity of edible film gel. The data analysis uses minitab V.1.6 carried on Tukey test. The result shows that casein-tapioca ratio influenced on colour (lightness and chroma), moisture content, WHC, precipitation and viscosity of edible film gel. The treatment of pH influenced on colour (lightness and chroma), moisture content, WHC and precipitation of edible film gel. An interaction between the ratio of casein-tapioca and pH influenced on colour (lightness and chroma), moisture content, WHC and precipitation of edible film gel. Keywords: Edible film gel, interaction of carbohydrate-protein, physical characteristics  

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