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INDONESIA
Tropical Health and Medical Research
ISSN : -     EISSN : 2684740X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Tropical Health and Medical Research is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that publishes original research on all aspects of tropical medicine and global health. The journal welcomes clinical, epidemiological and laboratory. Key topics include: Viral, bacterial and parasitic infectious diseases, Vectors, Noncommunicable diseases, Epidemiology and population health, Drug, vaccine and diagnostic tool development, Other health issues related to the tropics.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 18 Documents
Erythrocyte Morphology of Tuberculosis Patients Rifa'i, Ahmad; Muhlisin, Ahmad; Lutpiatina, Leka
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

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Abstract

Tuberculosis is one of the causes of anemia in chronic diseases in addition to rheumatoid arthritis, urserative colitis, Crohn's disease, ovarian malignancy and Hodgkin's lymphoma. Chronic disease anemia also known as anemia due to inflammation, occurs in patients with chronic infections. This anemia also occurs in some patients with malignancy. The causes of anemia are based on cell size, namely iron deficiency (often), anemia of chronic diseases (often), Thalassemia (often in certain ethnicities) causing the size of cells to become microsytic. Cells turn macrocytic due to liver disease, excess alcohol, megaloblastic anemia (vitamin B12 deficiency or folate or exposure to certain drugs), hemolysis, and aplastic anemia. Whereas the normal cell factors are blood loss, the initial phase of iron deficiency, anemia, chronic disease, and kidney failure. The aim of this study was to determine the type of anemia based on the morphological description of erythrocytes in the form, color, and size of erythrocytes seen in the smear blood supply of tuberculosis patients based on treatment duration of 0-6 months. The type of research used was a descriptive survey with a population of 15 people taken by accidental sampling. Data collection is done by examining the blood smear smears. Based on the examination of peripheral blood smear preparations in pulmonary tuberculosis patients, the morphology of erythrocytes in the form of Normocytic normochrome was 74% and microsocytic normochrome was 26%. Suggestions in the research for further research can be carried out with support other than the examination of peripheral blood smear.
Fungi That Produce Toxins in Salted Fish Susanti, Yuli; Lutpiatina, Leka; Dwiyanti, Ratih Dewi
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

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Abstract

Salted fish are fish that are processed through a process of salting and drying. The contamination of fungi in salted fish can be caused by prolonged storage. Storage of salted fish that is too long can cause the growth of various fungi. One of the fungi that often grows in salted fish is the fungus of Aspergillus sp. Some species of the Aspergillus sp fungi can produce aflatoxin, one of which is Aspergillus flavus. This study aims to determine the contamination of toxin-producing fungi in salted fish in the traditional Banjarbaru market in Indonesia. The type of research used is descriptive survey. Samples were taken by purposive sampling taken from 5 salted fish sellers each taken 3 different types of salted fish so that the number of samples was 15. The results were obtained from 15 samples examined, 6 positive samples contaminated with Aspergillus flavus fungi, 8 positive samples contaminated with Aspergillus fungi niger, 5 positive samples contaminated with Monilia sitophila fungi, 6 positive samples contaminated with Rhizopus sp fungi, 6 positive samples contaminated with Penicillium sp fungi, and 1 positive sample contaminated with Mucor sp fungi. Based on the results of the study, samples of salted fish contaminated with Aspergillus sp fungi were 73% (11 samples) and no samples were contaminated with Fusarium sp.
Staphylococcus aureus in Traditional Coconut milk Drinks Sari, Putri Mustika; Lutpiatina, Leka; Muhlisin, Ahmad
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

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Abstract

Coconut milk is a food ingredient that is used to increase the taste of food and drinks. Coconut milk has processed products in the form of traditional drinks such as ice dawet and cendol ice. According to the Indonesian National Standard in 2009 about Maximum Microbial Contamination in Food in liquid coconut milk must be in accordance with the requirements of TPC parameters, MPN Coliform, Salmonella sp., and Staphylococcus aureus. This study aims to determine the description of Staphylococcus aureus contamination in traditional coconut milk in the Banjarbaru region. This type of research is a descriptive survey. The samples in this study were traditional drinks (es dawet and es cendol) that used coconut milk by using Purposive sampling techniques as many as 6 sellers who made 2 times taking, namely taking 1 hour (testing I) after processing and 2 hours after the first take (testing II) . From the research that has been done, it is found that there are 4 samples of Staphylococcus aureus contamination in 4 samples, namely 3 samples fulfilling the requirements of the Indonesian National Standard and 1 sample that does not meet the requirements of the Indonesian National Standard. It is expected for the seller to always maintain personal hygiene, pay attention to the cleanliness of drinks sold either during processing or serving, noting the cleanliness of the appliance and storing the ingredients of the drinks sold.
Lactic Acid Levels Yogurt Red Beans with Addition of Honey Trigona sp Widyati, Ruri; Lutpiatina, Leka; Oktiyani, Neni; Haitami, Haitami
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

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Abstract

Red beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) are grains that are rich in nutrients and useful as a substitute for vegetable milk which can be processed into yogurt using Streptococcus thermophillus and Lactobacillus bulgaricus. Carbohydrates in red beans consist of a group of oligosaccharides that have little ability as an energy source for bacteria to produce lactic acid. Therefore, the making of red bean yogurt needs another source of sugar by adding Trigona sp. Honey. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of adding Trigona sp honey by 0%, 1.9%, 3.8%, 5.7%, 7.6%, 9.5% to the total level of lactic acid in red bean yogurt incubated for 24 hours at 37oC. This type of research is an experiment with the Postest Only With Control Group Design research design using the alkalimetry titration method. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling technique, namely Trigona sp honey bee taken at Trigona sp bee farm in Tambangan, Tanah Laut. Indonesia. The results showed that there was an effect of adding Trigona sp honey to total lactic acid levels in red bean yogurt with the addition of Trigona sp honey 1.9% - 9.5% fulfilling the requirements of SNI 01.2981-2009. The highest average value of total lactic acid in red bean yogurt with the addition of Trigona sp honey 9.5% which is equal to 0.6672%. It is recommended for future researchers to use other types of carbohydrate sources and additives in the form of proteins. For the community, it is recommended to use alternative sources of other sugar and optimize the addition of Trigona sp. Honey.
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Vector in the Paring Sungai Martapura Indonesia Triyanti, Arista; Lutpiatina, Leka; Rifqoh, Rifqoh
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

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Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is one of the public health problems that is still found in Indonesia. This disease always occurs repeatedly due to failure of vector control. Indonesia is the second largest country among 30 countries endemic to DHF. This disease can cause death especially in children. In Sungai Paring Village, January-December 2017, 2 cases of DHF were found. The purpose of this study was to find out the House Index (HI), Countainer Index (CI), Breteau Index (BI), larva free numbers (LFN) , Density Figure (DF) and larvae positive container types. This research is a type of descriptive survey research with total sampling technique. The population in this study were households and containers in the Paring Sungai Martapura Sub-District. The sample in this study was all water reservoirs in 100 respondent's houses. Of the 100 houses surveyed there were 40 positive larvae (HI 40%), 60% ABJ, 41 larvae positive containers from 356 examined containers (CI 11.52%) and positive larvae containers namely, ceramic bath 3 (0.84% ), 1 cement bath (0.28%), 18 used paint buckets (5.06%), 4 large bucket buckets (1.12%), 3 ablutions (0.84%) and 6 plastic drums (1.70%). Based on this research, it is expected that respondents and the community take precautionary measures and control of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) vectors by 3M. For researchers to conduct further research to determine vector density fluctuations
Effectiveness of Cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmannii) Ethanol Extract Against Staphylococcus aureus Growth Huda, Nurul; Dwiyanti, Ratih Dewi; Thuraidah, Anny
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 2 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35916/thmr.v1i2.6

Abstract

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmannii) is widely used by the public as a food ingredient and contains chemical compounds such as alkaloids, flavonoids, polyphenols, saponins, and terpenoids which function as an antibacterial against Staphylococcus aureus. This study aims to determine the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration and Minimum Bactericidal Concentration of cinnamon ethanol extract on Staphyloccocus aureus. This research is experimental with posttest only control group design through the tube dilution method. The results of the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) study showed no clarity at concentrations of 30% and 40%. The results of the Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) obtained the number of colonies at a level of 10% by 51 CFU / plate, 20% by 27 CFU / plate, 30% by 6 CFU / plate and 40% by 0 CFU / plate. Based on the results of this study concluded that MIC cinnamon ethanol extract was 30%, and MBC cinnamon ethanol extract was 40%.
Inhibition Strength of Rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) Boiled Water on Salmonella typhi in vitro Sutiany, Ayu; Dwiyanti, Ratih Dewi; Oktiyani, Neni
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 2 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35916/thmr.v1i2.7

Abstract

Rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) is a plant that can use as herbal medicine. Roselle calyx contains active compounds flavonoids, saponins, and tannins. These compounds can use as an antibacterial against Salmonella typhi. This study aims to determine the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration and Minimum Bactericidal Concentration and the effect of rosella cooking water concentration on Salmonella typhi in vitro. Experimental research with posttest only controls group design through dilution method. The results of the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) study showed clarity at concentrations of 60%, 70%, 80%, 90%, and 100%. Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) results obtained the number of colonies at a concentration of 60% by one colony, at a level of 70%, 80%, 90%, and 100% showed no colony growth. Based on the results of the study concluded that there was an influence of rosella cooking water concentration on the growth of Salmonella typhi in vitro.
Effectiveness of Dayak (Eleutherine palmifollia (L) Merr) Extracts Against Escherichia coli In Vitro Mahmudah, Siti; Muntaha, Akhmad; Muhlisin, Ahmad
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 2 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35916/thmr.v1i2.8

Abstract

Dayak onion (Eleutherine palmifolia (L.) Merr) is hereditary used by the Indonesian Kalimantan Dayak community as a medicinal plant with antimicrobial activity. The active ingredient of Dayak onions can inhibit the growth of bacteria such as Escherichia coli. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Dayak extract (Eleutherine palmifollia (L) Merr) in inhibiting the growth of Escherichia coli in vitro. This research method is experimental. Posttest Only Control Group Design research design. Research Results Show that Dayak onion extract can inhibit Escherichia coli with concentrations of 10% (6 mm), 20% (8 mm), and 30% (11 mm), 40% (13 mm), 50% (16 mm), 60 % (18 mm) and 70% (20 mm), 80% (20 mm), 90% (24 mm) and 100% (30 mm). The conclusion of the study of Dayak extract has a different effect on the growth of Escherichia coli with a significance value of 0,000
Circumcision With Plastic Clamb in Newborn Infants Baltrak, Yusuf Atakan
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 2 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35916/thmr.v1i2.9

Abstract

Various devices were used to carry circumcision operation out. It noted that these devices, especially the Plastic Clamp method, significantly decrease complications as long as basic surgical rules, are followed. This study aims to examine the application of Plastic Clamp circumcision in infants. Children whose physical examinations revealed circumcision contradictions excluded from the study. During the study period, a total of 485 children was circumcised using the plastic clamp method under sedated anesthesia and by a single pediatric surgeon. Measurements take before operations and plastic clamps with diameters ranging from 1.2 to 1.6 cm used. The duration of the surgical procedure, early and late period post-operative complications, the separation duration of the plastic clamp, and problems evaluated. Study Results, the average length of the surgical operation was determined to be 5.5 minutes. The average hospital stay duration of the patients was 2 hours. During the follow-ups, edemas were observed in mucosal areas of 24 (4.9%) patients, 48 hours after the clamp placed and edema and swelling recovered seven days after the circumcision at the latest. On average, it observed that plastic clamp separated on its own in 7.1 days. It noted that in 4 (0.8%) patients, the plastic clamp separated prematurely during 6 hours following the operation due to pulling. Conclusion study plastic Clamp (Alisklamp) is starting to gain popularity because it falls off on its own and that it can be applied quickly under local anesthesia
Contamination of Bacillus cereus in Elementary School Snack Food fahani, Ayu; Dwiyanti, Ratih Dewi; Muhlisin, Ahmad
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 2 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35916/thmr.v1i2.10

Abstract

Many food snacks have the advantage but still have health risks as evidenced by the many cases of food poisoning, one of the causes of food poisoning is Bacillus cereus. This study aims to determine the amount and percentage of Bacillus cereus pollution on snacks sold in elementary schools. This research is expected to provide information to the public about the presence or absence of bacteria Bacillus cereus contamination. This research uses purposive sampling technique. The sample used in this study was hawker food sold in Elementary School as many as 20 samples consisting of 10 samples that have not fried and ten samples that have cooked. The results of the questionnaire study showed 83% of sellers did not put snacks in closed containers and found Bacillus cereus in meals. Conclusion 9 (45%) of food samples contaminated with Bacillus cereus bacteria

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