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INDONESIA
Diakronika
ISSN : 14111764     EISSN : 26209446     DOI : -
Diakronika accepts and contains articles that focus on the results of scientific studies and the results of research on history and education (learning) history. The results of the study contribute to the understanding, development of scientific theories and concepts, and their application in education and history in Indonesia and the world. Diakronika scales include studies of Indonesian history and world history, and educational studies in the form of subject matter, strategies, media, learning models, as well as historical learning evaluations.
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Articles 31 Documents
Perubahan Sosial Ekonomi Masyarakat Surulangun Pasca Menjadi ibukota Onder Adeling Rawas Tahun 1901-1942 Susilo, Agus; Sarkowi, Sarkowi
Diakronika Vol 19 No 1 (2019): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

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Abstract

The event of the conquest of the Palembang Sultanate from the Dutch Colonial nation became a major event. As a large Islamic Sultanate in the archipelago until finally after going through several phases of war must be subdued and accept the defeat agreement from the Netherlands. After mastering the Palembang Darussalam Sultanate, the Dutch Colonial government changed the order of the Sultanate's administration into an Palembang Residency. Of course the status change also affects the area below. This was done by the Dutch colonial government in an effort to regulate a democratic government system in order to support its policies. The Surulangun Rawas area is an area that previously belonged to the Palembang Sultanate, but after coming to power the Dutch Colonial government raised the status of Surulangun Rawas to become the capital of Onder Adeling Rawas. Surulangun became the capital of Onder Adeling Rawas making this area more lively and crowded, because it became the center of the Dutch Colonial government. In the social environment there are many newcomers to this area, not only the Colonial community, but also residents from other regions outside the Surulangun Rawas area. Then pluralism appears in this region. From an economic standpoint, after Surulangun became the capital of Onder Afdeling Rawas, many people were introduced to various new agricultural systems. Many new plants such as rubber, oil palm began to be planted by the people of Surulangun as supporting the export life of the Dutch Colonial government. In the trading system it was also more alive, where the Rawas river was traversed and visited by traders from various regions around Rawas and beyond Rawas.
ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN PENGEMBANGAN MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN VIDEO CANDI MUARA JAMBI BERBASIS SEJARAH LOKAL PADA MATA KULIAH SEJARAH INDONESIA Agustiningsih, Nur; Pamungkas, Satriyo
Diakronika Vol 18 No 1 (2018): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24036/diakronika/vol18-iss1/62

Abstract

The development of technology and communication has a big influence on all fields of life including in the field of education. Creativity and innovation is needed in developing learning media including in learning history. The purpose of this research is to obtain: 1) description of the use of learning media in the learning process in the field, 2) obstacles faced by lecturer in Indonesian history up to the 15th century learning 3) media formulations needed in learning Indonesian History. This research is a qualitative descriptive research. Data collection techniques used are interviews, observation and analysis of documents. The informan were selected through purposive sampling. Data validation used triangulation. Data analysis techniques used interactive analysis models including data collection, data reduction, data presentation and conclusion drawing. The result of the research shows that 1) Lecturer has used learning media as a learning resource in the learning process, but are still less varied. The media used is still limited to the use of powerpoint which displays images and text only. 2) The constraints faced by the lecturer in delivering the material about the muara jambi temple are limited references and learning resources. 3) Media that needs to be developed in learning is video
TUANKU NAN RENCEH (1762-1832) Setiawan, Irwan
Diakronika Vol 17 No 2 (2017): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24036/diakronika/vol17-iss2/24

Abstract

Tuanku Nan Renceh was an Islamic cleric (ulama), leader and commanding figure who held in Indonesia History as a fighter against the Dutch colonialism in the battle known as the Padri War in Minangkabau. In contrast to this, the existence of this figure in history, was generally considered as a controversial figure who was responsible for the violence and bloodshed. Ironically, this figure appeared as a completely controversial figure on account of the written sources generally referred to him as an emotionally charged, fierce and frightening character. The source came from the enemy of Tuanku Nan Renceh at that time. When searching about his biography, it was very rarely obtained information about the history of life, family, struggle and the end of his life. The recent short article revealed the life history of Tuanku Nan Renceh and his valuable contribution for Minangkabau history in the days of Padri. Through this formulated paper, it is expected the life history of Tuanku Nan Renceh can be discovered. Most importantly, the respected readers can also assess his presence in more neutral position and do not discredit his character as a radical figure.
Pengajaran IPS: Antara Gagasan Dan Pelaksanaan Di SMPN Kota Padang Basri, Wahidul
Diakronika Vol 18 No 2 (2018): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24036/diakronika/vol18-iss2/68

Abstract

Integrated social studies learning has begun to be applied in various middle school (Sekolah Menengah Pertama) in Padang, especially since 2007. The principle of integration is integrating four fields of study, namely geography, economics, history and sociology into a certain theme. Integrated learning, firstly stated in the 2013 curriculum ideally, but in practice, it was different. Teachers at schools still cannot fully implement the Integrated Social Studies learning as appropriate, including SMP in Padang city. The purpose of this study is to see how Social studies which are in the Public Middle School in Padang. This research was conducted in several junior high schools in Padang. 8 of 43 public junior high schools in Padang to be the research subject, choose randomly, namely SMPN 1, SMPN 2, SMPN 6, SMPN 7, SMPN 8, SMPN 15, SMPN 16, dan SMPN 35. Data were collected through interviews with some social studies teachers, the Ministry of Education in Padang, and education observers in Padang. Research data was also collected through studies documentation and direct observation in class. The result shows that most social studies teachers at Padang in Junior High School not yet able to carry out Integrated Social Studies learning. There are still weaknesses in the selection of learning models which can support social studies learning, media and source selection improper learning.
INVASI YUNANI KE PERSIA SEBAGAI BUKTI KEBANGKITAN KEBUDAYAAN HELLENIS Septianingrum, Anisa
Diakronika Vol 18 No 1 (2018): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24036/diakronika/vol18-iss1/58

Abstract

Persia and Greece have engaged in a complicated relationship with war in the expansion of the territory. Persia was superior first because it was able to form strong empires and conquer cities around Asia and several cities in Europe. Greece managed to get rid of Persia, but it did not last long. Greece in ancient times consisted of many policies that competed with each other. The most famous policies of that period were Athens and Sparta. Both have advantages compared to other policies scattered in Greece. However, Athens and Sparta are two policies that compete with their respective strengths, causing disputes. Persia at that time had established good relations with Athens and Sparta. Persia found great opportunities to control Greece in the event of a war between Athens and Sparta. Persian interference in Greece was unavoidable which led to the Peloponnesian War which resulted in the conquest of Persia over Greece. Greece's downfall under the conquest of Persia did not last long. A unifying figure emerged in Greece that was able to embrace all policies and become the greatest king in history who had a vast conquest, both in the West and East. Alexander The Great was a king from the Kingdom of Macedonia in Greece who was able to unite all policies. Alexander invaded Persia to spread Hellenic culture.
PELAKU BUDAYA PINGGIRAN DAN EKSPRESI: MEMBACA SENIMAN SUMATERA Samry, Wannofri
Diakronika Vol 17 No 1 (2017): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24036/diakronika/vol17-iss1/16

Abstract

There are two problems faced by the actors of culture of periphery, both power of capitalisms tend to follow market and dominate the power of discourse in center of politics. Thus, the consequences of these problems are stagnation of artists’ creativity at periphery area. Although the actors at periphery express their ideas with some innovations, they are not touched or do not want to be touched. As far as the Indonesian history centralizes or refers to Jakarta, as a consequence, the actors of art-culture at periphery are eliminated. Therefore, the expression of periphery area (Sumatera) is filtered by central dominator of culture who has lived in center of the state. The Actors in periphery are defined, influenced but can not be influenced and do not have freedom in creating arts. The actors at periphery are forced to express the pressure of ideology and market that available in center of power. This paper is aimed at elaborating the condition of artists in Sumatera in the last two periods. How did they response to the centralistic and dominate power? What were changes of orientation and activity style of Sumatera artists community life?
Sejarah Lokal Riau untuk Pengembangan Materi Ajar Sejarah Indonesia Kelas XI SMA Fikri, Asyrul
Diakronika Vol 19 No 1 (2019): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

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Abstract

Results of the study aims to integrate local history that is in the Riau into festive the history of Indonesia material of class XI. The method used is the analysis of documents, namely documents the history of Indonesia syllabus of class XI. Historical events that happened in Riau are integrated and analyzed to each basic competence in accordance with the learning material. Results of the study are, among others, the local people's struggle history of Riau do resistance to colonization a foreign nation such as the people's resistance war Guntung, war Reteh, war Mondang Kumango, resistance Tuanku Tambusai, resistance Datuk Tabano, Resistance Raja Haji, Sultan Zainal Abidin, War and resistance Manggris and Pirates in waters of Riau can be integrated into the basic competence to analyze the process of entry and the development of European colonization (Portugal, Spain, Netherlands, United Kingdom) to Indonesia with the material of Learning Strategies of resistance against Indonesia nation of European colonialism until the beginning of the 20th century. Integration of the study of local history in the process of learning history in class is expected to improve the understanding and awareness of the students against the local local history and its relationship with national history.
Study of Historical and Cultural Tourism in Siulak, Kerinci Regency Jambi Apdelmi, Apdelmi
Diakronika Vol 18 No 2 (2018): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24036/diakronika/vol18-iss2/63

Abstract

Kerinci Regency is located at the West of Jambi Province. The regency has the highest number of tourism in Jambi province, according to the Department of Tourism and Culture of Jambi Province in 2014.Kerinci was ranked first in terms of the number of Tourism and 20 of them were historical/cultural tourism. Kerinci has a great opportunity in the development of the historical tourism sector. However, at present the attention to the historical tourism sector is still lacking. This research uses qualitative descriptive method where data is obtained from interviews and documentation. The results showed that several places in Siulak have the potential to be developed as historical tourism objects, but due to the lack of maintenance, it is necessary to take corrective steps to make these objects become historical tourism.
KEHIDUPAN NYAI DAN PERGUNDIKAN DI JAWA BARAT TAHUN 1900-1942 Karima, Elfa Michellia
Diakronika Vol 17 No 1 (2017): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24036/diakronika/vol17-iss1/12

Abstract

This research discusses on the lives of the people of West Java, especially women who make the practice of concubinage as a livelihood to meet the economic needsof the family. The method used in this research is the historical method with the literature study technique by searching the source of literature. By the highnumber of native women who became Nyai in West Java, the problem of this research is about the lives of native women when became Nyai to Europeanpeople. The urgent needs of economy make the women to earn living by working on the farm or became Nyai to European people. There are two kinds ofconcubinage performed, they are official relationship and unofficial relationship. Concubinage official relationship is a relationship legalized in marriage andlegally registered in the Dutch government. However, if the relationship is unofficial, then the marriage is conducted without lawful ties and the absence oflaw protecting the native women. This has a devastating impact that is the spread of venereal disease among Europeans and Natives.
Eksistensi Kesenian Tradisional Joget Dangkong Di Pulau Panjang Kota Batam Yulia, Desma
Diakronika Vol 18 No 2 (2018): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24036/diakronika/vol18-iss2/69

Abstract

The purposes of this research are to explain the existence of Dangkong dance as the Malay traditional art, namely; to know the socio-cultural functions of Dangkong dance in Malay society, to know the socio-cultural functions of Dangkong Dance at Panjang Island society, to explain the facts of what caused the change occurrence of the Dangkong Dance roles at Panjang island society. To achieve these purposes, the research activities will be divided into two stages, namely the library research and the field research. The library research focused on searching some books that are relevant to the research, while the field research conducted in the form of surveying the sampling of the location, observation and in-depth interview. Furthermore, the methods used in this research namely Clifford Geertz’s ethnographic analysis.The results show that Dangkong Dance as Malay traditional art consists of several elements: (1) musical accompaniment; (2) song accompaniment; (3) ornament. Dangkong Dance performance occupies the function as the entertainment art. Dangkong Dance performance also is regarded as the complementary of the core entertainment or as a cover in the entertainment. The changes of the traditional art relate with the decreasing of public interest to Dangkong Dance and rarely the Dangkong Dance performance. Factors which led to low public interest to Dangkong Dance, namely: (1) the appearance of some new entertainment facilities; (2) the emergence of the dance art appearance that appropriates with the development of modernization in Panjang Island Batam city.

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