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Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health
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Core Subject : Health,
Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health, A Scientific Periodic Journal of Public Health published by the Public health Study Program of The Faculty of Public Health UINSU Medan. This Journal prioritiez the collaboration of lecturers and students with scope of the discussion is about Public Health, Health and Islam, and Coastal Health. This Journal is published twice, published on June and December.
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Articles 13 Documents
DETERMINAN PEMILIHAN METODE KONTRASEPSI JANGKA PANJANG PADA AKSEPTOR KB AKTIF DI PUSKESMAS PEDAMARAN Weni, Lusia; Yuwono, Muhammad; Idris, Haerawati
Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health Vol 1, No 01 (2019): Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health
Publisher : UIN Sumatera Utara Medan

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Determinant of the selection of long-term contraceptive methods on family planning acceptors in Pedamaran community health center.  The population problem faced by Indonesia is a large population with a low quality of life. Uncontrolled population rate will cause baby booming so information needs to be disseminated about the benefits of family planning (FP). Long-term contraceptive method has a high level of effectiveness and can reduce the rate of population growth. This study aim to determine the factors that affect the selection of long-term contraceptive methods in active family planning acceptors.This study used a cross-sectional study design and using simple random sampling technique, consisted of 243 acceptors. Analyzes of data were univariate analysis, bivariate analysis using chi-square test with α = 0.05 and 95% confidence interval value, and multivariate analysis using binary logistic regression.Based on multivariate analysis was the variables significantly related to the selection of long-acting contraception include age (p = 0.01; OR = 2,24; 95% CI: 1,17-4,29), education (p = 0.01; OR = 0,31; 95% CI: 0,13-0,75) and number of children (p = 0.03; OR = 2; 95% CI: 1,05-3,81). Thus, age was the variable that had the greatest impact on determining the selection of long-acting contraception.The acceptors with ≥ 35 years old, low educated and have >2 children more likely to choose long-acting contraception. It is hoped that family planning workers can educate and persuade people of all ages with different educational backgrounds so total fertility rate can be reduce.
EVALUASI SISTEM INFORMASI KESEHATAN PUSKESMAS KOTA MATSUM DI MEDAN MENGGUNAKAN PENDEKATAN INSTRUMEN HEALTH METRICS NETWORK Apriadi Siregar, Putra; Mawar, Luthfiah; Chairunnisa, Wan Rizky; Rezkiah, Maulida; Hidayah, Ananda Nurul; Purba, Rivai Diski
Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health Vol 1, No 01 (2019): Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health
Publisher : UIN Sumatera Utara Medan

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The implementation of a Health Information System (HIS) will produce an overview of the development of health service status in a health facility. This description can be seen by carrying out HIS evaluation activities. The HIS evaluation seeks to improve and strengthen the health available at the puskesmas, the results of these efforts are expected to be an important step to improve the quality of public health services. This study aims to determine the HIS description in Matsum City Health Center. The study was conducted by evaluating the HIS performance at the Puskesmas. The study was conducted at the City Matsum Health Center Medan, North Sumatra in July 2018. The subjects in this study were the Head of the Sub-Section of the Administration of the City of Matsum Health Center which was taken based on purposive sampling. The data used in the form of primary data taken by conducting direct interviews and observation. Check the validity of the data using the triangulation method. The HIS City Health Center Matsum performance evaluation was conducted using a version of HMN version 4.0 by assessing various components of HIS. The results of evalution that have been conducted at the city Health Center in Matsum, from the six HIS components according to the HMN instrument, none of the components were included in the “not adequate” category with the highedst score on the Dissemination and Use Components while the lowest score was in the Data Management Component. The conclusion of this study is that the HMN-based Health Information System at Matsum City Health Center has been running quite well but still needs to be improved especially regarding data processing.
ANALISIS INDIKATOR MASUKAN PROGRAM PEMBERANTASAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI DINAS KESEHATAN PROVINSI SUMATERA UTARA Saragih, Izzah Dienillah; Fahlefi, Reinpal; Pohan, Devi Juliana; Hartati, Sri Rezeki
Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health Vol 1, No 01 (2019): Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health
Publisher : UIN Sumatera Utara Medan

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Dengue Hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a major public health problem in Indonesia where the number of reported cases per February 2019 reached 16.692 cases with 169 deaths. North Sumatera is an endemic area of dengue fever with a number of cases in 2017 of 5.454 and an IR number of 49 per 100.000 higher than the national target figure. Challenges on input indicators make the DHF eradication program run less optimally. Method: This research  was an qualitative study, which research design was a case study. The location taken in this study at the North Sumatera Provincial Health Office, the study was conducted from October to December 2018. The informants studied were 2 people. The research subjects were taken based on purposive sampling. Data collection techniques are carried out by in-depth interviews and observations, with research instruments in the form of interview guidelines and observation guidelines. Results: Analysis of input indicators in the DHF  eradication program at the North Sumatra Provincial Health Office found findings of Human Resources consisting of 2 doctors, 1 sanitarian staff and 1 expert epidemiologist (S2), still lacking funds in the DHF program. and the infrastructure of the DHF program consists of 2 liters of insecticide, 100 Rapid tests, 300 bottles of larvacide, and extension media in the form of banners. Conclusions and suggestions: Input indicators on the eradication program of dengue hemorrhagic fever at the North Sumatra Provincial Health Office have been fulfilled, namely on human resources and infrastructure, while the challenges of the DHF program in the North Sumatra Provincial Health Office are funding and counseling media. Suggestions for the North Sumatra Health Office, the allocation of funds needs to be evaluated as well as requests for allocation of funds to the center according to the ideal funding allocation.
PEMBINAAN DAN PENGAWASAN DINAS KESEHATAN TERHADAP KUALITAS DEPOT AIR MINUM ISI ULANG DI KABUPATEN SIMEULUE Iqbal, Muhammad; Darmana, Ayi; Darmana, Ayi; Syamsul, Darwin
Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health Vol 1, No 01 (2019): Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health
Publisher : UIN Sumatera Utara Medan

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ABSTRACT Introduction, to establish a drinking water depot business, entrepreneurs are required to follow the conditions set by the government. Based on an initial survey of 85 water depots in Simeulue District, only 27 depots met the requirements for healthy drinking water, but as many as 35 depots did not meet the applicable provisions. Objective, the purpose of this study is to find out the guidance and supervision of the Health Office on the Quality of Refill Drinking Water Depots. The method, the research design used in this study was Cross Sectional. The population in this study was 65 depots of drinking water and samples taken by total sampling were 65 depots of drinking water. Data collection methods are primary data and secondary data. Data analysis used is binary logistic regression test. Results, the results showed that coaching had a sig-p value of .004 < .05 and supervision had a sig-p value of .001 < .05 meaning that coaching and supervision had a significant influence on the Quality of Refill Drinking Water Depots. Results The odds ratio also shows that coaching is the most dominant factor, where coaching has an influence on the quality of refill drinking water depots as much as 39 times compared to poor coaching. Conclusion, the conclusion in this study is the influence of guidance and supervision on the quality of refill drinking water depots in Simeulue Regency.Keywords : Development, Supervision, Drinking Water Refills
FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN DIARE PADA BALITA sugiarto, Sugiarto; Pitriyani, Subakir; Pitriyani, Pitriyani
Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health Vol 1, No 01 (2019): Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health
Publisher : UIN Sumatera Utara Medan

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AbstractProblems with diarrhea are still a relatively large problem. In 2017 the number of diarrhea among toddlers in Indonesia was 40.07% and there were 21 times diarrhea outbreaks in 12 provinces, 17 districts / cities. Jambi Province in 2017 the prevalence of diarrhea in infants is 43.79%. In the city of Jambi the prevalence of diarrhea in children under five was 6.5%. This study aims to look at the risk factors for diarrhea in infants. This research is a quantitative research with case control research design. Case samples were 30 people and control samples were 60 people, the comparison of the number of cases and controls was 1: 2, then the number of samples in the study were 90 toddlers. Data collection was done by filling out questionnaires with univariate and bivariate analysis using the chi square test. The analysis showed that there was a relationship between hand washing with soap and running water (p - value = 0.013 & OR = 3,824), exclusive breastfeeding (p - value = 0,000 & OR = 5,902), nutritional status (p - value = 0,001 & OR = 6,625), Latrine Quality (p - value = 0.001 & OR = 5,035) and source of clean water (p - value = 0,009 & OR = 4,333) on the incidence of diarrhea in children under five. Variables that are at risk for the incidence of diarrhea in infants are hand washing with soap and running water, exclusive breastfeeding, nutritional status, latrine quality and clean water sourcesKeywords: risk factors; diarrhea; Children
PENGARUH PERILAKU SISWA SD TERHADAP KUNJUNGAN PEMELIHARAAN KESEHATAN GIGI DAN MULUT Jannah, Raudhatul; Nyorong, Mappeaty; Yuniati, Yuniati
Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health Vol 2, No 1 (2020): CONTAGION
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Abstrak Masalah kesehatan gigi terutama pada anak di Indonesia mencapai 93 %. Berdasarkan survey awal yang dilakukan oleh peneliti di Puskesmas Sentosa baru dengan melihat data sekunder diketahui bahwa pencapaian target tentang kesehatan gigi belum mencapai 80 %. Adapun tujuan  penelitian ini yaitu untuk menganalisis pengaruh perilaku siswa SD terhadap kunjungan pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi di Puskesmas Sentosa Baru. Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan menggunakan cross sectional. Penelitian dilakukan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Sentosa Baru kota Medan. Sampel kuantitatif diperoleh dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling sebanyak 95 siswa. Sedangkan Informan pada peenlitian kualitatif berjumlah 3 orang siswa. Untuk menganalisis data kuantitatif digunakan uji Chi Square dan regresi logistik dan kualiatif dilakukan dengan observasi dan wawancara. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian kuantitatif diketahui bahwa ada 5 variabel yang memengaruhi siswa SD dalam kunjungan pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi dan mulut di Puskesmas Sentosa Baru yaitu pengetahuan, sikap, dukungan orangtua, dukungan guru, dukungan teman sebaya. Kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini yaitu bahwa variabel yang paling berpengaruh terhadap kunjungan pemeliharaan di Puskesmas Sentosa Baru yaitu dukungan guru. Sehingga disarankan agar guru dapat memberikan dukungan yang penuh kepada siswa agar siswa bersedia berkunjung ke Puskesmas Sentosa Baru untuk melakukan pemeliharaan kesehatan. Kata kunci: Perilaku, Kunjungan Pemeliharaan Gigi dan MulutAbstractDental health problems especially in children in Indonesia still very alarming 93%. Based on an initial survey conducted in the Sentosa Baru Public Health Center by looking at secondary data it was known that the achievement of targets on dental health has not reached 80%. The general purpose of this studied IS to analyzed the influence of students still low behavior on dental health service visits at the Sentosa Baru Public Health Center  The types of research was a mix methods with an explanatory research approach. Quantitative samples were obtained using a purposive sampling technique of 95 students. While the informants in qualitative research were 3 students. To analyzed quantitative data the Chi Square test was used and logistic and qualitative regression was carried out by observation and interview. Based on the results of quantitative research, it was known that there was 5 variables that affect elementary students in dental and oral health care visits at the Sentosa Baru Public Health Center, namely knowledge, attitudes, parental support, teacher support, and peer support. Based on qualitative research results, it was obtained that 2 informants experienced cavities and dirty teeth. The conclusion is that the most influential variable on maintenance visits at the Sentosa Baru Public Health Center is teacher?s support. So it was suggested that teachers can provide full support to students are willing to visit the Sentosa Baru Public Health Center to examing their teeth and mouths problems performing health care. Keywords: Behavior, Maintenance Visit Dental and Mouth
KNOWLEDGE AND EXPOSURE INFORMATION OF ADOLESCENTS ABOUT REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH Sinaga, Ahmad Syukroni; Buaton, Andriani; Sitorus, M. Ancha
Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health Vol 1, No 2 (2019): Vol 01 No 02
Publisher : UIN Sumatera Utara Medan

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Abstrak Kesehatan reproduksi menjadi permasalahan yang sering didapatkan remaja. Pengetahuan remaja tentang kesehatan reproduksi dan kurangnya mendapatkan informasi tentang kesehatan reproduksi membuat remaja terjebak pada permasalahan yang berkaitan dengan seks bebas, terkena penyakit infeksi menular seks bahkan kehamilan tidak diinginkan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui gambaran pengetahuan remaja dan keterpaparan informasi remaja di Provinsi Sumatera Utara.Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian observasional dengan design crossectinal.Sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah remaja perempuan dan laki-laki yang belum menikah dengan rentang usia 15?24 tahun dari rumah tangga terpilih yang berdomisili di Provinsi Sumatera Utara yang berjumlah 1123 orang.Penelitian ini menggunakan sumber data sekunder yang berasal dari Survei Indikator Kinerja Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional Tahun 2017.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa masih banyak yang tidak tahu tentang masa subur wanita sebanyak 46,7% dan tidak pernah mendengar istilah masa subur sebanyak 9.8%. Remaja ternyata masih banyak yang tidak tahu tentang HIV/AIDS sebanyak 12,6% dan pernah mendengar tentang HIV/AIDS sebanyak 87,6%. Remaja ternyata masih banyak yang tidak tahu tentang infeksi menular seks sebanyak 42,7% dan pernah mendengar tentang tentang infeksi menular seks sebanyak 57,3%. Masih banyak yang tidak tahu tentang remaja perempuan dapat hamil hanya dalam sekali hubungan sebanyak 19,1% , responden menjawab remaja perempuan tidak dapat hamil hanya dalam sekali hubungan sebanyak 15% dan remaja perempuan dapat hamil hanya dalam sekali hubungan sebanyak 65,9%.Dari hasil penelitian ini disarankan kepada BKKBN Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Sumatera Utara untuk lebih intens dalam mensosialisasikan tentang kesehatan reproduksi pada remaja agar dapat menciptakan keluarga yang bahagia. Remaja diharapkan dapat mencari informasi yang benar tentang kesehatan reproduksi agar dapat mengurangi resiko terjadinya perilaku beresiko. Kata kunci :Pengetahuan, Informasi, kesehatan reproduksi, remaja Abstract Health problems that adolescents often experience. Adolescents ' knowledge of reproductive health and reduction getting information on health recovery makes adolescents spared free sex-related problems, discussing infectious diseases The purpose of this research is to study the overview of Adolescents ' knowledge and the exposure of adolescent information in North Sumatra province.This research is a type of observational research with cross-sectional design. The samples used in this study were teenage girls and unmarried men with a range of ages 15 ? 24 years of selected households domiciled in the province of North Sumatra which resulted in 1123 people. The study used secondary data sources issued from the National Medium Term Development Plan performance Indicators survey in 2017.The results showed that many still do not know about women's fertile period of 46.7% and never heard the term fertile period of 9.8%. Teenagers are still many who do not know about HIV/AIDS as much as 12.6% and have heard about HIV/AIDS as much as 87.6%. Teenagers are still many who do not know about sexually transmitted infections by as much as 42.7% and have heard of sexually transmitted infections as much as 57.3%. There are still many who do not know about women can conceive only in one relationship of 19.1%, respondents answered girls can not conceive only in one relationship as much as 15%, and girls can conceive only in one relationship as much as 65.9%.From the results of this study, tell BKKBN Regency/city in North Sumatera province to be more intense in socializing about reproductive health in adolescents in order to produce a happy family. Adolescents are expected to seek correct information about health care Keywords: Knowledge, Information, Reproductive Health, Adolescents 
GAMBARAN RESPON PESERTA JKN MENGENAI KENAIKAN PREMI PADA DUA PUSKESMAS KOTA MEDAN TAHUN 2019 HASIBUAN, RAPOTAN
Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health Vol 1, No 2 (2019): Vol 01 No 02
Publisher : UIN Sumatera Utara Medan

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Pemerintah mengeluarkan kebijakan kenaikan premi pada Agustus 2019 sehingga menimbulkan respon negatif maupun positif baik pada tingkat pemerintah maupun masyarakat sendiri. Penelitian ini bertujuan  untuk mengkaji seberapa sensitif masyarakat akan kebijakan kenaikan tarif premi JKN.  Pendekatan yang digunakan bersifat diskriptif kuantitatif non analitik dengan rancangan cross-sectional. Lokasi penelitian adalah Puskesmas Sering dan Puskesmas Selayang II dengan responden 100 orang yang dipilih secara convenience sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan berupa kuesioner meliputi sosio-demografi, persepsi layanan Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (JKN) dan respon kenaikan premi. Analisis data secara univariat menggunakan proram IBM SPSS Statistics 21. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan secara umum pelayanan kesehatan yang dirasakan peserta JKN sudah cukup baik, sementara respon terhadap kenaikan premi sangat negatif. Perlu perhatian serius membahas potensi negatif kenaikan premi berdasarkan kajian ekonomi yang mendalam.
KELUHAN SUBJEKTIF PENYAKIT KULIT PADA PEKERJA DI BAGIAN PACKING HASIL LAUT entianopa, entianopa -
Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health Vol 1, No 2 (2019): Vol 01 No 02
Publisher : UIN Sumatera Utara Medan

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Penyakit kulit pada nelayan akibat pengaruh air laut yang karena kepekatannya oleh garam, dalam hal ini ar laut merupakan penyebab dermatosis kulit kronis dengan sifat primer. Tapi penyakit kulit mungkin pula disebbakan oleh jamur atau binatang laut. Pekerjaan basah merupakan tempat berkembangnya penyakit jamur. Gatal mungkin menghinggapi nelayan yang hidup di pantai dengan keadaan sanitasi yang kurang baik. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan keluhan subjektif pada karyawan di Bagian Packing Hasil Laut di Mendahara Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur Tahun 2018. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh karyawan di Bagian Packing Hasil Laut di Mendahara Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur Tahun 2017 yang berjumlah 41 orang. Sampel secara total sampling yaitu seluruh karyawan yang berjumlah 41 orang. Proses penelitian ini dilakukan pada tanggal 9 April-20 April Tahun 2018 di Bagian Packing Hasil Laut di Mendahara Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur. Data dianalisis secara univariat dan bivariat dengan menggunakan uji Chi Square. Hasil penelitian diperoleh sebagian besar  (58,5%) responden memiliki pengetahuan rendah, (56,1%) responden memiliki sikap kurang baik,  (56,1%) responden memiliki personal hygiene kurang baik dan (65,9%) responden pernah mengalami keluhan subjektif penyakit kulit. Hasil analisis bivariat diperoleh bahwa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan dengan p-value = 0,014, sikap dengan p-value = 0,026, personal hygiene dengan p-value = 0,000 dengan keluhan subjektif penyakit kulit. Diharapkan dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan dan wawasan tentang pencegahan penyakit kulit, serta pemeriksaan rutin kesehatan dengan memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan setempat agar kejadian penyakit kulit dapat dikenali secara dini.
PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT TENTANG HIGIENE SANITASI PASAR TRADISIONAL KOTA MEDAN Arrazy, Syafran
Contagion: Scientific Periodical Journal of Public Health and Coastal Health Vol 2, No 1 (2020): CONTAGION
Publisher : UIN Sumatera Utara Medan

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Pasar menjadi salah satu tempat dimana masyarakat banyak beraktivitas untuk memenuhi kebutuhannya sehari-hari. Beberapa penyakit berpotensi muncul bersumber dari pasar adalah penyakit yang berhubungan dengan higiene sanitasi yang buruk seperti diare dan kolera. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui gambaran persepsi masyarakat baik pedagang maupun pengunjung tentang higiene sanitasi di Pasar Tradisional Kota Medan. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian deskriptif dengan menggunakan metode pendekatan kuantitatif berupa wawancara. Sampel diambil dengan metode purposive sampling, sebanyak 127 masyarakat terdiri dari 81 pedagang dan 46 pembeli di 6 Pasar Tradisional Kota Medan. Aspek penilaian higiene sanitasi berupa kondisi kios, penataan ruang dagang, kondisi atap/langit-langit, dinding bangunan, lantai, pencahayaan, sumber air bersih, toilet, pembuangan sampah, pembuangan air, keamanan, tempat ibadah dan area parkir. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara umum pedagang menilai pada kondisi higiene sanitasi di lingkungan dan menilai ada 11 aspek penilaian yang masih dirasa kurang dan 2 aspek dinilai sudah baik. Berbeda dengan pedagang, pengunjung/pembeli menilai 8 aspek sudah dalam keadaan cukup, 2 aspek dalam kondisi kurang dan 3 aspek dalam keadaan baik. Aspek yang dirasa masih kurang baik oleh pedagang maupun pengunjung adalah kondisi lantai pasar dan kondisi pembuangan sampah. Sehingga diharapkan kedua aspek tersebut menjadi perhatian dalam perbaikan kedepan selain kondisi lainnya. Aspek yang dinilai baik oleh pedagang maupun pengunjung adalah kondisi kemanan dan kondisi tempat ibadah. Sehingga diharapkan kedua aspek tersebut tetap dijaga dalam pelaksanaan jual beli di pasar tradisional tersebut.

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