cover
Contact Name
Syamsul Mujahidin
Contact Email
syamsul@lecturer.itk.ac.id
Phone
+6285931379488
Journal Mail Official
spectajournal@itk.ac.id
Editorial Address
Ruangan LPPM Gedung A lantai 2, Kampus ITK, Jl Soekarno Hatta KM 15, Karang Joang, Balikpapan, Balikpapan Utara, KALTIM
Location
,
INDONESIA
Specta Journal of Technology
ISSN : 25492713     EISSN : 26229099     DOI : https://doi.org/10.0610/specta.v2i3
SPECTA journal is published by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Institut Teknologi Kalimantan, Balikpapann Indonesia. SPECTA is an open-access peer reviewed journal that mediates the dissemination of academicians, researchers, and practitioners in the field of Physics, Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Materials and Metallurgy, Civil Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Naval Engineering, Urban Planning, Informatics, Information System, Environmental Engineering, and Ocean Engineering. SPECTA accepts submission from all over the world, especially from Indonesia.
Articles 55 Documents
Pengembangan Metode Klasterisasi Data Berbasis Hybrid Improved Artificial Bee Colony (IABC) dan K – Harmonic Means Fiqar, Tegar Palyus; Musa, Saiful Bahri; Humaira, Fitrah Maharani; Widiartha, I Made; Herumurti, Darlis; Arifin, Agus Zainal
Specta Journal Vol 2 No 3 (2018): SPECTA Journal of Technology
Publisher : Specta Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (466.517 KB) | DOI: 10.0610/specta.v2i3.3

Abstract

One of data grouping process method is k-harmonic clustering method (KHM) which has a relatively short and simple process. However, it has a weakness at cluster center point. Randomly formed cluster center point causes difficulty to converge solutions. One way to solve the problem at the cluster center point requires a method which has a global solution for KHM. The method is Improved artificial bee colony (IABC), improvement of artificial bee colony (ABC) method based on behavior patterns of honey bee colony in food searching process. Advantage of the IABC method is able to have more optimum global solution. This research proposes a new method of clustering using improved artificial bee colony and K-Harmonic means (IABC-KHM) to optimize the center point in clusters that lead to global solution. In this study, the IABC is functioned for finding the most optimum cluster center point for the data clustering process using KHM. Furthermore, the performance test of the IABC-KHM clustering method is compared with ABC and ABC-KHM methods on three different datasets. The result of mean value of best function of IABC-KHM method of Iris dataset is 152,87, Contraceptive Method Choice dataset is 918,54, and Wine dataset is 31,01. Moreover, the result of the average value of the best F-Measure method IABC-KHM Iris dataset is 0.90, the Contraceptive Method Choice dataset is 0.41, the Wine dataset is 0.95. To conclude, IABC-KHM method has successfully optimized the position of cluster center point that directs the cluster result which has global solution.
Perancangan Prototipe Turbin Angin Sumbu Horizontal Tiga Sudu Studi Kasus Institut Teknologi Kalimantan rizianiza, illa; Setiorini, Devy; Djafar, Alfian
Specta Journal Vol 2 No 3 (2018): SPECTA Journal of Technology
Publisher : Specta Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (489.585 KB) | DOI: 10.0610/specta.v2i3.7

Abstract

Institut Teknologi Kalimantan (ITK) merupakan salah satu perguruan tinggi negeri baru yang berlokasi di tengah hutan di Balikpapan. Berdasarkan data Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi dan Geofisika, kecepatan angin rata-rata di sekitar ITK berkisar antara 5 km/h ? 18 km/h. Potensi angin yang melimpah dapat dimanfaatkan untuk merancang turbin angin yang sesuai yaitu turbin angin tipe horizontal.  Perancangan turbin angin sumbu horizontal dengan tiga sudu dilakukan dengan variasi besar sudut serang untuk menentukan tingkat efisiensi turbin angin. Variasi besar sudut serang adalah 50, 100, dan 250. Pengujian turbin angin dilakukan pada beberapa tingkat kecepatan angin diantaranya 3.8 m/s, 4.3 m/s, 5.8 m/s. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa daya listrik terbesar dihasilkan pada pengujian turbin angin sumbu horizontal dengan variasi sudut serang 250 yaitu sebesar 118.7 mW.
DAS Ampal Analisa Fungsi dan Pengaruh Bangunan Pengendali Banjir DAS Ampal Kota Balikpapan Kadar Yanti, Rossana Margaret; Edijatno, Edijatno; Lasminto, Umboro
Specta Journal Vol 2 No 3 (2018): SPECTA Journal of Technology
Publisher : Specta Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (548.979 KB) | DOI: 10.0610/specta.v2i3.10

Abstract

Ampal Catchment Area has 25.273 km2 area and 4.699 km main river length, which planned to have 13 flood control construction. Until 2017, this catchment area has only three flood control construction. The watershed has only three built-in batters that are used to reduce the amount of flood discharge flowing on the Ampal river. Based on these conditions, it is necessary to analyze the magnitude of the difference of flood peak discharge on the existing condition (three bendali) compared with the condition of the plan (thirteen bendali). Therefore, analyzed the function and influence of flood control construction in Ampal Catchment Area by counting the flood peak discharge in each condition. From the analysis result, obtained the amount of peak discharge flowing in Ampal river existing condition is equal to 170,40 m3/s while at the condition of plan is equal to 83,80 m3/s. From the results of analysis, it is stated that the magnitude of the decrease of debit (?Q) after all the builds is 86.60 m3/s.
Studi Penambahan Inhibitor Organik Ekstrak Daun Bawang Tiwai (Eleutherine americana Merr.) pada Baja API 5L dalam Lingkungan 3,5% NaCl Triana, Yunita; Rinda, Sari Shaimah; Jatmoko, Awali; Sulitijono, Sulitijono
Specta Journal Vol 2 No 3 (2018): SPECTA Journal of Technology
Publisher : Specta Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (720.448 KB) | DOI: 10.0610/specta.v2i3.11

Abstract

One that can be used as an organic inhibitor is bawang tiwai leaves extract. This study used 3.5% NaCl as corrosive media with inhibitor concentration of bawang tiwai leaves extract from 0 ppm to 500 ppm and immersion time from 10 days up to 30 days. The efficiency of inhibition was measured using a weight loss corrosion test, while the corrosion rate was obtained from polarization measurements. The FTIR test results show that the extract contains flavonoid compounds that act as antioxidants and inhibit corrosion. Inhibitory efficiency achieved up to 95.4545% for the addition of 300 ppm inhibitor and 20 days of immersion time. This inhibitory behavior is also supported by polarization measurements where the lowest corrosion rate of 0.00128 mm/year is obtained at the same concentration and immersion time.
Studi Ketahanan Benturan pada Komposit Serat Rami-epoksi dan Polimer Blend ABS-PP untuk Aplikasi Bahan Alternatif Soket Prostesis Robiandi, Fadli; Menasita, Menasita; M, Ikal
Specta Journal Vol 2 No 3 (2018): SPECTA Journal of Technology
Publisher : Specta Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (499.834 KB) | DOI: 10.0610/specta.v2i3.17

Abstract

Fabrication of rami fiber based on composite with epoxy matrixs and polymer blend of ABS-PP for alternative prosthetic soket application have been conducted. This  research attemp to analyze impact resistance of rami-epoxy  based on composite and polymer blend base ABS-PP. Those sample was made by hand lay up and simple hot casting methode at a temperature of 250 oC. rami-epoxy based on composite and polymer blend samples with  volume fraction variation 0%, 25%, 50% and 75%. The result of charpy impact test showed an increase in impact energy along with an increase in the volume fraction of rami. In other hand, an increase in ABS volume fraction could reduce the impact energy of polymer blend samples. From impact testing result, both samples showed brittle like-structure. Broken Fiber with low fiber pull out mechanism was found out in rami-epoxy composite samples. Polymer blend samples showed pull out mechanism on ABS grain.
Desain Rute Jaringan Moda Bus Kota di Balikpapan sebagai Antisipasi Kemacetan di Balikpapan Winarni, Winarni; Pratiwi, Evina Rahmatya; Subchan, Subchan
Specta Journal Vol 2 No 3 (2018): SPECTA Journal of Technology
Publisher : Specta Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (620.873 KB) | DOI: 10.0610/specta.v2i3.39

Abstract

Abstract. Public transport facilities are fundamental needs as population growth and society mobility increases. Nowadays, Balikpapan is one of the cities growing quite rapidly, including the level of society mobility. If it is not anticipated, this could lead Balikpapan becomes a crowded city such as Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung and others. One of public transportation in Balikpapan is angkot which has capacity only about 10 passengers. Others are taxi and online transportation such as Gojek, Go-Car, and Grab. These are not yet the appropriate solution for public transportation services for all levels of society.  Thus, it needs to be developed the integrated mass public transportation system in Balikpapan and become an alternative solution to the problems. One of the public demands in using public transportation service is passengers can reach any location from anywhere (strongly connected). Therefore, it is necessary to design the route of mass public transport system such as city busway.  In this paper it is called Trans Balikpapan Busway. In this paper, we use graph concept to design Trans Balikpapan Busway route. The result is the design of Transbalikpapan Busway route. It is ilustrated by a directed graph. The matrix that represents the graph has unique eigen value, so that the graph is strongly connected. It connects all districts in Balikpapan with places that people ussually visit such as schools/campuses, shops, malls, hospitals, terminals, air port, harbour, institutions, companies, recreation destinations, etc. Abstrak. Fasilitas transportasi umum merupakan kebutuhan vital seiring pertumbuhan penduduk dan mobilitas masyarakat meningkat. Saat ini, Balikpapan adalah salah satu kota yang berkembang cukup pesat, termasuk tingkat mobilitas masyarakat. Jika tidak diantisipasi, ini dapat menyebabkan Balikpapan menjadi kota yang padat seperti Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung dan lain-lain. Salah satu angkutan umum di Balikpapan adalah angkutan kota yang kapasitasnya hanya sekitar 10 penumpang. Angkutan umum lainnya adalah taksi argo dan transportasi online seperti Gojek, Go-Car, dan Grab. Itu pun belum menjadi solusi yang tepat untuk layanan transportasi umum bagi semua lapisan masyakat. Dengan demikian, perlu dikembangkan sistem transportasi umum massal terpadu di Balikpapan dan menjadi solusi alternatif untuk masalah tersebut. Salah satu tuntutan masyarakat dalam menggunakan layanan angkutan umum adalah penumpang dapat mencapai suatu lokasi dari mana saja (strongly connected). Oleh karena itu, perlu dirancang rute sistem transportasi umum massal seperti moda bus kota. Dalam hal ini dinamakan Trans Balikpapan Busway. Dalam paper ini, digunakan konsep graf untuk merancang rute Trans Balikpapan Busway. Hasil penelitian ini adalah desain rute Transbalikpapan Busway. Jaringan Transbalikpapan Busway diilustrasikan dalam graf berarah. Matriks yang mewakili graf tersebut memiliki nilai eigen yang tunggal/unik, sehingga dapat disimpulkan graf tersebut strongly connected. Jaringan Transbalikpapan Busway menghubungkan semua kecamatan di Balikpapan beserta tempat-tempat yang biasa dikunjungi oleh masyarakat seperti sekolah/kampus, pasar, mall, rumah sakit, terminal, bandara, pelabuhan, instansi, perusahaan, tujuan rekreasi dan lain-lain.
Pengembangan Metode Klasterisasi Data Berbasis Hybrid Improved Artificial Bee Colony (IABC) dan K – Harmonic Means Fiqar, Tegar Palyus; Musa, Saiful Bahri; Humaira, Fitrah Maharani; Widiartha, I Made; Herumurti, Darlis; Arifin, Agus Zainal
SPECTA Journal of Technology Vol 2 No 3 (2018): SPECTA Journal of Technology
Publisher : LPPM ITK

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (466.517 KB) | DOI: 10.35718/specta.v2i3.3

Abstract

One of data grouping process method is k-harmonic clustering method (KHM) which has a relatively short and simple process. However, it has a weakness at cluster center point. Randomly formed cluster center point causes difficulty to converge solutions. One way to solve the problem at the cluster center point requires a method which has a global solution for KHM. The method is Improved artificial bee colony (IABC), improvement of artificial bee colony (ABC) method based on behavior patterns of honey bee colony in food searching process. Advantage of the IABC method is able to have more optimum global solution. This research proposes a new method of clustering using improved artificial bee colony and K-Harmonic means (IABC-KHM) to optimize the center point in clusters that lead to global solution. In this study, the IABC is functioned for finding the most optimum cluster center point for the data clustering process using KHM. Furthermore, the performance test of the IABC-KHM clustering method is compared with ABC and ABC-KHM methods on three different datasets. The result of mean value of best function of IABC-KHM method of Iris dataset is 152,87, Contraceptive Method Choice dataset is 918,54, and Wine dataset is 31,01. Moreover, the result of the average value of the best F-Measure method IABC-KHM Iris dataset is 0.90, the Contraceptive Method Choice dataset is 0.41, the Wine dataset is 0.95. To conclude, IABC-KHM method has successfully optimized the position of cluster center point that directs the cluster result which has global solution.
Perancangan Prototipe Turbin Angin Sumbu Horizontal Tiga Sudu Studi Kasus Institut Teknologi Kalimantan rizianiza, illa; Setiorini, Devy; Djafar, Alfian
SPECTA Journal of Technology Vol 2 No 3 (2018): SPECTA Journal of Technology
Publisher : LPPM ITK

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (489.585 KB) | DOI: 10.35718/specta.v2i3.7

Abstract

Institut Teknologi Kalimantan (ITK) merupakan salah satu perguruan tinggi negeri baru yang berlokasi di tengah hutan di Balikpapan. Berdasarkan data Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi dan Geofisika, kecepatan angin rata-rata di sekitar ITK berkisar antara 5 km/h ? 18 km/h. Potensi angin yang melimpah dapat dimanfaatkan untuk merancang turbin angin yang sesuai yaitu turbin angin tipe horizontal.  Perancangan turbin angin sumbu horizontal dengan tiga sudu dilakukan dengan variasi besar sudut serang untuk menentukan tingkat efisiensi turbin angin. Variasi besar sudut serang adalah 50, 100, dan 250. Pengujian turbin angin dilakukan pada beberapa tingkat kecepatan angin diantaranya 3.8 m/s, 4.3 m/s, 5.8 m/s. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa daya listrik terbesar dihasilkan pada pengujian turbin angin sumbu horizontal dengan variasi sudut serang 250 yaitu sebesar 118.7 mW.
DAS Ampal Analisa Fungsi dan Pengaruh Bangunan Pengendali Banjir DAS Ampal Kota Balikpapan Kadar Yanti, Rossana Margaret; Edijatno, Edijatno; Lasminto, Umboro
SPECTA Journal of Technology Vol 2 No 3 (2018): SPECTA Journal of Technology
Publisher : LPPM ITK

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (548.979 KB) | DOI: 10.35718/specta.v2i3.10

Abstract

Ampal Catchment Area has 25.273 km2 area and 4.699 km main river length, which planned to have 13 flood control construction. Until 2017, this catchment area has only three flood control construction. The watershed has only three built-in batters that are used to reduce the amount of flood discharge flowing on the Ampal river. Based on these conditions, it is necessary to analyze the magnitude of the difference of flood peak discharge on the existing condition (three bendali) compared with the condition of the plan (thirteen bendali). Therefore, analyzed the function and influence of flood control construction in Ampal Catchment Area by counting the flood peak discharge in each condition. From the analysis result, obtained the amount of peak discharge flowing in Ampal river existing condition is equal to 170,40 m3/s while at the condition of plan is equal to 83,80 m3/s. From the results of analysis, it is stated that the magnitude of the decrease of debit (?Q) after all the builds is 86.60 m3/s.
Studi Penambahan Inhibitor Organik Ekstrak Daun Bawang Tiwai (Eleutherine americana Merr.) pada Baja API 5L dalam Lingkungan 3,5% NaCl Triana, Yunita; Rinda, Sari Shaimah; Jatmoko, Awali; Sulistijono, Sulistijono
SPECTA Journal of Technology Vol 2 No 3 (2018): SPECTA Journal of Technology
Publisher : LPPM ITK

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (720.448 KB) | DOI: 10.35718/specta.v2i3.11

Abstract

One that can be used as an organic inhibitor is bawang tiwai leaves extract. This study used 3.5% NaCl as corrosive media with inhibitor concentration of bawang tiwai leaves extract from 0 ppm to 500 ppm and immersion time from 10 days up to 30 days. The efficiency of inhibition was measured using a weight loss corrosion test, while the corrosion rate was obtained from polarization measurements. The FTIR test results show that the extract contains flavonoid compounds that act as antioxidants and inhibit corrosion. Inhibitory efficiency achieved up to 95.4545% for the addition of 300 ppm inhibitor and 20 days of immersion time. This inhibitory behavior is also supported by polarization measurements where the lowest corrosion rate of 0.00128 mm/year is obtained at the same concentration and immersion time.