cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
stikesmercubaktijaya@gmail.com
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kota padang,
Sumatera barat
INDONESIA
JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR
ISSN : -     EISSN : 26549751     DOI : https://doi.org/10.36984/jkm
Core Subject : Health,
JURNAL OF HEALTH MERCUSUAR: Is a journal that publishes (desemination) the results of research, study studies, and articles in the form of ideas / ideas about Public Health or other disciplines related to public health that have not been published / published by other media. Journals that can contain studies on epidemiology and biostatistics, health policy, nursing within the community and clinic, nutrition, public health, environmental health, occupational health and safety, health promotion, reproductive health, maternal and child health, and other related articles in public health. Journals can be used by lecturers at health colleges, health practitioners, health nurses, teachers, health college students, and people interested in public health issues. Journals are published twice a year, in April and October.
Articles 49 Documents
THE FACTORS AFFECTING OF STUNTING IN AGE 6-24 MONTHS Wahyuni, Fitri; Arasj, Fauzi; Fitrahmisasty, Fanny; Putra, Singgih Elva
JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR
Publisher : STIKes MERCUBAKTIJAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (365.445 KB) | DOI: 10.36984/jkm.v2i2.64

Abstract

The prevalence of stunting in Indonesia in 2018 reaches 30.8%. According to data from the Padang City Health Office in 2017, toddlers with the most stunting conditions in Padang City were in Pauh District as many as 96 toddlers. This is influenced by many factors that can have a bad impact on the child's future. This study aims to determine the factors that influence the incidence of stunting in infants aged 6-24 months. This research is a quantitative study using a cross sectional design with 66 respondents aged 6 - 24 months in Limau Manis Selatan Village, Pauh District. The research will be conducted from May to July 2019. Sampling with purposive sampling technique. The results showed that the factor most related to the incidence of stunting was poor hygiene with a percentage of 48.5% (p value = 0.037). The conclusion of this study all factors have a relationship with the incidence of stunting in infants. Suggestions for health services are expected to be able to provide counseling to mothers and bring toddlers to health services when toddlers are sick so that they can be addressed appropriately.
FAKTOR- FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEPATUHAN PASIEN PENYAKIT GINJAL KRONIK (PGK) YANG MENJALANI HEMODIALISA DI RSUP DR. M. DJAMIL PADANG Alisa, Fitria; Wulandari, Cigita
JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR
Publisher : STIKes MERCUBAKTIJAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (431.251 KB) | DOI: 10.36984/jkm.v2i2.63

Abstract

Di Amerika Serikat pada tahun 2010 jumlah kejadian hemodialisis sebanyak 651.000, sedangkan di Indonesia jumlah pasien yang aktif menjalani hemodialisis meningkat dari tahun ke tahun dimana dari tahun 2010 berjumlah 5.184 pasien menjadi 6.951 pasien pada tahun 2011.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor- faktor yang berhubungan dengan kepatuhan pasien PGK yang menjalani hemodialisis di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang. Jenis penelitian ini  analitik dengan desain penelitian cross sectional. Teknik pengambilan sampel  acidental sampling berjumlah 43 pasien. Data dikumpulkan melalui kuesioner kemudian diolah dengan menggunakan analisa univariat dan bivariat dengan uji chi-square. Hasil penelitian lebih dari separoh (55,8%) PGK tidak patuh menjalani hemodialisa. Lebih dari separoh (53,5%) PGK memiliki pengetahuan rendah. Lebih dari separoh (58,1%) PGK sudah menjalani hemodialisa lebih dari satu tahun. Lebih dari separoh (53,5%) PGK memiliki dukungan keluarga kurang baik. Ada hubungan pengetahuan (p=0,004), lamanya sakit (p=0,027), dukungan keluarga (p=0,024) dengan kepatuhan pasien PGK  (p=0,000). In the united states in 2010 the number of incident hemodialysis as many as 651.000, while in indonesia number of patients undergo hemodialysis active increase from year to the year when from year 2010 is 5.184 the patient becomes 6.951 patients in 2011. The purpose of this research was to know factors relating to compline of chronic kidney disease patients who undergo hemodialysis in RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang. This research haves the character of analytic with research design of cross sectional. The sample techniques using acidental sampling many as 43 patients. Data is collected by using questionaire, then in processing in applies analysis univariat and bivariate with tes chi-squere. Result of research were (55,8%) chronic kidney disease patiens do?nt obey  undergo Hemodialysis. Equal to (53,5%) chronic kidney disease patiens has level of low knowledge. Equal to (55,8%) chronic kidney disease patiens  already undergoing hemodialysis more than one years. Equal to (53.5%) chronic kidney disease patiens has not good family support. There is the relation of knowledge (p = 0,004),  duration disease (p = 0,027), family support (p = 0,024) with  obedience undergo hemodialysis  
HUBUNGAN KESEHATAN SPIRITUAL DENGAN KUALITAS HIDUP ORANG DENGAN HIV/AIDS DI YAYASAN LANTERA MINANGKABAU SUPPORT PADANG Sastra, Lenni; Wahyudi, Wawan; Faradilla, Intan
JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR
Publisher : STIKes MERCUBAKTIJAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (358.548 KB) | DOI: 10.36984/jkm.v2i2.62

Abstract

Angka kejadian HIV/AIDS terus mengalami peningkatan setiap tahunnya. Permasalahan yang dihadapi orang dengan HIV/AIDS sangat kompleks. Salah satu dampak dari permasalahan adalah penurunan kualitas hidup. Kualitas hidup seseorang dapat dipengaruhi oleh kesehatan spiritual. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kesehatan spiritual dengan kualitas hidup orang dengan HIV/AIDS. Jenis penelitian adalah deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional study. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah orang dengan HIV/AIDS di Yayasan Lantera Minangkabau Support Padang dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 50 orang yang diambil dengan teknik total sampling. Data dianalisis secara univariat menggunakan uji chi square dengan tingkat kepercayaan (CI) 95 % dengan nilai ? = 0,05. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan lebih dari separoh (64%) orang dengan HIV/AIDS memiliki kualitas hidup buruk, 36% memiliki kualitas hidup baik, lebih dari separoh (60%) memiliki kesehatan spiritual buruk dan 40% memiliki kesehatan spiritual baik. Hasil uji statistik di dapatkan ada hubungan kesehatan spiritual dengan kualitas hidup orang dengan HIV/AIDS di Yayasan Lantera Minangkabau Support Padang. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa orang dengan HIV/AIDS dengan kesehatan spiritual buruk cenderung memiliki kualitas hidup buruk, sedangkan orang dengan HIV/AIDS dengan kesehatan spiritual baik memiliki kualitas hidup baik. Diharapkan kepada agar perawat untuk untuk meningkatkan kesehatan spiritual  orang dengan HIV/AIDS agar kualitas hidup mereka bisa lebih baik lagi.
PENGARUH METODE PEER EDUCATION TERHADAP INTRADIALYTIC WEIGHT GAIN (IDWG) PADA PASIEN HEMODIALISIS Desnita, Ria Desnita; Andika, Mira; Jamilah, Siti
JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR
Publisher : STIKes MERCUBAKTIJAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (194.886 KB) | DOI: 10.36984/jkm.v2i2.60

Abstract

Masalah umum pada pasien gagal ginjal tahap akhir yang menjalani terapi hemodialisis adalah ketidakpatuhan dalam pembatasan cairan. Intradialytic weight gain (IDWG) merupakan indikator kepatuhan dalam pembatasan cairan. Salah satu cara untuk meningkatkan kepatuhan pasien dalam pembatasan cairan adalah dengan metode peer education. Metode peer education merupakan metode edukasi dengan melibatkan pendidik sebaya sebagai pemberi edukasi pada kelompok pasien hemodialisis. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh metode peer education terhadap IDWG pada pasien hemodialisis. Desain penelitian ini adalah quasi eksperimen dengan one group pretest and posttest design. Penelitian ini dilakukan di RST Dr. Reksodiwiryo Padang. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Januari ? Agustus 2018. Jumlah sampel pada penelitian ini adalah 10 orang pasien hemodialisis. Hasil analisis data menggunakan paired t test menunjukkan ada pengaruh metode peer education terhadap intradialytic weight gain (IDWG) pada pasien hemodialisis (p= 0,000). Diharapkan pada perawat di unit hemodialisis memberikan edukasi kepada pasien dengan melibatkan pendidik sebaya sebagai pemberi edukasi.
TYPICAL BEHAVIOUR OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT Syahadat, Yustisi Maharani
JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR
Publisher : STIKes MERCUBAKTIJAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (327.228 KB) | DOI: 10.36984/jkm.v2i2.53

Abstract

This study aims to see how the typical behavior of juvenile delinquency is carried out by high school students. This research uses a qualitative approach. Taking participants in this study using purposive sampling techniques with the characteristics of participants is a teenage student in high school who lived separately from his parents since the beginning of high school with a research location in one private school. Researchers also use key person techniques, where researchers get complaints from several teachers from the school. The number of clients in this study was 1 person. Data collection techniques with semi-structured interviews, semi-participant observation and data analysis were performed using thematic analysis. This study revealed the typical symptoms/ behavior of juvenile delinquency displayed by the client. The negative behavior of these participants raises problems in the field of education and relationships with family and social environment.
GAMBARAN FAKTOR RESIKO IBU DENGAN TERHADAP KEJADIAN ASFIKSIA NEONATORUM DI RSUD RASIDIN PADANG TAHUN 2017 Hesti, Novria; Hadi, Widya Rahmawati
JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR
Publisher : STIKes MERCUBAKTIJAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (373.128 KB) | DOI: 10.36984/jkm.v2i2.59

Abstract

Tahun 2012 angka kematian neonatus di Indonesia yaitu 35 per 1.000 kelahiran, dari angka tersebut 35,9 % disebabkan oleh gangguan pernapasan/asfiksia. Faktor resiko dari ibu seperti usia, paritas, riwayat perdarahan di trimester III dan hipertensi dapat menyebabkan asfiksia pada bayi. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk menggambarkan faktor resiko individual ibu terhadap kejadian asfiksia neonatorum di RSUD Rasidin Padang Tahun 2017. Jenis penelitian descriptif. Dilakukan di RSUD Rasidin Padang pada Tanggal 11 Juli 2018, dengan populasi seluruh ibu yang melahirkan dengan bayi asfiksia di RSUD Rasidin, dengan teknik pengambilan sampel total sampling dengan menggunakan kriteria inklusi, dengan jenis pengambilan data yaitu data sekunder, teknik pengolahan data editing, coding, entry data,tabulating, cleaning serta analisa data menggunakan analisa univariat. Dari hasil penelitian ibu yang melahirkan dengan bayi asfiksia didapatkan 22 orang ibu (66,67%) memiliki usia < 20 tahun atau > 35 tahun, sebanyak 19 orang ibu (57,57%) yang melahirkan anak pertama atau anak ke >3, sebanyak 4 orang ibu (12,12%) memiliki riwayat perdarahan timester III, sebanyak orang ibu(9,10%) memiliki riwayat hipertensi. Sebagian besar ibu yang  yang melahirkan bayi dengan asfiksia  memiliki usia < 20 tahun atau > 35 tahun. Sebagian Ibu yang melahirkan bayi dengan asfiksia merupakan anak pertama atau anak ke >3. Sebagian kecil ibu yang melahirkan dengan bayi asfiksia memiliki riwayat perdarahan timester III. Sebagian kecil ibu yang melahirkan dengan bayi asfiksia memiliki riwayat hipertensi. Diharapkan agar meningkatkan pelayanan yang lebih efektif dalam medeteksi persalinan dengan resiko sehinga keadaan ibu dan bayi dapat tertangani secara optimal.   Kata Kunci : Asfiksia Neonatorum, Usia, Paritas, Perdarahan Trimester III, Hipertensi           ABSTRAK                  In 2012 the neonatal mortality rate in Indonesia was 35 per 1,000 births, of which 35.9% were caused by respiratory / asphyxia disorders. Maternal risk factors such as age, parity, history of bleeding in the third trimester and hypertension can cause asphyxia in infants. The aim of the study was to describe the individual maternal risk factors for the incidence of neonatal asphyxia in Rasidin Padang Hospital in 2017. Descriptive research type. It was conducted at Rasidin Hospital in Padang 11 Juli 2018, with a population of all mothers giving birth to asphyxia babies in Rasidin Hospital, with a total sampling technique using inclusion criteria, with data collection types namely secondary data, editing data processing techniques, coding, data entry, tabulating, cleaning and data analysis using univariate analysis. From the results of the research, mothers who gave birth to asphyxial infants found 22 mothers (66.67%) had an age of <20 years or> 35 years, as many as 19 mothers (57.57%) who gave birth to their first child or> 3 children, as many as 4 mothers (12.12%) had a history of bleeding in the third trimester, as many as mothers (9.10%) had a history of hypertension. Most of the mothers who gave birth to asphyxial babies had <20 years or> 35 years. Some mothers who give birth to babies with asphyxia are the first child or> 3 children. A small percentage of mothers giving birth to asphyxial infants have a history of bleeding in the third trimester. A small percentage of mothers giving birth to asphyxial babies have a history of hypertension. It is expected to improve services that are more effective in detecting labor with risk so that the condition of the mother and baby can be handled optimally. Keywords: Neonatal Asphyxia, Age, Parity, Third Trimester Bleeding, Hypertension
EFEKTIVITAS METODE DEMONSTRASI DALAM MENINGKATKAN TATA TERTIB BERWUDHU BAGI ANAK DENGAN HAMBATAN INTELEKTUAL Despalantri, Elda
JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR
Publisher : STIKes MERCUBAKTIJAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (456.621 KB) | DOI: 10.36984/jkm.v2i2.52

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilakukan pada seorang anak dengan hambatan intelektual yang ringan. Hasil pengamatan awal ditemui ada anak dalam melakukan wudhu belum sempurna, dan tidak berurutan. Maka dari itu peneliti ingin meningkatkan tata tertib berwudhu anak dengan hambatan intelektual sesuai tata tertib berwudhu melalui metode demonstrasi. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah Single Subject Research dengan desain A ? B. Ukuran target behaviornya dengan persentase. sedangkan data dianalisis menggunakan analisis visual grafik yang terdiri dari analisis dalam kondisi dan antar kondisi. Setelah data dianalisis, maka didapat persentase tata tertib berwudhu yang tertinggi pada kondisi baseline adalah 54,16 %. Sedangkan pada kondisi intervensi persentase tata tertib berwudhu yang didapat adalah 95,83 %, artinya bahwa kemampuan tata tertib berwudhu anak jauh lebih meningkat. Pada kondisi baseline tingkat level perubahan tata tertib berwudhu adalah 12,50 % (+) artinya menunjukkan ke arah positif bahwa persentase tata tertib berwudhu yang di dapat selama kondisi baseline sedikit naik namun persentasenya masih rendah. Sedangkan untuk intervensi tingkat level perubahannya adalah 29,83 % (+) artinya menunjukkan ke arah yang positif bahwa persentase tata tertib berwudhu yang didapat selama kondisi intervensi jauh meningkat dibandingkan dengan kondisi baseline. Sedangkan untuk persentase overlapenya didapat 0 %, artinya semakin kecil persentase overlape maka semakin baik pengaruh intervensi terhadap target behaviour. Dengan demikian hipotesis yang dikemukakan sebelumnya dapat diterima.
THE INFLUENCE OF PLAYING BALL TOWARD MOVEMENT ACTIVITY ABILITY TO HYPOACTIVE AUTISM CHILDREN Imanniyah, Anggawati
JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR
Publisher : STIKes MERCUBAKTIJAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (640.636 KB) | DOI: 10.36984/jkm.v2i2.50

Abstract

Hypoactive autism children were indicated by slow motoric activity so that it caused the children difficult to move. The children tended passive and they did not have any interest to do movement activity and preferred alone when they looked their friends playing. To help hypoactive autism children in enhancing movement activity ability it required a game which attracted the children?s interest to move i.e. through playing game. The purpose of this research was to analyze movement activity ability before and after giving intervention using playing ball (passing and shooting), with time allocation 10 times meeting and 8 times intervention. This research used quantitative approach with the one group pretest posttest design. The subjects were 5 hypoactive autism children. For data analysis this research used statistic non parametric formula of sign test kind and the method of data collection applied observation and test. From the research result which was then analyzed by using sign test formula, it was obtained that the value of Z counting 1,78 while the value of Z table with critic value 5% one side test was obtained 1,64 so that Z counting 1,78 was greater than Z table1,64 it meant that null hypothesis (Ho) was refused and work hypothesis (Ha) was accepted. In this way it could be concluded that playing ball influenced toward movement activity ability of hypoactive autism children
SUBMISSION TITLE: EFFECTS OF USE OF ELECTRONIC MEDIA ON EARLY CHILDHOOD LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT Ropita Sari, Yuli Afmi
JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR
Publisher : STIKes MERCUBAKTIJAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (325.446 KB) | DOI: 10.36984/jkm.v2i2.48

Abstract

This research is motivated by problems that researchers found in a PAUD. The problem at the school was the discovery of children who were addicted to cellphones so that the language skills became late. The purpose of this study is to prove whether electronic media influences children's language development. This research is a descriptive study that uses a qualitative approach. The subjects of this study were two children who were equally addicted to their cellphones. The study was conducted in several stages. The first stage is distributing questionnaires to all parents of children in the school. Furthermore, the data from the questionnaire was processed, after being processed it was obtained research subjects. Then the subject is observed and after that an interview is given to parents. From the results of interviews and observations that have been done, it is found that electronic media influences early language development in children.
DESCRIPTION OF THE EFFORTS OF PARENTS WITH DOWN SYNDROME CHILDREN ON DEVELOPMENT OF FIRST LANGUAGE ACQUISITION: - Khalida, Rahmi
JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR
Publisher : STIKes MERCUBAKTIJAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (629.321 KB) | DOI: 10.36984/jkm.v2i2.49

Abstract

Down's syndrome is one type of child with special needs. The existence will affect the quality of family life by influencing what happens to them. This study aims to describe the efforts of parents on the development of the first language acquisition of children with Down syndrome. The method used in this study is a qualitative method using descriptive qualitative. Research data were collected through interviews and observations. The subject of this study supports two families who have Down syndrome children. Data processed by content analysis. From the results of the study showed that the requirements for the ability to obtain child assistance from the stimulus from the beginning that represents acceptance in children by the microsystem environment that is family.