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INDONESIA
JGISE-Journal of Geospatial Information Science and Engineering
ISSN : 26231182     EISSN : 26231182     DOI : https://doi.org/10.22146/jgise.51131
Core Subject : Engineering,
JGISE also accepts articles in any geospatial-related subjects using any research methodology that meet the standards established for publication in the journal. The primary, but not exclusive, audiences are academicians, graduate students, practitioners, and others interested in geospatial research.
Articles 48 Documents
The spatial suitability evaluation of networked minimarket locations according to Bupati Bantul Regulation No. 35/2013 Rivandi, Yuri Gama; Santosa, Purnama Budi
Jurnal Geospasial Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Department of Geodetic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jgise.38238

Abstract

The Regulation of Bupati Bantul Number 35/2013 regulates the establishment of networked minimarket (mini market berjejaring) in Bantul Regency. This study was conducted to assess the suitability between the regulation with the real condition by emphasizing the spatial aspects after 5 years of the implementation of the regulation. This study concerns with the criteria in the regulation about the distance of the mini markets from the traditional markets and the class of the road. The data for cunducting the spatial analysis include road vector data, administrative boundaries, locations of traditional market and networked minimarket, attribute data for networked minimarket, and satellite images of Bantul Regency. The data then was analyzed using proximity and network analysis to know suitability of networked minimarket locations with the regulation. Proximity analysis was done using buffer operation, meanwhile network analysis was done using operation of OD Cost Matrix. Result obtained from the proximity analysis of the overall parameters show that there is only one minimarket in accordance with the regulation. In the other hand, , if the network analysis is included, then the number of minimarkets that comply with the regulation increase to three minimarkets. To conclude, most of the locations of the netwoked minimarkets in Bantul do not comply with the Bupati Bantul Regulation Number 35/2013.
Correlation of GNSS Observation Data Quality Resulted from TEQC Checking and Coordinate’s Precision Yulaikhah, Yulaikhah; Pramumijoyo, Subagyo; Widjajanti, Nurrohmat
Jurnal Geospasial Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Department of Geodetic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jgise.38387

Abstract

GPS Positioning provides good coordinate accuracy that is up to a millimeter. However, some error sources such as multipath, atmospheric conditions and obstruction can reduce the quality of data and also coordinates. To minimize errors due to these factors, at the time of determining the station location, it is necessary to pay attention to the surrounding conditions, namely by looking for open areas and avoiding objects that can reflect GNSS signals. However, it is often not easy to find the ideal observation station location, which forms a good chain while being free from obstruction and multipath. Therefore, it is often necessary to prioritize certain factors over other factors. Information about the correlation between multipath, ionospheric conditions and the recording level of observational data on coordinate accuracy can be used as consideration in determining the location of control points for deformation monitoring and determining which factors are prioritized. This study aims to evaluate the correlation between data quality and coordinates precision.The used observation data are Sermo Reservoir control network and nine CORS BIG stations. The component data analyzed are multipath (MP1, MP2), ionospheric effects (IOD slips and IOD or MP slips) and the data recording level (obs). These components were resulted by checking with TEQC software, while the precision of the coordinates was obtained by processing with GAMIT / GLOBK software. Based on the correlation coefficient value, it is known that the recording level of observation data has the strongest correlation with a negative direction (ranging from -0.7 to -0.9). It is the ratio between the number of real observations to the number of possible ones. One factor that influences it is the obstruction in the field. In other words, in determining the location of GNSS observation stations, the conditions of obstruction in the vicinity need to be considered and prioritized.
GNSS Monitoring Network Optimization Case Study: Opak Fault Deformation, Yogyakarta Widjajanti, Nurrohmat; Emalia, Sherly Shinta; Parseno, Parseno
Jurnal Geospasial Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Department of Geodetic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jgise.38458

Abstract

Opak fault is a fault located in Opak River area, Bantul. The existence of the fault is one of the biggest causes of earthquake in Yogyakarta in 2006. The seismic potential caused by the active fault requires continuous geodynamic monitoring. The GNSS network (TGD, SGY, and OPK) have been developed since 2013 consists of 17 stations and in 2016 there was an additional number of four monitoring stations. Several high-precision monitoring stations distributed at the fault location are needed to monitor the fault movement. Optimal observation network is one of the factors to obtain high precision station coordinates. The GNSS network optimization has been carried out in the previous research partially on each network; namely the segment of TGD, SGY, and OPK. Therefore, this research conducts a thoroughly optimization for 17 monitoring stations either use old or new stations to obtain an optimal network based on the criteria of accuracy and reliability.The network is designed widely from simple to complex combination and to combination between network segments. The computation uses least squares adjustment with parameter method. The value of the cofactor matrix parameter of the adjustment is applied to analyze the network based on the function of the accuracy criteria, namely A-Optimality, D-Optimality, E-Optimality, S-Optimality, and I-Optimality. Meanwhile, the value of the residual cofactor matrix is used for network configuration analysis based on the reliability objective function, namely the individual redundancy, external and internal reliabilities criteria. The result showed that the design of TGD, SGY and OPK network segments are optimized based on the criteria of accuracy and reliability if they use a network design with a complex baseline. The criteria for accuracy and reliability in the design with a combination of segments such as TGD and SGY, TGD and OPK, as well as TGD, SGY, and OPK are not much different from the optimization results performed by each segment. Therefore, if the measurements are carried out with a limited receiver, it is better to use each of segment designs.
The use of Location Based Instagram Data for Tourism Potential Analysis in Kabupaten Gunung Kidul Hasri, Muhammad Irham Akbar; Santosa, Purnama Budi
Jurnal Geospasial Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Department of Geodetic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jgise.38469

Abstract

Gunungkidul Regency is one of five regencies in Yogyakarta Province which is rich of natural tourism destination objects. Each tourism object has its own potential and characteristic that distinguishes one with other tourism objects. However, the tourism potency have not been exposed to public properly, and the local government has not sufficiently use the data of visitors as the basis for planning and development of tourism objects in Gunungkidul Regency. This research tries to evaluate the use of BIG DATA, especially social media data, to analyze the tourism potency based on the public opinions and visits. For this purpose, Instagram data was utilized as the main data for the analysis. The data was collected between December 18, 2017 to February 3, 2018 using Instagram API. The data then was pre-processed to clear or filter the duplication data, to filter the data based on selective location or study area namely Gunungkidul Regency, as well as to filter the data which match with the topic of the research namely ?tourism?. Some analysis then were conducted, namely spatial analysis, statistical analysis, and caption analysis. The spatial and statistical analysis were aimed to find spatial pattern of tourists visits at several locations in the form of spatial density of each tourism destinations with respect to temporal aspect. Analysis of captions is done by filtering Instagram data by using some keywords that can indicate tourism potency. Data was visualized using Carto Builder. Results show that some effort is needed to utilize the Instagram data for this purpose. The data is efficient and effective to be used to visualize spatial-temporal pattern of visitors at tourism destinations, as well as to understand tourism destinations objects potency in Gunungkidul Regency. However, this analysis cannot be done in realtime due to a limitation in collecting data from Instagram API.
Comparison of Horizontal Displacement from Horizontal Control Network Adjustment Result Using Observation Model and Time-Variant Methods (Case Study : Horizontal Control Network of Borobudur Temple, Epoch 2002, 2003 and 2012) Isnaini, Een Lujainatul; Lestari, Dwi
Jurnal Geospasial Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Department of Geodetic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jgise.38472

Abstract

Borobudur Temple is the biggest Buddhist Temple in the world protected by UNESCO. Therefore the periodical maintenance of Borobudur temple become important, deformation study through displacement analysis can be applied for it, by conducting Geodetic observation periodically. The design for Borobudur horizontal monitoring network is a relative one, the control point and monitoring points are in the deformation area. Therefore, the effect of position changes of the control point used in the horizontal network for displacement analysis of Borobudur needs to be considered, as it affects the result for the least square adjustment of the monitoring points. Two different adjustment methods used to overcome this problem, Least square adjustment using observation model and time-variant methods. This research aims to compare the horizontal displacement analysis of Borobudur resulted from these two adjustment methods.  First by giving position correction for the control point at each epoch according to its displacement in least square adjustment using observation model. The second by computing position and velocity vector directly using time-variant method. The comparation of 2D horizontal displacement vector analysis was done by using vector velocity of 2D horizontal displacement from the analysis of the two adjustment methods on the interval displacement epochs between 2002 and 2003 and between 2002 and 2012. This research showed the vector magnitude and the accuration of the displacement from the analysis resulted from the two adjustment methods was different. The resulted of least square adjustment using observation model with correction of control point showed that there was significant increase in magnitude of displacement vector of the monitoring points. Displacement analysis between 2002 and 2003 the magnitude in average were 7.97 mm and the analysis between 2002 and 2012 were 37.78 mmwith consistent displacement direction of the both interval displacement to the northwest. The Time-Variant adjustment method showed an increase in the vector velocity of 2D horizontal displacement from 0.29 mm/year to 0.32 mm/year with different displacement direction. The vector magnitude of the displacement from time variant method was smaller than observation model and the standard deviation for the horizontal displacement from time variant method was slightly bigger about 0.5 mm compared to the observation model.
Utilisation of Sentinel-1 SAR Imagery for Oil Spill Mapping: A Case Study of Balikpapan Bay Oil Spill Prastyani, Ratna; Basith, Abdul
Jurnal Geospasial Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Department of Geodetic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jgise.38533

Abstract

Oil spill is a great threat for marine ecosystem. Oil discharge has become a public concern in all over the world with the increase of marine traffics. Indonesian government has declared state of emergency over oil spill which devastated Balikpapan bay in March 2018. The deadly oil spill impacts marine ecosystem as well as the communities. This study aims to map the oil spill over Balikpapan bay by utilising SAR imagery of Sentinel-1. Automatic and semi-automatic approaches are presented in this study to detect the oil spill. Oil spill is automatically detected using Oil Spill Detection toolbox of Sentinel Application Platform (SNAP). Furthermore, semi-automatic method is also demonstrated by utilising pre and post-oil spill SAR imageries. Our experiment shows that semi-automatic method has better performance than automatic detection by SNAP. Nevertheless, both approaches are useful to map oil spill in term of time and cost effectiveness.
Time Variant Adjustment for The Solution of Control Point Unstability in Deformation Analysis of Borobudur Vertical Deformation Monitoring Network Lestari, Dwi; Yulaikhah, Yulaikhah; Sari, Rizki Iman
Jurnal Geospasial Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Department of Geodetic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jgise.38590

Abstract

Borobudur is Indonesian's cultural heritage which is recognized as a world heritage by UNESCO. As a world heritage structure, monitoring and maintenance have to be carried out periodically at Borobudur. Monitoring the vertical deformation of the temple using Geodetic method is one kind of monitoring which have to be done, in this case the monitoring uses leveling network. The design of leveling network at Borobudur in 2002 used absolute network, but the control point of this network has been indicated to be shifted. The control point displacement would cause a systematic error in the adjustment computation method for the analysis of vertical displacement. The correction of control point elevation due to the vertical shift is needed prior to the adjustment computation using observation model. In addition, there is a time variant adjustment computation method which able to calculate the vertical rate of object point displacement. This study aims to compare the vertical displacement analysis of the Borobudur?s vertical network from the adjustment computation using observation model with the correction of control point height and from time-variant adjustment method.Data used in this study were the elevation differences from leveling measurements in 2002, 2003 and 2004, and the elevation and vertical velocity of the control point in 2002. Adjustment computation using observation model began with the elevation correction of control point at each epoch. The adjustment computation was taken to determine the elevation of monitoring points at each epoch. Statistical test and vertical displacement analysis using significance parameter tests was carried out to analyze the results. Adjustment computation using time-variant method was taken to determine the elevation and the vertical velocity of the monitoring points at certain epoch intervals and validated using global test after the adjustment computation.The vertical displacement magnitude of Borobudur?s monitoring points, resulted from the parameter adjustment computation with the correction of control point compared to the time-variant adjustment results was differed in nanometer.  Time-variant adjustment computation method gave more accurates result of 1.5 times better than the observation model.
Analysis of the July 10th 2013 Tectonic Earthquake effect on the Coordinates Changes of Mentawai Segment Monitoring Station Ulinnuha, Hilmiyati; Sunantyo, Aris; Widjajanti, Nurrohmat
Jurnal Geospasial Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2018): December
Publisher : Department of Geodetic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jgise.39350

Abstract

Mentawai Segment is located in Mentawai Islands, Sumatra, Indonesia. This segment is a subduction zone between Indo-Australian plate and Eurasian plate. This subduction zone can lead to high potential of tectonic earthquake in Mentawai Segment. The high potential of tectonic earthquake has negative impact for the community, so it is necessary to monitor the risk of tectonic earthquake in Mentawai Segment. This monitoring can be done by using GPS data of monitoring station that spread in Mentawai Segment. Therefore, this research aims to analyze the effect of tectonic earthquake on the coordinate change of Mentawai Segment, so that it can reduce the risk of negative impact of tectonic earthquake in Mentawai Segment. This research use observation data of 10 continuous GPS monitoring station (Sumatran GPS Data Array / SuGAr) in Mentawai Segment. Day of observation data was day of year (doy) at the time of tectonic earthquake occurence on July 10, 2013. Data processing used GAMIT / GLOBK software. The results of this research indicate that the tectonic earthquake (July 10, 2013) affected coordinates changes of the SuGAr station significantly two hours after the tectonic earthquake occurred.
Vs30 Mapping and Soil Classification in The Southern Part of Kulon Progo Using Rayleigh Wave Ellipticity Inversion Sunardi, Bambang
Jurnal Geospasial Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2018): December
Publisher : Department of Geodetic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jgise.39780

Abstract

Shear wave velocity from the ground surface to a depth of 30 meters (Vs30) is a parameter to determine dynamic characteristics of the soil, which can be used to assess the level of seismic hazard. Thus, Vs30 mapping has an important role in seismic hazard mitigation efforts. Vs30 can be determined by Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) and Spatial Autocorrelation (SPAC) methods. A simpler alternative can be done by using Rayleigh wave ellipticity. The main objective of this research is to map Vs30 in the southern part of Kulon Progo using Rayleigh wave ellipticity inversion. In this study, Rayleigh wave ellipticity inversion was performed on 42 microtremor single measurement data, scattered in the southern part of Kulon Progo. The inversion results are used to estimate the value of Vs30 and classify the soil type at the measurement points, referring to SNI 1726:2012. A Vs30 distribution map and soil type classification are obtained by applying the geostatistical interpolation method. The mapping result showed that most of the southern part of Kulon Progo has a relatively low Vs30 value. These values are in the range of 180-342 m/s, which categorized as stiff soil (SD). In this region, some parts located in the hilly and transition zones have relatively high shear wave velocities in the range of 357-578 m/s and included in the category of very dense soil/ soft rock (SC) types
3D Modeling and Volume Estimation of Riverbed Layers Based on Sub Bottom Profiler Measurement Data Rahili, Nurkhalis Rahili; Cahyono, Bambang Kun
Jurnal Geospasial Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Department of Geodetic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jgise.39974

Abstract

The river is one of the transportation routes for human beings, as well as the pipelines for oil and gas distribution, or as power cable lines and communications networks. In order to not disturb the pipe or cable due to the activity of the ship through the river, it is necessary to study the sediment from the river. This study aims to determine the type of sediment, the thickness of the sediment, the depth of sediment, and volume of the sediment itself. It can be done with acoustic measurements.The measurement of the acoustic survey in this activity uses a sub bottom profiler Strata Box HD type Chirp. By using this tool, it can obtain sediment layer up to a certain depth. The result of the measurement will be interpreted to obtain the travel time of the acoustic wave as it reflected on the sediment layer. The travel time than processed and corrected with the tidal measurement data which made over 14 days to obtain the actual depth value from the result with the sub bottom profiler. The depth data then were quality tested based on reference IHO SP-44 2008 at order 1a.This activity produces a 3D model of river layer, depth profile and sediment layer volume estimation. The result of the quality tested obtained corrected depth data has met the established standards of order 1a IHO SP-44 2008. Using a 95% confidence level, the test results in the first layer is 0.271 m with an error tolerance at 0.510 m. For the second layer has a data quality test results 0.491 m with a tolerance at 0.521 m. The result of depth profile is a long section and cross section. The long section indicates that in the deflection of the river area there is a steep decline compared to the area before and after the river deflection. In addition, the river deflection area has a thinner sedimentary layer. The volume estimation of sediment layers obtained in the area of the activity is 4932752.739 m3.