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Contact Name
Kosterman Usri
Contact Email
ipamagi@pdgi.or.id
Phone
+6289628366161
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ipamagi@pdgi.or.id
Editorial Address
Lantai 3 Gedung A Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran Jl. Sekeloa Selatan I Bandung 40132 Indonesia
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INDONESIA
Jurnal Material Kedokteran Gigi
ISSN : 23025271     EISSN : 26850214     DOI : https://doi.org/10.32793/jmkg
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Jurnal Material Kedokteran Gigi (JMKG) is a media publication of scientific research and studies of dental materials both in the form of research, case reports, and literature review. Acceptable topics include all aspects of dentistry materials, from new material research, test characteristics, appication, and evaluations of products that have been circulating.
Articles 100 Documents
Perbedaan Efektivitas Obat Kumur yang Mengandung Chlorhexidine dan Essential Oils Terhadap Penurunan Tingkat Halitosis Pangesti, Arum Dyah; Susanti, Desak Nym Ari; Kusumadewi, Sari
Jurnal Material Kedokteran Gigi Vol 3 No 1 (2014): JMKG Vol 3 No 1 Maret 2014
Publisher : Ikatan Peminat Ilmu Material dan Alat Kedokteran Gigi (IPAMAGI)

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Abstract

Halitosis is a malodor comes from the oral cavity and currently it becomes a serious problem that can cause low self-esteem to a person. The main cause of halitosis is the release of Volatile Sulfur Compounds (VSCs) produced by anaerobic bacterial activity in the oral cavity. One way to solve halitosis problem is by using mouthwash. Available mouthwashes in market contain chlorhexidine or essential oil. Chlorhexidine is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial drug. It roles as an antiseptic agent, an effective bactericidal agent against all kinds of microbe, including bacteria, yeast, and virus. An essential oils mouthwash has an antimicrobial effect and prevents bacterial aggregation. Its mechanism is through bacterial cell destruction, bacterial enzyme inhibition and endotoxin extraction from Gram negative bacteria that can cause halitosis. Experimental method is used in this study. It consists of 32 subjects divided into 2 group whom passed the inclusion criteria. Group 1 rinsed using chlorhexidine mouthwash and group 2 rinsed using essential oils mouthwash. The measurement was done before intervention, first 20 minutes, 40 minutes and 60 minutes. Datas were analyzed using Shapiro Wilk for normality test and nonparametric MannWhitney for statistical hypothesis test. There Was a significant different between chlorhexidine and essential oils mouthwashes in reducing halitosis level. Chlorhexidine is more effective in reducing halitosis when compared to essential oils.
The Challenge of Accurate Diagnosis of Oral Lichenoid Lesions in Diabetic Patient: A Case Report Margono, Her Basuki; Setiadhi, Riani
Jurnal Material Kedokteran Gigi Vol 5 No 1 (2016): JMKG Vol 5 No 1 Maret 2016
Publisher : Ikatan Peminat Ilmu Material dan Alat Kedokteran Gigi (IPAMAGI)

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Abstract

Mercury in  amalgam restoration is one of allergen-induced oral lichenoid lesions which resemble oral lichen planus clinically and histopathologically. Thus, an accurate clinical diagnosis is frequently challenging for clinicians, and it is further complicated because similar oral lesions in oral lichenoid lesions can occur as a manifestation of oral lichenoid drug reactions. This case report illustrates the difficulty of an accurate diagnosis of oral lichenoid lesions due to amalgam restorations in type II diabetes mellitus patient. A 59-year-old male patient presented with a 12-month history of oral ulceration and white striations on left lateral tongue, bilateral distribution of white non scrapable plaque-like lesion mixed together with erosion on buccal mucosa adjacent to amalgam restorations on 37 and 47. The patient?s history for any associated skin lesions was negative. The patient had type II diabetes mellitus with inconsistent intake of oral  hypoglycemic drugs, and  atopy history of house dust mite and shrimp. We initially diagnosed the case as oral lichen planus. Systemic and topical corticosteroids were instituted, but after a month follow-up, all lesions still showed slight improvement. The final diagnosis of oral lichenoid lesions due to amalgam restorations was made following a positive patch test for amalgam. All lesions were gradually resolved in 3-month follow-up after the causative teeth being extracted. Patch test is useful to differentiate between oral lichenoid lesions and oral lichen planus. The treatment of oral lichenoid lesions due to amalgam restorations is simply removal or replacing the offending materials.
Pengaruh Penyinaran Qth Dan Led Pada Kekuatan Tekan Resin Komposit Bulkfilldengan Berbagai Ketebalan Sidiqa, Atia Nurul; Soerachman, Badi
Jurnal Material Kedokteran Gigi Vol 6 No 1 (2017): JMKG Vol 6 No 1 Maret 2017
Publisher : Ikatan Peminat Ilmu Material dan Alat Kedokteran Gigi (IPAMAGI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (370.183 KB) | DOI: 10.32793/jmkg.v6i1.259

Abstract

The incremental layering technique with a 2mm maximum depth is a standard procedure to produce a perfect resin composite with a high mechanical strength. Recent studies has developed bulkfill composite resin that can be done to a depth of more than 4mm. Composite resin polymerization process through irradiation can be obtained by the use of Quartz-Tungsten-Halogen (QTH) and Light Emitting Diodes (LED). One of the mechanical properties needed for the restorative material is good compressive strength to withstand a load of chewing time during the process of mastication function. The purpose of this study to determine the effect of irradiation QTH and LED on the compressive strength of composite resin bulkfill with thickness variations of 4 and 6mm. Teflon mold were used to prepare the resin bulkfill spesimen (6mm in diameter x 4mm in length) bulkfill disk 6mm diameter with a thickness of 4mm (n=5) and 6mm (n=5). Samples were soaked in distilled water with a temperature of 37ºC for 24 hours and then do the pressure test measurements by using Universal Testing Machine (UTM) with 250kgf load and speed of 0.5 mm/min. Shapiro-Wilk normality test and unpaired t-test used in this study.The results of the study there is no influence thickness was statistically significant (a=0.05) in the composite resin bulkfill thickness of 4mm and 6mm in LED and QTH irradiation group with a value of compressive strength 4mm group (147.82 ± 24,35MPa) and sample 6mm (133.76±30.63 MPa), QTH light source sample 4mm (158,21 ± 18,61Mpa), 6mm (154,23±21,43Mpa). LED and QTH no significant difference (p>0.05) in a thickness of 4mm and 6mm. Conclusion, bulkfill composite resin can be applied to the LED and QTH to a depth of 6mm without effecting the bulkfill compressive strength.
The Effect of Addition of Triclosan Antibacterial Agent on The Setting Time of Glass Ionomer Cement Asih, Egi Utia; Mozartha, Martha; Sujatmiko, Billy
Jurnal Material Kedokteran Gigi Vol 7 No 1 (2018): JMKG Vol 7 No 1 Maret 2018
Publisher : Ikatan Peminat Ilmu Material dan Alat Kedokteran Gigi (IPAMAGI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (238.401 KB) | DOI: 10.32793/jmkg.v7i1.276

Abstract

Glass ionomer cement (GIC), restorative material in dentistry, are composed of glass powders and polyacrylic acid. GIC can release fluoride that acts as an antibacterial. Various study had been conducted to improve that antibacterial properties, but it can affect the physical and mechanical properties of GIC. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of addition of triclosan antibacterial agent on the setting time of GIC. To obtain 2.5 % triclosan, 0,25 gram of triclosan powder was mixed into 9,75 gram of GIC powder. The sample was divided into 2 groups: control group (n=16) and treatment group (n=16). The setting time was measured using gilmore needle, by penetrating a needle to the surface of specimens with an interval of 10 seconds until the needle left no traces on the surface of specimens. Statistical analysis was done byT-test. The result showed that p value > 0,05. The conclusion is the addition of triclosan antibacterial agent do not affect the setting time of GIC
Clustering Mikrokapsul Silika-Chlorhexidine 2% Menggunakan Kitosan dan Sodium Alginat Nurdin, Denny; Hudaya, Angga; Sunendar, Bambang
Jurnal Material Kedokteran Gigi Vol 1 No 2 (2012): JMKG Vol 1 No 2 September 2012
Publisher : Ikatan Peminat Ilmu Material dan Alat Kedokteran Gigi (IPAMAGI)

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Abstract

Enterococcus faecalis is a leading cause of persistent bacterial infection of the root canal. These bacteria have the ability to invade dentinal tubule penetration making it difficult to eliminate root canal medications. Dentinal tubules are so small between 1-3?m. Microencapsulation of the root canal medicament with a size less than 1?m is expected to be the way out to solve this problem. In this study used sodium silicate as a precursor and chlorohexidine 2% as a root canal the encapsulated drug. The method used is the sol gel Stober process. Clustering using chitosan and alginate materials made to microencapsulation chlorhexidine 2% in higher numbers. The purpose of this study was to obtain silica microcapsules with chlorhexidine 2% of active compound which is less than 1 ?m homogeneously with chlorhexidine 2% of the active compound is encapsulated in greater numbers. The results showed that the sequence and composition of the chitosan-alginate affects the formation of clusters, the best results obtained on the composition of the cluster formation of chitosan 2% as much as 6% volume and 0.5 M alginate 2% volume, with an average cluster size of 0.7 ?m
Penggunaan Pita Fibre Reinforced Composite (FRC) Sebagai Pasak pada Gigi 21 dengan Bentuk Saluran Akar yang Lebar Widyasari, Irma; Satifil, Irmaleny
Jurnal Material Kedokteran Gigi Vol 2 No 1 (2013): JMKG Vol 2 No 1 Maret 2013
Publisher : Ikatan Peminat Ilmu Material dan Alat Kedokteran Gigi (IPAMAGI)

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Abstract

The primary purpose of a post is to retain a core and restoration on a tooth with extensive loss of coronal structure. However, preparation of a post space may increase the risk of the root canal fracture, especially in a large root canal. For reducing that, the new concepts was developed. the main idea was to build up a post that can be following anatomical form of the root canal, using minimal invasive preparation and made from the material which is modulus of elasticity closed to the dentinal. Its can be achieved by using custom fibre reinforced composite post. The aim of these case report was to inform the usage of custom fibre reinforced composite as root canal post on the endodontically treated tooth 21 with a large root canal. A 15 years old boy came to department of conservatif dentistry RSGM UNPAD to make a restoration for his endodontically treated tooth. The clinical examination revealed fracture horizontal on tooth 21 with less a half remaining coronal tooth tisue and discolorisation. Radiological examination showed radioopaque in whole of the root canal with increased width of the root canal to the coronal. Periapikal area was normally condition. The tooth was restored using custom fibre reinforced composite post and all porcelain crown as a final restoration. Custom FRC post was a good alternative for endodontically treated tooth with a large of the root canal that could be tailored to specific need, enabling preservation of tooth structure, and using minimal invasive preparation
Pengurangan Akumulasi Plak gigi dengan membandingkan metode mengunyah permen karet xylitol dan berkumur teh hijau Sumantri, Dedi; Syafitri, Fuccy Utami
Jurnal Material Kedokteran Gigi Vol 2 No 2 (2013): JMKG Vol 2 No 2 September 2013
Publisher : Ikatan Peminat Ilmu Material dan Alat Kedokteran Gigi (IPAMAGI)

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Abstract

Carries and periodontal disease are the biggest problem in dental health which require serious attention. The main cause of carries and periodontal disease is dental plaque. To prevent it, we could control the amount of plaque by combining chemical and mechanical agent. Another well know alternative to control the plaque amount are the use of xylitol and green tea extract. This research aimed to determine reducing dental plaque accumulation by comparative of methods between chewing xylitol bubble gumwith gargling green tea extract.This research using the quasy experiment with 56 samples which devided in two groups where each groups accept a different action. The results showing analysis of data was using paired samples T test and independent samples T test based of 0,05 as significant number. The univariat analysis from each variable showed that there was a significant difference (p<0,05). Bivariat analysis between variable showed that there was no significant difference p > 005 between chewing xylitol bubble gum with gargling greentea extract in reducing dental plaque accumulation. The conclusion from this study was Chewing xylitol bubblegum and gargling green tea extract have the same injluence in reducing dental plaque accumulation.
Penggunaan Removable Partial Denture dengan PMMA pada Anak Post-Labiopalatoplasty Pramidi, Mustika; Herdiyati, Yetty
Jurnal Material Kedokteran Gigi Vol 4 No 2 (2015): JMKG Vol 4 No 2 September 2015
Publisher : Ikatan Peminat Ilmu Material dan Alat Kedokteran Gigi (IPAMAGI)

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Abstract

Children with abnormal cleft lips and palate usually suffer from dento-skeletal disorder. Since childhood, they struggle to undergo the palate corrective surgery (palatoplasty) so that nutrition can be provided at its maximum.  Dental disorders, like caries, starts to show when the teeth begins to erupt. The loss of the deciduous teeth prematurely can lead to the loss of distance within the jaw arch, ?tipping?, over crowding and an impact on the tooth replacement. Removable Partial Denture RPD (removable denture) on kids happens to be one of the tools that are used to maintain space due to premature loss of deciduous teeth and agenesis. During the 1940s, 95% of the bas materials for dentures are made of acrylic resin; it is popular to this day. Acrylic is more known as a polymetil metakrilat of PMMA and still happens to be a material choice when making removable  dentures. to restore the function of chewing and  to explain the advantages of the use of RPD with a PMMA material. Am 8 year old boy with a history of postlabiopalatoplasty came to the Clinic Pediatric Dentistry, Dental Hospital University of Padjadjaran with a complain from loss of his lower left molar and wants to be examined. An RPD case management by making unilateral on the lower left region. RPD with PMMA material has a few advantages; easy manufacturing process, a decent aesthetic, economical, easily repaired and have simple equipment.
Pengaruh Penyemprotan Daun Sirih dan sodium Hipoklorit Pada Cetakan Elastomer Terhadap Perubahan Dimensi Zulkarnain, M; Devina, Sarah
Jurnal Material Kedokteran Gigi Vol 5 No 2 (2016): JMKG Vol 5 No 2 September 2016
Publisher : Ikatan Peminat Ilmu Material dan Alat Kedokteran Gigi (IPAMAGI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (363.538 KB) | DOI: 10.32793/jmkg.v5i2.252

Abstract

Elastomer is often used to make an impression. In prosthodontics, impression material that have been exposed to infected saliva pose a main source of cross contamination in dental office and laboratories, therefore desinfection of impression is recommended by American Dental Association (ADA) to prevent possible transmission of infectious diseases. Piper betle L. 25% and sodium hypochlorite 0,5% can both be used as desinfection agent by spraying the impression materials. But some desinfection process can effect the dimensional accuracy of the impressions materials especially the hidrophilic materials. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of spray desinfection with piper betle L. 25% and sodium hypochlorite0,5% on dimensional accuracy of cast made by elastomeric impression materials. Type of this research was a laboratory experiment. The samples of this research were the cast made by elastomeric impression materials, two abutment preparations in shape with diameter (buco lingual)6.33 mm, height (occluso gingival) 8.02 mmand distance between the centers of the abutments 28.25 mm and total samples were 30 for 3 groups. The cast dimension was measured using digital caliper and dimensional accuracy test was analyzed with T-Independent test. The result showed that there was a statisticallyinfluence of spray desinfection with piper betle L. 25% and sodium hypochlorite0,5% on dimensional accuracy of cast made by elastomeric impression materials(p<0.05) and the percentage of the dimensional change is in normal range recommended by ADA 19 (<0,5%). Therefore, spray desinfection with piper betle L. 25% can be used in elastomeric impression materials.
Pengaruh Konsentrasi Suspensi Cu-zeolit Alam Aktif dalam Akuades terhadap Daya Antimikroba pada Candida albicans Putri, Nabilah Aulia; Irnawati, Dyah; Agustiono, Purwanto
Jurnal Material Kedokteran Gigi Vol 6 No 2 (2017): JMKG Vol 6 No 2 September 2017
Publisher : Ikatan Peminat Ilmu Material dan Alat Kedokteran Gigi (IPAMAGI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (509.042 KB) | DOI: 10.32793/jmkg.v6i2.271

Abstract

Activated Cu-natural zeolite is an antimicrobial agent (fungicide) combination of copper and carrier agent activated natural zeolite. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of concentration of activated Cunatural zeolitesuspension in aquadest on antimicrobial activity in C albicans. Materials used were natural zeolite (Wonosari), 2 M HCl solution, CuCl2.2H O powder (Merck, Germany), cultured C. albicans, and Sabouraud agar (Merck, Germany). Natural zeolite (50 g) was activated with500 mL 2 M HCl (1 hour/100o C). Activated natural zeolite was reacted with 250 mL 0.2 M CuCl2 (1 hour/100 C). Cu-natural zeolite suspension in aquadest were divided to 3 groups (9 mg/mL, 18 mg/mL, and 36 mg/mL) (n=4). The suspensionwas contacted with C. albicans(120 minutes), diluted, grown on Sabouraud agar, then incubated (48 hours/37oC). The colonies was countedin CFU/mL. Data were analyzed with one way ANOVA test (a = 0,05)  and LSD The mean and standard deviation were 36.800  6.453 (9 mg/mL), 31.675  6.445 (18 mg/mL), and 22.375  3.025 (36 mg/mL) (CFU/mL). The result of one way ANOVA test showed that there is influence of the concentration of the suspension to antimicrobial activity in C. albicans (p<0,05). The result of LSD0,05 test showed significant differences between the concentration 36 mg/mL with 9 mg/mL and 18 mg/mL (p<0,05). High concentration of activated Cu-natural zeolite could increase its antimicrobial activity against C. albicans.

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