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Najamul Wathan
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INDONESIA
Islam Universalia : International Journal of Islamic Studies and Social Sciences
Published by Cyber Media Indonesia
ISSN : -     EISSN : 26848139     DOI : -
Islam Universalia is an international journal published by the Cyber Dakwah. It specializes in Islamic studies and social sciences in various scientific fields and is intended to communicate original research and current issues on the subject. This journal warmly welcomes contributions from scholars of related disciplines. The languages ??used in this journal are English and Indonesia. Islam Universalia is an open-access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user.
Articles 32 Documents
Analisis Pemikiran KH. Fahmi Basya tentang Matematika Islam Ferayanti; Embong, Rahimah; @Juned, Hanif Md Lateh
Islam Universalia Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Islam Universalia
Publisher : Cyber Dakwah

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Abstract

The integration of mathematical concepts with Islamic values is very important to be applied as one way of character formation of the nation. KH Fahmi Basya began his research on the Qur'an since 1972 and summarized his research findings under the sub-field of Islamic mathematics in 1982. Through his discovery, the field of Islamic mathematics was one of the subjects of Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta in 2002 until this day. This study is a qualitative study that applies the content analysis design. Survey data through primary source of result of authorship of KH. Fahmi Basya, the book ?Matematikaa Islam 1, Matematikaa Islam 2 dan Matematikaa Islam 3'. In addition, the data was also obtained by interviewing three key informants namely KH. Fahmi Basya, her manager and one field expert. The data was analyzed using a document analysis approach to the study material either primary or secondary. The results showed KH. Fahmi Basya?s thought in the field of Islamic mathematics among others with the creation of works in the form of scientific writing. His writings were full of ideas and thoughts among them in answering the phenomenon of numbers in Islam. In addition, in the form of humanitarian issues in the form of increased faith and confidence by learning Islamic mathematics. KH Fahmi Basya has a strong educational background in the field of mathematics, and added his love to the Qur'an. For that reason he is very concerned and creative to conduct research on the miracles of al-Qur'an through a mathematical approach. It could be concluded that Islamic Mathematics according to KH. Fahmi Basya?s thoughts are based on al-Qur?an and alSunnah DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3236448  
Kriteria Kepemimpinan Pendidikan Islam Menurut Al-Ghazali Wathan , Najamul
Islam Universalia Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Islam Universalia
Publisher : Cyber Dakwah

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Abstract

This research is a study of the thought of Al-Ghazali about Islamic education leadership criteria. The purpose of this study was to analyze the concept of Islamic education leadership criteria. This research applied library research. The results of this study are Al-Ghazali argued that the appointment of a leader is a syar'i obligation, not an aqli obligation. He emphasized the essence of Islam that Islam is a shari'a in the world and the hereafter. In addition, Al-Ghazali also argued that power was sacred because the people were obliged to follow all his orders. Power, according to Al-Ghazali, is mastering the hearts of the people. So that they can obey and respect all the rules that have been set. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3236460
Konsep Gharar dan Maysir dan Aplikasinya pada Lembaga Keuangan Islam Ramly, Ar Royyan
Islam Universalia Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Islam Universalia
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Abstract

This paper aims to analyze and provide an understanding of the application of gharar and maysir in financial institutions. Islamic financial institutions must avoid the components of gharar and maysir in the implementation of financing and funding. Gharar is often associated with a risk or danger faced in a transaction or investment activity; we can see the component of gharar in two parts, namely gharar fahisy and gharar yasir. Maysir is often met with conditions of speculation when investing both in the capital market and money market, causing one party to feel disadvantaged. Therefore both gharar and maysir components must be avoided in the Islamic financial institutions. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3236462
Khazanah Studi Kitab Tafsir di Indonesia (Kajian Terhadap Kitab Tafsir Ringkas Kementerian Agama Republik Indonesia) Faisal, Muhammad
Islam Universalia Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Islam Universalia
Publisher : Cyber Dakwah

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Abstract

Discussion of interpretation is an important thing in the study of the Qur?an. Understanding the Qur'an is by interpreting the Qur?an. Ulama have tried from time to time to compose the Qur'anic commentary. But for some people it is assumed that many of the interpretations written by the ulama are not easy for every community to digest even more so for the people of Indonesia. There are several things that make the interpretation book difficult to digest by some people, one of which is a complicated style of language added with an understanding of Arabic that is lacking for some Indonesian people, this becomes a problem for the community to understand the interpretation of the Qur?an. The Indonesian Ministry of Religion through the Institute of the Qur'an has tried to solve this problem by composing two works, namely the Qur'an and its translation and the Qur'an and its interpretation. But both of them are still considered inadequate on the grounds that the work of the Qur'an and the Translation are still considered too narrow, the discussion is only as a language transfer. Whereas the Qur'anic work and its interpretation are very broad. Therefore it is presented in brief interpretation as an effort to mediate it. The method and systematics of writing this book are adjusted so that it can be understood by all levels of society. This explanation uses a descriptive-analysis approach. The result is that the explanations in this concise interpretation use methods that are easy to understand by the people of Indonesia. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3236464
Da’wah Strategy through Google Search Engine Optimization Saputra, Rahmat; Islamiyah, Ummi Habibatul
Islam Universalia Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Islam Universalia
Publisher : Cyber Dakwah

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Abstract

There is a lot of 'junk' on the internet today that spreads radicalism, terrorism, and pornography. Da'wah in this era of internet has a big challenge in society. Everyone can access the Internet quickly, and Google search engines play a significant role in providing information. Any information will appear in the search engine, whether it is positive or negative information, that's why the preachers need to use search engine optimization for da'wah purposes. Without the right strategies, da?wah through Google search engine optimization will not succeed. The objective of this study was to explain the da?wah strategy through Google search engine optimization. This research applied library research. The results showed that the da?wah strategy through Google search engine optimization are: focus on target audience, learn what audience needs, categorized keyword for SEO, SEO analysis on website, create mobile-friendly website, use targeted keywords in page titles, use infographics, use related keywords in content, link content to external sites with high domain authority, update old content periodically, increase site speed & improving user experience. The results of this study can be used as a guideline by the preachers, Islamic practitioners both individual and institutional, as well as the entire Muslim community who want to make da?wah through Google search engine optimization successfully. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3236457  
Implementasi Akad Pembiayaan Syariah pada GALA (Gadai Tradisional) Fajri, Ikhsan; Muksal
Islam Universalia Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Islam Universalia
Publisher : Cyber Dakwah

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Abstract

Islamic financial institutions instruments are required to synergize and provide new patterns and ideas in reconstructing previous ideas with the current context so that Islamic financial instruments can be applied by the current generation. This study uses qualitative research methods. The purpose of this study is to identify the implementation of the sharia funding agreement on gala. The research approach used in this study is a phenomenological approach. The type of data used is primary data. Data collection techniques use interviews and observation. The practice of traditional gala found in the lives of southwest Acehnese people was built from generation to generation from the 16th century to the present, approaching the pattern of contract existing in the Islamic economic system where one of them is a mudharabah contract. This contract is expected to be an alternative solution for islamic financial institutions in the future for productive financing which is based on the business practices of the Southwest Aceh community that are local wisdom. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3236466
Penerapan Metode Peer Tutoring pada Materi Tata Cara Pengurusan Jenazah dan Hikmahnya untuk Meningkatkan Keaktifan dan Hasil Belajar Peserta Didik Kelas X MAN Kuala Makmur Kabupaten Simeulue Sudirman
Islam Universalia Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Islam Universalia
Publisher : Cyber Dakwah

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Abstract

The peer tutorial method is one of the learning strategies to help meet the student's Needs in the learning process. The purpose of this study was to improve the activity and learning outcomes of Fiqh by applying the peer tutoring method to the material of the procedure for managing the corpse and its lessons to X grade students of MAN Kuala Makmur, Simeulue Regency. This research is a Classroom Action Research (CAR) with the implementation of the procedure through stages: planning, action, observation, and reflection. The research subjects were 25 students. Data collection techniques through observation, student learning tests, and documentation. Data were analyzed using descriptive qualitative method. The results of the study showed that: (1) the activities of the students in the first cycle, the average activity of students was 3, 2 which was classified as sufficient and in the second cycle to 4.3 which was classified as good. (2) Percentage of completeness of student learning outcomes classically in the initial conditions is only 36%. Then it increased 36% in the first cycle to 72%, and increased by 20 in the second cycle, so that 92% finished in a classical manner. Conclusion: The application of the peer method of tutoring in the material for the procedure for managing the corpse and its lessons can increase the activity and learning outcomes of students, class X MAN Kuala Makmur, Simeulue Regency. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3236468
Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Student Team Achiement Division (STAD) untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Siswa Materi Puasa pada Siswa Kelas VIII-B MTs Negeri Sinabang Bahat
Islam Universalia Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Islam Universalia
Publisher : Cyber Dakwah

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Abstract

The Student Teams Achievement Divisions (STAD) Cooperative Learning Model is one of the types of cooperative learning that shares students in several small groups heterogeneous consisting of 4-5 group members. The purpose of this research is to improve student learning outcomes by applying STAD's learning model, fasting material in grade VIII-B students MTsN Sinabang. This research is a class action study conducted in two cycles and each cycle consists of four phases, namely the planning stage, the implementation of action, observation and reflection. The number of study subjects was 23 people consisting of 12 students and 11 schoolgirls. The data collection techniques used are tests and observations. The results showed that students ' learning results at an initial condition of 47.8%, Cycle I reached 73.9%. In the second cycle, there is an increase in the better direction of reaching 91.3%. It can be concluded that the application of the learning model STAD can improve student learning outcomes in the fasting material in students of class VIII-B MTsN Sinabang. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3236470
Pelembagaan Hukum Jinayat di Aceh Sebagai Bagian Sistem Hukum Pidana Indonesia Ikhwan, M; Heikal Daudy, Muhammad
Islam Universalia Vol 1 No 2 (2019): Islam Universalia
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Abstract

This research seeks to explain the implementation of Islamic law in Aceh, especially the institutionalization Islamic criminal law through the implementation of Jinayat Law as part of the criminal justice system in Indonesia. Positive law in Indonesia is the legal norms derived from Islamic jurisprudence as a result of normative ?marriage? between sharia law and local wisdom Indonesia, even though the constitution 1945 did not mention Indonesia as an Islamic state, but Islamic law in Indonesia is living amidst society. Formerly it was only limited to the field of Ahwal Al-Syakhsiyah and Muamalat, however, nowadays partake into the Islamic criminal law (Jinayah). Aceh province is given authority to implement the Islamic jurisprudence (qanun), have since recorded constitution no. 44 of 1999, constitution no. 18 of 2001, and constitution no. 11 of 2006, all of which is a product of positive law governing Indonesia about privileges and specificity of Aceh. This research method using library research and juridical normative legal research with secondary data and use approaches regulations (statute approach). This research concludes that Islamic criminal law (jinayat) that are implemented in Aceh as part of the criminal justice system, which complements the general rules that apply nationally and the law of criminal procedure has not been full of the legal community in Indonesia especially Muslims in Aceh. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3467458  
Jihad Marriage for ISIS Women in Indonesia Martian Permana, Indra
Islam Universalia Vol 1 No 2 (2019): Islam Universalia
Publisher : Cyber Dakwah

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Abstract

Terrorism in Islam is a legacy of the khawarij ideology that disbelieved and fought with Ali bi Abi Talib RA and the Muslims at that time. Khawarij's ideology then became a terrorism movement in various countries including Indonesia. In 2014, ISIS declared in Syria brought the concept of khawarij with the thought of ghuluw fii takfir which disbelieved anyone who did not support and join the struggle of ISIS. The social impact of ISIS in Indonesia on divorce and marriage caused by ISIS women has the idea of ghuluw fii takfir then disbelieves and divorces her husband who does not join ISIS and then remarries ISIS supporters. Marriage conducted by ISIS women is deformed by Shari'a because it does not involve a marriage guardian. Marriage in Islam is a sacred and holy matter. Islam regulates the rules of marriage so that the function of Maqosid Asy Sharia, namely the maintenance of offspring can be maintained, while for cases of marriage and divorce involving ISIS, there are many things that Islamic rules violate the provisions of the Shari'a. The research method was taken by studying literature and then interviewing various sources. ISIS marriages and divorce studies become studies related to Sharia irregularities in divorce and marriage issues for ISIS women in Indonesia. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3467631  

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