cover
Contact Name
Dr. Herdis Herdiansyah
Contact Email
jessd@ui.ac.id
Phone
+628562053791
Journal Mail Official
jessd@ui.ac.id
Editorial Address
School of Environmental Science, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta
Location
Kota depok,
Jawa barat
INDONESIA
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : -     EISSN : 26556847     DOI : https://doi.org/10.7454/
Core Subject : Social,
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development (JESSD) is a biannual refereed journal which provides an opportunity for academics, practitioners, policymaker, and community to examine and exchange on a wide range of environmental issues and bridges the gap between research and the application of environmental science in management and policy practices. The JESSD includes and promotes scientific work and practical dimensions of environmental science and sustainable development issues, from the developing countries, especially in South East Asia region, and also strengthens the collaboration between the developed and developing countries around the world.
Articles 28 Documents
ACCOUNTING FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ASSOCIATED WITH RESIDUAL PRODUCTS IN A COMPARATIVE LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF SYSTEMS WITH MULTIPLE PRODUCTS Fukushima, Yasuhiro; Ohara, Satoshi
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development Vol. 1 No. 1 (2018)
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Abstract

In many production systems, multiple products are interactively produced. Therefore, an innovative technology that leads to changes in parts of such systems may influence both the unit environmental impacts associated with the products, and the productivity of multiple products. To compare alternative technologies on a common basis, we often account for the avoided or supplemented emissions associated with the residual (i.e. surplus and supplemented) products produced from within the considered system boundary. In this study, using an example of an innovative technology envisioned for use in sugar mills, we first demonstrate how comparisons can be made when the systems vary in product type and quantity. Then, through sensitivity analysis, we highlight how the variations in rationales to trace the avoided emissions influence the assessment results. We identify 1) regional and temporal variance and 2) market response patterns as the items that construct the rationales to account for the avoided or supplemented emissions associated with the compared residual productions. To better assist the comparative technological life cycle assessments (LCAs), it is suggested to elaborate on the latter, by thoroughly describing the factors that may affect the ways in which the market responds to the different quantities of products from the compared systems. The study successfully provides a working example to elaborate on the discussions and arguments made by a recent study on how methodological developments in future LCA studies should be made.
PREFACE, TABLE OF CONTENTS, & ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Herdiansyah, Herdis
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development Vol. 1 No. 1 (2018)
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Abstract

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development (JESSD) is an international, interdisciplinary, double-blind peer-reviewed, and open-access journal established in 2018. Published by School of Environmental Science of Universitas Indonesia (http://sil.ui.ac.id/), the JESSD provides an opportunity for academics, practitioners, and community representatives to examine, exchange, and reflect on a wide range of issues relating to environmental science and sustainable development in the developing countries especially in ASEAN region. On this first edition of the JESSD, we present eight papers with various topics related to the scope of the JESSD. Those eight papers are coming from different affiliations, including many different universities and organizations such as Tohoku University (Sendai), Asahi Group Holdings Ltd. (Ibaraki), Universitas Indonesia (Jakarta), Health Research and Development Unit (Central Java), Trisakti School of Tourism (Jakarta), University of Kitakyushu (Fukuoka), Kyoto University (Kyoto), and Institut Pertanian Bogor (Bogor). Those papers also enclose different issues, including sago as environmental friendly food resource, transportation of municipal solid waste, accounting for residual functions in comparative life cycle assessment, sustainable palm oil production, integrated waste management modelling, LCA in health service industry, welfare of elderly people in rural area, and implementation of temporary import procedure on electronic products. By presenting different issues from different affiliations hopefully will enrich the global discussion of environmental science and sustainable development.
SAGO AS AN ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE FOOD RESOURCE IN THE CLIMATE CHANGE ERA Wulan, Saptarining
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development Vol. 1 No. 1 (2018)
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Abstract

This current study is focused on measuring the life cycle assessment of the sustainability of sago palm cultivated on peatlands. A previous theory suggested that while food production tends to increase arithmetically, population tends to increase naturally at a faster geometric rate that may cause hunger and/or starvation in the future generation. Land is a limited resource, and to address the rapidly increasing population, peatland cultivation has become popular as a result in the recent times. Rice is the main staple food in Indonesia with a consumption of >90 kg/capita/year. Sago palm is an indigenous plant that abundantly grows in both mineral soils and peatlands all over Indonesia. The aim of this research was to recommend the sustainability of sago palm as a staple food resource in order to ascertain if it is a contributor to climate change. The method of life cycle sustainability assessment (LCSA) that consists of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Life Cycle Costing (LCC), and Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA) was used through the dashboard tool. Our results suggest that sago palm cultivated on peatlands falls in the “sustainable” category when assessed based on the social, economic, and environmental aspects of sustainability.
THE IMPACT OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEMPORARY IMPORT PROCEDURE ON ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS: INPUT--OUTPUT ANALYSIS Hadi, Dedi Abdul; Matsumoto, Toru
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development Vol. 1 No. 1 (2018)
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Abstract

Currently, imported electronic products enter the Indonesian market using general import procedures, where the importer has to pay the import duty and taxes in full rate. In the absence of proper recycling systems, the electronic products that have reached their end of life and those are no longer used, end up in the landfills. Some researchers found hazardous materials inside the electronic products that could contaminate water, soil and air. Therefore, another strategy is needed to avoid negative effects on the environment. The Temporary import policy is one of the import procedures under Customs administration control, which states that goods can only be imported for a specific period, and should be re-exported afterwards. This paper tries to analyze the impact of the implementation of the temporary import policy on electronic products. By employing the Input-Output Analysis to the data from the Statistic Central Bureau and Indonesian Customs, this paper identified the impacts of the proposed procedure to some sectors in the Indonesian input-output table, namely: import activity, waste management and recycling system, transportation and storage, and final demand. The result shows increasing in quantity to be re-exported, and potential benefit from transportation and warehousing, leasing and rental services, and other business.
THE WELFARE OF ELDERLY PEOPLE IN RURAL WEST JAVA: ECONOMY, HEALTH AND VERNACULAR CARE Mizuno, Kosuke; Wahyuni, Ekawati Sri; Wada, Taizo; Matsubayashi, Kozo
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development Vol. 1 No. 1 (2018)
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Abstract

The universal health social security program in Indonesia began in 2014, and as of the present day, many people are now covered by it. However, many weaknesses in the system have been pointed out. Significantly, many people do not possess the necessary health cards to take advantage of the program due to the complicated process one must go through in order to obtain them. Even now, 60 million people have not joined the program. Many people do not rely solely on the universal social security program but may be supported primarily or additionally by the vernacular care system, whereby support is provided by their family, friends and community. This study intends to understand and analyze the vernacular care system found in rural West Java, Indonesia, with particular focus being given to the elderly’s engagement with it. This study is mainly based on field work that surveyed 64 households with a socio-economic household survey being conducted alongside in-depth interviews with elderly people who received medical check-ups in 2003. This study shows the importance of care; not only that which is provided by the children of elderly parents, but also the grandchildren. In cases where children migrate from their family homes, elderly family members are supported not only through remittance, but also by having their grandchildren live with them. Otherwise, the characteristics of the informal sector occupations enable people to continue living in and around the village that their families are based so that their children, children-in-law, and grandchildren can care for the elderly.
LIVING IN A “BROKEN WORLD”: DESTRUCTIVE DESIRE, DISCONNECTED DISCIPLINARITY, AND DISRUPTIVE DESCHOOLING Nadarajah, M.
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019)
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Abstract

This paper is trying to show that our current situation on Earth is going to collapse phase and broken. Sustainable Development Program (SDG) can’t give real action to resolve environmental, social, and economic problems such as poverty, biodiversity extinction, health, war and genocide, climate change, etc. On the other hand, the author describes that SDG only focuses on the technical solution and randomly decided criteria and standards for defining knowledge. Therefore, the author is seeking to encourage SDGs to see the problem from a wider point of view on this paper.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SUSTAINABLE OUTER SPACE LAW AND THE USE OF SATELLITE TECHNOLOGY IN HANDLING MARINE PLASTIC DEBRIS Pramudianto, Andreas
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019)
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Since the discovery of plastic material, which ends up as plastic waste after use and partly enters the sea, it has become a global problem that needs serious treatment. No international agreement exists about handling marine plastic debris. By contrast, national laws have been created to plastic bags and plastic debris. Currently, the existing legal instruments, especially in outer space law, are still traditional and inadequate. A sustainable new paradigm in outer space law is needed, such as the use of satellite technology, such as the COSMOS satellite by RKA Recosmos, for global environmental issues, including the ozone layer, climate change, biodiversity handling of hazardous and toxic waste, and rubbish, including marine plastic. Satellite technology is needed, especially in providing data and information and in observing the movement of plastic waste in the sea. International cooperation is needed to ensure complete and accurate data and information about the spread of marine plastic debris. This study aims to identify and analyze the role of sustainable outer space law in the handling of marine plastic debris using outer space technology such as satellites. The main research is study relations between law of the sea and outer space law. The methodology of this research uses normative legal research. The analysis of this research uses normative and juridical analysis methods. This research show that satellite technology is seldom to use in the study’s marine debris moreover in the international law perspective. Preliminary results show that a sustainable outer space law requires all parties to cooperate and handle marine pollution.
BEHIND THE TRASH: A QUALITATIVE RESEARCH ON HOW TRASH PICKERS IN CIRENDEU AREA CONTRIBUTE TO RECYCLING Kakinuma, Mana
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019)
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Trash is one of the most serious environmental issues. People strive to solve the problem with reducing the use of plastic and figuring out the method to recycle efficiently; however, the story of trash pickers is barely on the topic. The problems are the ignorance and underestimation of the society. People should consider the integrated solution for both the environment and those trash pickers. The ideal solution would be formalizing waste disposal system, officially hire trash pickers for their stable life, and let their children access to education for brighter future. This discussion will examine the importance of understanding the people behind the trash by investigating the trash pickers community in Cirendeu, Indonesia. Before doing the research, the author has visited the communities several times and had been given the impression of pity, poor and helplessness; however, since the waste management system in Indonesia is unclear, they must be playing a significant role. The author carried qualitative research including fieldwork and interview in Bahasa Indonesia, with supports from a local non-profit organization, XSProject, which has been communicating and supporting the trash pickers for a decade. The results from the research indicate that they contribute to recycle to a great extent. Their waste disposal method is quite systemized. They are also skillful, active and ambitious. There is a person who has the second job, skill to make aquarium for his children, own shops and teach sewing. All group leaders of trash pickers, called Lapak have a skill to build houses and carts for his men, anak-buah. Their skills of sorting the trash let XSProject reuse more than hundreds of kilograms of plastics including plastic packaging, grocery bags and rice sacs each year. Their contribution for Indonesian environment is underrated although it is huge.
ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS OF TOFU PRODUCTION IN THE CONTEXT OF CLEANER PRODUCTION: CASE STUDY OF TOFU HOUSEHOLD INDUSTRIES IN SALATIGA, INDONESIA Nugroho, Gefa Satria Fajar; Sulistyaningrum, Ravika; Melania, Reindra Prastiwa; Handayani, Widhi
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019)
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Tofu is a soy-based food that is frequently consumed by Indonesian as a protein source. It is usually produced by household industries using traditional technology, which currently experiencing environmental problems with respect to the inefficiency of resource usage and inadequate waste disposal. Therefore, cleaner production strategy is potential to be implemented by previously mapping the current problems faced by the industries. This study aims to present an environmental analysis on tofu production in Salatiga in the context of cleaner production. In addition to provides information about the current production process and explains waste management performed by the industries, this study describes how the people in Kalitaman-Salatiga consider environmental issue around the tofu production. This study was conducted by a qualitative approach using interview, observation, and documentation. Laboratory analysis was conducted to provide supporting data. The results showed that only a small proportion of the tofu production process in Kalitaman meets the indicators for cleaner production in term of using raw materials efficiently and reusing solid wastes. Wastes in the form of smoke and wastewater are still disposed without prior treatment. The BOD5, COD, and TSS contents of tofu wastewater exceed the quality standard set by the Indonesian government. Although the respondents understand the negative impact of pollution to ecosystem, they are not yet concerned because it does not show a direct detrimental impact on their community. Therefore, raising environmental awareness is required in order to protect the ecosystem and to prevent environmental deterioration.
INDONESIA NATURAL MINERAL FOR HEAVY METAL ADSORPTION: A REVIEW Kadja, Grandprix T. M.; Ilmi, Moh Mualliful
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019)
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Indonesia has abundant mineral resources used as natural adsorbent materials for the absorption of heavy metal. Among these are natural zeolites, clay, and ashes. These natural materials showed high performance adsorption capacity with respects to their low cost and high availability. Several research reports had been published for studying the performance of the natural materials as adsorbent of several heavy metals i.e., Hg, Pb, Fe, Cd, Cr, Zn, Ni, and Cu by examining the effect of various factors, including pH, contact time, initial concentration, temperature, and dosage. Furthermore, to determine the adsorption rate, mechanism, and efficiency of natural materials in the removal of toxic metals from aqueous solution, investigations have been made of the parameters of the adsorption isotherms, kinetics, and thermodynamics. The main objective of this article is to provide an overview of the use of some natural materials found in Indonesia, including clay, natural zeolite, fly ash, and bottom ash for use as adsorbents for several types of heavy metals in aqueous solution. These types of natural adsorbents were chosen as their high availability in natural or disposal product and their high performance regarding their heavy metal uptakes. This article review is important in order to capture the current research reported the use Indonesia natural minerals as adsorbent of heavy metals and providing its future research opportunities. Thus, we also emphasize the prospect materials and the future research opportunities for the use of Indonesia's local natural minerals with the utilization of non-conventional modification techniques that can provide added value and improve the performance of these natural materials in removing heavy-metal waste from aqueous solutions.

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