cover
Contact Name
Novizar Nazir
Contact Email
ajarcde.safenetwork@gmail.com
Phone
+6282383988911
Journal Mail Official
ajarcde.safenetwork@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Kampus Fateta, Universitas Andalas Limau Manis, Padang. Indonesia 25163
Location
Kota padang,
Sumatera barat
INDONESIA
Asian Journal of Applied Research, Community Development and Empowerment (AJARCDE)
Published by Universitas Andalas
ISSN : -     EISSN : 25810405     DOI : 10.29165
AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment publishes papers on innovative applications, development of new technologies and efficient solutions in agriculture, engineering, computing, social, information technology, food, energy, and scientific research to improve knowledge and practice in the field of purposive community change: Rural and community development, geography and regional planning, rural cooperatives, community health; capacity building, social work, community empowerment, sustainable development, human resource development; social capital, economic development, urban studies, student community service activities, and relevant subjects.
Articles 34 Documents
FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF SUN BLOCK LOTION MADE FROM VIRGIN COCONUT OIL (VCO) WITH THE ADDITION OF THE EXTRACT OF TELANG FLOWER (CLITORIA TERNATEA, L) AND PANDAN LEAVES (PANDANUMUSA PARADISIACA, L) Ritonga, Nia Boru; Rini, Rini; Anggraini, Tuty
AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  Vol. 4 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v4i1.39

Abstract

Telang flowers (Clitoria ternatea, L) and pandan leaves (Pandanus paradisiaca) are plants that contain phytochemical components that are able to block sunlight from exposing the skin. While Virgina Coconut Oil (VCO) is able to moisturize and soften the skin. This study aims to determine the best formulation in protecting sunlight in application to the skin, as well as knowing the physical and chemical characteristics of skin lotion. This research uses an exploratory method with 2 treatments and 3 replications. The treatment is the addition of telang flower extract and pandan leaf extract to the VCO skin lotion. Evaluation is carried out on the physical and chemical properties and the level of panelist preference. The results showed different results from the two formulations, the highest protection value to the sun was the addition of telang flower extracts expressed by SPF 20.64, the antioxidant activity of 81.66%, pH of 6, 0.012% free fatty acids, a specific gravity of 0.94, 34880 cP viscosity, 65.25% stability, 6.0 cm spreadability, total plate count of  1.3 x 10-10 cfu / ml.
NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF COOKIES MADE FROM THE MIXTURE OF MOCAF FLOUR (MODIFIED CASSAVA FLOUR) AND KETAPANG SEEDS (TERMINALIA CATAPPA L.) Yenrina, Rina; Anggraini, Tuty; Kadri, Annesa
AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  Vol. 4 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v4i1.38

Abstract

Efforts in developing food products continue to be carried out such as utilizing local commodities so that non-wheat flour processing can be used as a substitute for making food products in order to overcome dependence on wheat flour. One such effort is to make cookies from local ingredients, modified cassava flour known as MOCAF (Modified cassava flour).  This research was aimed to determine the effective mixture of Mocaf flour and ketapang seed on the characteristic of cookies based on nutritional value. The research design used a completely randomized design (CRD), with 5 treatments and 3 replications. This data was analyzed with ANOVA (analysis of variance) and if the data was significantly different analyzed continued with Duncan?s New Multiple Range Test (DNMRT) at the level 5%. The treatments used were A (100% Mocaf flour : 0% Ketapang seed), B (90% Mocaf flour : 10% Ketapang seed), C (80% Mocaf flour : 20% Ketapang seed), D (70% Mocaf flour : 30% Ketapang seed), E (60% Mocaf flour : 40% Ketapang seed). The results showed that the Mocaf flour and ketapang seed comparison significantly influenced the protein content, fat content, energy, texture, free fatty acid, and carbohydrate content, but not significantly affect moisture content and ash content.
ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF “KOLANG KALING” JAM WHICH IS ADDED WITH “PUCUK MERAH” (SYZYGIUM OLEANA) FRUIT JUICE Sayuti, Kesuma; Neswati, Neswati; Hijra, Reza; Effendi, Effendi
AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  Vol. 4 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v4i1.36

Abstract

?Kolang kaling? is the endosperm of Arenga pinnata seed that contains galactomannan so it can be made into jam.  This research was aimed to study the effect of ?Pucuk merah? fruit juice as a natural colorant and antioxidant sources on antioxidant activity of the jam. This research used an experimental design with different levels of the juice of ?Pucuk merah? fruit (6%, 8%, 10%, and 12%). Observations were anthocyanin level (pH differential method), total phenol (by Follin-Ciocalteu method) and antioxidant activity (by DPPH method) of the jam. It was found that the addition of the concentration level of ?Pucuk merah? fruit juice had a statistically significant effect on the anthocyanin and total phenol level of the jam. The more the juice was added, the higher the anthocyanin level (2.82 ± 0.13 ppm; 3.76 ± 0.29 ppm; 3.88 ± 0.11 ppm; and 4.20 ± 0.52 ppm, respectively) and the higher the total phenol level (382 ± 1.53 mg GAE/100g; 431 ± 3.06 mg GAE/100g; 540 ± 1.53 mg GAE/100g and 547 ± 6.43 mg GAE/100g, respectively). By using sensory evaluation, the best product was the addition of 12% of the juice; the antioxidant activity was 628 ppm.
CHARACTERISTICS OF JELLY CANDY MADE FROM SOYBEAN MILK AND ADDITION OF EGGSHELL POWDER Novelina, Novelina; Anggraini, Tuty; Putri, Lailita Nurrahmi
AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  Vol. 4 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v4i1.37

Abstract

Jelly is a soft textured candy that is processed by the addition of hydrocolloid components such as agar, gum, pectin, starch, carrageenan, gelatin and others that are used for texture modification to produce a chewy product. The purpose of this study was to determine the appropriate addition of chicken eggshell powder to soy milk jelly candy characteristics and to determine panelist acceptance.  This study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of 5 treatments: the addition of chicken eggshell powder concentrations namely 0%, 0.2%, 0.4%, 0.6% and 0.8% of the total ingredients for the manufacture of jelly candy with 3 replications. Observations on soy milk jelly candies are pH, water content, ash content, reducing sugars, sucrose, calcium, protein, water activity (aw), gel strength, total plate count, and organoleptic tests. The results showed that the difference in the addition of chicken eggshell powder concentration to soymilk jelly candy significantly affected pH, water content, ash content, reducing sugar content, sucrose, calcium, and gel strength, but did not significantly affect protein and water activity (aw).   best results are soy milk jelly candy added with 0.8% chicken eggshells powder, with the highest calcium content of 0.51%, 15.46% moisture content, 1.32% ash content, 50.55% sucrose content, content reducing sugar 5.58%, protein content 2.93%, total plate rate 3.1 x 103 CFU / g, and gel strength 269.17 N / cm2.
THE CONCEPT OF GREEN HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN INDUSTRY Adif, RM; Naam, Jufriadif; Nazir, Novizar
AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  Vol. 4 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v4i1.35

Abstract

The integration of environmental management into Human  Resource Management (HRM) is called Green HRM.  There is a growing need for the application of Green HRD in industry.  The objective of this review is to explore green human resource management practices of organizations in the industry based on the existing literature.  Based on this review, it is concluded that by understanding and increasing the scope and depth of green HRM practices, organizations can improve their environmental performance in a more sustainable manner than before. The green HRM practices are more powerful tools in making organizations and their operations in industry green. The green performance, green behaviors, green attitude, and green competencies of human resources can be shaped and reshaped through the adaptation of green HRM practices.
GCMS IDENTIFICATION OF VOLATILE COMPOUNDS IN INDONESIA’S SPECIFIC TRADITIONAL “KALIO” AND DRIED RENDANG Rini, Rini; Syukri , Daimon; Azima, Fauzan
AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  Vol. 4 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v4i1.34

Abstract

Rendang is a traditional-specific food in Indonesia. Rendang is generally made with beef, coconut milk, and spices. There are two types of rendang according to its time processing. Rendang ?kalio? is a final product of rendang that needs a short heating period while dried rendang is produced by the longer heating period. In the present study, the profile of the volatile compounds that most obtained from spices was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to characterize the influence of the cooking period on the flavor characteristic of two available types of rendang. There were dozens of volatile compounds identified including carboxylic, aromatic, carbonyl, and alcohols where carboxylic and aromatics were the predominant volatile fractions. The results indicated that the cooking period affected the profile of volatile compounds between "kalio" rendang and dried rendang. Carboxylic and aromatics were less in the dried rendang compared to the rendang ?kalio? where others were opposites. The increase of carbonyls and alcohol during the cooking process has suggested can play a crucial role in the flavor of dried rendang.
EMPOWERMENT OF COMMUNITY WITH THE APPLICATION OF COMPOST ON THE CULTIVATION AND POST-HARVEST OF ONION Warnita, Warnita; Rozen, Nalwida; Nazir, Novizar
AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  Vol. 4 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v4i1.32

Abstract

Kenagarian (West Sumatra traditional village) Andaleh is located at the base of Mount Marapi in Batipuh Tanah Datar District, West Sumatra. The main livelihoods of the population are farming by planting rice, vegetable crops, ornamental plants, and cinnamon. In general, farmers in this location increase the yield of vegetables (onion) using artificial fertilizers. Sometimes it requires limited chemical fertilizer, difficult to obtain and expensive. Of course, this will burden farmers in the production of onion is a daily necessity of the community. At this location, there are many titonia plants and agricultural waste. The solution given is agricultural waste and plant processing into compost. Compost can increase growth and yield of onion bulbs. The objectives to be achieved in Community Service and Empowerment Program (KKN-PPM) activities are 1) Making compost using straw and agricultural waste and its application as organic fertilizer when mapping the red plotters, 2) Applying agricultural waste compost in the cultivation of onion 3) Processing the onion bulbs into the fried onion. The methods applied were debriefing students, counseling, training and demonstration plots with farmers. Activities that have been carried out are counseling about good onion cultivation, counseling about the benefits of organic fertilizer (compost) to 1) improve soil improvement and sources of nutrients for plants. 2) training to make compost from straw and agricultural waste using Effective Microorganism EM-4, 3) supporting compost application in onion cultivation in farmers' fields and 4) processing of fried onion.
RESPONSE OF SOYBEAN (GLYCINE MAX (L.) MERRILL) TO ORGANIC AND INORGANIC FERTILIZERS Simbulan, Jonie C; de Jesus, Norman
AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  Vol. 4 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v4i1.31

Abstract

The effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers on the growth and yield performance of soybean was evaluated at ALIAS R & DE Center, Pampanga State Agricultural University, PAC, Magalang, Pampanga from December 2017 to March 2018. It was laid out in the field according to the procedures of randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. The treatments tested were T1 ? No fertilizer application, T2 ? 500 kg/ha of Power Organic, T3 ? 21.74 kg/ha of Urea and 150 kg/ha of Super Phosphate, T4 ? 250 kg/ha of Power Organic + 10.87 kg/ha of Urea and 75 kg/ha of Super Phosphate, T5 ? 375 kg/ha of Power Organic + 5.44 kg/ha of Urea and 37.5/ha of Super Phosphate, T6 ? 125 kg/ha of Power Organic + 16.31 kg/ha of Urea and 112 kg/ha of Super Phosphate. Results revealed that all organic and inorganic fertilizers applied crops were significantly different in terms of days to flowering, plant height at flowering, length of pods, weight of 100 seeds and computed seed yield per hectare. Cost and return analysis reveals that the highest net income and return of investment was derived from the combination of 50 % organic and 50 % inorganic fertilizer. Conjunctive use of organic and inorganic fertilizer, that is, 50 % recommended rate of organic fertilizer (Power organic) along with 50 % recommended rate of inorganic fertilizer (Urea and Super Phosphate) can enhance the growth and yield performance of soybean and can help the farmer to increase their production with higher net income.
ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF APPLYING BIOMASS STOVE TO PRODUCE HOT WATER SERVING CHILD DEVELOPMENT CENTER: THE CASE STUDY OF OMKOI DISTRICT, CHIANGMAI, THAILAND Chulasak, R; Phothachareon, W; Sawatdeenarunat, C
AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.811 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v3i1.16

Abstract

This research aims to perform the techno-economic feasibility of the applied hybrid biomass stove to produce hot water for serving Child Development Center (CDC) in Omkoi District, Chiang Mai, Thailand. The hot water generated from the stove could help to decrease LPG usage and enhance household economics. Many activities in CDC (i.e., children showering during the winter season, cloth washing, and utensils cleaning among others) require hot water to prevent the contamination of harmful germs which could cause many diseases such as diarrhea in young children.  Presently, Asian Development College for Community Economy and Technology, Chiang Mai Rajabhat University (adiCET) has installed the hybrid stove to the in Omkoi district. The biomass stove could generate 90 °C hot water using plant/agriculture waste as the fuel. However, the economical parameters (i.e., Payback Period, Net Present Value and Internal Rate of Return) could strengthen the technology. The results from this study could be used as one of the guidelines for policymakers to design the appropriate programs for enhancing the CDC using the waste-to-energy concept.
HOUSEHOLD BIOMASS GAS STOVE PERFORMANCE AND EXHAUST GAS EMISSION Jansri, S N; Kumpanalaisatit, M; Sataklang, T
AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment  Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (384.265 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v3i1.17

Abstract

This work focuses on the design of the household biomass gas stove which is suitable for the lifestyle of the Thai northern people. In addition, the performance and exhaust emission of the stove - updraft gasifier - was design per the community requirement were evaluated. The stove consists of a combustion chamber ? a primary chamber - and a secondary chamber with the primary and secondary air inlet of 0.016 and 0.002 m2, respectively. Moreover, the flow rate of primary air and secondary air was 0.456 and 1.340 kg/s, respectively. The performance of the stove was analyzed by the water boiling test technique and the emission of exhaust gas was evaluated with a fuel gas analyzer. The result indicated that the thermal efficiency of the stove was 44.84%. The specific fuel consumption was 0.029 kg/kg of water. Comparing the designed stove with the traditional clay brazier stove, the performance of the designed stove was higher than the traditional stove. The emission comparison between the designed household biomass gas stove, the traditional stove and the Thai exhaust gas emission standard indicated that both stoves released NOx and SO2 which are less than the standard whereas CO emission of the designed stove conformed to the standard. This work confirmed that the efficiency and the exhaust gas emission of the designed stove are better than the traditional stove. Therefore, this household biomass gas stove could replace the conventional stove

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