cover
Contact Name
Bobby Kurnia Putrawan
Contact Email
bkputrawan@gmail.com
Phone
+6282110093693
Journal Mail Official
jurnalquaerens@widyaagape.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jalan Tawakal Rt.06, Nunukan Barat Kabupaten Nunukan, Kalimantan Utara
Location
Kab. nunukan,
Kalimantan utara
INDONESIA
QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies
ISSN : 27220869     EISSN : 27220753     DOI : 10.46362
QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies is a place for publication of results of research on Christian theology and Christian Religious Education with the number ISSN: 2722-0753 (online), ISSN: 2722-0869 (print), published by the Indonesian Christian Theological Association. the scope of the research study are: Biblical, Systematic Theology, Christian Ethics, Pastoral, Christian Education, Church History, Christian Mission, and Theology Religionum.
Articles 16 Documents
PENGANTAR TEOLOGI PENTAKOSTA (INTRODUCTION TO PENTECOSTAL THEOLOGY) Putrawan, Bobby Kurnia
QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies Vol 1 No 1 (2019): QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies
Publisher : Widya Agape School of Theology and Indonesia Christian Religion Theologian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1239.144 KB) | DOI: 10.46362/quaerens.v1i1.2

Abstract

Abstract The Pentecostal Church was originally thought to be a movement. It is said to be a movement, because at first the Pentecostal church emphasized life experiences. Seeing this, the theologians say that the Pentecostal church does not have a theology which is, how theology is christian, logical, and systematic. In later developments, the Pentecostal church was accepted among denominations of Christian churches in general and standardized the doctrines of the Pentecostal church in the form of Pentecostal theology. So that Pentecostal theology can be taught and studied by Pentecostal people and denominations of non-Pentecostal churches. In this article, the author brings up some of the core thoughts of Pentecostal theology, namely the Bible, the living and true God, salvation, baptism, tongues, holy communion, holiness of life and holistic behavior, divine healing, eschatology, church, and worship and liturgy.   Keyword: introduction, teologi, pantekosta   Abstrak Gereja Pantekosta pada awalnya dianggap adalah suatu gerakan. Dikatakan gerakan, karena pada awalnya gereja Pantekosta menekankan pada pengalaman hidup. Melihat hal ini, sebagai teolog mengatakan bahwa gereja Pantekosta tidak memiliki teologi yang yang, bagaimana teologi itu kristis, logis, dan tersistematis. Dalam perkembangan kemudian, gereja Pantekosta diterima di kalangan denominasi gereja-gereja Kristen pada umumnya dan membakukan doktrin-doktrin gereja Pantekosta dalam bentuk teologi Pantekosta. Sehingga teologi Pantekosta dapat diajarkan dan dipelajari oleh kalangan umat Pantekosta dan denominasi gereja-gereja non-Pantekosta. Dalam artikel ini, penulis mengangkat beberapa pemikiran inti dari teologi Pantekosta, yaitu Alkitab, Allah yang hidup dan benar, keselamatan, baptisan, bahasa lidah, perjamuan kudus, kesucian hidup dan perilaku yang menyeluruh, kesembuhan ilahi, eskatologis, gereja, serta ibadah dan liturgi.   Kata kunci: pengantar, teologi, pantekosta
KEPEMIMPINAN DALAM GEREJA KATOLIK PAROKI IGNATIUS LOYOLA DAN HURIA KRISTEN BATAK PROTESTAN SETIABUDI MENUJU PERSATUAN (LEADERSHIP IN THE IGNATIUS LOYOLA PARISH CATHOLIC CHURCH AND SETIABUDI BATAK CHRISTIAN PROTESTANT CHURCH TO UNITY) Bulan, Susanti Embong; Hasibuan, Patricia Diana
QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies Vol 1 No 2 (2019): QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies
Publisher : Widya Agape School of Theology and Indonesia Christian Religion Theologian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1407.049 KB) | DOI: 10.46362/quaerens.v1i2.5

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Leadership becomes an important aspect in creating a church that is sturdy, growing and developing. Weak church leadership will make the church experience decline and even lead to destruction. This research was conducted to obtain an overview of the leadership applied in the Catholic Church of Ignatius Loyola and HKBP Setiabudi Jakarta. The results of this study indicate that leadership in the two churches is in a fairly good category. Good leadership becomes a strength in moving the church to grow in Christ. Good leadership as an indication the church can experience growth both in quality and quantity.   Kepemimpinan menjadi aspek yang penting dalam mewujudkan gereja yang kokoh, bertumbuh dan berkembang. Kepemimpinan gereja yang lemah akan menjadikan gereja mengalami kemerosotan bahkan menunju kehancuran. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk memperoleh gambaran tentang kepemimpinan yang diterapkan di Gereja Katolik Ignatius Loyola dan HKBP Setiabudi Jakarta. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kepemimpinan di dua gereja tersebut berada pada kategori yang cukup baik. Kepemimpinan yang baik, menjadi kekuatan dalam menggerakkan jemaat untuk bertumbuh dalam Kristus. Kepemimpinan yang baik sebagai indikasi gereja dapat mengalami pertumbuhan baik secara kualitas maupun kuantitas.
MENDIDIK ANAK (EDUCATING CHILDREN) Wahyuni, Sri; Kadang, Yan Kristianus
QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies Vol 1 No 2 (2019): QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies
Publisher : Widya Agape School of Theology and Indonesia Christian Religion Theologian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1676.482 KB)

Abstract

This study also aims to examine and analyze the tendency of the church's understanding of educating children, the tendency of the indicators that most strongly determines the formation of the congregation's understanding of educating children, testing and analyzing which backgrounds the respondent has that causes differences in congregational understanding about educating children. The population in this study was the church members who attended the Indonesian Trumpet Christian Church in the Bethlehem Grogol Permai Satellite Church. The number of congregations who attend the Church of the Indonesian Trumpet Christian Church Bethlehem Permai Grogol Satellite numbered 200 people. A sample of 158 people were taken at random. The results showed that the tendency of the congregation's understanding of educating children in the Trumpet Christian Church of Indonesia, the Grogol Permai Bethlehem Satellite Church was in the category of congregations understanding about educating children significantly at ? less from 0.05. There is the strongest influence that shapes the congregation's understanding of educating children in the Trumpet Christian Church in Indonesia. The Grogol Permai Bethlehem Satellite, the Teaching indicator, X2, is at a significant level at ? less from 0.05, which is 497.36 times the increase that occurs in the church's understanding of educating children from the original condition.   Penelitian ini juga bertujuan untuk menguji dan menganalisis kecenderungan pemahaman jemaat mengenai mendidik anak, kecenderungan indikator yang paling kuat menentukan terbentuknya pemahaman jemaat mengenai mendidik anak, menguji dan menganalisis manakah latar belakang yang dimiliki responden yang menyebabkan adanya perbedaaan pemahaman jemaat mengenai mendidik anak. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah jemaat yang bergereja di Gereja Kristen Sangkakala Indonesia Jemaat Betlehem Satelit Grogol Permai. Adapun Jumlah jemaat yang bergereja di Gereja Kristen Sangkakala Indonesia Jemaat Betlehem Satelit grogol Permai  berjumlah 200 orang. Sampel sebanyak 158 orang yang di ambil secara acak. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kecenderungan pemahaman jemaat mengenai mendidik anak di Gereja Kristen Sangkakala Indonesia Jemaat Betlehem Satelit Grogol Permai berada pada kategori jemaat paham mengenai mendidik anak secara signifikan pada ? lebih kecil dari 0,05. Terdapat pengaruh terkuat yang membentuk pemahaman jemaat tentang mendidik anak di Gereja Kristen Sangkakala Indonesia Jemaat Betlehem Satelit Grogol Permai yaitu indikator Mengajar, yaitu X2 berada pada taraf signifikan pada ? lebih kecil dari 0,05 yaitu sebesar 497.36 kali peningkatan yang terjadi di dalam pemahaman jemaat mengenai mendidik anak dari kondisi semula.
REFLEKSI BIBLIS-TEOLOGIS TERHADAP TEOLOGI FEMINIS (BIBLIS-THEOLOGICAL REFLECTION OF FEMINIST THEOLOGY) Sugianto, Edi; Maranatha, Christian Ade
QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies Vol 1 No 2 (2019): QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies
Publisher : Widya Agape School of Theology and Indonesia Christian Religion Theologian Association

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Abstract

The fact of the unbalanced treatment of women in various fields has been a struggle for women for centuries. This is the background of the emergence of the women's movement in the 20th century, including feminism, the emancipation of women and women's liberation, which provides a major change for women in modern society. This women's movement presents a new challenge for Christianity, specifically Feminism Theology, which is a theological movement that seeks to form theological vision and reflection through the perspective of oppressed / oppressed women, as a critique of global culture and siding with social justice for women's rights, both within churches and academic institutions and the wider community that tend to be patriarchal. The history of the development of this theology was pioneered by Letty Mandeville Russell; Mary Daly; Rosemary Radford Ruether; Virginia Ramey Mollenkott; and Elizabeth Schüssler Fiorenza. This theology belongs to three groups, namely: radical feminism theology, emancipation and renewal. The challenge raised by this theology is regarding the concept of the Bible, God, Salvation and the Church from exclusively feminist perspective. Based on biblical-theological reflection on the perspective of feminist theology, a new paradigm in the study of the hermeneutics of the Bible is found, namely the perspectives of feminism that may be overlooked, but still prioritize appropriate methods of interpretation so as to provide objective and biblical understanding.   Fakta perlakuan terhadap kaum perempuan yang tidak seimbang dalam berbagai bidang telah menjadi pergumulan kaum perempuan selama berabad-abad. Hal tersebut melatar-belakangi munculnya gerakan kaum perempuan pada abad ke-20, di antaranya feminisme, emansipasi perempuan dan women?s liberation, yang memberikan perubahan besar bagi kaum perempuan dalam masyarakat modern. Gerakan perempuan ini memberikan tantangan baru bagi Kristenan, secara khusus Teologi Feminisme, yaitu suatu gerakan teologi yang berusaha membentuk visi dan refleksi teologis melalui sudut pandang perempuan yang tertekan/tertindas, sebagai kritik budaya global dan memihak keadilan sosial bagi hak azasi perempuan, baik di dalam gereja maupun institusi akademis dan masyarakat luas yang cenderung patriarkal. Sejarah perkembangan dari teologi ini dipelopori oleh Letty Mandeville Russell; Mary Daly; Rosemary Radford Ruether; Virginia Ramey Mollenkott; dan Elizabeth Schüssler Fiorenza. Teologi ini tergolong dalam tiga kelompok, yaitu: teologi feminime yang bersifat radikal, emansipasi dan pembaharuan. Adapun tantangan yang dimunculkan oleh teologi ini adalah berkenaan dengan konsep tentang Alkitab, Allah, Keselamatan dan Gereja dari persektif eksklusif feminis. Berdasarkan refleksi biblis-teologi terhadap perspektif teologi feminisme tersebut, maka ditemukan suatu paradigma baru dalam studi hermeneutik Alkitab, yaitu perspekstif feminisme yang mungkin terabaikan, namun tetap mengutamakan metode penafsiran yang tepat sehingga memberikan pemahaman yang objektif dan biblikal.
PENGANTAR LATAR BELAKANG KITAB KISAH PARA RASUL (INTRODUCTION TO ACTS BACKGROUND) Putrawan, Bobby Kurnia
QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies Vol 1 No 2 (2019): QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies
Publisher : Widya Agape School of Theology and Indonesia Christian Religion Theologian Association

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Abstract

The Book of Acts is an important book in building Christian theology. Biblical experts debate the background to the existence of the book of Acts. Where some biblical experts put this book in an unfavorable position and some maintain in a good position. This article discusses the background of the book of Acts from an evangelical perspective which includes the name of the book, author and year of writing, Sources Used by Luke, the purpose and contents of the book. The result of this writing is that this book was written by Luke around 63 CE and is believed to have the authority of God's word to teach Christians.     Kitab Kisah Para Rasul merupakan kitab yang penting dalam membangun teologi Kristen. Para ahli biblika memperdebatkan latar belakang keberadaan kitab Kisah Para Rasul. Dimana sebagian para ahli biblika menempatkan kitab ini pada posisi yang kurang baik dan sebagian mempertahankan dengan posisi yang baik. Artikel ini membahas latar belakang kitab Kisah Para Rasul dari perspektif injili yang mencakup nama kitab, penulis dan tahun penulisan, Sumber-Sumber Yang Dipergunakan Lukas, tujuan dan isi kitab. Hasil penulisan adalah kitab ini ditulis oleh Lukas sekitar tahun 63 M dan dipercayai memiliki otoritas firman Tuhan untuk mengajar umat Kristen.
GEREJA YANG DIMUSUHI SATAN (THE CHURCHES ATTEMPTED TO SATAN) Lintuuran, Wempie Jules
QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies Vol 1 No 2 (2019): QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies
Publisher : Widya Agape School of Theology and Indonesia Christian Religion Theologian Association

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Abstract

Revelation 12: 1-17 is located at the center of the Book of Revelation in its structural structure. This means that this part is important. This chapter reveals the great contradiction between good and evil, between the Lord Jesus Christ and His hostile Satan and his evil agents. This article analyzes this important vision of the Apostle John, then interprets it from the perspective of historicalism. Satan's hostility towards the Lord Jesus Christ, which began in Heaven and continued on earth, the victory of the Lord Jesus Christ who defeated Satan, the persecution and heresy by Satan and his agents towards the Church that is faithful to God from time to time to the end of time, is described in the article this.   Wahyu 12:1-17 terletak di bagian pusat Kitab Wahyu dalam struktur khiastiknya.  Hal ini mengartikan bahwa bagian ini penting.  Pasal ini mengungkapkan pertentangan besar antara yang baik dan jahat, antara Tuhan Yesus Kristus dan Jemaat-Nya yang dimusuhi Satan dan agen-agen kejahatannya.  Artikel ini menganalisa penglihatan Rasul Yohanes yang penting ini, kemudian menafsirkannya dari perspektif historisisme.  Permusuhan Satan terhadap Tuhan Yesus Kristus yang dimulaikan di Sorga dan dilanjutkan di bumi, kemenangan Tuhan Yesus Kristus yang mengalahkan Satan, persekusi dan penyesatan oleh Satan dan agen-agennya terhadap Jemaat yang setia kepada Tuhan dari masa ke masa sampai ke akhir zaman, diuraikan dalam artikel ini.
TATA IBADAH TERHADAP KUALITAS KEROHANIAN PARA ANGGOTA FULL GOSPEL BUSINESS MEN’S FELLOWSHIP INTERNATIONAL (LITURGY TO THE SPIRITUALITY QUALITY OF FULL GOSPEL BUSINESS MEN'S FELLOWSHIP INTERNATIONAL MEMBERS) Immanuel, Leo
QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies Vol 1 No 1 (2019): QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies
Publisher : Widya Agape School of Theology and Indonesia Christian Religion Theologian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (875.809 KB) | DOI: 10.46362/quaerens.v1i1.11

Abstract

This study aims to test, find out and prove empirically about the effect of effective worship practices on the spiritual quality of FGBMFI members in the Ancol Fishermen Chapter, North Jakarta. The population in this study are all members of the FGBMFI Chapter Ancol Fishermen, North Jakarta with a total of 100 people. The research sample of 80 people taken using simple random sampling technique. The results of data analysis show that: There is an effect of the effectiveness of worship procedures on the quality of spirituality. The test results showed a correlation coefficient of 0.296 and with a calculated coefficient of 2.742 with a P-value of 0.008. Increasing the effectiveness of worship procedures will have an impact on improving the quality of spirituality.   Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji, mengetahui dan membuktikan secara empiris tentang pengaruh efektifitas tata ibadah terhadap kualitas kerohanian para anggota FGBMFI di Chapter Nelayan Ancol, Jakarta Utara. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua anggota member yang ada di FGBMFI Chapter Nelayan Ancol, Jakarta Utara dengan jumlah sebanyak 100 orang. Sampel penelitian sebanyak 80 orang yang diambil dengan menggunakan teknik simple random sampling. Hasil analisis data menunjukan bahwa: Terdapat pengaruh efektifitas tata ibadah terhadap kualitas kerohanian. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan koefisisen korelasi sebesar 0,296 dan dengan koefisien t-hitung sebesar 2,742 dengan P?value sebesar 0,008. Meningkatkan efektifitas tata ibadah akan berdampak terhadap peningkatan kualitas kerohanian.
ORANGTUA DAN TEMAN BERMAIN TERHADAP PERKEMBANGAN SOSIAL ANAK (PARENTS AND PLAYING FRIENDS TOWARD CHILDREN SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT) Sutrisno, Sutrisno; Hutabarat, Christiani
QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies Vol 1 No 1 (2019): QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies
Publisher : Widya Agape School of Theology and Indonesia Christian Religion Theologian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1599.352 KB) | DOI: 10.46362/quaerens.v1i1.15

Abstract

A positive relationship between parental assistance and playmates with children's social development which includes two dimensions, namely attitudes and behavior. Attitude is a tendency to react to people, institutions, or events both positively and negatively and behavior can be broadly defined, that is, everything that is done or experienced by a person and narrowly is behavior that includes reactions that can be observed in general or objectively observable.   Hubungan yang positif antara pendampingan orangtua dan teman bermain dengan perkembangan sosial anak yang meliputi dua dimensi, yaitu sikap dan perilaku. Sikap adalah kecenderungan untuk mereaksi terhadap orang, institusi, atau kejadian baik secara positif maupun negatif dan perilaku dapat didefiniskan secara luas yaitu segala sesuatu yang dilakukan atau dialami seseorang dan secara sempit adalah tingkah laku yang mencakup reaksi yang dapat diamati secara umum atau objektif.
AJARAN GNOSTIK DALAM JEMAAT EFESUS DI SURAT TIMOTIUS AJARAN GNOSTIK DALAM JEMAAT EFESUS DI SURAT TIMOTIUS DAN TITUS (GNOSTIC TEACHING IN EFESUS CONGREGATIONS IN TIMOTHY ANDAN TITUS (GNOSTIC TEACHING IN EFESUS CONGREGATIONS IN TIMOTIUS AND TITUS LETTERS) Widjaja, Imron; Simanjuntak, Horbanus Josua; Embong Bulan, Susanti
QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies Vol 1 No 1 (2019): QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies
Publisher : Widya Agape School of Theology and Indonesia Christian Religion Theologian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1541.262 KB) | DOI: 10.46362/quaerens.v1i1.16

Abstract

This paper discusses the Gnostic teachings which pose a great danger to the true faith of the Ephesians in the Epistles of Timothy and Titus. This gnostic teaching is categorized as heresy and the instructor is called heresy teacher. It was described as pervasive words, like cancer (2 Tim.2: 17). Paul writes of how dangerous the Gnostic teachings and teachers are. They pretend to know, even though they don't know anything. The disease looks for questions and worries, which causes envy, injury, slander, suspicion and strife among people who are no longer healthy and right minded (1 Tim 6: 4-5). That is why, Paul said: "stay away from them!" (2 Tim 3: 5) and in Titus 1: 11a it says, "the people must be shut up." This teaches God's people today to be careful of every teaching, because unhealthy teaching brings God's people into envy, injury, slander, suspicion and strife among people who are no longer healthy and right minded.   Tulisan  ini membahas ajaran gnostik yang menjadi ancaman bahaya besar terhadap iman sejati jemaat Efesus di Surat Timotius dan Titus. Ajaran gnostik ini dikategorikan sebagai ajaran sesat dan pengajarnya disebut pengajar sesat. Hal itu digambarkan sebagai perkataan yang menjalar, seperti penyakit kanker (2 Tim.2: 17). Paulus menuliskan betapa berbahayanya ajaran dan pengajar gnostik. Mereka berlagak tahu, padahal tidak tahu apa-apa. Penyakitnya suka mencari soal-soal dan  bersilat kata, yang menyebabkan dengki, cidera, fitnah, curiga dan percekcokan di antara orang-orang yang tidak lagi berpikiran sehat dan benar (1 Tim 6: 4-5).  Itu sebabnya, Paulus berkata: ?jauhilah mereka itu!? (2 Tim 3: 5) dan dalam Titus 1: 11a dikatakan, ?orang-orang itu harus ditutup mulutnya.? Hal ini mengajarkan kepada umat Tuhan pada saat ini untuk berhati-hati kepada setiap pengajaran, karena pengajaran yang tidak sehat mebawa umat Tuhan kedalam dengki, cidera, fitnah, curiga dan percekcokan di antara orang-orang yang tidak lagi berpikiran sehat dan benar.
SPIRITUALITAS GEREJA PERSAHABATAN (SPIRITUALITY OF FRIENDSHIP CHURCH) Gunawan, Linna
QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies Vol 1 No 1 (2019): QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies
Publisher : Widya Agape School of Theology and Indonesia Christian Religion Theologian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1547.152 KB) | DOI: 10.46362/quaerens.v1i1.17

Abstract

The church is faced with the challenges of the times, where many changes occur in the church, both the social background of the people, forms of liturgy, Koinonia, the attitude of the priest, and others. The fact that, this affects the enthusiasm of people to church, especially young people. The decline in the presence of young people, indicates a decline in enthusiasm in their worship. So this can be said as a sharp illustration of the separation of young people from the church. Joas Adiprasetya's ideas about the Church of friendship and Diana Butler Bass about The Practicing Congregation can help give ideas to problems. Church friendship, namely 1) realizing the Trinity in present church life and 2) Spirituality of the Friendship Church has values ??and forms (open, accepting, authentic, and trusting). The author proposes an intergenerational ministry approach as expressed by Allan G. Harkness, that this model gives high value to a mutualistic and equal community among church members.   Gereja dihadapkan pada tantangan jaman, dimana banyak perubahan yang terjadi di dalam gereja, baik latar belakang sosial umat, bentuk liturgi, koinonia, sikap pendeta, dan lainnya. Kenyataan bahwa, hal ini mempengaruhi pada antusias umat untuk bergereja, khususnya kaum muda. Penurunan kehadiran kaum muda, menandakan adanya kemunduran antusias dalam beribadah mereka. Sehingga ini dapat dikatakan sebagai gambaran tajam tentang keterpisahan kaum muda dengan gereja. Ide Joas Adiprasetya tentang Gereja persahabatan dan Diana Butler Bass tentang The Practicing Congregation dapat membantu memberikan ide terhadap permasalahan. Persahabatan gereja, yaitu 1) mewujudkan Trinitas dalam kehidupan bergereja masa kini dan 2) Spiritualitas Gereja Persahabatan memiliki nilai dan bentuk (terbuka, menerima, otentik, dan percaya). Penulis mengusulkan pendekatan intergenerational ministry seperti yang diungkapkan Allan G. Harkness, bahwa model ini memberikan nilai yang tinggi terhadap komunitas yang mutualistik dan setara di antara anggota gereja.

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