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Arianti Ina Restiani Hunga
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journalsalasika@gmail.com
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+628156555321
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journalsalasika@gmail.com
Editorial Address
The Indonesian Association of Women/Gender & Child Studies The Centre for Gender & Child Studies Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana (CGCS UKSW). Jl. Diponegoro 52-60, Salatiga, 50711.
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INDONESIA
SALASIKA
ISSN : 27160386     EISSN : 26855143     DOI : https://doi.org/10.36625/sj.v2i1.22
Core Subject : Humanities, Social,
SALASIKA aims to provide academic literature which is accessible across disciplines, but also to a wider non academic’ audience interested and engaged with social justice
Articles 20 Documents
THE NATURE OF PAPUAN WOMEN INDIGENOUS ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN INFORMAL AGRICULTURAL SECTOR (A CASE OF PAPUAN WOMEN TRADERS IN MANOKWARI AND SURROUNDING AREAS OF WEST PAPUA- INDONESIA) Wambrauw, Ludia T.; Martin, Sandra; Addison, Ramzi
SALASIKA: Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Studies Vol 2 No 1 (2019): Salasika (Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Stud
Publisher : The Indonesian Association of Women/Gender & Child Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36625/sj.v2i1.26

Abstract

West Papua, Indonesia, are engaged in marketing activity in informal agricultural sector. However, the nature of their entrepreneurial activity and the factors that impede and enable these endeavors are not clearly understood. The aim of this research is to gain a better understanding of the entrepreneurial marketing activity of these women along with constraints that impede them to identify opportunities for improving their position. A theoretical framework, based on indigenous entrepreneurship literature and knowledge of Papuan context, was designed to guide the research. A qualitative approach was used to investigate three case studies of groups of women in three different areas ? a more remote area, a transmigration site, and an urban area. Within-case and cross-case analysis revealed that those Papuan women?s motivation was driven by their immediate family?s needs and their social and cultural obligations. The analysis also indicated that they were proven to be open to innovation. Further, they were outward looking and had market awareness. There was variation between the groups in their engagement with cash economy and the expression of their market awareness. Their implementation of marketing techniques varied, with urban traders employing a wider range of marketing strategies. Women traders from more remote areas and transmigration site depended heavily on their natural resources, whereas the majority of urban traders were more dependent on marketing resources and financial reserves in order to buy produce from other producers. Hence, more remote area and transmigration site traders were self-funded, while urban traders were partly selffunded. Traders from more remote area relied very heavily upon social capital in conducting their production and marketing activities, whereas traders in the other groups were less reliant on social capital. Traders from more remote area faced greater constraints related to poor road access, high cost transportation, and poor access to physical markets. In addition, all traders had poor access to government support. These insights into the varied nature of indigenous entrepreneurship and the differences in constraints faced by different groups provide policy insights for Papuan government.
WOMEN'S CAPACITY BUILDING OF INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS IN RURAL AREAS (CASE OF "BOILED CORN SELLER" IN KONAWE REGENCY, SOUTHEAST SULAWESI PROVINCE) Kansil, Yoo Eka Yana; Sumarna, Nana; Hamid, Rimba
SALASIKA: Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Studies Vol 2 No 2 (2019): Salasika (Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Stud
Publisher : The Indonesian Association of Women/Gender & Child Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36625/sj.v2i2.31

Abstract

The number of women local workers in the informal sector increases. Most of the women are those who live and work in poverty. One of the informal jobs is seller of corn on the cob, which is known as Boiled Corn Seller (BCS) women. The study is a case study with qualitative approach. These BCS women sell their corn along the provincial axis road in Pondidaha Sub-district of Konawe District, Indonesia. The data collection techniques used were observation methods, indepth interviews, and FGDs. The results showed that (1) BCS women still had access to capital resources, production facilities and labor, but faced difficulties in production equipment, labor, training and money; (2) the processing, marketing and distribution of corn on the cob were dominated by BCS women; and (3) the conceptual model planned for capacity building was a local food diversification program.
UNDERSTANDING WOMEN’S ROLES IN AGRICULTURE (STUDY OF WOMEN IN DAIRY AND SHALLOT FARMING IN EAST JAVA) Noviryani, Mely; Handayani, Wahyu; Wike; Sukesi, Keppi
SALASIKA: Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Studies Vol 2 No 2 (2019): Salasika (Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Stud
Publisher : The Indonesian Association of Women/Gender & Child Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36625/sj.v2i2.32

Abstract

This research studied the roles of women in dairy farming in Ngantang and Karangploso and shallot farming in Pare and Probolinggo, East Java. The objectives were to identify the role and function of women farmers in all stages of dairy and shallot production and to examine the role and level of involvement of women farmers from social and economic aspects, local wisdom and knowledge used on the farm as well as the driving and inhibiting factors of women farmers? participation. Applying Harvard Analytical Framework, this study identified the division of labor between men and women on the farm, women?s access and control over the benefit of the farm and its influencing factors. The results confirm that women have significant and vital roles in almost all stages of dairy and shallot farming although their roles are mostly related to the construction of women?s roles held generally within Indonesian traditional societies. However, women still have limited access and control over the process of production results from the farm. The inhibiting factors for women?s participation in farming is dominated by psycho-cultural aspect that hinder women?s access to knowledge, information, networks and control over family?s income. Nevertheless, women also show their potential to empower themselves through women groups that can encourage women's awareness in accessing economic resources and knowledge as well as helping them to gain more control over the process of production from the farm. 
SOCIAL CAPITAL BASED ECONOMIC AUTONOMY OF THE FISHING COMMUNITIES (STUDY IN TRADITIONAL FISHING COMMUNITY KUB BINO MAKMUR, DESA KEBOROMO, KECAMATAN TAYU, KABUPATEN PATI, CENTRAL JAVA) Winarni, Tri; Khoiriyah, Nur
SALASIKA: Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Studies Vol 2 No 2 (2019): Salasika (Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Stud
Publisher : The Indonesian Association of Women/Gender & Child Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36625/sj.v2i2.34

Abstract

This paper describes social capital as one of the great strengths to solve economic problems in traditional fishing communities. The enormous potential of marine resources in Indonesia can be used as a basic capital to provide welfare for the fishing communities. In addition to that, the regulation of regional autonomy and the marine ministry?s policies should have encouraged the economic autonomy of fishing communities. However, the fact shows that these fishing communities still face many social problems such as unqualified human resources, the absence of an economic financing system, and both internal and external social conflicts. Related to the economic issues, their social capital will be established a very strong relationship between the fishing community with Dipo (Place to sell the fishermen?s fish). Capital provided by the Dipo is based on the trust between the two sides. The large number of Dipos will further encourage fishermen to work actively, and the selling price of fishing to become more competitive. Therefore, there will be no price monopoly by Dipo as the capital owner. Furthermore, it will have an impact on economic autonomy.
PRAGMATICS COMPETENCE OF PRESCHOOL AGE CHILDREN Setiawati, Eti; Dewi, Putri Kumala
SALASIKA: Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Studies Vol 1 No 2 (2018): Salasika (Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Stud
Publisher : The Indonesian Association of Women/Gender & Child Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36625/sj.v1i2.35

Abstract

Children?s language acquisition begins at the age of one, that is when the child begins to learn to speak. From that age, children have possessed speech act competence. The speech act competence that is obtained by preschool-age children may cover different kinds of speech acts, such as directive, representative, and expressive acts. These speech acts may be realized in language form as one or two words that describe a particular function of speaking. The objectives of this research are (1) to describe the competence of speech act forms of preschool-age children, (2) to describe the competence of speech act functions of preschool-age children, and (3) to describe the competence of speech act types of preschool-age children. This research uses a qualitative research approach with the descriptive method. The research data consists of utterances of preschool-age children that contain speech act forms, functions, and types. The data analysis model uses the interactive model by Miles and Huberman with an approach based on pragmatics theory and ethnography of communication. Research results show that preschool-age children have possessed (1) competence of speech act forms of interrogatives, imperatives, and declaratives of single syllables, single words, and single sentences; (2) competence of speech act functions of asking, ordering, stating, and inviting; and (3) competence of speech act types of directives, representatives, declaratives, and expressives.
AN EARLY CHILDHOOD SEX EDUCATION MODEL: DECONSTRUCTING SYMBOLIC MEANINGS OF SINTREN DANCE BASED ON GENDER PERSPECTIVES Asmara, Rangga; Kusumaningrum, Widya Ratna
SALASIKA: Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Studies Vol 2 No 1 (2019): Salasika (Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Stud
Publisher : The Indonesian Association of Women/Gender & Child Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36625/sj.v2i1.36

Abstract

This study aims to: (1) describe symbols of Sintren dance based on gender perspectives and (2) develop an early childhood sex education model by deconstructing the symbolic meanings of Sintren dance texts based on gender perspectives. This research used two research-designs i.e. semiotic analysis and design based research. Semiotics analysis used is the Derrida?s deconstruction model. The analysed data were from the text of Sintren dance performance of Paguyuban Sintren Sekar Arum Glandang Village, Bantarbolang Sub district, Pemalang Regency. The methods used for gathering the data were observation techniques, documentation studies, and in-depth interviews. The method for analysing the data referred to the Derrida?s deconstruction analysis model, including (1) the interpretation of presence-absence and its difference by unboxing the existing interpretation, (2) the interpretation of trace which refers to the sense of the origin of reality, and (3) reproduction or recreation. Meanwhile, the design-based research procedure was adapted from the Reeves? model, covered: identifying needs and its potencies from deconstruction process, developing a prototype model, validating the model in the form of expert validation, testing the model, and reflection. The model was constructed to emphasize on the kids? awareness of their conditions, care, and protection from any sexual harassment. The materials were validated and scored ?good? to be used, predominantly it concerns about cognitive, affective, and psychomotor aspects.
‘BRIDE TERRORIST’ IN INDONESIA: IS SHE STILL CONSIDERED AS A PEACE AGENCY? Fajar, Mia Dayanti; Dewi, Elisabeth
SALASIKA: Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Studies Vol 2 No 2 (2019): Salasika (Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Stud
Publisher : The Indonesian Association of Women/Gender & Child Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36625/sj.v2i2.37

Abstract

ISIS and Al-Qaeda are now recruiting women to join terrorism groups. These two large terrorist groups even show the real use of women as suicide bombers in terrorist acts. This is certainly controversial since women have a close relationship with peace. It indicates a shift in traditional feminist thinking saying that women are identical with peace. The involvement of women in terrorism can also be traced in Indonesia. In December 2016, Indonesia was shocked by the arrest of a prospective suicide bomber with her husband. The phenomenon occurred along with female Chechen suicide bombers, Black Widows, who blew themselves up to avenge their husbands? death. This paper aims to explain the involvement of women in the world of terrorism and any reason taken by women to commit suicide bombings. The result of this research revealed that women were involved in terrorism because of patriarchal culture and personal factors that was based on religion by doctrinization in Indonesia.
AGENTS IN CHILD MARRIAGE PRACTICE IN RURAL WEST JAVA Pradipta, Novitha Syari Dhevi; Wahyuni, Ekawati Sri; Sumarti, Titik
SALASIKA: Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Studies Vol 2 No 2 (2019): Salasika (Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Stud
Publisher : The Indonesian Association of Women/Gender & Child Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36625/sj.v2i2.38

Abstract

The prevalence of child marriage in Indonesia, although it has declined over the last three decades, remains in a high rate. Child marriage is indirectly legitimated by the Indonesian Marriage Law of 1974 which states that the minimum age limit of the bride shall be 16 years old. This is contrary to the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia and the Child Protection Law. Child marriages in rural areas are not only driven by structures like family and society but are also initiated by individual actions driven by the agency. Therefore, this study examined child marriage practice comprehensively through the perspective of Giddens's structuration. This study aimed to identify the agents in child marriage practice. The results of the study found that there are two types of child marriages in rural areas. The first one is registered and the other is unregistered marriage. The identified agents in child marriage practice are girls, amil (assistant of marriage recording officer), Religious Affairs (KUA) officers, peer groups, teachers, mothers, and spouses. Each agent's action is affected by both structure and agency. Girl's actions are influenced by the agency. The girls are able to do agency in and through social practice. Girls? agency produces meaningful action understood as a process and inherent to the agent through reflexive monitoring. Meanwhile, the actions of other identified agents are influenced by the existing structures in the society. Agent?s actions perpetuate child marriage practice. Child marriage practice occurs because there is no family strength. Therefore, the improvement of the family strength is needed as a constraining structure.
ADVANCING WOMEN’S DIGITAL SKILLS AND ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT THROUGH GIRLS IN TECH INDONESIA: A CASE STUDY Afiani, Isyfi
SALASIKA: Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Studies Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Salasika (Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Stud
Publisher : The Indonesian Association of Women/Gender & Child Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The advancing Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has massively supported the economy in the digital era as it disseminates, stores, brings added value and manages information to provide unlimited opportunities for economic development. However, ICT may contribute to discrimination and existing inequalities reinforcement so-called the digital divide. Since all aspects of human interaction with ICT are gendered, this study tackles the digital gender divide issue, that is, the gap between men and women regarding access to, content and use of ICT. Accordingly, in 2016, the gender gap of global internet users was 12% and it grows every year. In response to this condition, a global movement promoting women engagement in ICT has emerged. This study, therefore, depicts the role of Girls in Tech Indonesia community as a chapter of Global Girls in Tech movement in advancing women economic empowerment through ICT by implementing transformational leadership concepts and Longwe?s empowerment framework. In the core of qualitative studies, this study shows that Girls in Tech Indonesia?s leadership performance contributes positively to women empowerment.
WOMEN AND BATIK CONSERVATION ON MURIA SLOPES: A STUDY OF FEMALE BATIK CRAFTERS IN KUDUS Sa?diyah, Zaimatus
SALASIKA: Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Studies Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Salasika (Indonesian Journal of Gender, Women, Child, and Social Inclusion's Stud
Publisher : The Indonesian Association of Women/Gender & Child Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The worsening condition of nature calls the critical attention of human beings to look for primary keys to deal with. Struggling with the same issue, the local government of Kudus promotes community-based development programs that concern with introducing environmental conservation and education, besides cultural understanding programs, which emphasizes local community awareness in environmentally friendly tourism hosting and management. The youth community is invited to join workshops and training to enrich the skills in some handy craft production, networking and society management, particularly related to batik. ?Komunitas Batik Manjing Werni? (KBMW) is one of the community-based development centers that concerns in promoting a unique batik motif. This article aims to describe the role of female crafters of natural motif batik in batik conservation on Muria slope. The main objective is to identify how these female crafters in KBMW contribute to build public awareness around Muria slope conservation through religious teachings and education. The data in this descriptive-qualitative research were obtained through observation, documentation and interviews with key persons in KBMW, people living around KBMW and Kudus regency tourism office.

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