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Akademika
ISSN : 20857470     EISSN : 26218828     DOI : 10.30736
Akademika: Jurnal Studi Islam merupakan jurnal yang dikelola dan diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Agama Islam Universitas Islam Lamongan. Jurnal ini memiliki P-ISSN (2085-7470) dan E-ISSN (2621-8828) yang terbit dua kali setahun ini, bulan Juni dan Desember, berisi kajian-kajian keislaman baik dalam bidang pendidikan, hukum, keagamaan maupun ilmu pengetahuan.
Arjuna Subject : Umum - Umum
Articles 110 Documents
ESENSI PENDIDIKAN ONTOLOGIS HEIDEGGER BAGI PENDIDIKAN TINGGI Murtaufiq, Sudarto; Fahruddin, Ahmad Hanif
Akademika Vol 13, No 02 (2019): Akademika
Publisher : Universitas Islam Lamongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (766.827 KB) | DOI: 10.30736/adk.v13i02.131

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Abstract: This paper is aimed at examining the Heidegger's ideas in dealing with the current crisis in higher education. Such issues as instrumentalization, professionalization, vocationalization, and technologization in today's modern university have resulted in the increasing hyper-specialization and ruinous fragmentation of its all aspects. On this stand, Heidegger offers an ontological conception of education that is purposefully capable of bringing about a renaissance of the university. Inspired by the Plato?s popular ?allegory of the cave?, Heidegger both excavates and appropriates the original Western educational ideal of Platonic paideia. In addition, The Heidegger's notion of ontological education could be considered as a philosophical perfectionism, a re-essentialization of the currently empty ideal of educational ?excellence? by which Heidegger believes we can reconnect teaching to research and, ultimately, reunify and revitalize the university itself.Keywords: Ontological education, Allegory of the Cave, Paideia, re-essentialization
ANALISIS KRITIS HADITS TENTANG SIFAT MUKMIN DENGAN PENDEKATAN SIMULTAN DAN PERSPEKTIF MULTIKULTURAL Amrullah, Moh. Bahru Roysadi
Akademika Vol 13, No 02 (2019): Akademika
Publisher : Universitas Islam Lamongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1260.139 KB) | DOI: 10.30736/adk.v13i02.122

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Abstract: This article is aimed at finding out and understanding the quality and the meaning of hadith with a simultaneous approach. This research raises the questions on what the hadith research method with a simultaneous approach is? and what the quality of the hadith about "two traits which are not present in a true believer, namely stingy and bad manner" in simultaneous research is? The Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri?s hadith narrated by Al-Bukhari in the da'if al-isnad by Muhammad Nasiruddin Al-Bani with the quality of da'if al-isnad. In the hadith there are 5 narrators, namely: Muslim, Abu Maghirah al-Salami, Malik bin Dinar, Abdullah bin Ghalib al-Khadari, and Abi Sa'id al-Khudri. Data about the hadith and the quality of the narrators is collected through a documentation method. The data is then analyzed using the content analysis method. In its partial analysis, it was found that: 1. Of all five narrators in the hadith there is only one, namely Abu Said al-Khudri with the quality of thiqah. 2. The sanad is included in the chapter mu'an'an leading to the so-called inqita?ul sanad. 3. The hadits matan was apparently not shad, for not being opposed to the naqli arguments, both the Qur'an and the hadits traditions of a higher quality of sanad. 4. Hadits matan is also not related to the illat, for not being opposed to the aqli arguments such as reason, common sense, history, and science. Thus the Abi Sa'id al-Khudri's hadith concluded by al-Bukhari is a qualified da'if fil isnad in partial research. 5. Based on the hadith tabi? tsiqah, it is very rarely found that its quality is sahih al isnad because there were some not considered thiqah. So from the four hadits, its tabi' is not able to improve the quality of the mutaba? hadith, namely the Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri's hadits narrated by Al-Bukhari. Thus it means that the tabi' hadits has not to do with the quality of the mutaba hadits, namely: da'if al-isnad. 6. Because it has 4 shahid hadits of good quality. So based on the research of the hadith on other multi sanad (syawahid), the quality of the hadith is regarded sahih li ghayrihi.Keywords: Hadits research, simultaneous approach
PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI PEDAGOGIK GURU MELALUI SUPERVISI AKADEMIK DENGAN PENDEKATAN KOLABORATIF DI SMP NEGERI 2 MODO KABUPATEN LAMONGAN Hadi, Hadi
Akademika Vol 12, No 01 (2018): Akademika
Publisher : Universitas Islam Lamongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (718.315 KB) | DOI: 10.30736/adk.v12i01.145

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Abstract: This study is about improving teachers' pedagogical competence through academic supervision with a collaborative approach in SMPN 2 Modo Lamongan. The problem of this study is whether through academic supervision with a collaborative approach it can improve pedagogical competence (ability and motivation) of teachers in SMPN 2 Modo Lamongan? The results of this study are if academic supervision uses a collaborative approach, the pedagogical competence of teachers in SMPN 2 Modo Lamongan will increase. The subjects of this study are six teachers of SMPN 2 Modo Lamongan. The researcher obtains data by using an instrument for evaluating teachers' performance, observations and field notes. In analyzing data the reasercher uses qualitative descriptive statistical data analysis techniques. From the results of data analysis in cycle I and cycle II, a conclusion can be drawn that through academic supervision with a collaborative approach, the pedagogical competence of teachers in SMPN 2 Modo, Lamongan has increased.Keywords: Teachers' pedagogical Competence, academic supervision, collaborative approach
IJTIHAD DAN PROBLEMATIKA KEKINIAN Ruslan, Muhammad
Akademika Vol 13, No 01 (2019): Akademika
Publisher : Universitas Islam Lamongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (895.81 KB) | DOI: 10.30736/adk.v13i01.136

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Abstract: The study of Islamic law and various global challenges requires a solutive method of ijtihad to solve contemporary issues today. In addition, social dynamics relating to the development of information technology and the spread of culture are in need of ijitihad in Islamic law. Yusuf Al-Qardawi has done a lot of contemporary ijithad as stated in this paper and how it could be addressed by Muslims in any part of the world, including Indonesia. The double movement theory of Fazlul Rahman has also taken part in giving an offer as a renewal of Islamic law over contextual legal issues without denying the basis of the primary sources of Islamic law, namely the Qur'an and Sunnah. The ijtihad method takes place through the historical criticism of norms at primary sources based on space and time and socio-cultural background. All this aims to capture the universality of the holy message contained in the primary sources. The value of universality is in the form of humanity, freedom (al-hurriyah), justice (al-adalah), and equality (al-musawah). This is relevant in the context of contemporary space and time especially in keeping up with the information industry era. This paper asserts the flexibility of the law based on sharia to provide solutions to the any emerging problems. Therefore, the teaching of legal methodology not only teaches the so-called ushul al-fiqh but also teaches the concepts that are relevant to the current social political situation and conditions.Keywords: Ijtihad, current issues, Islamic law
SEX TANPA NIKAH: DILEMA HUKUM POSITIF DAN MORALITAS BANGSA Fageh, Achmad
Akademika Vol 13, No 02 (2019): Akademika
Publisher : Universitas Islam Lamongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (837.332 KB) | DOI: 10.30736/adk.v13i02.127

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Abstract: Efforts to bring together the synergity of positive legal products and the value of morality of the nation as the wisdom of local cultures to-Indonesiaan needs the seriousness of various parties. Specifically, the provisions of the law governing adultery that truly reflect the aspirations and values that live in the community and are moral mirroring, are indispensable to the attention of many other aspects that Need to also note. While awaiting its realization, the author considers it to be no longer the time when all parties excuse that the freedom and privacy of a person in the sex field is ' closed ' to the law, so that the criminal law stops at the front door of the room. Therefore, maintaining the notion of adultery according to the PENAL code (which is now in force), is the same by validating the sofsion of the values of goodness that live in society. Do we have to be flashed and want to keep that detrimental ' privacy '? Do we still have to ' endure ' by skipping.The formulation of TP fornication in the RUU KUHP has a wider scope than arranged in the KUHP. This is reflected in article 417 and article 419 RUU KUHP, which arranges about the deed of intercourse with a person who is not a husband or his or his/her "collect Kebo" act. Controversy appear as the Delik fornication arranged in both of the article is a complaints delics (still equal to the Delik fornication in article 284 KUHP). The fornication act is not changed to a common delics that can be reported by anyone who knows the deeds. From the subject side, the right to complain has been expanded in a RUU KUHP, which can be complained by a husband, wife, parent, or child.Keywords: Free sec, positive law, national morality
KONSEP AUDITORI DALAM AL QURAN DAN APLIKASINYA DI DUNIA PENDIDIKAN Ahmad, Victor Imaduddin
Akademika Vol 12, No 01 (2018): Akademika
Publisher : Universitas Islam Lamongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (812.654 KB) | DOI: 10.30736/adk.v12i01.150

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Abstract: This study aims to formulate the concept of hearing in the Qur'an and how it is applied in education. From thematic studies it is found the concepts of hearing in the Quran as follows: (1) Hearing is the first and main sense in human development so that it becomes an important knowledge path. (2) From the study of auditory objects it is found appropriate guidance for certain different conditions. Qawlan Ma'rufa for public associations, qawlan sadi>da for childcare and learning, qawlan bali>gha for study, qawlan kari>ma for associations with parents and respectable people, ahsanu qaula for da'wah, qawlan tsaqila for da'wah callers, qawlan maysura for weak people the needy, qawlan layyinan for diplomacy. (3) There is an internal prohibition that will have a negative effect on listeners. Hearing fake news, tajassus, other people's ugliness and so on. (4) There is a prohibition on making statements resulting in sin and danger. Falsehood, qawlan adhi>ma which generally contains falsehood, or puns that contain ridicules, manna, adza, mocking others, self-deprecation, giving bad nicknames, vain words that cannot be understood ( 5) From the aspect of how to regulate intonation, the Quran also regulates a code of ethics and in a good way. The application of the concept of hearing in education can be done in the following five steps: (1) Preparing place and psychological conditions (2) Reading ta>wudz and basmalah (3) Providing the best example according to conditions (4) Students repeat correctly, (5) Delivering with true method in accordance with the so-called qawlan baligha.Keywords: Hearing, the Quran, education
SHOLAT SEBAGAI SARANA PELATIHAN MINDFULNESS: JAWABAN UNTUK TANTANGAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM MENGHADAPI THEAGE OF COMPLEXITY Ahmad, Victor Imaduddin; Suyuthi, Ahmad
Akademika Vol 13, No 01 (2019): Akademika
Publisher : Universitas Islam Lamongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1524.92 KB) | DOI: 10.30736/adk.v13i01.141

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Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to answer the questions of what is the potential of prayer as a medium for mindfulness training and how is its implementation to face the age of complexity. The results of the study concludes that prayer has aspects that are complete enough to fulfill the components of mindfulness with an Islamic mindset, in which the object of focus is God. Based on the Quran and al Hadith it was found that solemn or mindful prayer has a great influence on the quality of life of a Muslim. This is in line with the results of research on mindfulness which shows that the increased mindfulness will improve mental quality and body health and well-being. To get quality prayer, one needs to do five things. (1) Starting with the so-called taawudz (2) Strengthening the intention of prayer to achieve the ridha of Allah. (3) Performing every prayer move with tuma'ninah. (4) grasping every prayer reading and presenting muraqabah. (5) Making prayers as needed. Transforming the mindful prayer into all aspects of life requires three keys, namely deep breathing, positive feelings, and involving mindful prayer to the areas of life by forming the mindset of a "bridge" between prayer and work.Keyword: Prayer, mindfulness training, Islamic education, age of complexity
PENDIDIKAN SUFISTIK MULTIKULTUTAL DALAM PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DI INDONISIA Husni, Muhammad; Hasyim, Muhammad
Akademika Vol 13, No 01 (2019): Akademika
Publisher : Universitas Islam Lamongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (636.879 KB) | DOI: 10.30736/adk.v13i01.132

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Abstract: Multicultural sufistical education not only discusses the positive character, but also the negative one and how to handle it. This can provide a new perspective of the character education in Indonesia. A student needs to be aware of what he must avoid and how to avoid it in addition to staying away from it as early as possible. What is important to note is that,  first, like worship, knowledge must also be with sincerity when studying it. Sincerity is a motive that makes knowledge meaningful. Second, knowledge is such an affiliation of worship. Third, learning dualism. Learning - in Sufistical education - is not only a process of finding knowledge. Character is only an attribute, and is not embedded in the soul. This kind of character education is unfilled with the spirit and goodness in the heart. So sufistical education - through the concept of psychology - provides a bridge to it. Character education should be littered with the process of penance in order to liven up the soul with awarenessKeywords: Multicultural sufistical education, character education in Indonesia
PEMIKIRAN AS-SUYUTHI DALAM BIDANG FIQH SYAFI’I TELAAH KITAB AL-ASYBAH WA AL-NAZHAIR Mumtahanah, Nurotun
Akademika Vol 13, No 02 (2019): Akademika
Publisher : Universitas Islam Lamongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1118.803 KB) | DOI: 10.30736/adk.v13i02.123

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Abstract, In the discourse of the Al-Syafi'I school of thought there is a monumental book talking about the principles of fiqhiyyah, namely Al-Asybah Wa Al-Nazhair Fi Qawaida Wa Furu'i Fiqhi Al-Syafi'iyyah by Abdurrahman bin Abu Bakar Al-Suyuthi (D. 911 H). The writing of Al-Asybah Wa Al-Nazhair is proof of the al-Suyuthi's skills in the field of fiqh and fiqhiyyah rules. Therefore, It needs to be studied further, in the context of more exploration and scientific development. For this reason, this study will focus on the background and the content of the Al-Asybah Wa Al-Nazhair with all the advantages and characteristics. In this study, it was found that the Al-Asybah Wa Al-Nazhair Fi Qawaida Wa Furu'i Fiqhi Al-Syafi'iyyah by Abdurrahman bin Abu Bakar Al-Suyuthi (W. 911 H) was written systematically in seven chapters, namely; 1). Five methods of jurisprudence that are often used as references in the subject of fiqh; 2). General methods used in dealing with partial problems; 3). The methods that are contrary to one another, without privileging one of the parties / opinions because it occurs in the scope of furu'iyah (not the principle problems); 4). The legal problems that are well known and widely heard and reprimands for fiqh experts who don't know it; 5). Some reviews in the (fiqh) chapter; 6). The chapter about syubhat and relating to it; 7). Some views about: a). Doing something that contains two contradictions; b). Doing something outside of time (specified); c). Some problems (mentioned in the syarh al- muhadzzab); d). (thirty) problems for which there is no reason not to know and has been arranged (by al-Suyuthi) into a nazhm (poetry).Keywords: Al-Asybah Wa Al-Nazhair, Al-Suyuthi, Shafi'i school of thought
PERNIKAHAN DINI DALAM TINJAUAN UNDANG-UNDANG DAN PSIKOLOGI Khoiri, Ahmad
Akademika Vol 12, No 01 (2018): Akademika
Publisher : Universitas Islam Lamongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (672.413 KB) | DOI: 10.30736/adk.v12i01.146

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Abstract: The problem of early marriage is always interesting to discuss and debate for being capable of raising the pros and cons. Various responses to early marriage appeared both positively and negatively. Early marriage is a social phenomenon that occurs in many parts of the world with different backgrounds. This is certainly a concern for the international community, given the risks arising from early marriage are physically and psychologically, including sexual relations. Poverty is not the only important factor that plays a role in early marriage. When we trace the roots of the problem of early marriage in Indonesia, especially on the island of Java it has actually become something commonplace for our ancestors. In their context there is a negative stigma if a woman marries at an adult age in their community. This paper will discuss the phenomenon of early marriage in the context of law and psychology. To some extent those who have an early marriage will experience psychological risks such as stress, irritability, anxiety and depression.Keywords: Early marriage, Islamic Law, psychology

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