cover
Contact Name
Achmad Muchaddam Fahham
Contact Email
jurnaldprri@gmail.com
Phone
+6287839712686
Journal Mail Official
jurnaldprri@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Pusat Penelitian Badan Keahlian DPR RI Gedung Nusantara I Lantai 2 Jl. Gatot Subroto Jakarta Pusat 10270 Telp 021 5715372 Fax 021 5715245
Location
Unknown,
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INDONESIA
Aspirasi : Jurnal Masalah-masalah Sosial
ISSN : 20866305     EISSN : 26145863     DOI : -
Jurnal Aspirasi is a journal on social issues publishing articles from parliamentary perspectives, covering both library and field studies. The journal puts emphasis on aspects related to social issues in Indonesian context with special reference to sociology, psychology, education, environment, religion, and health.
Articles 143 Documents
PRIAYISME DAN KORUPSI KOLUSI NEPOTISME (KKN): STUDI STATUS GROUP DI KABUPATEN SLEMAN PROVINSI DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA Hariyanto, Hariyanto
Jurnal Aspirasi Vol 3, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Badan Keahlian DPR RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (919.495 KB) | DOI: 10.46807/aspirasi.v3i2.264

Abstract

Aristocrat (priayi) closely related to the attributes of power, wealth, and prestige in the social structure of Java. This paper revisited the relationship between aristocrataristocracy and growing corruption, collusion and nepotism (CCN) prior to Indonesian Independence in 1945 to date from socio-culture point of view. The study showed that over those periods, there were relations between the aristocratic attributes of honor, power, and the practice of CCN at Sleman Regency
STRATEGI PROMOSI KESEHATAN DALAM MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS SANITASI LINGKUNGAN Yuningsih, Rahmi
Jurnal Aspirasi Vol 10, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Badan Keahlian DPR RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (495.56 KB) | DOI: 10.46807/aspirasi.v10i2.1391

Abstract

Improvement of sanitation, environment and clean water, will substantially reduce the level of pain and severity of various diseases that can improve the degree of public health. But Indonesia still faces Open Defecation Free (ODF) which pollutes the environment. Indonesia ranks second after India (626 million people) as the country with the most ODF, which were 63 million people. In Serang Municipality, Banten Province, there are still 27.2% of people doing defecation in rivers, rice fields and others. The important factor causing it is the habit. The purpose of this paper is to discuss health promotion strategies consisting of advocacy efforts, social support and community empowerment in improving the quality of sanitation in Serang Municipality. The data is the result of group research conducted by researchers at the Research Center of the Expertise Agency of the DPR RI. The study was conducted in Serang Municipality in March 2019. Apart from the habitual problem, there are still many people who defecate in the absence of hygienic toilet facilities at home and ineffective communal toilet programs. The difficulty of getting clean water in the Serang Municipality has caused people further reluctant to make and use healthy latrines. The local government has implemented a health promotion strategy which includes advocacy for DPR and DPRD members to prioritize sanitation issues in Serang Municipality; increase social support from community leaders and conduct community empowerment. AbtrakPerbaikan terhadap sanitasi, lingkungan dan air bersih, secara substansial akan mengurangi tingkat kesakitan dan tingkat keparahan berbagai penyakit sehingga dapat meningkatkan derajat kesehatan masyarakat. Namun, Indonesia masih dihadapi masalah sanitasi yaitu perilaku Buang Air Besar Sembarangan (BABS) yang mencemari lingkungan. Indonesia berada di urutan kedua setelah India (626 juta orang) sebagai negara dengan perilaku BABS terbanyak yaitu 63 juta orang. Begitu pun dengan Kota Serang, masih terdapat 27,2% masyarakat melakukan BABS seperti di sungai, sawah dan lainnya. Penyebab utamanya adalah faktor kebiasaan. Tujuan penulisan ini untuk mengetahui strategi promosi kesehatan yang terdiri dari upaya advokasi, dukungan sosial dan pemberdayaan masyarakat dalam meningkatkan kualitas sanitasi di Kota Serang. Data dalam tulisan ini merupakan hasil penelitian kelompok bersama Tim Peneliti pada Pusat Penelitian Badan Keahlian DPR RI. Penelitian kualitatif dilakukan di Kota Serang pada bulan Maret 2019. Selain masalah kebiasaan, penyebab masih banyaknya masyarakat BABS adalah tidak tersedianya sarana jamban sehat di rumah dan tidak efektifnya program jamban komunal. Sulitnya mendapatkan air bersih di Kota Serang membuat masyarakat lebih enggan membuat dan menggunakan jamban sehat. Oleh karena itu, pemerintah daerah setempat melakukan strategi promosi kesehatan yang meliputi advokasi kepada anggota DPR dan DPRD agar memprioritaskan masalah sanitasi lingkungan di Kota Serang; meningkatkan dukungan sosial dari tokoh masyarakat serta melakukan kegiatan pemberdayaan masyarakat untuk tidak BABS.
PARADIGMA PELINDUNGAN ANAK BERBASIS SISTEM Susanto, Susanto
Jurnal Aspirasi Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Badan Keahlian DPR RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (510.72 KB) | DOI: 10.46807/aspirasi.v8i1.1259

Abstract

Every child has the right to be able to live, grow, develop, and participate fairly according to human dignity, and to be protected from violence and discrimination, but the fact is that condition of Indonesian children is still far from the ideal. There are still many Indonesian children who have not received protection from violence and discrimination, and they aften experience bad and treatment the on going, violence, poor up bringing and neglect. Taking this in to account, this paper attempts to answer two things, first, and often they implementation of child protection so far, second, the best system based formula for child protection that should be use. Using a literacy study approach, this review concludeds. That child protection policy in Indonesia until now still contains various weaknesses. This is reflected in the lack of existing norms in legislation, sectoral and non-integrated policies, fragmented and unfocused budgets, weak institutional coordination, poor handling of child protection for its case fased approach and forgetting long-term solutions, and misperceptions on the functions -child protection Institutions. Such challenges need to be resolved with a system-based policy. This approach necessitates the completion of various policies for the implementation of child protection. Both at the level of legislation and on the implementation. It is also necessary to strengthen child protection institution in Indonesia both in terms of human resources and of the budget that sustains it.Setiap anak berhak untuk dapat hidup, tumbuh, berkembang, dan berpartisipasi secara wajar sesuai dengan harkat dan martabat kemanusiaan, serta mendapat pelindungan dari kekerasan dan diskriminasi, namun pada kenyataannya kondisi anak di Indonesia masih jauh dari harapan ideal itu. Masih banyak anak Indonesia yang belum memperoleh pelindungan dari kekerasan dan diskriminasi, bahkan tidak jarang anak yang mengalami perlakuan buruk, kekerasan, salah asuh dan penelantaran. Berangkat dari keprihatinan itu, tulisan ini berupaya menjawab dua hal, pertama, bagaimana penyelenggaraan pelindungan anak selama ini, kedua, bagaimana formula pelindungan anak dengan sistem sebaiknya dilakukan. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan studi literartur, kajian ini menyimpulkan, bahwa kebijakan pelindungan anak di Indonesia sampai saat ini masih mengandung berbagai kelemahan. Hal itu tampak pada lemahnya norma yang ada dalam peraturan perundangan, kebijakan yang bersifat sektoral dan tidak padu, anggaran yang terpecah-pecah dan tidak fokus, lemah koordinasi antarlembaga, penanganan pelindungan anak bersifat kasuistik dan melupakan penyelesaian jangka panjang, dan salah persepsi terhadap fungsi lembaga-lembaga pelindungan anak. Kondusi pelindungan anak di Indonesia yang demikian perlu diselesaikan dengan kebijakan pelindungan berbasis sistem. Pendekatan ini meniscayakan penyempurnaan berbagai kebijakan penyelenggaraan pelindungan anak. Baik pada level peraturan perundangan maupun pada pelaksaan. Selain itu juga perlu dilakukan penguatan kelembagaan pelindungan anak di Indonesia baik dari sisi sumber daya manusia maupun dari anggaran yang menopangnya. 
ALIH FUNGSI LAHAN DI PERKOTAAN (STUDI KASUS DI KOTA BANDUNG DAN YOGYAKARTA) Prihatin, Rohani Budi
Jurnal Aspirasi Vol 6, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Badan Keahlian DPR RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (643.848 KB) | DOI: 10.46807/aspirasi.v6i2.507

Abstract

Over the past four decades the cities and towns of Indonesia have experienced dramatic population growth. Population growth makes crisis in land use and agriculture that could undermine the health, security, and sustainability of those cities. The purpose of this study is to determine the land use patterns and its changes over time in Bandung City and Yogyakarta City. The research has been done in 2014, by using qualitative method. By considering urbanization and demographic aspect, this study concludes that decision maker in those cities are inconsistent in implementing Regional Development and Spatial Planning. Generally, local city tempted to allocate land use for housing and real estate for short term reasons.
ANIME DAN PERSEPSI BUDAYA KEKERASAN PADA ANAK USIA SEKOLAH Andina, Elga
Jurnal Aspirasi Vol 5, No 2 (2014)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (707.024 KB) | DOI: 10.46807/aspirasi.v5i2.453

Abstract

The rising number of violence and bullying cases between studentis worrying. Some people accused violence anime as the cause. However, violence anime shows not only aggression acts, but also delivering positive values needed by children. Data from anime forums suggests such animes deliver ideas kind of like: hard working, never give up, altruism, and solidarity. This means violence acts among school age children may derive from other variables.
PENGEMBANGAN TENUN IKAT KOMUNITAS KAINE’E PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR MELALUI MODEL QUADRUPLE HELIX Pulungan, Edrida
Jurnal Aspirasi Vol 7, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Badan Keahlian DPR RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (509.439 KB) | DOI: 10.46807/aspirasi.v7i2.1291

Abstract

This research explore the creative economic development based on community empowerment by case studies in ikat Kaine?e community by offering an alternative model of quadruple helix. As the pretenses, women are the majority of weavers mostly the backbone of economic family income. Many weaver of Kaine?e community in East Nusa Tenggara province was vulnerable to poverty because they have problems in marketing ikat and access to sources of funding to meet the raw material and the lack of skills to produce quality weaving and the need to strengthen the capacity for a group of weavers. Methods of research conducted by in-depth interviews, observation and documentation. The place of research is in the village of Teun Baun, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara Province. Results showed that there are synergies between stakeholders involving the interaction of local government is through the Department of Trade and Industry, Private Parties (Chamber of Commerce, the National Crafts Council, Yayasan Karya Karsa One) Academics and Community. In this study the authors also offer creative economy development model of community-based alternative is to use the model Quadruple Helix .  Penelitian ini mengeksplorasi pengembangan ekonomi kreatif berbasis pemberdayaan masyarakat dan studi kasus komunitas tenun ikat Kaine?e dengan menawarkan alternatif model quadruple helix. Penelitian didasarkan pada kondisi pengrajin tenun komunitas Kaine?e Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur yang mayoritas perempuan dan kebanyakan menjadi penopang ekonomi keluarga untuk menambah penghasilan. Mereka rentan terhadap kemiskinan, karena terhambat dalam memasarkan produk , mengakses sumber-sumber pendanaan untuk memenuhi bahan baku, dan minim keterampilan untuk menghasilkan tenun yang berkualitas. Penelitian dilakukan di Desa Teun Baun, Kabupaten Kupang, Provinsi Nusa tenggara Timur, melalui metode wawancara mendalam, pengamatan, dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat sinergi antar stakeholders yang melibatkan interaksi Pemerintah daerah, yaitu melalui Dinas Perindustrian dan Perdagangan, pihak swasta (KADIN, Dewan Kerajinan Nasional Daerah, Yayasan Satu Karsa Karya), akademisi dan komunitas. Dalam penelitian ini, penulis juga menawarkan model pengembangan ekonomi kreatif berbasis pemberdayaan masyarakat dengan menggunakan alternatif model Quadruple Helix
MASYARAKAT SADAR BENCANA: PEMBELAJARAN DARI KARO, BANJARNEGARA, DAN JEPANG Prihatin, Rohani Budi
Jurnal Aspirasi Vol 9, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Badan Keahlian DPR RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (663.137 KB) | DOI: 10.46807/aspirasi.v9i2.1106

Abstract

Geographical location, archipelago, large population, and tropical climate have placed Indonesia as a high disaster risk area. How Indonesia anticipates and handles natural disasters is a very important problem to be studied, especially related to the process of public awareness to disasters from these two case studies, namely the Mount Sinabung Eruption in Karo, North Sumatra and landslides in Banjarnegara, Central Java. By conducting in-depth interviews, field observations, and literature studies, this study found the fact that the strategies used in managing natural disasters in Indonesia, especially in terms of disaster awareness, had been reactive. Even though most people are still alive and looking for life in the midst of high-risk areas, in fact they are not really prepared for disaster. In the case of the Sinabung disaster there seems to be no tradition of Karo community preparedness in the face of disasters after a long time since Mount Sinabung was inactive. Conversely, in the case of disasters in Banjarnegara, this awareness has grown even though it has not been as ideal as Japanese society. This proves that most victims still use fatalistic views in facing disasters. Most victims are not afraid to return to their original place which was once a disaster area. This lack of awareness is influenced by the perspective of most people who accept what nature has given and see natural disasters as an inevitable fate. Abstrak Lokasi geografis, wilayah kepulauan, populasi yang besar, dan kondisi iklim tropis telah menempatkan Indonesia sebagai daerah dengan risiko bencana tinggi. Bagaimana Indonesia mengantisipasi dan menangani bencana-bencana alam tersebut menjadi masalah yang sangat penting untuk dipelajari, khususnya terkait dengan proses kesadaran masyarakat terhadap bencana dari dua studi kasus Letusan Gunung Sinabung di Karo, Sumatera Utara dan tanah longsor di Banjarnegara, Jawa Tengah. Melalui penelitian kualitatif yang dilakukan dengan wawancara mendalam, observasi lapangan, dan studi pustaka, penelitian ini menemukan fakta bahwa strategi yang digunakan dalam mengelola bencana alam di Indonesia, terutama dari sisi sadar bencana, selama ini masih bersifat reaktif. Meskipun kebanyakan orang masih hidup dan mencari kehidupan di tengah-tengah daerah berisiko tinggi, sebenarnya mereka tidak benar-benar siap menghadapi bencana. Pada kasus bencana Sinabung tampak tidak ada tradisi kesiapsiagaan masyarakat Karo dalam menghadapi bencana setelah sekian lama Gunung Sinabung tidak aktif. Sebaliknya, pada kasus bencana di Banjarnegara, telah tumbuh kesadaran tersebut walau belum seideal pada masyarakat Jepang. Hal ini membuktikan bahwa kebanyakan korban masih menggunakan pandangan fatalistik dalam menghadapi bencana. Mayoritas korban tidak takut untuk kembali ke tempat asal mereka yang dulunya merupakan daerah bencana. Kurangnya kesadaran ini dipengaruhi oleh perspektif masyarakat kebanyakan yang menerima apa yang diberikan alam dan melihat kejadian bencana alam sebagai takdir yang tak terelakkan. 
DIFERENSIASI PERAN ANGGOTA KELUARGA MISKIN PERKOTAAN: PERSPEKTIF MODAL SOSIAL Prayitno, Ujianto Singgih
Jurnal Aspirasi Vol 4, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Badan Keahlian DPR RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (918.588 KB) | DOI: 10.46807/aspirasi.v4i1.489

Abstract

This research was conducted within urban poor families. These families are generally bound in a complex,cross cutting, and changing network of relationships, which together would reinforce the existence of society. Economic productivity of poor families is supported by all members of the family, including the children, with a definite division of work. With qualitative-phenomenological approach, the study concluded that the degree of independence of the households is supported by strong family ties, mutual trust among members of the family, sharing value, and the spirit of working together in solving problems. Interaction between families in the community who are also based on the norms of trust, mutual help, and togetherness, is a form of social capital and is important for the formation of social networks.
MENGUKUR KESEJAHTERAAN Rustia, Hana Nika
Jurnal Aspirasi Vol 2, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Badan Keahlian DPR RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (320.492 KB) | DOI: 10.46807/aspirasi.v2i2.444

Abstract

Book ReviewJudul Buku : Mengukur Kesejahteraan: Mengapa Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB) bukan Tolak Ukur yang Tepat untuk Menilai Kemajuan?Penulis : Joseph E. Stiglitz, Amartya Sen, Jean-Paul FittousiPenerjemah : Mutiara Arumsari, Fitri Bintang TimurPenerbit : Marjin KiriTahun: 2011, Cetakan ITeba; : 180 + XXVIII halaman  PenulisPenerjemah  PenerbitMarjin KiriTahun2011, catakan ITebal 
PENGARUH KUALITAS LINGKUNGAN TERHADAP PEMENUHAN KEBUTUHAN DASAR DI PROVINSI BANTEN Suryani, Anih Sri
Jurnal Aspirasi Vol 9, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Badan Keahlian DPR RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1157.064 KB) | DOI: 10.46807/aspirasi.v9i1.991

Abstract

The quality of the environment and basic needs of the community as long as it is a matter of concern and need to be improved. This study aims to measure the effect of environmental quality on the fulfillment of basic needs. Mixed methods of Quantitative (with questionnaires) and qualitative (by interview) are conducted in data collection and analysis. The results showed that all environmental quality indexes were correlated with the fulfillment of basic needs, except for the biodiversity index. Based on the correlation test it is found that all environmental quality index have positive effect on the fulfillment of basic needs. This means, if there is an increase in air quality, water quality, land cover, biodiversity, public health, and environmental health then the fulfillment of basic needs will increase, and vice versa. The air quality index and land cover have the largest constants among the other indices. Thus, an increase of that value will have a greater impact on the increase in basic compliance, and vice versa. Kualitas lingkungan dan kebutuhan dasar masyarakat selama ini merupakan hal yang menjadi perhatian dan perlu terus ditingkatkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur pengaruh kualitas lingkungan terhadap pemenuhan kebutuhan dasar. Metode gabungan kuantitatif (dengan penyebaran kuesioner) dan kualitatif (dengan wawancara) dilakukan dalam pengumpulan dan analisis data. Hasil penelitian di Provinsi Banten menunjukkan bahwa semua indeks kualitas lingkungan berkorelasi dengan pemenuhan kebutuhan dasar, kecuali indeks keanekaragaman hayati. Berdasarkan uji korelasi didapatkan bahwa semua indeks kualitas lingkungan berpengaruh positif terhadap pemenuhan kebutuhan dasar. Hal ini berarti, apabila terjadi kenaikan kualitas udara, kualitas air, tutupan lahan, keanekaragaman hayati, kesehatan masyarakat, dan kesehatan lingkungan maka pemenuhan kebutuhan dasar akan meningkat, begitu juga sebaliknya. Indeks kualitas udara dan tutupan lahan mempunyai konstanta yang paling besar diantara indeks lainnya. Dengan demikian, kenaikan dari nilai tersebut akan berdampak lebih besar pada kenaikan pemenuhan dasar, demikian juga sebaliknya.

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