cover
Contact Name
Wahyu Hanafi Putra
Contact Email
wahyuhanafiputra@gmail.com
Phone
+6285655692234
Journal Mail Official
aphorisme@insuriponorogo.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Batoro Katong, No. 32, Ponorogo, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
Location
Kab. ponorogo,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
Aphorisme: Journal of Arabic Language, Literature, and Education
ISSN : 27226786     EISSN : 27226794     DOI : https://doi.org/10.37680/aphorisme
Aphorisme is a journal of Arabic Language, Literature, and Education. Its journal exists to accommodate contemporary issues related to Arabic Linguistics, Arabic Literature, and Arabic Learning written by lecturers, researchers, students, artists, writers, and practitioners in the fields of Arabic Language and Literature. The language focus published in this journal are Arabic, English, or Indonesian. This journal is published by the Study Program of Arabic Language Teaching Faculty of Tarbiyah INSURI twice a year (January-July). It has got both P-ISSN 2722-6786 and E-ISSN 2722-6794.
Articles 15 Documents
MUHADARAH DAN ESKALASI KECERDASAN LINGUISTIK Fitriani, Finy
Aphorisme: Journal of Arabic Language, Literature, and Education Vol 1 No 1 (2020): Language and Literature
Publisher : Study Program of Arabic Language Teaching

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (354.153 KB) | DOI: 10.37680/aphorisme.v1i1.315

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to (1) describe the implementation of Muhadarah student activities in grade VI Islamic Arrisalah Slahung Ponorogo school year 2018/2019, (2) describe the linguistic intelligence of class VI Islamic Arrisalah Slahung Ponorogo students in 2018/2019 academic year in muhadarah activities.This type of research uses field research with a qualitative approach methodology. The study was conducted in grade VI of Arrisalah Slahung Ponorogo Islamic Elementary School with data collection procedures through observation, interviews, and documentation. The main data in the form of the contents of the video of the student Muhadarah that has been transcribed along with photos of the activities of the Muhadarah implementation. The subjects of the study were grade VI students and Arrisalah Islamic elementary school teachers. While the object of research is the linguistic intelligence of female students in grade VI Islamic elementary school Arrisalah Slahung Ponorogo. In this study the informants were the staff of the Arrisalah Islamic Elementary School teacher and the sixth grade guardian of Islamic Arrisalah Elementary School. Based on the results of data analysis, it can be concluded that (1) The implementation of muhadarah begins with the preparation of the text first, then corrects it to the supervisor. After completing the muhadarah activity, the supervisor evaluates and comments related to the performance displayed by the students, then continues by appointing several students who will be on duty for the following week. The assessment results for the six students who have performed the best speech are in the vocabulary and material aspects, with the average score is 4 to 5. While in other aspects there are still those who get a score of 3. (2) Language skills in the speaking aspects of the sixth grade students at SD Islam Arrisalah Slahung Ponorogo, the majority are good, can decipher and arrange words into effective sentence. With the existence of mu?? kegarah excitement held at this school can increase and improve linguistic intelligence/ language skills in aspects of their speech to be even better. The muhadarah activity is not only to improve language skills in speaking but also in writing, because before the children deliver their speeches in front of their class they first write the text and then memorize it.
PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA ARAB DAN DINAMIKA WACANA BAHASA: STUDI KOMPARASI TEORI AL-SULūKIYYAH DAN AL-ʽAQLIYYAH ANTARA TEKS DAN KONTEKS Midi HS, Midi HS
Aphorisme: Journal of Arabic Language, Literature, and Education Vol 1 No 1 (2020): Language and Literature
Publisher : Study Program of Arabic Language Teaching

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (596.261 KB) | DOI: 10.37680/aphorisme.v1i1.316

Abstract

Learning is an aid given by educators to enable the process of acquisition of knowledge and knowledge, mastery of skills and character, as well as the formation of students' attitudes and self-confidence. Where as Arabic is a discipline that consists of various aspects of the main skills in it. The main skill aspects include listening skills (Mah?rah al-Istim? '), speaking skills (Mah?rah al-Kal?m), reading skills (Mah?rah al-qir??ah), and writing skills (Mah?rah al-Kit?bah). From these definitions it can be concluded that learning Arabic is an activity of transfer of knowledge carried out by educators towards students about Arabic with all its aspects in a particular learning environment. Today there are many expert opinions related to Arabic learning theory. There are theories that seem mutually supportive of one another, there is also the opposite, contradictory. But that is the essence of theory, nothing is eternal, if there is a new theory that proves the error of the old theory then the old one will immediately be abandoned. Theory of Behaviorism (al-sul?kiyyah) and the theory of Mentalism (al-?aqliyyah) are theories that contradict each other or differ in perspectives in viewing language learning processes. Behaviorism theory pioneered by Skinner holds that language learning is a matter of stimulus, response, repetition, and reward. The language learning process can take place well if the response is repeated correctly. In contrast to the theory of mentalism pioneered by Noam Chomsky. This theory holds that language learning is not only a matter of stimulus, response, repetition, and reward alone. But it needs to involve a process of reason. For Chomsky, giving external stimuli and responses is impossible to determine language behavior, which is capable of taking responsibility for language behavior is only the innate ability of individual language learners.
POLITIK BAHASA ASING DAN HEGEMONI PESANTREN DI NUSANTARA Putra, Wahyu Hanafi; Sholihah, Rizki Amalia
Aphorisme: Journal of Arabic Language, Literature, and Education Vol 1 No 1 (2020): Language and Literature
Publisher : Study Program of Arabic Language Teaching

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (325.433 KB) | DOI: 10.37680/aphorisme.v1i1.320

Abstract

This study aims to describe the role of foreign languages as a medium for the development of pesantren in the archipelago. The research method used is descriptive qualitative. Pesantren is one of the oldest Islamic educational institutions in Indonesia. In the history of its development, pesantren reap some barriers, until finally at the beginning of XX century pesantren began to demand by many people. The success of pesantren in managing Islamic education is partly because of the role of foreign languages (Arabic and English) taught in it. In the globalization era, foreign language is a primary requirement for students, thus making pesantren as an alternative institution in developing foreign language skills of santri, in addition, the learning of foreign languages in pesantren is more effective because of the language environment. This is one of them can make foreign language as one of the political media in order to advance the existence of pesantren. Foreign language politics in pesantren means managing foreign languages as the language of communication in various policies in pesantren. Some pesantrens in Indonesia with a background of modern pesantren and Sal?f pesantren are keen to utilize foreign languages as a means of communication, resistance, and reconstruction of pesantren, such as the modern pesantren Gontor Ponorogo, Darullughah Wadda'wah Bangil Pasuruan pesantren, and Sidogiri Pasuruan pesantren. Some of these pesantren are pesantren who successfully manage foreign languages in accordance with the above functions. Thus, the paradigm of pesantren succession is not only seen from the number of santri who are proficient in Islamic Studies, but also from the extent to which santri skilled in various fields, one of which is foreign language.
REFORMASI GAGAL TOTAL, KAWAN!: A STYLISTICS STUDY OF POLITICAL SATIRE IN EKA KURNIAWAN’S CORAT-CORET DI TOILET Maulida, Lailatul
Aphorisme: Journal of Arabic Language, Literature, and Education Vol 1 No 1 (2020): Language and Literature
Publisher : Study Program of Arabic Language Teaching

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (284.002 KB) | DOI: 10.37680/aphorisme.v1i1.321

Abstract

This paper aims to discuss and analyze political satire in Eka Kurniawan's short story titled Corat-coret di Toilet. By applying descriptive qualitative research as well as stylistics approach, researcher then reading the whole text of the short story, analyzing the political satire, and taking notes the sentence related to political satire inside. Found that there are nine sentences of satire in the short story that refer to political satire that was written by some students on the campus toilet's walls against the situation of the government in the year of 1990s where the freedom of conveying aspirations is tightly limited. The ubiquity of political satire in this short story builds critical thinking on the readers and also stimulates them intensely to be able to interpretatively understand what is meant by the political satire, the relation of those political satires with the political and social condition in Indonesia, specifically in the end of New Order and the beginning of reform era. Finally, the political satire in Corat-coret di Toilet reflects legal and social injustice in Indonesia. Nevertheless, Kurniawan's work able to persuade the readers with a sense of humor, sadness, anger and the truth of the Indonesian situation, to understand and care more about social and government phenomena in their own country.
TAṭWīRU WAḥDAH AL-ILIKTRūNI LITANMIYAH AL-MAHāRAH AL-QIRā’AH; AL-TAḥLīL AL-WAQI’ī BI AL-MADRASAH AL-ŚāNAWIYYAH BAḥR AL-‘ULūM TAMBAK BERAS JOMBANG Aisa, Aufia; Jannah, Siti Nur; Rahmawati, Rina Dian
Aphorisme: Journal of Arabic Language, Literature, and Education Vol 1 No 1 (2020): Language and Literature
Publisher : Study Program of Arabic Language Teaching

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1240.671 KB) | DOI: 10.37680/aphorisme.v1i1.322

Abstract

??? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????????? (e-modul) ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????????? (e-modul) ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????. ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ADDIE. ??? ????? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????. ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? 4.5 ? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ????? 90 ? ?????? ??????? ????? 4.9 ? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????  ??????? ???? ????? 95 ?. ????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ???????????. ????? ?? ???? ???? ???. (2 - ?????) ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???. 0.05??? 0.000 ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ???? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????.
PROBLEMATIKA PEMBELAJARAN KITABAH DAN TARJAMAH DI MADRASAH IBTIDAIYAH Setyowati, Nanik
Aphorisme: Journal of Arabic Language, Literature, and Education Vol 1 No 1 (2020): Language and Literature
Publisher : Study Program of Arabic Language Teaching

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (344.509 KB) | DOI: 10.37680/aphorisme.v1i1.323

Abstract

The Arabic language is one of the competencies that must be mastered by the elementary school (Madrasah Ibtidaiyah/MI) students. However, in the course of learning Arabic, there are still various learning problems, especially in writing and translating Arabic. Speaking about the problem of learning Arabic, which was the object of research, the writers hoped to solve that problem or at least could reduce the gap. This study aimed to describe the learning patterns of writing skills and the ability to translate Arabic in MI, problems and find the right solution to support the learning of writing skills and the ability to translate Arabic in MI involving all components in the school, namely teaching materials, teachers, the principal's learning and policy process. This research is a qualitative study using descriptive-qualitative methods. The data used include two things, namely primary data and secondary data. Data collection technique was in the form of documentation. The researchers were trying to collect data relevant to learning Arabic in MI systematically, which were then analyzed by theory. The data analysis technique used grounded research in which the researchers analyzed the data and existing problems with the theory used. This research takes focus on the students of Class V Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Al-Jihad Karanggebang Jetis Ponorogo. Based on the data analysis, it was concluded that learning to write and translate Arabic in MI had been going well. However, there were still problems including lack of student interest, students' negative assumptions about Arabic, and students who were still at the level of reading (iqra'). Teachers' efforts in overcoming these problems included familiarizing students with the Arabic vocabulary (mufrodat) used in learning materials through the translating method and extra activities in the form of Foreign Language Development Programs.
PERJUANGAN PEREMPUAN PADA MASA PERGOLAKAN POLITIK INDONESIA TAHUN 1965 DALAM NOVEL GADIS JAKARTA KARYA NAJIB KAELANI DAN NOVEL AMBA KARYA LAKSMI PAMUNTJAK Wijayanti, Dinar Eka
Aphorisme: Journal of Arabic Language, Literature, and Education Vol 1 No 2 (2020): Arabic Language, Literature, and Education
Publisher : Study Program of Arabic Language Teaching

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (472.721 KB) | DOI: 10.37680/aphorisme.v1i2.402

Abstract

This research focused on comparing the struggle of a woman during the Indonesian political upheaval 1965 in the novel of Gadis Jakarta by Najib Kaelani and the novel of Amba by Laksmi Pamuntjak. Using a comparative analysis descriptive research method, the research show results that there are similarities in the two novels. First, both novels' main character is an educated woman who has education up to college and both colleges at the Faculty of Literature. Second, the time of events in the two novels is the same (during the Indonesian political upheaval 1965), in which the G30S/PKI rebellion took place. Third, the place settings in both novels are also similar (in Jakarta's capital city). Fourth, loved ones who want to be saved by the main characters in both novels are people who are being loved by the main character. Fifth, in both novels, there is a similarity in women's struggle in saving their love who were kidnapped during the PKI rebellion. In addition to the similarities above, there are also differences in the two novels. First, in Gadis Jakarta, from the beginning to the end of the story, the writer told only about the period of Indonesian political upheaval 1965. In contrast, Amba did not. Secondly, the main character in Gadis Jakarta died after being shot, while the main character in Amba lives up to the end of the story. Third, the fate of the characters saved or sought after by the main characters in the two novels is also different.
EFEKTIVITAS METODE IMLā’ MANẓūR DALAM MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN MENULIS BAHASA ARAB SISWA MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH Susanti, Susanti; Asyrofi, Syamsuddin
Aphorisme: Journal of Arabic Language, Literature, and Education Vol 1 No 2 (2020): Arabic Language, Literature, and Education
Publisher : Study Program of Arabic Language Teaching

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (703.656 KB) | DOI: 10.37680/aphorisme.v1i2.439

Abstract

The lack of use the writing skills method raises several obstacles experienced by students, including weaknesses in understanding the basics of Arabic writing and difficulty in answering Arabic questions. Therefore, it is necessary to improve learning as an effort to improve writing skills by applying the imla? manzur method. This research is an experimental study with a pretest-posttest control group design model, aimed at finding out the effectiveness of the imla? manzur method. Data collection techniques in this study used observation, tests, questionnaires, interviews, and documentation. Then the validity of the data is tested using the independent sample t-test. The results obtained were that in the experimental class the mastery of Arabic writing skills of students after applying the imla? manzur method had increased the average value from 52.08 to 78.57. Then, the results of the independent sample t-test showed a significant difference in the mastery of Arabic writing skills in the experimental class and the control class 0.000 < 0.05 after treatment, so that the conclusion of this study based on the data obtained showed that the application of the imla? manzur method was effective in improving students Arabic writing skills. Evidenced by a significant increase in learning outcomes, student enthusiasm when taking turns to write vocabulary and sentences in Arabic on the board, as well as growing sensitivity of student analysis of Arabic writing skills.
IBDāL AL-Yā’ WA ‘AKSIH BI AL-ALIF AL-LAYYINAH Fī KURRāSAH AL-TADRīB “HIKMAH” LI AL-ṬULLāB AL-MADRASAH AL-‘ĀLIYYAH AL-ULā BI JEMBER Hasanah, Wihdatul; Ahmad, Faris Maturedy; Arifandi, Fathoni
Aphorisme: Journal of Arabic Language, Literature, and Education Vol 1 No 2 (2020): Arabic Language, Literature, and Education
Publisher : Study Program of Arabic Language Teaching

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (770.833 KB) | DOI: 10.37680/aphorisme.v1i2.441

Abstract

Teaching material is a crucial component in the learning process. Therefore, teaching materials must be in accordance with the criteria set by the experts to be suitable for use by learners. Arabic teaching materials in this case student worksheets still have errors in aspects of their writing. This certainly makes the wrong words difficult to understand and can even change the meaning. This study aims to analyze errors in the use of alif layyinah and yes'. This study uses a qualitative approach with error analysis in the text. The results of this study are there are 35 errors in writing alif layyinah and yes' in the worksheet book.
TAQWīMU TA’LīM AL-LUGHAH AL-‘ARABIYYAH ‘INDA IMāM ZARKASYI WA IMāM SYUBBāNI Fī KITāB AL-TAMRīNāT Awaludin, Rizza Faesal
Aphorisme: Journal of Arabic Language, Literature, and Education Vol 1 No 2 (2020): Arabic Language, Literature, and Education
Publisher : Study Program of Arabic Language Teaching

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (600.242 KB) | DOI: 10.37680/aphorisme.v1i2.446

Abstract

The evaluation book has been made a lot during this time, and one of the books that is carried out in the evaluation in teaching Arabic is the book ?At Tamrinaat? as an application of the book ?Dur?sul Lughah Al Arabiyyah? written by KH. Imam Zarkasyi and Imam Syubani. Teaching Arabic in the words of KH. Imam Zarkasyi and Imam Syubani is in the book "At Tamrinaat". This research is a desk study on the idea of KH. Imam Zarkasyi and Imam Syubani in teaching the Arabic language which is visualized in the book " At Tamrinaat ". To collect data, the researcher used the curriculum of written documents, which means requesting data on things and the variable in the forms of writing, text, books, and the newspaper. Comprehensive descriptive document research was used to analyze the data. The result of this research is that the evaluation of materials in this book used the direct method, by presenting first the example and then taking the result. The goals of this book for learners in teaching the Arabic language are to have a comprehensive ability to speak the Arabic language with the best pronunciation, soundness of rules, and a good understanding and perception therein. With this method of evaluation, which depends on the foundations of continuity, it gives a great experience to learners, as it improves their understanding of the Arabic language.

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