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Contact Name
Ani Susilawati
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anisusilawati@metrouniv.ac.id
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+6285292894217
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al-fathin@metrouniv.ac.id
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Jl. Ki Hajar Dewantara 15 A Kampus Kota Metro Lampung
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INDONESIA
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab
ISSN : 26223325     EISSN : 26226820     DOI : https://doi.org/10.32332/al-fathin.v3i01
Core Subject : Education,
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Ushuluddin Adab dan Dakwah Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Metro. Jurnal Al-Fthin diterbitkan dua kali dalam satu tahun edisi 1 Januari-Juni dan edisi 2 Juli-Desember. Tim redaksi menyambut baik kontribusi artikel seputar kajian kebahasaan maupun kesusastraan Arab dari para ilmuwan, sarjana, professional, dan peneliti untuk dipublikasikan dan disebarluaskan setelah melalui mekanisme seleksi naskah, telaah mitra bestari, dan proses penyuntingan.
Articles 40 Documents
USLUB DIALOGIS KISAH NABI MUSA AS. DALAM AL-QUR’AN ibad, yuli irsyadul
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 3 No 01 (2020)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1331.461 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v3i01.2318

Abstract

The Qur'an was revealed by Allah Swt. to the Prophet Muhammad Saw. in a very fluent language, Arabic with all its amazing characteristics. in the story of the Qur'an we find many verses that are dialogues between Allah Swt. and His messengers, between the apostles and his people, between pious people and others. And this conversation has a profound impact on the speaker as well as on the listener. In the revelation of God that the Qur'an there are many perfect stories, among the stories of the Qur'an ? which is very amazing and filled with mystery is the story and dialogue between the Prophet Moses with his people, the Prophet Moses with God, the Prophet Moses with Prophet Khidir and others. With the Balaghah Science approach, we can find that the words and dialogue of the Apostles can be used as guidelines and role models for us when communicating thoughts, ideas, intentions, feelings, and emotions directly in the world of education or for society. On this occasion the author will only examine the dialogue in the story of the Prophet Moses contained in the Qur'an ? with the aim to be more focused and not too long discussion. There is also a Balaghah qualitative research that specializes in Ma'ani knowledge, more precisely about Ijaz and Ithnab, with the hope of obtaining in-depth and detailed results. After the author conducted research on Ijaz and Ithnab in the conversation on the story of Moses in the Qur'an, the writer got several results, including that in the Qur'an there are 22 ijaz, 13 for ijaz qashr and 9 for ijazhadzfu. And there are 33 for ithnab, namely 3 for al-Idhahba'dal ibham (explanation after the unclear ones), 2 for dzikrul khas ba?dal ?am(mentioning those that are specific after the general nature), 5 for tadzyil , 6 for takmil, 1 for tatmim, 5 for i'tiradh and 8 for tikrar. In the ijaz and ithnab there are many secrets, deep meanings, and enormous value. The purpose of ijaz and ithnab is to summarize, glorify, glorify, praise, criticize, strengthen meaning, explain meanings and others.
AKUISISI BAHASA ARAB PADA TATARAN GRAMATIKA DAN RASA BAHASA BAGI PEMBELAJAR NON ARAB Anshari, Mukhlis
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 1 No 01 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (451.758 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v1i01.1192

Abstract

Acquisition of Arabic language at the level of language sense that the acquisition of language that has reached the stage of intact understanding of the context of the meaning of each word and phrase delivered by the native speakers both verbally and non verbally. Verbally, it means that a learner understands what the native speakers say. While the meaning of non vebal, the language conveyed by the native speakers in the form of papers, in the form of books or literary manuscripts
KITĀBU AL-‘AIN: METODE PENGGUNAAN DAN PENGARUHNYA DALAM PERKEMBANGAN KOSAKATA BAHASA ARAB Widayat, Prabowo Adi
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 2 No 01 (2019)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (339.397 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v2i2.1424

Abstract

The development of language in a group or community is influenced by the systematic changes in daily interaction and communication. Dictionaries become a documentation of language development through syntactic and morphological aspects and then recorded. Kitab al-?ain written and compiled by Syaikh Khalil has provided a treasure of Arabic vocabulary which is certainly very useful for those who are observers of Arabic and studying it. The formation and alteration of Arabic vocabulary always begins with phonetic aspects which are then documented in the form of writings that are recorded. Therefore, the dictionary as the end result of the lecsycographic work is to gather all the vocabulary in a language and make the dictionary as the container of a set of vocabulary that has a cultural background that serves to accommodate the concepts of Culture of the speaking community. The morphological process of Arabic vocabulary in the dictionary aims to bind utterances which often are not maintained by the formation process so that with the emergence of an Arabic dictionary the order of language is good and correct will always be realized and maintained. Lexicology became the pioneer of the study in the lexicography. It is part of a language study that focuses the research of vocabulary and its meaning as well as its relevance with the dictionary drafting process.    
LINGUISTIK PERSPEKTIF FERDINAND DE SAUSSURE DAN IBN JINNI Amalia, Dian Risky
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 2 No 02 (2019)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (774.848 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v2i02.1900

Abstract

Many studies of scientists who study the thoughts of Ferdinand De Saussure and Ibn Jinni on linguistics in particular, because both of them are monumental figures with real contributions in the civilization of linguistics or linguistics. Uncovering both theoretically is very influential in the development of linguistics. The father of modern linguistics is Ferdinand de Saussure, and the famous Arabic linguist, Ibn Jinni, the thoughts of the two figures become a valuable heritage in the world of scientific scholarship. The research method used is the library research. Researchers collect primary and secondary data in processing research material. Ferdinand de Saussure with his achievements as a linguist has laid the foundations of linguistic thinking such as langue-parole, significant-signified, arbitrary-motivated, and syntagmatic-paradigmatic. And so is Ibn Jinni who has formulated various terminologies about differences Kalam  and Qaul, al-Luhgah ?language?, arbiters as the basis for selecting letters and also word planners, and qiyas made it a method of creating new languages. Both figures equally consider the interrelationship of language and time, and the influence of social forces that influence language so that Saussure began the study of language by synchronic methods, not just diachronic. Where Ibn Jinni also uses social ta'lil, which is all returned to the speakers of the language it selfs. This research contributes in establishing linguistics that cannot be separated from the time and social that exists in that place.
PRINSIP-PRINSIPFILSAFAT BAHASA DAN ETIKA DALAM PEMAKNAAN KALAM IBNU MALIK War?i, Muhammad
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 1 No 02 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.708 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v1i2.1203

Abstract

This paper aims to elaborate on the meaning (interpretation) thought behind the understanding of word by Ibn Malik in relation to the principles of the philosophy of language and ethics. The method used in this paper is hermenetuic of Recour method that emphasizes the process of interpretation of meaning. The analysis showed that the principle of the philosophy of language implicit in it is a whole language is a language that has a form of material and immaterial as well as consistency between speech and action. The implied ethical principles is that people should be able to maintain the principle of individual and always in the context of social care and should always be consistent with what was said. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengelaborasi makna (interpretasi) dibalik pemaknaan kalam ibnu Malik kaitannya dengan prinsip-prinsip filsafat bahasa dan etika. Metode yang digunakan dalam tulisan ini adalah metode hermenetuika Recour yang menekankan pada proses interpretasi makna. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa prinsip filsafat bahasa yang tersirat di dalamnya adalahbahasa yang utuh yaitu bahasa yang memiliki wujud materi dan immateri serta konsistensiantara tuturan dan tindakan. Adapun prinsip etika yang tersirat adalah bahwa manusia harus bisa menjaga prinsipnya secara individu dan selalu peduli dalam konteks sosial serta harus selalu konsisten dengan apa yang dikatakan.
EVALUASI IMPLEMENTASI KURIKULUM 2013 MATA PELAJARAN BAHASA ARAB DI MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH (MTS) Nurkholis, Nurkholis
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 2 No 02 (2019)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (991.219 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v2i02.1907

Abstract

Kurikulum adalah seperangkat kerangka sebuah tujuan pendidikan yang akan menentukan arah dan warna suatu pendidikan. Kurikulum harus dapat menjawab kebutuhan masyarakat luas dalam menghadapi persoalan kehidupan yang dihadapi, sehingga peninjauan dan perubahan kurikulum secara berkala adalah sebuah keniscayaan. Kurikulum yang terbaru saat ini dinamakan dengan Kurikulum 2013, dan sudah diterapkan di seluruh sekolah/madrasah di Indonesia. Penerapan Kurikulum yang tergolong baru dan sedikit berbeda dengan kurikulum-kurikulum sebelumnya, membutuhkan kerja ekstra bagi para pemangku kepentingan termasuk para guru. Mata pelajaran Bahasa Arab adalah salah satu mata pelajaran yang wajib diajarkan di semua jenjang madrasah dan merupakan pelajaran yang menggunakan Kurikulum 2013. Berdasarkan faktor-faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi keberhasilan suatu implementasi kurikulum di sekolah yaitu kompetensi dan pengalaman serta tingkat pendidikan guru/kepala sekolah sebenarnya sudah sesuai begitu juga dengan dukungan dari masing-masing komite sekolah. Adapun dalam hal kelengkapan sarana dan dan prasarana, dukungan anggaran serta infrastruktur kurikulum itu sendiri, mayoritas madrasah-madrasah masih sangat minim sehingga akan menjadi kendala dalam proses pengimplementasian kurikulum 2013 yang membutuhkan sarana prasarana yang memadai terutama terkait dengan teknologi dan informasi.  
GAYA BAHASA DALAM LIRIK LAGU SHALAWAT NISSA SABYAN DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP STUDI STILISTIKA (ILMU USLUB) Syahid, Akhad; Selviana, Ika
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 1 No 02 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.706 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v1i2.1274

Abstract

The Dimension of Cretivity is a condition, or condition that is particularly characteristic and almost impossible to formulate completely, which the meaning is never fully understood, because each child has a level of creativity. Creativity involves the synthesis of all these functions. The section presented here is an integrative model that includes four basic functions: (a) national thinking, (b) emotional development or high-level feelings, (c) development of special talents in the mental and physical life, and (d) the high degree of consciousness resulting in the use of imagination, fantasy, and break-through at the state of consciousness or unconsciousness. The semantics mean the theory of meaning or theory of meaning. Various kinds of complicated problems such as hostility, anger, resentment, humiliation, killing and even war in the world community generally and the people of Indonesia in particular occurs due to mistakes in saying words and sentences that berdampat on the meaning of words and sentences are diverse to cause conflict between hostility and hatred among ethnic communities and religion. It is a phrase Arabic proverb which means "The word can penetrate something that can not be penetrated by a needle", and also the expression "The survival of a person lies in how he keeps his mouth and his words".
PEMAHAMAN PROPOSIONAL TENTANG MAHRAM SEBAGAI PENDAMPING DALAM PERJALANAN PEREMPUAN Handayana, Sri; Budiman, Arif
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 3 No 01 (2020)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1834.503 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v3i01.2238

Abstract

This article is intend on providing contextual understanding on Muslim women travelling attitude by investigating some hadith texts as well as describing historical reading and substantive meaning raised by those hadith. Muslim scholars? perspective on mahram (consanguinity) role may vary despite the fact that they refer to the similar prophetic traditions. Classical ulama who tend to understand the hadith textually stated that it was banned on women for travel alone without companion. It is not surprising because their understanding strongly reflected social-cultural situation in that era. However, language approach reveal the idea behind the text that diverse structure of prohibition for women to travel without mahram drive different purposes. This drives to conviction that women were not allowed to travel without their relatives due to safety and propriety. Thus, things have to put into consideration are that it does not matter for women travelling by themselves providing that the security is assured and women do not culturally break moral behavior.
BAHASA ARAB STANDARD Hasnah, Yetti
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 2 No 01 (2019)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1051.831 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v2i2.1420

Abstract

Arabic Fusha is a language that is maintained and in principle same as Arabic which is used in the time of Jahiliya and the beginning of Islam. Whereas Arabic Amiya is Arabic has undergone many changes from the form of the Fusha, both from the aspect of vocabulary and structure. At the end of the 19th century there was an appeal to use Arabic Amiya as an oral and written language. The reason is because it is used by the Arab community in general and because of its simple form and structure. On the other hand, there are many defenders of Arabic Fusha who offer a number of weaknesses in Arabic Amiya as the reason for their rejection. In fact, both types of Arabic language still exist in Arabic society with their respective functions.
PERGESERAN SEMANTIK/SEMANTIC SHIFTING Mahridawati, Mahridawati
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 1 No 01 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (646.845 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v1i01.1191

Abstract

Semantics in this case take a great role to decipher the meanings of the sign language. In this universe, the signs of language have undergone changes that result in semantic shifting 'semantic shift'. The semantic shift, hereinafter referred to as the change of meaning, is not a coincidence, it is all the causes of the change. The changes that occur in the sign language synergize with the developments that occur in this universe. The development of technology and human culture can not be denied has contributed to the change of meaning. Many signs that initially have no meaning that refers to a particular technology in its development of the mark refers to a particular technology. Changes in the meaning of the sign language is interesting to examine, especially the sign of the language that changed due to the development of science and technology, because with the study writers are motivated to more in search of the initial meaning of the origin of the sign before it developed into a new sign by the cause of new technologies that require naming the technology.

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