cover
Contact Name
Chandra Wahyu Purnomo
Contact Email
chandra.purnomo@ugm.ac.id
Phone
+6281227924503
Journal Mail Official
agrinova.piat@ugm.ac.id
Editorial Address
Pusat Inovasi Agroteknologi Unversitas Gadjah Mada Kalitirto, Berbah, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55573, Indonesia
Location
Kab. sleman,
Daerah istimewa yogyakarta
INDONESIA
Agrotechnology Innovation (Agrinova)
ISSN : -     EISSN : 26861747     DOI : 10.22146
Agrotechnology Innovation (Agrinova) ISSN: 2686-1747 is a scientific journal that publishes articles in agricultural field which focus on input and output innovations such as planting materials, fertilizer, bio-pesticide, water management, devices and energy and even post harvest sectors. Innovation will be done also for social capital in term of community institution and business management. Such innovations render agricultural production more efficient and profitable. Agrinova publishes two times a year (December and June). This journal is published by Center for Agrotechnology Innovation, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Articles 25 Documents
The Growth of Tiwai (Eleutherine Americana L. Merr.) Under Different Forest Tree Stands in Agroforestry System Purwanti, Noordiana Herry; Taryono, Taryono
Agrotechnology Innovation (Agrinova) Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Agrotechnology Innovation Center, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3057.163 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agrinova.49078

Abstract

Agroforestry is a method and system of land management involving the simultaneous cultivation of farm crops and trees Land use under forest stands in the community has not been optimal. This research aims to study the growth, yield and qualitatively secondary metabolite content and find the best microclimate based on stand of different forest trees of  Tiwai (Eleutherine americana L. Merr.). The research was carried out at research field of Agrotechnology Innovation Centre at Kalitirto, Berbah, Sleman, Yogyakarta and laboratory of agriculture production, Institute of Agriculture “INTAN” Yogyakarta. Treatments are  combinations of forest tree stand i.e. gaharu, teak, mahogany, and control, and plant spacing factors i.e. 25 x 20 cm and 20 x 20 cm, and arranged in split block design with 3 replications.  Plant height, leaf numbers, bulb weight and productivity were observed and analyzed statistically using analysis of variance approach. The treatment effects are studied by mean comparisons using Duncan Multiple Range Test  with α = 5%. Qualitative data such as flavonoid content were descriptively analyzed. The result showed that there are statistically different growth and yield of Tiwai grown under forest tree stands. Tiwai which was grown under teak and gaharu with density 20 x 20 cm yielded similar productivity with control which is 271 – 331 g/m2 and equal to 578 – 883 kg boulbs/ha. There is different brewed colors from dark red to deep purplish Red. Types of tiwai secondary metabolite were dependent upon tree stands.  At control, and under mahogany and gaharu, more apigenin was observed, whereas  kaempferol and lutenoid were found under teak and gaharu. The tiwai cultivation under tree stands probably provided benefit with the 1.5 B/C ratio in the agroforestry system.
Pengaruh Dosis Pupuk Urea dan Umur Panen terhadap Hasil Hijauan Sorgum (Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench) Astuti, Dian; Suhartanto, Bambang; Umami, Nafiatul; Agus, Ali
Agrotechnology Innovation (Agrinova) Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Agrotechnology Innovation Center, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (628.355 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agrinova.49134

Abstract

Penelitian dilakukan untuk mengetahui pertumbuhan dan produktivitas tanaman sorgum yang ditanam dengan umur panen dan dosis pemupukan urea yang berbeda. Penelitian dilakukan di lahan Pusat Inovasi Agroteknologi (PIAT) UGM selama 6 bulan, dengan desain RPPT (split split plot design) dengan menggunakan 3 faktor yaitu varietas (V) sebagai petak utama terdiri dari dua varietas yaitu V1 = Varietas Numbu dan V2 = Varietas BMR. Umur panen (U) sebagai anak petak terdiri dari 3 umur panen yaitu 50 hari (U1), 60 hari (U2) dan 70 hari (U3). Aras pupuk urea sebagai anak anak petak terdiri dari 3 aras yaitu 0 (P1), 100 (P2) dan 200 kg/ha (P3). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa umur panen (U) berpengaruh nyata (P<0,05) terhadap tinggi tanaman, hasil segar, hasil bahan kering dan hasil bahan organik. Dosis pemupukan urea berpengaruh nyata (P<0,05) terhadap tinggi tanaman, hasil segar, bahan kering dan hasil bahan organik  Perlakuan umur panen 70 hari dengan pemupukan Urea 200 kg/ha (U3P3) menunjukkan nilai tertinggi pada semua variabel.
Reproductive Performance of Crossbreed Goats Etawah in Kulon Progo Regency Triswanto, Triswanto; Ngadiyono, Nono; Sumadi, Sumadi
Agrotechnology Innovation (Agrinova) Vol 2, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Agrotechnology Innovation Center, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1500.982 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agrinova.54718

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to know the effect of age on reproductive performance of Crossbreed goat etawah in Kulon Progo regency in a productive age. The object of this research is the respondents and their Goats as the research material that is the Doe Crossbreed goat Etawah which is 1.5 until 3 years old (poel 2 to 3 pairs). The method used in this research is a survey through an interview using a questionnaire. Location is determined by population level that is population high, middle and low in Sub Girimulyo and Samigaluh. The observed reproduction performance was litter size, postpartum estrus, postpartum mating, service per conception and lambing interval. The research data is conducted by Independent T-test. The results showed that the litter size, postpartum estrus, postpartum mating, service per conception and lambing interval were not significantly different between the age of poel 2 and poel 3. The litter size poel 2 and 3 were 1.65+0, 54 and 1.72±0.55. Postpartum estrus goat poel 2 is 4.37±1.23 and goat poel 3 is 4.46±1.19. Postpartum mating goats poel 2 and 3 are 4.38±1.23 and 4.46±1.19. The number of lambing intervals of crossbreed goat etawah poel 2 and 3 respectively were 9.54±1.35 and 9.60±1.28. Service per conception of crossbreed goat etawah poel 2 equal to 1.28±0.65, poel 3 equal to 1.22±0.55. It can be concluded that the reproductive performance of crossbreed goat etawah at the productive age of 1.5 to 3 years is not affected by age.
Kemampuan Regenerasi Akar, Kotiledon dan Daun Lima Kultivar Terung Lokal (Solanum melongena L.) Islami, Irfan; Taryono, Taryono; Wulandari, Rani Agustina
Agrotechnology Innovation (Agrinova) Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Agrotechnology Innovation Center, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (389.627 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agrinova.41774

Abstract

Terung merupakan tanaman yang  banyak digunakan sebagai tanaman model dalam perbaikan sifat karena peran dan potensi morfogenik terung yang tinggi. Perannya yang sangat penting dalam menunjang kebutuhan nutrisi dan kesehatan menjadikan banyak penelitian dilakukan untuk mendapatkan jenis terung unggul. Salah satu cara untuk mendapatkan terung jenis unggul adalah budidaya in vitro baik melalui organogenesis langsung maupun tidak langsung dengan induksi keragaman somaklonal. Faktor yang mempengaruhi budidaya in vitro terung yaitu genotipe,  sumber eksplan, dan zat pengatur tumbuh. Namun, dari budidaya in vitro terung yang telah dilakukan tingkat regenerasi yang didapatkan masih rendah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui tanggapan regenerasi tiga organ sebagai bahan biakan lima kultivar terung. Perlakuan tersusun oleh 2 faktor yaitu bahan biakan dan kultivar yang ditata dalam Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL). Pengamatan kuantitatif dilakukan pada persentase eksplan membentuk tunas, jumlah tunas, tinggi tunas, jumlah daun, panjang daun terbesar, lebar daun terbesar, dan jumlah akar primer. Data kuantitatif hasil penelitian dianalisis menggunakan analisis varians (ANOVA) taraf 5 % dan apabila terdapat sumber ragam yang berbeda nyata, reratanya dibandingkan dengan  Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT). Pengamatan kualitatif dilakukan pada kalus yang terbentuk, tunas yang terbentuk, tanggapan eksplan akar, tanggapan eksplan daun, tanggapan eksplan kotiledon. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan organ masing-masing kultivar memiliki kenampakan yang beragam. Organ kotiledon menunjukkan regenerasi paling baik berdasarkan pengamatan kualitatif dan kuantitatif khususnya pada  kultivar Lokal Bantul.
The Estimation of Genetic Parameters of Yardlong Bean Yield Components (Vigna unguiculata ssp. sesquipedalis) Dini, Kanina Zara; Taryono, Taryono; Sayekti, Rahmi Sri
Agrotechnology Innovation (Agrinova) Vol 2, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Agrotechnology Innovation Center, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1539.159 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agrinova.51984

Abstract

The estimation of yield component genetic parameters is an important step towards plant breeding activities. This research aims to obtain information about yield components that can be used to increase yield of yardlong bean and accessions of yardlong bean for direct use or breeding materials. The research was conducted at Agrotechnology Innovation centre of Universitas Gadjah Mada, located in Kalitirto, Berbah, Sleman, Yogyakarta. The research materials consist of 29 accessions and 5 high yielding varieties as controls arranged in completely randomized design. Each accession was observed morphologically including days to 75% of flowering, days to first harvest, pod length, pod diameter, number of pods per cluster, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, weight of 100 seeds, seed length, the diameter of seed, potential yield pods per hectare. Observed data were analyzed with ANOVA followed by the estimation of genetic parameters and principal component analysis. The results showed that almost all traits had a high heritability value, except seed length which had a moderate heritability value. Accessions 113, 134, 135, dan 137 could be considered as the promising candidates  based on the earliest days to first harvest and highest potential yield.
Effect of Explant Types and Benzyl Amino Purine Concentrations on the In Vitro Regeneration of Several Local Eggplant Cultivars Erniwitama, Erniwitama; Taryono, Taryono; Murti, Rudi Hari
Agrotechnology Innovation (Agrinova) Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Agrotechnology Innovation Center, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (387.848 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agrinova.41750

Abstract

Eggplant as a vegetable is generally fresh consumed. Besides having a high nutritive value, eggplant contains solasonine and solamargine, which act as an antibacterial that can inhibit cancer cells, gastrictic and respiratory disorders. Eggplant also provides a unique system to study in vitro regeneration since it can be induced from different explants by different growth regulators and morphogenetic pathways. This study aims to observe the effect of explant types and BAP concentrations on the in vitro regeneration of three eggplant cultivars, Rimbang,  Tanteloh and Limao. Leaf and hypocotyl explants were cultured on MS semi solid medium supplemented with BAP and IBA in combination. BAP tested at 1, 2 and 3 mgL-1 while IBA tested at 1 mgL-1. Medium containing 1 mgL-1 IBA used for rooting of regenerated shoot. The experiment was arranged in completely randomized design with five replicates. Each replicate consisted of five leaves and hypocotyl explants. Cultures were incubated at 25±10C, 65% humidity, and 16 hours per day photoperiod. Observation was done for 8 weeks of culture. The result indicated that leaf explants showed shoot initiation within 5 – 9 days of cultured, while hypocotyl explants showed the response within 7 – 12 days of cultured. Shoots formation preceded by swollen on the explants surface followed by emerging light green shoot. Leaf explants cultured on medium supplemented with 3 mgL-1 BAP + 1 mgL-1 IBA showed the maximum number of shoots regeneration while hypocotyl explants showed less of shoots  in all medium. Similarly, leaf explants cultured on medium supplemented with 3 mgL-1 BAP + 1 mgL-1 IBA showed the maximum number of roots. Among the cultivars, Rimbang showed the best response than other cultivars.
Pengaruh Aerasi dan Kadar Air Awal terhadap Kinerja Pengomposan Kotoran Sapi Sistem Windrow Hapsari, Umi
Agrotechnology Innovation (Agrinova) Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Agrotechnology Innovation Center, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (642.227 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agrinova.41756

Abstract

AbstractThis study aims to determine the effect of material composition and initial moisture content on composting performance on active and passive aeration with a pile system. The parameters observed were changes in temperature, pH, moisture content, degradation of organic matter and germination. The treatment in this study is composting with different initial moisture content and closed windrow conditions. There are 3 variations of the mixture of ingredients. Variation A mixture of cow dung with sawdust is given active aeration. Variation B mixture of cow manure with vegetable waste is given active aeration. Variation C mix cow dung with passive EM4 aeration. The optimal initial moisture content for composting is 50 - 60%. Open windrow conditions during the composting process result in a high percentage of water content reduction and heat loss occurring in the pile. The degree of acidity (pH) of composting for each treatment shows an acceptable pH range of 8 - 9. The degradation of organic matter is related to the high composting temperature the higher the composting temperature the higher the microbial activity so that the process of degradation of organic matter is faster. AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh komposisi bahan dan kadar air awal terhadap kinerja pengomposan pada aerasi aktif dan pasif dengan sistem tumpukan. Parameter yang diamati adalah perubahan suhu, pH, kadar air, degradasi bahan organik dan perkecambahan. Perlakuan dalam penelitian ini adalah pengomposan dengan kadar air awal berbeda dan kondisi tumpukan (windrow) tertutup. Terdapat 3 variasi campuran bahan. Variasi A campuran kotoran sapi dengan serbuk gergaji diberi aerasi aktif. Variasi B campuran kotoran sapi dengan limbah sayur diberi aerasi aktif. Variasi C campuran kotoran sapi dengan EM4  aerasi pasif. Kadar air awal yang optimal untuk pengomposan adalah 50 – 60%. Kondisi tumpukan (windrow) yang terbuka selama proses pengomposan mengakibatkan persentase penurunan kadar air yang tinggi dan diikuti terjadinya panas hilang pada tumpukan. Derajat keasaman (pH) pengomposan untuk masing – masing perlakuan menunjukan rentang pH yang dapat diterima yaitu 8 – 9. Degradasi bahan organik berhubungan dengan suhu pengomposan yang tinggi semakin tinggi suhu pengomposan maka aktivitas mikrobia semakin tinggi sehingga proses degradasi bahan organik semakin cepat.
Innovation for Sugarcane Planting Material in Ryland Farming Ningsih, Devita Areifvia; Taryono, Taryono; Wulandari, Rani Agustina
Agrotechnology Innovation (Agrinova) Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Agrotechnology Innovation Center, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (18734.491 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agrinova.41772

Abstract

Sugar productivity of sugarcane is dependent on stalk yield and sucrose content which both influenced by planting material. Due to the important of planting material, this study is intended to examine the influence of planting materials i.e. cutting as a control, bud set and bud chip, toward seed quality and the early growth of cane plant in the field. This study was arranged in completly randomized design, with two factors, which are six clones of sugarcane and three types of seedling materials. The results  showed that there was an interactions between both factors on germination rate, vigor index, leaf numbers, internode numbers, tiller numbers, leaf area, root volume, root fresh weight, root dry weight, shoot fresh weight, and shoot dry weight. The early growth of seedling was dependent on the clone. According to shoot fresh weight, cutting was suitable for PS 881 and Bululawang. Bud set for PS 864 clone, whereas bud chip for PSJT 941 and Kidang Kencana. Three seedling materials could be fitted to Bululawang and VMC 86-550, however for dryland farming bud sett and bud chip are preferred because such planting materials can be germinated first at the nursery and then transplantted in the field when there has been enough water content in the soil.
Pengaruh Takaran Pupuk Kandang dan Kompos terhadap Pertumbuhan Daun Kangkung (Ipomea Reptans) Akuaponik Sayekti, Rahmi Sri; Prajitno, Djoko; Indradewa, Didik
Agrotechnology Innovation (Agrinova) Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Agrotechnology Innovation Center, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (275.363 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agrinova.41776

Abstract

AbstractThe population increase will be accompanied by an increase in the food needed. The agricultural sector is an area which is wrought by the majority of the population in all over Indonesia. The need for land lots to do enough to be able to increase food needs people of Indonesia. Currently, function transfer land acquisition is one of the problems that make a decreased production of agricultural products. Aquaponics is an alternative to cultivate plants and fish in one place. This technique to integrate the cultivation of fish ( recirculation ) aquaculture in coupled with plants. The bucket filled with approximately 60 l then mixed with manure 250 g / 1000 l, manure 500 g / 1000 l, compost 250 g / 1000 l, compost 500 g / 1000 l, and water control without additional fertilizer. The application of organic fertilizers in the form of manure and compost Aquaponics water spinacs leaves to improved growth than without the application of organic fertilizer. The application of manure with measure 500 g / 1000 l results is the best growth aquaponics water spinach leaves. AbstrakJumlah penduduk yang meningkat akan diiringi dengan peningkatan kebutuhan akan pangan. Sektor pertanian merupakan bidang mayoritas yang dikerjakan oleh penduduk di Indonesia. Kebutuhan akan lahan yang luas harus dilakukan agar mampu mencukupi peningkatan kebutuhan pangan penduduk di Indonesia. Saat ini alih fungsi lahan merupakan salah satu masalah yang membuat produksi hasil pertanian mengalami penurunan. Akuaponik   merupakan   sebuah   alternatif   yang membudidayakan  tanaman  dan  ikan  dalam  satu  tempat.  Teknik  ini mengintegrasikan budidaya ikan (resirculating aquaculture) yang dipadukan dengan tanaman. Ember diisi air kurang lebih 60 L lalu dicampur dengan pupuk kandang 250 g/ 1000 l, pupuk kandang 500 g/ 1000 l, pupuk kompos 250 g/ 1000 l, pupuk kompos 500 g/ 1000 l, dan air kontrol tanpa penambahan pupuk. Aplikasi pupuk organik dalam bentuk pupuk kandang dan kompos mampu meningkatkan pertumbuhan daun kangkung akuaponik dibandingkan dengan tanpa aplikasi pupuk organik. Aplikasi pupuk kandang dengan takaran 500 g/1000 l memberikan hasil pertumbuhan daun kangkung akuaponik yang terbaik.
Pengujian Cocopeat dan Limbah Media Jamur (Baglog) sebagai Media Pembibitan untuk Meningkatkan Mutu Bibit Tiga Klon Teh (Camellia Sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze Mufidah, Irfanty; Wulandari, Rani Agustina; Taryono, Taryono
Agrotechnology Innovation (Agrinova) Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Agrotechnology Innovation Center, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (255.699 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agrinova.49074

Abstract

Produksi teh menempati peringkat kedua pada sektor pertanian untuk nilai ekspor non migas sehingga teh memiliki peranan cukup penting bagi perekonomian negara. Salah satu faktor penting dalam budidaya teh adalah mutu bibit teh. Pembibitan teh dengan metode stek banyak digunakan karena dapat menghasilkan bibit dalam jumlah besar dengan mutu baik. Pembibitan teh banyak menggunakan media yang terdiri dari topsoil dan subsoil. Penggunaan topsoil dan subsoil berlebihan akan menyebabkan ketersediaannya terbatas sehingga menyebabkan kerusakan lingkungan. Cocopeat dan limbah media jamur (baglog) merupakan bahan yang dapat digunakan sebagai campuran media pembibitan. Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji penggunaan cocopeat dan baglog sebagai campuran media pembibitan teh dan mengenali komposisi yang optimal untuk media pembibitan. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan perlakuan Faktorial 3 x3  yang disusun dalam Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 ulangan. Faktor pertama berupa macam klon yaitu: GMB 3, GMB 7, dan GMB 9 ; dan faktor kedua berupa macam media tanam yaitu: tanah+cocopeat (1:2), tanah+baglog (1:2) dan pembanding yang terdiri dari topsoil dan subsoil (1:3). Data yang diperoleh diuji dengan analisis varian. Apabila pada analisis varian perlakuan menunjukkan pengaruh nyata pada taraf 5%, maka dilajutnya perbandingan rerata dengan uji beda nyata jujur (HSD/tukey) dengan taraf nyata 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa media tanah+cocopeat dan media tanah+baglog belum memperbaiki mutu bibit teh.

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