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Contact Name
Dr. Engkus Ainul Yakin, S.Pt., M.Sc
Contact Email
bantara.animal.science@gmail.com
Phone
+6287839966222
Journal Mail Official
bantara.animal.science@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Jl. Letjen. S. Humardani No. 1 Jombor Sukoharjo
Location
Kab. sukoharjo,
Jawa tengah
INDONESIA
Bantara Journal of Animal Science
ISSN : 26569701     EISSN : 26571587     DOI : https://doi.org/10.32585/bjas.v2i1.645
Focus and Scope The aim of this journal is to publish original research in animal science and veterinary including livestock production, management and environment, breeding and genetics, livestock yield technology, and socio-economic livestock, wild animal, veterinary sciences, anatomy, histology, physiology, pharmacology, parasitology, microbiology, epidemiology, veterinary public health, pathology, reproduction, clinic veterinary and biotechnology
Articles 28 Documents
Giving Combination of Alkaline Water and Organic Calcium Sources Towards Liver Health Indicators in Broiler Chicken Pasaribu, Mawan; Yunianto, Vitus Dwi; Wahyono, Fajar; Sukamto, Bambang; Krismiyanto, Lilik
Bantara Journal of Animal Science Vol 2, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32585/bjas.v2i2.933

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the liver health in broiler chickens which were fed with additional organic calcium sources combined with alkaline water. The material used was 240 broilers with an average body weight of 195.25 ± 6.85 g. The study used a completely randomized design with a 2x3 factorial pattern, the first factor was 3 levels of alkaline water, namely 0% (A1), 10 mL (A2) and 20 mL. (A3), and the second factor is 2 levels of organic calcium sources, namely eggshell flour (B1) and shellfish (B2). Each treatment was repeated 4 times, each filled with 7 heads. Parameters measured were serum glutamate okasaloacetate transminase (SGOT), serum glutamate pyruvate transminase (SGPT) and relative liver weight. The results showed that the combination of alkaline water and organic calcium sources showed an interaction with SGOT, while the relative weight of the liver and SGPT had no interaction. The conclusion is that the combination of alkaline water levels up to 20 mL and organic calcium sources (eggshell and shellfish flour) is not harmful to broiler liver.Keywords: alkaline water, broiler chickens, liver indicators and sources of calcium
Fermentation of Carrot Juice Waste (Daucus carota L) with Probiotics and Utilization in Races of Chicken Layers on Egg Production and Quality Sukarini, Nur Endang
Bantara Journal of Animal Science Vol 2, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32585/bjas.v2i2.937

Abstract

The aim of this study was to test the use of carrot juice fermentation with probiotics in rations with different levels on the production performance and quality of egg-laying hens. The material used was Lohman Brown strain of laying hens, 27 weeks old with an average initial body weight of 1.69 kg, as many as 45 birds. The research was conducted with experimental methods and used a Complete Design Acal (CRD). The treatment tested was the use of Carrot Extract Fermentation (FLSW) with probiotic SOC in the feed consisting of T1 = 100% basal ration, T2 = basal ration (97.5%) + FLSW (2.5%): T3 = basal ration ( 95%) + FLSW (5%); T4 = basal ration (92.5%) + FLSW (7.5%); T5 = basal ration (90%) + FLSW (10%). The variables observed were production performance (consumption, egg production (HDA / Hen Day Average), egg weight, egg mass, feed conversion and income over feed cost) and egg quality variables (albumin index, yolk index, Haugh Unit (HU), yolk color, albumin pH, yolk pH). The results of the analysis of variance showed that the use of carrot extract fermentation (FLSW) with different levels had a significant effect on feed consumption (Sig.115) and HDA (Sig.063), yolk index value (Sig.087) and yolk color (Sig. 000). , and not significantly different on feed conversion (Sig. 403), albumin index value (Sig. 522), and Haugh Unit (Sig. 259). The conclusion of the research showed that the use of fermented carrot juice waste (FLSW) in the feed of laying hens had an effect on feed consumption, egg production (Hen Day Averag / HDA), yolk index and yolk brightness (yolk color), but had no effect on conversion. feed, Haugh unit and albumin index value. Key words : probiotics, fermentation, carrot juice waste, production performance, egg quality 
EFFECTIVENESS OF GIVING MENIRAN (Phyllanthusniruri L) AND SAMBILOTO (Andrographis paniculata) EXTRACT WITH DIFFERENT COMPOSITION ON THE IMMUNE AND PERFORMANANCE RESPONSIBILITY OF BROILER CHICKEN POST TO ND VACCINATION Astuti, Puji; Gumilar, Gebby Citra Vasthu
Bantara Journal of Animal Science Vol 1, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32585/bjas.v1i1.225

Abstract

This research aims to determine the effect of differences in the composition of Meniran and Sambiloto on immune and performance responsibility of broiler chickens. The research was conducted at UPT Akademi Peternakan Karanganyar. The research used as many as 60 broiler chickens that is devided into 4 groups of treatments and 3 replication. The treatment is applied the administration of Meniran  and Sambiloto extract in the water, that  is including of:T0 (Control): water without feed additive, T1: addition of Meniran and Sambiloto extract with a composition of 75 : 25%, T2: addition of Meniran and  Sambiloto extract with the composition 50 : 50%, T3: the addition of Menirani and Sambiloto extract with a composition of 25: 75%. The addition of Meniran and Sambiloto extract as much as 300 mg/liter of drinking water. The design is used a completely randomized design. The parameters were observed the  performance including of feed consumption, body weight gain, and feed conversions. The data of immune responsiveness were analyzed descriptively and the data of performance were analyzed by using variannce analysis. Based on the results of the variance analysis that is Meniran and Sambiloto extracts with a ratio of 25% : 75% can increasing the chicken appetite compared with the treatment control but it have not effect on the body weight gain, and feed conversion. The data of ND titer shows there is a protective titer achievement of ND (log23-log25). Lymphocyte data shows the protective numbers. It was concluded that the differences in composition of Meniran and Sambiloto extracts did not show the performance differences, but were able to improve the immune response of broilers.
THE EFFECT OF ADDITIVE (HERBAL MEDICINE) ON THE RED BLOOD PROFILE IN LAYING HENS Maldini, Tanjung Puspa; Sugiharto, Sugiharto; Isroli, Isroli
Bantara Journal of Animal Science Vol 1, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32585/bjas.v1i2.398

Abstract

This research aims to determine the amount of erythrocytes, hemoglobin levels and hematocrit levels of laying hens which are given additional herbal medicine in feed by adding herbs. Jamu consists of a mixture of temulawak, lempuyang, ginger, bitter and turmeric, each in the same portion of 20%. A total of 40 laying hens aged 35 weeks are kept for one month. The experimental design uses a completely randomized design (CRD), with 4 treatments and 5 replications so that there are 20 units of experiment, each unit contains 2 chickens with additional feed, namely T0 (basal feed), T1 (basal feed plus 0.5% herbal medicine), T2 (basal feed plus 1% herbal medicine), T3 (basal feed plus 1.5% herbal medicine). Blood sampling was done at the end of the research to calculate the amount of erythrocytes, hemoglobin levels and hematocrit levels. The results showed hematocrit levels in chickens that were added additional herbs in the ration both at T1, T2 and T3 were different (P <0.05) with chickens that were not given additional herbs in the ration. The conclusion from the research conducted is the addition of herbal medicine can increase the profile of red blood in laying hens.Keywords: Blood profile, herbs, laying hens.
Optimization Of Broiler Production And Immune Response Through Giving Meniran (Phyllanthus Niruri L) And Sambiloto (Andrographis Paniculata) Extracts After Nd Vaccination Astuti, Puji; Suripta, Heru
Bantara Journal of Animal Science Vol 2, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32585/bjas.v2i1.646

Abstract

            This study aims to determine the effect of differences in herbal composition of meniran and sambiloto extracts on the production and immune response of chicken broilers. The study was conducted at the Karanganyar Animal Husbandry Academy. The study used 60 broiler chicken divided into 4 treatment groups and 3 repeat treatments. The treatment applied was the composition of meniran and bitter with oral as much as 300 mg / kg body weight, including: T0 (Control): without of meniran and sambiloto extracts, T1: giving of meniran and sambiloto extract with a composition of 75: 25%, T2: giving of meniran and sambiloto extract with a composition of 50: 50%, T3: giving of meniran and sambiloto extract with a composition of 25: 75%. The design used is a complete random design. The parameters observed include 1. production display includes feed consumption, final body weight, carcass percentage, and abdominal fat; 2. immune responses include ND titers, and lymphocytes. Production display data were analyzed using analysis of variance, antibody titers and lymphocytes were reported descriptively. Based on the results of the analysis of the giving of meniran and sambiloto extracts with different compositions did not affect the consumption of drinking water, feed consumption, final body weight, and carcass percentage. The percentage of abdominal fat is influenced by differences in the composition of the meniran and sambiloto extract (sig. 0.023). ND titers from day 0 to day 21 after being vaccinated reached protective numbers, while on day 28 the ND titers decreased. Giving more meniran extract (75: 25%) has a higher titer than controlled group. Lymphocyte counts during the study were under normal conditions for all treatments. It was concluded that differences in the composition of meniran and bitter extract affect the percentage of abdominal fat, but did not affect the final body weight and percentage of carcass. Giving meniran and bitter extract can improve chicken immunity. Keywords: immune response, meniran extract and bitter, production optimization.
NUTRIENT CONTENT OF COCOA POD (Theobroma cocoa) FERMENTATION WITH Aspergilllus niger ADDITION Yakin, Engkus Ainul; Sariri, Ahimsa Kandi
Bantara Journal of Animal Science Vol 1, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32585/bjas.v1i1.229

Abstract

The study was conducted to determine the increase in nutrient content and decrease in the lignin content of cocoa pod fermented with Aspergillus niger. The research method used three treatments and four replications. T0 = cocoa pod fermented without the addition of Aspergillus niger, T1 = cocoa pod fermented with the addition of 1% Aspergillus niger, and T2 = cocoa pod fermented with the addition of 2% Aspergillus niger. Fresh cocoa pod was chopped in 1-2 cm size. Cocoa pod chopped and dried, some added with Aspergillus niger. The mixture is put into an aerobic container for 7 days. The variables observed included dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber, and crude fat. This study was designed using a complete randomized design research design with one-way ANOVA analysis. Significant variables were followed by Duncan's multiple range test (Duncan multiple range test / DMRT). The results of the study showed significantly different results in all treatments. It was concluded that the fermentation with addition Aspergillus niger until 2% decrease crude protein, crude fiber, and crude fat on cocoa pod fermentation.
Comparation of Production and Financial Analysis of Broiler Farm with Close House and Open House Farm System in Partnership Patterns Respati, Adib Norma; Hakim, Abdul; Kusuma, Andri Haryono Awalokta
Bantara Journal of Animal Science Vol 2, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32585/bjas.v2i1.645

Abstract

This research aimed to determine the comparation of production and financial analysis of broiler farm with close house and open house farm system in partnership patterns. This research was conducted on August 2019 in Surakarta. The variable measured were feed intake, average of final body wieght, average slaughter age, depletion, Feed Convertion Ratio (FCR), Performance Index (PI), Average daily gain (ADG), R/C Ratio and income. Data were analysed descriptively. The result shows the difference between broiler farm with close house and open house farm system in partnership patterns. The result showed that feed intake, PI, ADG, R/C Ratio of  broiler farm with open house system were higher than that of close house system. Farmer income per production with open house system is higher (Rp. 4,334) than that of close house system (Rp. 4,001). In conclusion, broiler farm with open house system in partnership patterns is more beneficial than close house system. Key words : broiler, closed house, income, open house.
Analysis of Tannin and Flavonoid Contents of Green Sirih Leaves (Piper betel linn) of Green Different in Physical Conditions Setyabudi, Sigit; Yakin, Engkus Ainul; Sukaryani, Sri
Bantara Journal of Animal Science Vol 2, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32585/bjas.v2i2.936

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of tannins and flavonoids from green sirih leaves which have different physical conditions. Sirih leaf  is used as the object of treatment prior to use beam sun dried for 2 days until the color changes, the weight of time, as well as the start crumbly texture, then followed by a drying method using an oven with a temperature of 40oC. The experimental design research in the form of RAL with using observation samples in the form of sirih leaf flour which was dried using sunlight without oven (P0), sirih leaf flour dried in the sun for 6 hours (P1), 7 hours (P2), 8 hours (P3). Sirih leaves that have been made into flour according to the experimental design are then analyzed for the content of tannins and flavonoids. The results of laboratory analysis are then processed using the SPSS application with ANOVA and Duncan analysis. Results of the analysis indicated that there was a very real effect on the old oven for 40OC to contain tannins and flavonoids (P <0.01), followed different test that produces very real differences occurred between treatments. The results of the use of methods oven for 8 hours at a temperature of 40oC after drying sunlight can increase the tannin content of 0,6% and 0,09% flavonoids from sun drying method without oven. Keywords : Green sirih leaf, Flavonoids, Tannins.
THE USE OF CALCIUM IN QUAILS DURING EGG HATCHING PHASE BY ADDING YACON LEAF POWDER (Smallanthus sonchifolius) Patangara, Emerson Umbu Hemur; Yunianto, Vitus Dwi; Sukamto, Bambang; Krismiyanto, Lilik
Bantara Journal of Animal Science Vol 1, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32585/bjas.v1i1.226

Abstract

The goal of this research is to find out the use of calcium in quails during egg hatching phase by adding yacon leaf powder (Smallanthus sonchifolius). The subject used were 160 quail birds that are in the phase of hatching eggs at the age of 5 weeks, weighing 135,81 ± 3,25 gr. The method of this research was Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replication, every tested units consist of 8 birds. The treatment applied consist of T0 = basal ration, T1 = basal ration+ 1% yacon leaf powder, T2 = basal ration+ 2% yacon leaf powder, T3 = basal ration+ 3% yacon leaf powder and T4 = basal ration + 4% yacon leaf powder. The parameter being measured includes the consumption of calcium, calcium's retention, weight of the shell, thickness of the shell and the production of the eggs. The data was analyzed by using Analysis of Variants (ANOVA) with a significance level of 5% and if significantly affected it will continue with Duncan's Multiple Distance Test. The result shows that the significant effect of adding yacon leaf powder (P<0.05) on calcium’s retention and the production of the eggs, but it did not affect (P>0.05) on the consumption of calcium, the weight of the shell and the thickness of the shell. In summary, by adding the yacon leaf powder until level 4% in ration, it may increase the use of egg calcium in quailduring egg hatching phase.
CHARACTERISTICS OF PIG FARMING SYSTEM IN THE BRUYADORI DISTRICT BIAK NUMFOR REGENCY Koibur, Antomina Estefina; Iyai, Denny; Palulungan, John Arnold
Bantara Journal of Animal Science Vol 1, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32585/bjas.v1i2.397

Abstract

Bruyadori District Biak Numfor Regency is one of areas that supply pigs to several regions in Papua. One of the regions supplied is Nabire Regency. Pigs have a high economic value in Papuan society, because pigs can be used as savings, are very useful in customs events in Papua (paying fines, dowry) and demand for pork increases at ecclesiastical events (Christmas and Easter). This research is expected to provide an overview of the characteristics of pig farming systems in Bruyadori District, Biak Numfor District. The research method used is descriptive research method with case study techniques, the case in this study was farmers. There were 30 respondents who were taken to get data. Pig farmers in Bruyadori District are 100% Biak or Papuan indigenous tribes, and judging from their education background, it is still very low mostly only have elementary and junior high school diploma but the experience of breeding is very good, about 20 - 40 years, whereas the purpose of raising livestock as a side business, farmers have a main job as farmers and fishermen so the number of livestock ownership is still less than 1-5 pigs because the number of livestock is influenced by the number of litter size and farowing rate which is very low every year, about 1-5 pigs and the number of sow that is productive is only 1 sow. Farmers in the Bruyadori District provide feed still from the garden and household waste or food scraps from the kitchen. The maintenance system applied is an extensive and intensive maintenance system.Keywords: Bruyadori District, Biak Tribe, Pigs, Maintenance System

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