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INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
ISSN : 08534217     EISSN : 24433462     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu gizi, keluarga dan konsumen, biometri, biologi, klimatologi, peternakan perikanan, kelautan, kehutanan, dan sosial-ekonomi pertanian yang telah dipertimbangkan dan disetujui oleh Dewan Editor. Keterangan mengenai peralatan, pengamatan, dan teknik percobaan akan diterima sebagai artikel CATATAN. Pedoman Penulisan dicantumkan pada setiap terbitan tercetak. Indeks Penulisan dan subjek serta daftar penelaan (mitra bestari) dicantumkan di tiap nomor terakhir pada setiap volume.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 476 Documents
DISTRIBUSI SPASIAL DAN TEMPORAL KEPITING KELAPA (BIRGUS LATRO LINN 1767) DI DAEO KABUPATEN PULAU MOROTAI, MALUKU UTARA Serosero, Rugaya; Sulistiono, .; Butet, Nurlisa Alias; Riani, Etty
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 23 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.422 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.211

Abstract

This study aims to describe the size distribution of coconut crabs spatially and temporally in Daeo, Morotai Island, North Maluku. The captching was carried out at three stations, namely in areas adjacent to residential areas (station I), steep terrain with varying vegetation (station II), and shallow areas with various vegetation and coconut trees (station III). The collections of samples were conducted using coconut bait and catching directly by hand. Their lengths of cephalotorax plus rostrum (Cp+r) and thorax (TL) and weight were measured. The habitat conditions of natural vegetation were also observed. Data collected in catch (spatial) were analyzed with non-parametric Mann- Whitney (?0.05) and temporal tests with Kruskal Wallis test (?0.05). The results showed that the total numbers of catched coconut crabs were 581 individuals consisted of 314 and 267 males and femalescoconut crabs). The weight ranges of male and female coconut crabs were 50-990 and 50-520 grams, respectively. The ranges of Cp+r on male and female coconut crabs were 43.98-114.72 mm and 43.98-90.67 mm, respectively. The sizes of the TL in male and female coconut crabs were 19.56-54.86 mm and 19.56-48.65 mm, respectively. Non-parametric Mann-Whitney test of the number of spatial coconut crab catched in station I was different from those in station II and stasion III (P<0.05). The numbers coconut crabs catched were not temporally different (P>0.05). The spatial environmental qualities were not different (P>0.05) and the temporal parameters were significantly different (P<0.05) except pH that was not significantly different (P>0.05). Station III had denser vegetation than stations I and II.
SIFAT-SIFAT KUANTITATIF DAN JARAK GENETIK KERBAU LOKAL SULAWESI TENGGARA BERDASARKAN PENDEKATAN MORFOLOGI Rusdin, Muh.; Solihin, Dedi Duryadi; Gunawan, Asep; Talib, Chalid; Sumantri, Cece
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 23 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (530.318 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.203

Abstract

Information on animal genetic resource is needed in conservation program of Indonesian local buffalo. This study was aimed to analyze the quantitative traits diversity and genetic distance of local buffalo of Southeast Sulawesi local based on morphological approach. The total of 271 heads of swamp buffaloes were used in the study from four sub-populations, namely Bombana island?s, Bombana mainland, Kolaka and Konawe. Duncan Multiple Range test at 5% probability was used to compare the quantitative traits between the buffalo sub-populations. Genetic distance was analyzed by using the simple discriminant function. The results showed that the average body weight of male buffalo between sub-populations was not significantly different (P>0.05), but the average body weight of females buffalo from Bombana Island?s (465.22 ± 103.25) was significantly (P<0.05) higher than those of the other sub-populations. The highest variation of quantitative traits of local buffalo was found in Konawe sub-population, i.e. in body weight of female buffalo (35.36%) and body weight of male buffalo (22.05%), rump length in males buffalo (20.44%), and rump width in females buffalo (14.58%). Southeast Sulawesi local buffalo can be grouped into three clusters based on the phylogeny tree, namely 1) Kolaka and Konawe cluster, 2) Bombana island?s cluster, and 3) Bombana mainland cluster. The distinguishing variables of the group of Southeast Sulawesi local buffalo were rump length, body length, and chest circumference. The highest phenotype similarity value was shown by Bombana island?s buffalo (68.57%), while the lowest was found at Konawe buffalo (26.76%). The farthest genetic distance was found between Bombana Islands and Konawe buffalo (3.71703), while the closest genetics distance was identified between Kolaka and Konawe buffalo (0.86616).
PENGELOLAAN PERKEBUNAN KELAPA SAWIT BERDASARKAN PRINSIP ISPO DI PTPN VIII CIKASUNGKA, JAWA BARAT Fuadah, Deilla Tsamrotul; Ernah, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 23 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (338.827 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.190

Abstract

Indonesia is a major producer and exporter of palm oil in the world. The high demand of international market for environmentally friendly palm oil is the reason for Indonesian government to issue standard ISPO (Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil) policy in 2011. ISPO is a standardization of oil palm plantation which aims to support the creation of environmentally friendly and sustainable palm oil products and mandatory for palm oil companies in Indonesia. Good management of oil palm plantations are those that comply with seven principles of ISPO. This research use some principles of ISPO, the first principles on the legality of the plantation business, the second principle of plantation management, and the fourth principle related to environmental monitoring and management. This study aims to determine the extent to which the application of plantation management in accordance with the criteria and the first, second, and fourth principle of ISPO in PTPN VIII Cikasungka. The research design used was qualitative descriptive with triangulation data collection techniques. The result of the research stated that PTPN VIII Cikasungka has been sufficiently suitable to manage plantation based on the first, second, and fourth principle of ISPO standard.
EFEKTIVITAS PUPUK ORGANIK DAN ANORGANIK PADA PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL BROKOLI (BRASSICA OLERACEA VAR. ITALICA) Indriyati, Lilik Tri
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 23 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (354.36 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.196

Abstract

Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) is one of exotic vegetables having a high value, highly nutritious, rich source of vitamins, and also it contains the glucoraphanin compound which have anticancerous properties. Integrated nutrient management between organic and inorganic fertilizers is an important demand of the present era to increase broccoli yield and to cultivate a land in such a way that the soil productivity should remain sustainable. This research was conducted to study the effectiveness of organic and inorganic fertilizers on the growth and yield of broccoli. There were eight treatments which consisted of organic and inorganic fertilizers with different applications, single or in combination, and control (without fertilizer). Plant of broccoli as an indicator plant was measured for its height and number of leaves for variables of plant growth parameter, and head weight and head diameter for variables of yield. Application of organic and/or inorganic fertilizers significantly increased the growth of broccoli plant compared with control, but they did not show a significant difference with standard NPK treatment. Combination of organic fertilizer at a rate of 4 tons ha-1 and 50% the standard NPK fertilizer showed the highest diameter and yield of broccoli head. The sole application of organic fertilizer at a rate of 4 tons/ha showed the similargrowth and yield of broccoli with standard NPK treatment.
PREDIKSI PARAMETER KEMATANGAN BUAH MELON MENGGUNAKAN SPEKTROSKOPI NEAR INFRA-RED Ahmad, Usman; Sabihah, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 23 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (438.965 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.183

Abstract

Prediction of ripeness level of melon fruit is conducted manually by looking at the colors and nets on the skin, or the sound of a knocking on the melon fruit. This manual method produces an inconsistent degree of accuracy that cannot be applied in harvesting. The use of spectroscopy in the near infra-red region (NIR) is a way of improving consistency and accelerating the process of estimating the fruit ripeness level without damaging the product. The objective of this research was to study the ripeness parameters of the Golden-Apollo variety of melon using NIR spectroscopy method. Parameters of fruit ripeness studied were moisture content, total soluble solids (TSS), and fruit firmness. The material used was melon fruits with four different harvesting ages. The equipment used was NIRFlex N-500 Solid Optical Fiber spectrometer that worked at 1.000-2.500 nm wavelengths. The method used in calibration and validation of NIR spectrum data and reference data was partial least square (PLS) with pre-processing of spectral data i.e., normalization, first and second derivatives of savitzky-golay, and multiplicate-scatter correction. The results showed that the best predictive model obtained to predict ripeness level of melon fruit was to use the ripeness parameters of total soluble solids and firmness of meat. The moisture parameter resulted in a poor predictive model that could not be used to predict a melon ripeness level with a good result.
EVALUASI MUTU KIMIA DAN ORGANOLEPTIK MI KERING BEBAS GLUTEN DARI TEPUNG KOMPOSIT JAGUNG-SINGKONG SELAMA PENYIMPANAN Kumalasari, Rima; Desnilasari, Dewi; Wadhesnoeriba, Sharren Pratama
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 23 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (563.534 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.173

Abstract

Noodles are the staple foods for some countries in the world. Generally, noodles are made from whole wheat or flour from other grains and cereals. Development of noodles from non-wheat flour or gluten-free noodles has been conducted. One type of noodles that is often used is dry noodle. Research on gluten-free dried noodles made from maize and cassava composite flours has been done. The stability of product quality is very important to be studied, especially for designing product storage conditions. This study aims to evaluate the quality of maize-cassava dry noodle products during storage and to obtain the recommended storage temperature of dry maize-cassava noodles. The product is stored at four temperatures, i.e, 8, 28, 38, and 48°C. The temperature at 8°C was used as the control temperature. The products were stored for 8 weeks and the stability of quality parameters (moisture content, free fatty acid, and organoleptic including color, flavor, and taste) of the products were observed weekly. The result showed that there was a change of quality of dried maize-cassava noodle for 8 weeks of storage. Dry maize-cassava noodle had increased free fatty acids (0.029-0.038%), decreased moisture content (0.05-0.23%), and panelist acceptance levels of color, flavor, and aroma. Differences in storage temperature had no significant effect on free fatty acid change, sensory values of color, taste, and aroma, but had a significant effect on the decreased water content. The range of temperature recommendedfor storage of dried noodles of corn-cassava was 28-38°C.
ANALISIS DAYA DUKUNG LAHAN PERTANIAN TANAMAN PANGAN DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI CIBALIUNG, PROVINSI BANTEN Mubarokah, Nurlaila; Rachman, Latief Mahir; Tarigan, Suria Darma
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 25 No. 1 (2020): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (702.585 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.25.1.73

Abstract

Analysis of carrying capacity of agricultural land for food crops is very important to do to determine the extent of the ability of agricultural land in supporting the fulfillment of the food needs of the population in an area. One problem in the Cibaliung watershed is the low ability of land to meet food needs so that residents cannot meet their needs independently. This study aims to determine the level of carrying capacity of agricultural food crops in meeting the food needs of the community in the Cibaliung River Basin (DAS) of Banten Province. Spatially, this study covered 2 regencies consisting of 15 districts within the scope of the Cibaliung watershed. The data used were secondary data taken from the Central Statistics Agency and the Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Office of Pandeglang and Lebak Regencies. The results showed that overall based on 4-year data (for the period of 2013?2016) the carrying capacity of the Cibaliung watershed agricultural land as a whole was still low. In addition, the optimal number of populations that is able to be supported by the available food needs is still smaller than the total population recorded in each district in the Cibaliung watershed. This shows that the Cibaliung watershed area has not been able to be self-sufficient in food and has not been able to provide a decent life for its residents. Therefore, certain efforts need to be made to increase the carrying capacity of food agricultural land in this area, for example by suppressing the population and improving the quality of agricultural land resources through efforts to conserve agriculture and diversify food crop species. Keywords: agricultural land, carrying capacity, Cibaliung watershed
PENILAIAN BANGUNAN MASJID TUA WAPAUWE DI DESA KAITETU, MALUKU Cahyono, Tekat Dwi; Kaliky, Fitriyanti; Kawarnidi, Narti
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 23 No. 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (897.53 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.2.158

Abstract

Historical tour is one of supporting aspects in tourism industry, locally and nationally. Old mosque of Wapauwe at Kaitetu Village of Central Maluku Regency, Maluku Province, is one of historical tour destinations that offers beautiful architecture and wood structure. Even though the main building is only 10 x 10 m2, this is one of important relics of Maluku?s Islamic culture richness that stands and is well maintained since its building in 1414 AD. A structure surely will deteriorate during utilization, therefore a study on the durability of old Wapauwe Mosque building was conducted. Forensic method was employed in all of building components and the results were subsequently compared in the standard of proper building. The results revealed that the building was still in well category and fit for proper use. The structure of columns, walls, and roof frame were still quite sturdy and well maintained, yet symptoms of water capillarity were appeared on few parts of the walls and building foundation. The building was built from several wood species namely Nani (Xanthostemon verus), Linggua (Pterocarpus indicus), Red meranti (Shorea pinanga) and Bintanggur (Calophyllum inophyllum). The study recommends a moderate maintenance is required in roof that was noticeably suffered a little damage and particular method on preventing and inhibiting dampness on walls and foundation. Moreover, subsequent study will be required in wood anatomy structure, creep test and wood ages in determining wood durability in longer term.
ANALISIS DAN DESAIN SISTEM PRODUKSI MI ACEH SPESIAL MENGGUNAKAN MODEL PROCESS-ORIENTED ANALYSIS Fadhil, Rahmat; Bantacut, Tajuddin; Machfud, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 23 No. 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (665.396 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.2.166

Abstract

This study describes the analysis and design of production systems at an Aceh noodle restaurant based on the approach of process-oriented analysis (POA). POA is a technique that can be used to design or re-engineering a production system. This system useD a type of static analysis with two models i.e., value flow diagram (VFD) and resource flow diagrams (RFD). The results showed that the POA method is very useful to study the analysis and design of production systems. Application of this method of learning and project engineering production provides an enormous benefit in analyzing and designing the production system of special Aceh noodles at a restaurant, which includes the amount of information, numbers, and economic return value (VFD), as well as information on the flow of resources (including mass, energy, and embodied energy) and their respective ecological values (RFD).
PEMANFAATAN PEKARANGAN MELALUI PENGEMBANGAN LANSKAP PRODUKTIF DI DESA MANGUNAN, KABUPATEN BANTUL YOGYAKARTA Irwan, Siti Nurul Rofiqo; Rogomulyo, Rohlan; Trisnowati, Sri
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 23 No. 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (866.053 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.2.148

Abstract

Utilization of land around a house as a pakarangan supports the quality and biodiversity of ecosystems. Utilization of pekarangan will develop a productive landscape in order to support food production for household and social interaction facility with neighbors. Mangunan Village has a category of marginal land because of the character of a dry land, rocky, far from water sources, and hilly topography. Therefore this village needs plants that can be adaptable for the environmental characteristics. The research aimed to identify the utilization of pekarangan, to find out the opinions of the people through the utilization of pekarangan and to reveal the linkage of plant functions in developing a productive landscape of pekarangan. Data were collected by purposive sampling with samples of 180 households spreading over six clusters of dusun in Mangunan Village. Variables of research were land area, species and quantity of plants, and people response in developing the productive landscape. Utilization of pekarangan in a wide variety of planting covering planting fruit crops (31%), herbal plants (20%), aesthetics plants (15%), and vegetables (15%). Mangunan Village has diversity index of pekarangan on medium rate (H? 2.65) and evenness of species on stable position (E 0.32). Therefore, Mangunan Village requires more plants and species to keep a better ecosystem. Community in Mangunan Village was very enthusiastic in the utilization of pekarangan for provisioning food (59%). People require assistance to implement pekarangan functions because they have not enough knowledge on pekarangan plan. The plant functions had high linkage and low linkage in developing productive landscape of pekarangan.

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