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INDONESIA
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 20866216     EISSN : 24769444     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan (JITP) merupakan jurnal yang mewadahi publikasi hasil penelitian/studi di bidang peternakan meliputi: Produksi Ternak, Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak, Teknologi Hasil Ternak, dan Sosial Ekonomi Peternakan. Jurnal ini diterbitkan dua kali setahun oleh Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin bekerjasama dengan Pengurus Besar Ikatan Sarjana Peternakan Indonesia.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 139 Documents
Fermentation Ability of Lactobacillus plantarum on the Infertile Egg at Different Incubation Time Mangalisu, A.; Nahariah, .; Hatta, W.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The use of infertile egg can be offset by increasing the quality of product by fermentation to be a highly competitive commodity. Fermented yield can be used as functional food ingredients which are good for health, for facilitating absorption, and for extending the shelf life of the product. The purpose of this research was to determine the fermentation ability of Lactobacillus plantarum on the infertile egg at different incubation time. Infertile egg was broken and sterilized for 15 minutes and then fermented for 0, 2, and 4 days. Parameters measured in this research were the total count of L. plantarum, pH value, lactic acid content, and moisture content. Experimental data were analyzed using analysis of variance of completely randomized design. The results showed that total L. plantarum (Log10 CFU/ml) increased in line with the incubation time, i.e. 8.3, 9.31, 9.73, respectively for day 0, 2, and 4 of the incubation time. The pH decreased as incubation time increased, namely 7.05, 5.67, 5.36, respectively for day 0, 2, and 4. The value of lactic acid content for day 0, 2, and 4 of incubation period was 0.62%, 1.28%, 2.15%, respectively while the water content was 71.3%, 73.21%, and 74.94%, respectively. In conclusion, this research proved the existence of the fermentation ability of L. plantarumtowards the infertile egg which were indicated by the increase of the total count of L. plantarum, lactid acid content and moisture content, even though pH value decreased as the incubation period increased. The optimum time of the incubation period was 4 days.
PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN TEPUNG KUNYIT DAN BETAIN DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP VILI ILEUM, KECERNAAN PROTEIN DAN IMBANGAN EFISIENSI PROTEIN BABI PERIODE FINISHER (Effect of Dietary Turmeric Powder and Betaine Addition on Ileum Villi, Protein Digestion and Protein Efficiency Ratio of Finisher Pig) Mahulae, Elnisi Br; Sinaga, Sauland; Rusmana, Denny
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 8, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Betaine and turmeric powder have the benefit of increasing digestibility and metabolism which affects the productivity of pig finisher period. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect and best dosage of betaine addition combined with turmeric powder in feed on ileum villi, protein digestion, and protein efficiency ratio of finisher period pig. The research was conducted experimentally according to a completely randomized design with 4 type of combination treatments of betain and turmeric powder in ration as follow: R0 = Basal feed, R1 = R0 + 0.4% turmeric powder + 0.1% betaine, R2 = R0 + 0.4% turmeric powder + 0.15% betaine, R3 = R0 + 0.4% turmeric powder + 0.2% betaine. Each treatment was repeated five times. The variables observed were ileum villi, protein digestion, and protein efficiency ratio. The results of the research showed that the treatments had a significant effect on the number of ileum villi, protein digestion, protein efficiency ratio, and. The addition of 0.15% betaine combined with 0.4% turmeric powder (R2) in feed showed the best effect on the ileum villi, protein digestion, and protein efficiency ratio of pig finisher period
EFEK PEMBERIAN DAUN KELOR (Moringa Olifera Lam) TERHADAP PERTAMBAHAN BOBOT BADAN KAMBING BLIGON (Effect Of Moringa Leaves On The Body Weigth Bligon Does) Popalayah, .; Afa, M.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The objective of the research was to the Effect Moringa Leaves (Moringa Olifera Lam) On The Body Weight Bligon Does. This study uses eight bligon does females with age range of 3-3.5 years. Goats maintained intensively for 3 months, by feeding cattle adjusted to body weight. Feed given in the form of bran and forage (grasses and legumes) as much as 10% of their body weight and as feed additives given Moringa leaves as much 500 g/e/day. Water is supplied adlibitum. The weighing of cattle do as much 4 times that before the study (day 0), (30 days) (60 days) and (90 days). Variable observed in this study is to see how the effects of Moringa leaves on body weight gain and feed conversion bligon does feed with an additional form of Moringa leaves and were not given a smaller place. Analyzed descriptively difference between livestock demplot results by moringa leaves the moringa leaf is not given the unpaired t- test. The results of the research Moringa leaves as a feed supplement to cattle signifcant effect on the level of 0.05% of the body weight bligon does. Treatment with moringa leaves, relatively high average reached 23.8 kg / head, when compared to animals without giving moringa leaves only reached 8 kg / head. Feed conversion rasio on treatment ranges from 0.67 ± 0.94, while in cattle feed conversion rate without treatment ranges from 1.5 ± 1.7. The conclusion of this study is the use of Moringa leaves as feed supplement signifcantly affect weight gain bligon goat. The low feed conversion showed higher body weight gain.
The Resistance of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated From the Faeces of Broiler chicken towards the Conditions of the Broiler Digestive Tract Mujnisa, A.; Rotib, L. A.; Djide, N.; Natsir, A.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 2, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

This research was conducted to determine the resistance degree of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from the faeces of broilers towards various intestinal conditions, in order to select a lactic acid bacteria to be used as prospective probiotic.  Ten types of LAB bacteria  (M1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M7, M8, M23 ,M26, and M28) isolated from the faeces of broiler chicken were subjected to pH2, pH3, and pH4; to 3% bile salt and to the temperatures of 30oC, 37oC and 41oC. The results of the research showed that all LAB isolates experienced the highest colony reductions at pH2, which was  around 3.2-5.5 log units/ml. The reduction of colony numbers at pH3  was approximately 1.8-3.1 log unit/ml, and the reduction at pH4 was around 1.0 – 2.5 log unit/ml. All the LAB isolates experienced a decrease of 0.5 log unit/ml to 1.6 log unit/ml  in colony numbers after bile salt exposure. The reduction of colony numbers  of ten LAB isolates at the temperatures of 30oC, 37oC and 41oC was 0.6 - 1.4 log unit/ml ; 0.1 – 0.5 log unit/ml and 0.7 – 1.4 log unit/ml, respectively. None of the ten  isolates posses all of the expected characteristic, however based on its more superior ability to block the pathogenic micro-organism as well as its ability to survive in simulated gastro intestinal tract conditions, M1 was selected as prospective probiotic.
Effects of Application of Mycorrhizal Fungi on the Growth and Dry Matter Production of Elephant Grass cv. Mott under Drought Stress Syamsuddin, .; Hasan, S.; Budiman, .; Asrianie, A.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Research has been conducted to determine the effect of mycorrhizal fungi on growth and dry matter production of elephant grass cv. Mott in drought stress conditions. This study was designed factorially based on completely randomized design consisting of 4 levels of mycorrhizal (0 g, 4 g, 8 g and 12 g), four levels of drought stress (watering every day, every 3 days, every 5 days and every 7 days) and 3 replications for each treatment combination. Based on the statistical analysis and discussion, it can be concluded that the growth and dry matter production elephant grass is strongly influenced by the amount of water available for plants. Giving mycorrhizal up to the level of 12 g does not yet give a significant impact on the growth and production of elephant grass cv. Mott.
IDENTIFIKASI KERAGAMAN SIFAT KUANTITATIF KAMBING MARICA DI KABUPATEN JENEPONTO (Identifcation of Quantitative Characteristic Diversity of Marica Goat in Jeneponto District) Ashari, F.; Bugiwati, S.R. A.; Rahim, L.; Dagong, M.I. A.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The research objective was to identify the population, spread characteristics, and quantitative characteristics  of Marica  goat  in  Jeneponto  district  in  order  to  get more  information  about  the morphological differences between the Marica goat and Kacang goat.   The beneft of this research was  to  attain  an  accurate  scientifc  data  on  the  population  of  spread  character  and  quantitative characteristic  of  Marica  goat.  The  outcome  of  the  research  can  be  utilized  as  references  for government, researchers, and goat breeders  in  the preservation of Marica goat. This research was done by sampling the Marica goats at and Kacang goat as a comparison. The body dimensions were measured on body length, withers height, chest depth, hip height, chest girth, chest width, hip width, leg length, and body weight. The result showed that the Marica goat was only found around high altitude areas. The male Marica goat at 3-4 years of age was not found anymore. The total population of Marica goats recorded was 20 heads, and all of Marica goats have similarity in body dimensions with Kacang goats  as  an  effect of uncontrolled breeding between Marica goat  and Kacang goat. This experiment showed that there were no pure breed of Marica goat at Jeneponto district which is existing now. The homogeneity percentage of existing Marica goat was high (CV<20%), therefore it is not recommended to do the selection in that population
IN VITRO PHOSPHORUS SOLUBILITY TEST OF DIFFERENT SOURCES OF PHOSPHORUS Hifizah, A.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 1, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The solubility of P from different P supplements was measured with in vitro procedures, using three different tests, which were water solubility, citric acid solubility and acid (0.1M HCl) solubility. Water solubility and citrate solubility were common tests used by the fertiliser industry and acid solubility was a new test developed to mimic conditions within the digestive tract. There were five samples used: Lomon MDCP, Duchess RP, Kynofos, meat meal and MSOP. A separate test was done with the acid solubility test to examine the effect of time of incubation on inorganic P solubilised. The highest total P (%) was with Lomon MDCP (21.6%) and the lowest was in meat meal (5.5%). Duchess RP and meat meal had lowest solubility for all three tests. The statistical analysis showed that solubility depended on source of P and type of solution, with a significant interaction between P sources and type of solution (P<0.001). Solubility in 0.1M HCl increased with time incubated in all samples. Duchess RP and Meat Meal had lowest solubility at all time points but had reached 74 and 83% solubility respectively at 1 hr of incubation. pH value of all samples in acid solution ranged from 1.37 – 1.48. Solubility depended on source of P and time of incubation in 0.1M HCl with a significant interaction between P sources and time of incubation (P<0.001). The results indicated that all of the P sources used in this experiment were highly solubilised in dilute acid (0.1 M HCl) and so can be used as P supplements for animals if it is assumed that the 0.1 M HCl test mimics conditions within the digestive tract.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PERSEPSI PETERNAK TERHADAP PEMANFAATAN JERAMI PADI SEBAGAI PAKAN DI KECAMATAN BANTIMURUNG Sohrah, Sitti; Baba, Syahdar
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 7, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Research on the use of rice straw as a feed has been widely done but the adoption at the farmer’s business level is still low. Perception of the farmers is one of the key factors in increasing the adoption of rice straw utilization as a feed. The aims of this study were to determine the level of farmers’ perceptions of the use of rice straw as a feed and factors that affect it. The study was conducted in the Bantimurung sub-district, which is the center of beef cattle and technical irrigated lowland rice. The number of respondents was 65 people who were randomly selected out of 325 farmers (20% of the population) by enumerators who had been trained. The variable measured was the level of perceptions of the farmers in fulfilling the livestock needs and the ability of the farmers in providing rice straw as a feed. The independent variable included the socio-economic factors of the farmers, consisting of age, number of livestock, number of family members, number of rice fields area, and level of education. Data were analyzed using multiple regression models using the F and t-test. The results showed that the level of perception of the farmers in fulfilling livestock needs was in less category. The level of perceptions of the farmers towards their ability in providing rice straw as feed was in the high category. Factors that influence their level of perception were the number of livestock and the number of family members. The number of livestock had a negative effect (P< 0.01) on the level of farmer perception, in which the higher the number of livestock owned by the farmers, the less level of the farmer's perception towards the use of rice straw as feed. The number of the family had a positive effect (P<0.01) on the level of the farmer perception meaning that the higher the number of the family members, the higher the level of the farmer's perception towards the use of rice straw as a feed.
Development Strategy for Rabbit in Soppeng Regency Sirajuddin, S. N.; Nurlaelah, S.; Abriati, R.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 2, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to formulate alternative strategy that can be applied in developing rabbit farming in Soppeng Regency. The research was carried out from January 2011 to February 2011 in Lalabata Sub District, Soppeng Regency. The experiment was a descriptive study in which samples were taken purposively. Experimental data were analysed using SWOT analysis. The result research indicated that some strategies that might be developed, including 1) to extent market segment for rabbit ,2) to develop excellence breeding of rabbit 3) to intensify the extension regarding nutritive value of rabbit meat and a better management for rabbit farming.
Body Weight Response of Broiler Chicken Subjected to Post-hatched Fasting Hakim, M. R.; Syamsuriadi, B.; Banong, S.; Pakiding, W.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 3, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The research aimed to assess body weight respons of broiler chickens with various body weights (BW) at hatch when subjected to post-hatched fasting and its subsequent impact on the final body weight. Two hundred and sixteen unsexed broiler chickens, strain Cobb aged 12 hours post-hatch, were randomly assigned into floor pen (six chicks per pen). The research was arranged in a 3 x 4 factorial arrangement according to completely randomized design with three replications for each treatment combination. The first factor was the BW at hatch, i.e. light (30.1±0.39g), medium ((33.3±0.44g), and heavy (33.3±0.44g). The second factor was the duration of post-hatched fasting, i.e. 24, 36, 48, and 60 h, respectively. All chickens were weighed at 12, 24, 36, 48, 60 and 72 h post hatch, then at 7 and 35 days of age. Data analysis indicated that the BW of chicken subjected to fasting at 48 to 60 h post-hatch decreased significantly at the rate of 8.6% and 12.5% of the initial body weight, respectively. However, this condition was not related to the initial body weight status of the chicken. Availability of feed after the fasting period was not sufficient to compensate retardation of body weight of the chicken subjected to fasting 48-60 h post-hatch.

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