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INDONESIA
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 20866216     EISSN : 24769444     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan (JITP) merupakan jurnal yang mewadahi publikasi hasil penelitian/studi di bidang peternakan meliputi: Produksi Ternak, Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak, Teknologi Hasil Ternak, dan Sosial Ekonomi Peternakan. Jurnal ini diterbitkan dua kali setahun oleh Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin bekerjasama dengan Pengurus Besar Ikatan Sarjana Peternakan Indonesia.
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 2, No 2 (2012)" : 7 Documents clear
CHARACTERISTIC PERFORMANCES OF THE MAIN FOUR PIG FARMING SYSTEMS IN MANOKWARI, WEST PAPUA Iyai, D. A.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 2, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

This research aimed to investigate opportunities for improving pig farming systems both in urban and rural areas of Manokwari, Papua Barat province-Indonesia. The research started by assessing the perspectives and perceptions of farmers in group meetings. A number of 386 pigs in cummulative was weighing and measured for life body weights and body condition scores. Papuan pig farmers were represented by Jayapura, Biak, Ambai and Ansus(Serui), Mee(Nabire), Arfak(Manokwari)and Ayamaru(Sorong)tribes. Non-Papuan pig farmers identified with ethnic groups of Batak, Toraja, Manado and Flores. The highest numbers of pigs kept were by semi-penned pig farmers, followed by pen and restrained pig farmers. About two hours per day was devoted to work in the restrained, semi-penned and pen pig keeping systems, while less than 1.5 hours per day was allocated by free-range pig farmers. In urban areas, feeding sources were kitchen and restaurant waste, and likewise crops and agriculture residues were in rural areas. Supplements and concentrates were used on a limited scale. Agricultural residues used were cassava, banana, taro, corn, grain and vegetable wastes. Litter sizes in the four pig farming systems were in average of 6 piglets/farrow/sow. Body condition scores were higher in pen pig keeping, i.e. 2.9 to 3, followed by semi-pen pigs, i.e. 2.1 to 3, free-range pigs, 2.1-2.8 and restrained pigs, i.e. 1.8 and 2.5 at different age levels. Economical and social quantitatives need further studies.
EFFECT OF MENGKUDU LEAF EXTRACT ON BLOOD PROFILE OF QUAIL STARTER Wardiny, T. M.; Retnani, Y.; Taryati, .
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 2, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The research was designed to evaluate the effect of addition of mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia) leaf extract as antibacteria of Salmonella typhimurium in drinking water during starter period (1-4 weeks) on blood profile of Japanese quail. Mengkudu leaf extract obtained from the leaves of Morinda citrifolia, which are dried, then boiled in water for 26 minutes with ratio between dried leaf and water 1:1. A completely randomized design (CRD) was used to analyze the data obtained from this research. Two hundred and fourty Day Old Quails with average body weight 7,73-8,08 g were divided into 4 treatment groups with 3 replications and 20 quails in each replicate. The treatments were R0 (quail drink was given multi-vitamin), R1 (quail drink was given 5% of mengkudu leaf extract), R2 (quail drink was given 10% mengkudu leaf extract) and R3 (quail drink was given 15% mengkudu leaf extract). The haematological parameters observed were erythrocyte number, haemoglobin level, haematocrit, and leucocyte number. The result of the research showed that the erythrocyte number, haemoglobin level, hematocrit and leucocyte number were not significantly different (P>0,05) for all treatments. Although the statistical parameters of the observations due to treatment not give significantly different results, but when viewed from the average parameters, treatment containing 15% mengkudu leaf extract (R3) gives the best results. Because it can increase hemoglobin levels, leukocyte count and blood hematocrit values were within the normal range for quail. So that 15% mengkudu leaf extract (R3) in drinking water can be used as alternative herbal feed additive instead of antibiotics
EFFECT COMPLETE FEED CONTAINING STARCH TUBERS OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES OF BANANA PLANTS ON PH, NH3 AND VFA OF KACANG GOAT Aswandi, .; Sutrisno, C. I.; Arifin, M.; Joelal, A.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 2, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine digestibility of complete feed containing starch tubers from different varieties of banana plants. The experiment was run according to completely randomized design with six treatments of complete feed rations containing starch tubers of different banana varieties (control/without tubers and five different banana starch tubers: ambon, kepok, batu, susu, and raja) and three replication for each treatment. The results showed that treatment of complete feed did not significantly affect (P>0.05) ruminal NH3 produced. However the treatment of complete feed significantly affected (P<0.05) rumen fluid pH. Furthermore, production of individual volatile fatty acids/VFA (asetat, propionat, and butirat) was significantly (P<0.05) different among the treatments. The highest production of volatile fatty acids (VFA) was obtained from the complete feed containing banana starch tubers of batu.
ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF BACTERIA THAT HAS POTENTIAL AS PRODUCER OF PROTEASE ENZYME IN THE TANNERY INDUSTRY, PT. ADI SATRIA ABADI (ASA), YOGYAKARTA Said, M. I.; Likadja, J. C.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 2, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Bacteria are one of the microorganisms that have the potential as a producer of protease enzyme. Tannery industrial waste is one of the media predicted to contain a number of proteolytic bacteria because of the waste generated is composed largely of protein and fat which are good as growing medium for bacteria. This study aimed to isolate and identify bacteria that have the potential as a producer of protease enzyme. Research conducted at the waste water processing installation (WWPI), tannery industry of PT.Adi Satria Abadi (ASA), Sitimulyo, Bantul, Yogyakarta and Laboratory of Animal Product and Food, Faculty of Animal Science, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta. Solid waste (SW), waste water (WW) and soil (S) around the industry are used as source of isolates. Random screening methods used for isolation and identification. The results obtained by isolation and identification of 1264 colonies (621 colonies from the SW, 156 of the WW and 487 of S). Thirty one colonies (2.5%) were identified as potentially proteolytic bacteria by the presence of clear zone (halo) around the colony while the 1.233 colonies (97.5%) were not potential. The third colony isolates look like a white crust, firmly attached to the medium, round, white to resemble wool and convex. Bacterial isolates from the S and SW at pH 10 and 12 were potential as a source of proteases with Proteolytic Index (PI)?3, while the one isolated from WW was less potential.
DRY MATTER YIELD AND COMPETITIVENESS OF ALANG-ALANG (IMPERATA CYLINDRICA) AND GUINEA GRASS (PANICUM MAXIMUM) IN INTERCROPPING Rusdy, M.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 2, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The objectives of this experiment were to determine dry matter yield and competitiveness of alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica) and guinea grass (Panicum maximum) in intercropping. The experiment was arranged in factorial combinations of four planting proportions, two levels of nitrogen fertilization and three harvesting intervals with three replications. Planting proportions were 0, 33.3, 66.7, and 100% of alang-alang (planting densities of 0, 1, 2 and 3 plants/pot) combined with 100, 66.7, 33.3,  and 0% of guinea grass (planting densities of 3, 2, 1 and 0 plants/pot).  The plants fertilized with nitrogen fertilizer at the doses of 0 and 250 kg/ha and harvested at intervals of 30, 45 and 90 days. Results of experiment showed that as planting proportion of alang-alang increased in the mixtures, total dry matter yield of mixed plants decreased.  N fertilization increased dry matter yield in both species, but guinea grass was more responsive than alang-alang. Regardless of planting proportion and nitrogen fertilization, increasing harvest interval decreased dry matter yield of guinea grass ? alang-alang mixture. Intercropping system gave substantially higher yield advantage over sole cropping in terms of land equivalent ratio with the maximum value achieved when guinea grass ? alang-alang mixture planted at the ratio of 2 : 1, fertilized with N and harvest monthly. In intercropping system, guinea grass appeared to be the dominant crop as indicated by its higher values of relative crowding coefficient and positive sign of aggressivity index.  It reflects that guinea grass grown in association with alang-alang utilized the resources more aggressively than when alang-alang grown alone.
THE HEDONIC AND SENSORIC QUALITY OF PRERIGOR AND POSTRIGOR RABBIT MEATBALLS WITH ADDITION OF DIFFERENT LEVELS OF OF STARCH AND SAGO FLOUR COMBINATION Farida, .; Abustam, E.; Kadir, S.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 2, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Meatballs product quality significantly affects the consumer preferences.  Meat and other ingredients are very important in determining meatballs product quality.   Processing of rabbit meat with sago flour is intended to substitute the use of starch flour that has been used so far. The aim of the research was to determine the hedonic and sensory quality of flavor, taste and colour of rabbit meatballs with addition of different levels of starch and sago flour combination. The experiment was performed by factorial arrangement (2x5) according to completely randomized design. The first factor was the condition of rigor (prerigor and postrigor) and the second factor was the combination of starch and sago flour (30% starch, 30% sago, 15% starch + 15 % sago, 20% starch + 10% sago and 10% starch + 20% sago). Replication for each treatment combination was three. Sensory and hedonic properties observed were the aroma, flavour and color of rabbit meatballs. The results showed that the rigormortis condition of meat affected the quality of rabbit meatballs in terms of flavour dan colour. Addition of combination of starch and sago flour at different level significantly affected flavour, taste and colour of the rabbit meatballs. There was an interaction effect of rigormortis condition and the combination starch or sago levels on the color of rabbit meatballs. In conclusion, the best meatballs quality obtained on the use of prarigor meat with addition of combination 15% starch + 15% sago.
STUDY OF INCOME OVER FEED AND CHICK COST EFFICIENCY OF BROILER FED ON SEA GRASS Rombe, M. B.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 2, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the benefit of giving diets containing sea grass on feed efficiency of broiler production for maximum economic returns. Ninety one-day-old SUR-707 unisexes of broilers chicken were randomly assigned into three groups of dietary treatments according to completely randomised design. The replications for each treatment were six giving total experimental unit of 18. Five broiler chicken were allocated for each replication/experimental unit.  The dietary treatments were 0% sea grass (N0), 4.5% sea grass Euchema cottonii (N1), and 4.5% sea grass gracillaria verucosa (N2). Experimental diets were formulated to be iso-protein (19.5%) an iso-calorie (4000 kcal/kg). Variables measured were feed consumption, body weight, feed conversion, and income over feed and chick cost (IOFCC). Results of the study indicated that feed consumption, body weight, feed conversion, and IOFCC were affected by the treament. The lowest IOFCC was obtained for broilers fed on diet containing no sea grass (No) compared with other treatments (N1 and N2). Between diets containing sea grass, the IOFCC for broilers given diet with Gracillaria verucosa (N2) was higher compared to that given diet with Euchema cottonii (N1). In conclusion, addition of sea grass into broiler ration could improve the  IOFCC.

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