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JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 20866216     EISSN : 24769444     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan (JITP) merupakan jurnal yang mewadahi publikasi hasil penelitian/studi di bidang peternakan meliputi: Produksi Ternak, Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak, Teknologi Hasil Ternak, dan Sosial Ekonomi Peternakan. Jurnal ini diterbitkan dua kali setahun oleh Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin bekerjasama dengan Pengurus Besar Ikatan Sarjana Peternakan Indonesia.
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 3, No 3 (2014)" : 8 Documents clear
BODY WEIGHT RESPONSE OF BROILER CHICKEN SUBJECTED TO POST-HATCHED FASTING Hakim, M. R.; Syamsuriadi, B.; Banong, S.; Pakiding, W.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 3, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The research aimed to assess body weight respons of broiler chickens with various body weights (BW) at hatch when subjected to post-hatched fasting and its subsequent impact on the final body weight. Two hundred and sixteen unsexed broiler chickens, strain Cobb aged 12 hours post-hatch, were randomly assigned into floor pen (six chicks per pen). The research was arranged in a 3 x 4 factorial arrangement according to completely randomized design with three replications for each treatment combination. The first factor was the BW at hatch, i.e. light (30.1±0.39g), medium ((33.3±0.44g), and heavy (33.3±0.44g). The second factor was the duration of post-hatched fasting, i.e. 24, 36, 48, and 60 h, respectively. All chickens were weighed at 12, 24, 36, 48, 60 and 72 h post hatch, then at 7 and 35 days of age. Data analysis indicated that the BW of chicken subjected to fasting at 48 to 60 h post-hatch decreased significantly at the rate of 8.6% and 12.5% of the initial body weight, respectively. However, this condition was not related to the initial body weight status of the chicken. Availability of feed after the fasting period was not sufficient to compensate retardation of body weight of the chicken subjected to fasting 48-60 h post-hatch.
SURVEY ON CHARACTERISTICS OF PROCESSING AND QUALITY OF DANGKE MILK COWS IN ENREKANG DISTRICT, SOUTH SULAWESI Hatta, W.; Sudarwanto, M. B.; Sudirman, I.; Malaka, R.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 3, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The development of the processing industry of dangke milk cows in Enrekang district had an important role in support of the improvement of national milk consumption and absorption of milk cows of local farmers. The purpose of research is to describe of the characteristics of the processing of dangke milk cows consisting of methods of manufacture and storage, as well as the quality of dangke in Enrekang district. This research is a descriptive survey. The respondents are 60 people manufacturers dangke milk cows which selected by simple random sampling. Data on the characteristics of dangke processing collected through observation and interviews with open-ended questionnaire, whereas quality of dangke (moisture, fat, protein, ash, and pH) were measured by AOAC method (1995). Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Conclusion of this study is that the method of manufacture of dangke milk cows includes heating of the milk, the addition of papaya latex solution, filtering and printing of the curd, and packaging products are varied quantitatively cause the quality of dangke is diverse. Dangke storage method allows a reduction of the quality of the physical and microbiological dangke milk cows.
EVALUATION OF BONE GROWTH OF 0-6 WEEK OLD NATIVE CHICKEN WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS OF DIETARY PROTEIN AND LYSINE SUPPLEMENTATION IN THE RATION Rizkuna, A.; Atmomarsono, U.; Sunarti, D.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 3, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

This research aimed to study the effect of protein level and lysine supplementation on bone growth of native chicken by the age of 6 weeks. The materials used were unsexed DOC of native chicken with average body weight 25.2 ± 1.0 g. Research was carried out in 2 x 3 factorial arrangement  according to completely randomized design. There were 4 replications for each treatment combination with 10 chickens for each experimental unit. The treatments  were  P1L1 (17% protein  +  0.6% lysine of the ration ), P1L2 (17% protein + 0.7% lysine of the ration), P1L3 (17% protein + 0.8% lysine of the ration ), P2L1 (14% protein + 0.6% lysine of the ration), P2L2 (14% protein + 0.7% lysine of the ration), P2L3 (14% protein + 0.8% lysine the ration). Treatments were applied  starting from the age of  day 1 to 6 weeks of age. Parameters measured were femur length, femur weight and femur bone strength. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance followed by Duncan?s multiple range test at 5% probability level if there was a significant effect of treatment on the parameters. There was a significant interaction (P <0.05) between the level of protein and lysine supplementation affecting the femur length and femur bone weight, but there was no  interaction (P> 0.05) effects on the femur bone strength. Based on these results, it was concluded that the optimal growth of native chicken bones were obtained from the ration containing  17% protein and 0.8% lysine supplementation.
THE DEGRADATION CHARACTERISTICS OF FEED SUPPLEMENTED GLIRICIDIA LEAVES IN GOAT RUMEN IN SACCO Zulkarnain, D. R.; Ismartoyo, .; Harfiah, .
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 3, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

This research was aimed to determine the degradation characteristics of dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) of three different forages enriched with gliricidia leaves (GL). The forages used in this trial were mini elephant grass (MEG), kolonjono grass (KG), and field grass (FG). Data collected were the nutrient digestibility of forage residues in the rumen, i.e. DM and OM. Samples were incubated in the rumen of fistulated goat at different interval times, i.e. 8, 12, 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours. The experiment was carried out according to completely randomized design (CRD) consisted of 3 treatments and 3 replications, MEG 75% + 25% GL (T1), KG 75% + 25% GL (T2), and FG 75% + 25% GL (T3). The results showed that the treatments affected (P<0.05) the values of a, b and c fraction for T1, T2, and T3. DM degradation characteristics of the T1 values were 23.2%, 25.62%, and 3%/h, respectively for a, b, and c fractions. The values for treatment T2 were 3.3%, 35.10%, and 5%/h, and the values for T3 were 11.8%, 46.62%, and 1%/h, respectively for a, b and c fractions. OM degradation characteristics of the T1 were 23.2%, 43.38%, and 1%/h, respectively for fractions a, b and c, while the degradation values for OM of T2 were 23.3%, 36.78% and 4%/h, and the values of treatment T3 were 11.8%, 31.29%, and 1%/h, respectively for a, b, and c fractions. Among the forages, the most rapidly degraded was T2, followed by T1 and T3.
ANALYSIS OF ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, AND FEED QUALITY FACTORS OF RATION PRODUCED BY SMALL SCALE FEED INDUSTRY ON THE SATISFACTION OF LAYER FARMERS IN SIDRAP REGENCY Irmasusanti, S.; Siregar, A. R.; Rohani, St.; Isbandi, .
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 3, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

This aim of the study was to analyze the influence of economic, social, and feed quality factors on layer farmers? satisfaction towards the ration produced by small scale feed industry in Sidrap Regency. The study was conducted by survey and observation method. Data were analyzed using the linear regression analysis. The results showed that the economic and feed quality factors did not significantly affect the level of farmers? satisfaction. However, social factor contributed significantly to the satisfaction of farmer on the ration produced by small scale feed industry
DETERMINATION OF TANNIN AND SAPONIN DOSAGE FOR DEFAUNATION IMPROVEMENT FEED FERMENTABILITY Wahyuni, I.M. D.; Muktiani, A.; Christianto, M.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 3, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The research was conducted to evaluate the effect of addition of tannin, saponin or combination of tannin and saponin to the concentrate of the ration on the microbial population and fermentability of feed in vitro and to assess the best dosage of uses. The research was arranged according to completely randomized design with four treatments and 3 replications. The treatments were ration without tannin and saponin (T0), ration with 1.2% saponin (T1), ration with 0.5% tannin and 0.9% saponin (T2), ration with 1% tannin and 0.6% saponin, (T3), ration with 1.5% tannin and saponin 0.3% (T4) and ration with 2% tannin and 0% saponin. the results of the experiment showed that the addition of the tannin, saponin or their combination altered microbial population in the rumen. Protozoas population decreased significantly whereas bacterial population was increased. NH3 production increased while ratio of acetaic to propionic acid tended to decrease. Total gas production increased 62.59-69.35 ml/200 mg of dry matter. The addition of 1% tannin and 0.6 % saponin shows the best effect to control protozoa population and feed fermentability in the rumen.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FARM SCALE AND BROILERS FARMERS INCOME BASED ON THE PARTNERSHIP SYSTEM IN MAROS REGENCY Siregar, A. R.; Sirajuddin, S. N.; Ranggadatu, R.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 3, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The study aimed to determine the relationship between scale of business and income of broiler breeders involved in partnerships. This study was carried out from April to December 2013 in Maros Regency, South Sulawesi Province. This research was descriptive quantitative using primary and secondary data obtained through observation and interviews. The population of the study was all the breeders who involved in partnership in Maros Regency, totaling 73 breeders. Forty two samples were withdrawn from the population and were grouped according to the business scale, namely <3500 birds, 3500-6500 birds, and > 6500 birds per farmer, respectively. Data were analyzed descriptively using the formula ? = TR - TC , in which ? = Net income (IDR/period). Results of study showed that the scale of business did not affect the income of broiler breeders who do partnerships. To increase the income of farmers, the partner company should pay attention to other factors rather than just the besides scale of the broiler farmers.
GROWTH, PRODUCTION, AND NUTRITION QUALITY OF CROTALARIA JUNCEA L AND SWEET CORN PLANTED BY INTERCROPPING SYSTEM Rudiarto, A.; Sumarsono, .; Pangestu, E.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 3, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of planting pattern and plant density on the growth, production and nutrient quality of Crotalaria juncea L and sweet corn planted by intercropping system. The data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance according to completely randomized design in a 3 x 2 factorial arrangement with four replications and tested further if there were differences between treatments. The first factor of plant density was 6, 12, 16 plants/m2, respectively for K1, K2, K3.. The second factor was planting pattern P1: single row and P2: double rows. Implementation of the research was carried out for 3 months. Data collection for Crotalaria juncea L was performed in the second month while data for sweet corn was taken on the third month of the experimental period. Based on the result and discussion , it can be concluded that the two row planting pattern reduced the growth, production and plant nutrition quality of sweet corn, but it promoted growth, production and quality of crop nutrients of Crotalaria juncea L except for the amount of leaves of the Crotalaria juncea L. The density of 6 to 16 plants/m2 decreased growth, production and quality of plant nutrients.

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