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JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 20866216     EISSN : 24769444     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan (JITP) merupakan jurnal yang mewadahi publikasi hasil penelitian/studi di bidang peternakan meliputi: Produksi Ternak, Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak, Teknologi Hasil Ternak, dan Sosial Ekonomi Peternakan. Jurnal ini diterbitkan dua kali setahun oleh Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin bekerjasama dengan Pengurus Besar Ikatan Sarjana Peternakan Indonesia.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 4, No 3 (2016)" : 9 Documents clear
SOYBEAN OIL SUPPLEMENTATION AS A SOURCE CONJUGATED LINOLEIC ACID (CLA) AND SWEET POTATO LEAVES ON THE PIG LDL AND HDL Paembonan, I. S.; Suthama, N.; Yunianto, V. d.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine whether provision of sweet potato leaves and soybean oil supplementation is able to lower low density lipoprotein (LDL) level and high density lipoprotein (HDL) level of blood. The number of pigs used in this study was 20 tails with average age of two months and initial body weight of 13.92±2.56 kg. Experimental diets were control diet - P0 (50% restaurant kitchen waste + 40% rice brand + 10% fish meal), P1 (85% of P0 + 15% sweet potato leaves with a 0.5% soybean oil supplementation), P2 (80% of P0 + 20% sweet potato leaves with a 0.5% soybean oil supplementation), P3 (85% of P0 + 15% sweet potato leaves with soybean oil supplementation 0.75%) and P4 (80% of P0 + sweet potato leaves 20 % with 0.75% soybean oil supplementation). Parematers observed were concentration of LDL and HDL in the blood of the experimental animal. Provision a combination of sweet potato leaves and soybean oil as a source of conjugated linoliec acid was significantly affect (P <0.05) the blood LDL and blood HDL levels of pigs. In conclusion, provision of sweet potato leaves supplemented soybean oil is capable of lowering LDL blood level and increasing the HDL blood level. Giving 15% sweet potato leaves supplemented with 0.5% soybean oil resulted in the lowest level of blood LDL and the hight level of blood HDL.
POTENCY AND CARRYING CAPACITY OF RICE STRAW FOR BEEF CATTLE FEEDING IN EAST KALIMANTAN Mayulu, H.; Suhardi, Suhardi
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Utilization of rice straw instead of green fodder is very potential to meet the scarcity of green fodder in the dry season. Low nutrient content and bulky characteristic of rice straw can be anticipated through treatment. Optimal utilization of rice straw provides opportunities for a waste-free production concept of low external input sustainable agriculture (LEISA). The research was conducted in two stages: 1) survey using purposive sampling techniques to determine the potential quantity of rice straw in three districts; and 2) a laboratory experiment, aimed to determine the potential nutritional quality of rice straw. Surveys in the form of data collection on the extent of paddy rice crops, the number of beef cattle population as the basis for determining the carrying capacity of rice straw in providing the feed. Laboratory experiments included sample preparation of rice straw through the enumeration, drying, determination of dry matter (DM), and proximate analysis. The results showed that average yield of rice straw in the area of research during the  last five years was  +9.799; +8.302; +7.079; +8.714; and +6.432 tons/year, respectively. The average population was 1.264, 1.616, 1.842, 1.683, and 1.919 animal unit (AU)/year, respectively. The average feed requirement for beef cattle was 44.609, 23.719,  20.225, 24.897, and 18.377 tons/year, respectively. On the average, carrying capacity per year was 54.07, 78.91,  20.16, 65.91, and 16.58 AU/year, respectively. Chemical composition of rice straw according to proximate analysis was DM=87.85%, crude protein=4.86%, ether extract=0.91%, crude fibre = 41.07%, Nitrogen free extract = 36.98%, and Total digestible nutrient = 46.65%. In conclusion, in terms of quantity and quality, rice straw has the potential to meet the needs of beef cattle feed in Penajam Paser Utara, Kutai Kartanegara and Berau.
GENETIC DIVERSITY OF BALI CATTLE IN BARRU REGENCY BASED ON PHENOTYPE CHARACTERISTICS AND MICROSATELITE DNA IDENTIFIER Mansur, M.; Mahmud, A. T. B. Astuti; Dagong, M. I. A.; Rahim, L.; Bugiwati, Rr. S.R. A.; Baco, S.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Sapi Bali is one of Indonesia germplasm, which has great potential to be developed as a national meat suppliers. Barru regency, South Sulawesi province is one of the purification center of Bali cattle in Indonesia. This study aimed to determine the genetic characteristics of Bali cattle in Barru regency based on identification of phenotype qualitative (horn shape and color of feathers) and quantitative traits (body size), as well as the identifier of microsatellite DNA diversity, in particular HEL9 and INRA035loci. Bali cattle phenotype characterization was done by identifying the typical qualitative properties owned by Bali cattle, as well as a quantitative trait such as body weight, body length, chest circumference and height. Blood samples were collected from about 80 heads of Bali cattle (35 males and 45 females). Extraction of genomic DNA using a DNA extraction kit (GeneJet Genomic DNA Extraction). PCR technique was then used to amplify DNA in microsatellite HEL9 and INRA035loci. Genetic diversity was calculated based on the frequency of alleles and genotypes, observed heterozygosity (Ho), expectated heterozygosity (He) and the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The results showed that the predominant form of horns in males were silak bajeg while the females were silak manggulgangsa, while the percentage of normal color pattern (typical of Bali cattle) was 92.5% and the color pattern deviates ie. 7.5%. In HEL9 locus, alleles found were A and B with only AB genotype(100%). While at the INRA035 locus,were found three alleles ie. A (0.4813), B (0.50) and C (0.0187), with the most common genotype were AB (0.96). Based on shape horn and feather color, the phenotype characteristic  of Bali cattle in the Barru regency were quite diverse, but the genetic diversity of DNA microsatellite observed quite low with only found two alleles (A and B) at HEL9 and 3 alleles (A, B and C ) at the INRA035 locus.
CORELLATION BETWEEN FARMERS CHARACTERISTIC AND FARM SCALE OF BUFALLO FARMING IN SUMBANG VILLAGE CURIO DISTRICT ENREKANG REGENCY Larasati, Utami; Baba, S.; Sirajuddin, S. N.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Buffaloes is an animal livestock that potentially developed in Sumbang village, district of Curio Enrekang because Enrekang has enough land to be used as an area for grazing and as feed resources as well as the area immediately adjacent to the area of Toraja, a district in which buffaloes are using as a means of ritual in tradition ceremonies. However, the buffaloes livestock business scale is still small-scale farm, i.e. 2-3 buffaloes per household. Buffalo?s livestock business development is influenced by characteristics of the breeder. This research aimed to determine the correlation between characteristics of breeders (age, education, breeding experience, and the number of family) and livestock business scale in Sumbang village, district of Curio, Enrekang regency. The type of this research was an explanatory quantitative, a kind of research that explaining the correlation, examining the correlation between the breeder characteristics and the business scale. Data were collected using questionnaire and were analyzed using statistical software of SPSS 15 for windows. Breeder characteristic that was significantly correlate with buffaloes livestock business scale was breeder experience (P< 0.05) while age, education, and number of family dependent was not significantly correlated.
THE WITHDRAWAL TIME OF THE ANTIBIOTIC OF ZINC BACITRACIN TOWARDS ITS RESIDUE IN BROILER Andy, Andy; Agustina, L.; Mujnisa, A.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Genetic development of broiler is growing rapidly. Nowadays, broiler is slaughtered at the ages of 29 days rather than 35 days. Rapid growth is usually coupled by an immune deficiencies of broiler, therefore such feed additives as antibiotics is necessary to promote growth and improve endurance of the broiler. The purpose of this research was to investigate the amount of residue of Zinc bacitracin antibiotics in the thigh meat, breast meat, liver, and kidney of the broilers; and to determine the withdrawal time between the discontinuation of the antibiotic of the Zinc bacitracin and the slaughter of the broiler to eliminate or to reduce that residue so that the product of the broiler was safe for human consumption. The research was conducted at Sekolah Tinggi Penyuluhan Pertanian (STPP) Gowa. The broilers used in this study was strain Cobb SR 707, aged 29 days (unsexed), and were obtained from the local broiler farm. The ration containing the antibiotics of the Zinc bacitracin was terminated at day 0, 3, 6, and 9 before slaughtering. The bacteria used to test the dilution sensitivity was Staphylococcus aureus (105-108 colony mL-1). The transmittance reading of the sample solution from the Spectrophotometer was inputted into standard curve generated by from pure antibiotics to determine the antibiotics residue in the samples. The results were then compared with the value of SNI Number: 01-6366-2000 of year 2000. The data were analyzed descriptively and with a non linier regression analysis. The results revealed that the level of the Zinc bacitracin residue decreased following the duration of the cessation of the Zinc bacitracin antibiotic treatment. The antibiotic residue in the sample was smaller than that set in the standards (SNI, 2000) so that the broiler products were safe for human consumption.
STUDY ON PHYSICAL QUALITY OF MILK OF PERANAKAN ETTAWA GOAT USING DIFFERENT PASTEURIZATION METHODS Sulmiyati, Sulmiyati; Ali, Najmah; Marsudi, Marsudi
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Goat milk is a liquid medium having a very complete composition, but it can not last long when stored at room temperature. Milk stored at room temperature can be easily spoiled if it does not receive special treatment such as pasteurization. The purpose of this study was to obtain the right temperature and time in the processing of pasteurized milk. The experiment was carried out according to  completely randomized design consisted of 3 treatments and 5 replications. The treatments of this research were the method of pasteurization , i.e. A1 = LTLT (Low Temperature Long Time, temperature of 65oC for 30 minutes) A2 = HTST (High Temperature Short Time, temperature of 75oC for 30 seconds) and A3 = Pasteurization UHT (temperature of 81oC for 30 minutes). The observed parameters were color, smell, taste, gravity weight, pH, acidity and the reductase score. The results of the study  showed that different pasteurization methods had no significant effects (P>0.05) on the color, smell and taste of the goat milk, but significantly affected  (P <0.05) gravity weight and lactic acid percentage. Similarly, the treatments did not have significant effects (P>0.05) on the reductase score of pasteurized goat milk.
PERFORMANCE OF BROILER FED ON COMMERCIAL RATION CONTAINING BANANA TUBER MEALS Aswandi, Aswandi
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Feedstuff availability is one of the problems in the poultry meat production system, which uses corn as the main energy source in the ration. One of the alternative solutions is to identify the feedstuff that has potential, qualitative and quantitative, to substitute it. Banana tuber contains high carbohydrate and low fiber components so that it can be used as energy source in the ration. The aim of research was to compare the benefit between the ration containing banana tuber meals, which was provided from batu and kapok banana tuber, and the commercial broiler ration. One hundred and ninety two of broiler chicks were raised for 30 days and were randomly allotted to one of four treatment diets according to completely randomized design with four replications for each treatment. The experimental rations were P0 (control, 100%of commercial feed), P1 (60% of commercial feed + 30% of banana tuber meal + 10% fish meal), P2 (70% of commercial feed + 20% of banana tuber meal + 10% fish meal), and P3 (80% of commercial feed + 10% of banana tuber meal + 10% fish meal).The results of the study indicated that the average body weight gain was 58.75, 54.65, 51.95, and 48.68 g/d for the treatment P0, P1, P2, and P3, respectively. In conclusion, the use of 30% banana tuber meals in the commercial feed mixtures does not deteriorate the performance (daily gain) of the broiler.
EVALUATION OF THE TYPES OF PROCESSING ON THE ORGANOLEPTIC ACCEPTABILITY OF THE INFERTILE EGGS Khaerunnisa, Khaerunnisa; Nahariah, Nahariah; Murpiningrum, E.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Infertile eggs are the eggs that can not hatch. These eggs are only used for household consumption and  are usually processed by boiling it. There are not many studies have been done of using other methods, such as omelette and fried. The purpose of this research was to study organoleptic acceptability by panelists towards processed methods of the infertile eggs, i.e. boiled eggs, scrambled eggs and fried eggs. The results of study indicated that the average hedonic value for color of the boiled egg was 3.93 (like) and was significantly different from that of the omelette egg which was 4.6 (really like), but was similar to that of the fried egg, which was 3.83 (like). The average hedonic value for texture of boiled egg was 4.47 (really like) and was significantly different from that of the omelette, which was 3.6 (like) and fried eggs of 3.47 (like). The average value for flavor was 3.6 (like), 3.67 (like), and 3.87 (like), respectively for boiled, omelet, and fried eggs. The average value for taste for each treatment was 3.93 (like), 3.8 (like), 4.07 (like), respectively. In conclusion, treatment did not contribute to the hedonics of the panelists for flavor and taste. Processing of the infertile eggs in form of boiled, scrambled,  and fried were similar for taste and flavor, but with regards to the  color and texture, panelists  prefer  the omelette for the former and the fried eggs for latter.
PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS OF DAIRY CATTLE FARMING OF VILLAGE COOPERATIVE MEMBERS IN SEMARANG REGENCY Santoso, S. I.; Nisa, H. I.; Mukson, Mukson; Handayani, M.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 4, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The study aimed to analyze the profitability of dairy cattle business and the factors that affect the level of profitability of dairy cattle farming at Koperasi Unit Desa (KUD) members in Semarang Regency. The research method used survey method. Samples of KUD were selected by purposive sampling . The selected KUDs were KUD Getasan, KUD Sumber Karya, and KUD Mekar Ungaran. From each KUD, three dairy cow farmer group (KTT) were selected.  Ten farmers of each KTT, as samples, were withdrew randomly  giving total number of 90 samples.  The data were analyzed statistically using descriptive analysis  and multiple linear regression model. In this model, the dependent variable was profitability (Y), while the independent variables consisted of the number of lactating cows (x1), the investment value (x2), the milk price (x3), livestock raising experience (x4), milk production (x5), and the cost of concentrate feed (x6). The results showed that the dairy cattle business was profitable and viable. The average profitability of dairy cows was 60.50% and indicating worth to be developed. Multiple regression analysis indicated tha the number of cows (x1), the investment value (x2), the milk price (x3), the livestock raising experience (x4), the milk production (x5), and the cost of feed concentrate (x6) simultaneously had a significant (p<0,01) impact on the profitability of the business. The coefficient of determination (R2)  was 0.574 meaning that those factors can explain the level of profitability of 57.40%, and the remaining 42.60% was influenced by other factors outside the model.

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