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INDONESIA
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 20866216     EISSN : 24769444     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan (JITP) merupakan jurnal yang mewadahi publikasi hasil penelitian/studi di bidang peternakan meliputi: Produksi Ternak, Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak, Teknologi Hasil Ternak, dan Sosial Ekonomi Peternakan. Jurnal ini diterbitkan dua kali setahun oleh Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin bekerjasama dengan Pengurus Besar Ikatan Sarjana Peternakan Indonesia.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 5, No 2 (2017)" : 9 Documents clear
IDENTIFIKASI KERAGAMAN SIFAT KUANTITATIF KAMBING MARICA DI KABUPATEN JENEPONTO (IDENTIFCATION OF QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERISTIC DIVERSITY OF MARICA GOAT IN JENEPONTO DISTRICT) Ashari, F.; Bugiwati, S.R. A.; Rahim, L.; Dagong, M.I. A.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The research objective was to identify the population, spread characteristics, and quantitative characteristics  of Marica  goat  in  Jeneponto  district  in  order  to  get more  information  about  the morphological differences between the Marica goat and Kacang goat.   The beneft of this research was  to  attain  an  accurate  scientifc  data  on  the  population  of  spread  character  and  quantitative characteristic  of  Marica  goat.  The  outcome  of  the  research  can  be  utilized  as  references  for government, researchers, and goat breeders  in  the preservation of Marica goat. This research was done by sampling the Marica goats at and Kacang goat as a comparison. The body dimensions were measured on body length, withers height, chest depth, hip height, chest girth, chest width, hip width, leg length, and body weight. The result showed that the Marica goat was only found around high altitude areas. The male Marica goat at 3-4 years of age was not found anymore. The total population of Marica goats recorded was 20 heads, and all of Marica goats have similarity in body dimensions with Kacang goats  as  an  effect of uncontrolled breeding between Marica goat  and Kacang goat. This experiment showed that there were no pure breed of Marica goat at Jeneponto district which is existing now. The homogeneity percentage of existing Marica goat was high (CV<20%), therefore it is not recommended to do the selection in that population
KARAKTERISTIK EDIBLE FILM BERBAHAN WHEY DAN KASEIN YANG MENGGUNAKAN JENIS PLASTICIZER BERBEDA (CHARACTERISTICS OF EDIBLE FILM MADE FROM WHEY DANGKE AND CASEIN THAT USES DIFFERENT TYPES OF PLASTICIZER) Maruddin, F.; Ako, A.; hajrawati, Hajrawati; Taufik, M.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The combination of materials from dangke whey and casein can form an edible flm. The addition of a plasticizer such as glycerol, sorbitol and polyethylene glycol (PEG), in the manufacture of the edible flm can improve the characteristics of the edible flm becoming elastic, fexible and not easily fragile. The purpose of this research was to study the effect of plasticizer glycerol, sorbitol and polyethylene glycol (PEG) to the edible flm characteristics such as thickness, yield, and color (* L, * a and * b). This study was run according to completely randomized design with plasticizer types as the treatment consisted of glycerol, sorbitol, and polyethylene glycol (PEG) with a concentration of 35%. Each treatment was repeated 5 times. The results obtained indicated that the type of plasticizer did not affect the thickness of the edible flm. The yield of edible flm was 26.45 ± 0.34%, 24.53 ± 0.29%, and 22.56 ± 0.30% for glycerol, PEG, and sorbitol, respectively. The color value (*L) of edible flm was 88.40 ± 0.33 for sorbitol, 87.28 ± 0.25 for PEG, and 88.40 ± 0.33 for glycerol. The color value (*a) was 5.97 ± 0.10, 3.86 ± 0.13, and 0.09 ± 0.02, for glycerol, PEG, and sorbitol, respectively. While the color value (*b) of edible flm was 4.36 ± 0.10 for PEG, 1.32 ± 0.36 for sorbitol, and 1.10 ± 0.13 for glycerol. It was concluded that the use of sorbitol would increase brightness (*L) and the yield of edible flm. The use of glycerol has an efect on the reddish color of the edible flm (*a), while the PEG increase the yellowish color of the edible flm (*b).
EVALUASI FISIK RANSUM LENGKAP BERBENTUK WAFER BERBAHAN BAHAN UTAMA JERAMI JAGUNG DAN BIOMASSA MURBEI (PHYSICAL EVALUATION OF COMPLETE FEED WAFER FORMULATED USING CORN STRAW AND MULBERRY BIOMASS AS THE MAIN INGREDIENTS) Syahrir, S.; Mide, M. Z.; Harfiah, Harfiah
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Mulberry biomass has potential ruminant feed quality due to its potential for the production and content of nutrients, but its utilization as feed is still diffcult to fnd. The residual of agriculture also has considerable potential as a source of ruminant feed. The combination of agriculture byproducts such as corn straw and the mulberry biomass into a complete ration in form of wafer is an effective alternative for producing complete feed. The ration was formulated into a complete ration in the form of wafers (wafer complete feed) which was characterized by a quality suffcient nutrient content and a compact form of the product. To complement the availability of nutrients, improve both physical quality and palatability, the complete feed wafer was formulated using such raw materials as corn straw, mulberry biomass, concentrate, and molasses. This purpose of this study was to evaluate the physical properties of wafer complete feed. The study was carried out according to completely randomized design (CRD) consisted of six treatments and four replications for each treatment. The amount of complete feed formulated for each treatment was 1000 g dry matter basis with diameter of 21 cm. The physical properties of complete feed formula were evaluated based on the density value, water absorption, and rupture test (crushing test). The best result in formulating complete feed wafer was obtained by using a combination of 5 - 10 % molasses with 25 - 30% mulberry biomass.
PENGARUH FAKTOR SOSIAL DAN EKONOMI PETERNAK TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN USAHA PETERNAKAN AYAM BROLER DI KABUPATEN MAROS PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN (THE EFFECTS OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC FACTORS OF FARMERS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF BROILER FARMING IN MAROS REGENCY) Rohani, St.; Darwis, M.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Broiler poultry husbandry is the most favorite kind of husbandry business due to its high level of product demand. Maros is a region which is well known as one of the central areas of broiler meat production in South Sulawesi. The development of broiler poultry business managed by the locals breeders could have a signifcant impact towards an increase revenue of the breeders. But in reality, not many of the poultry broiler breeders could well developtheir own businesses, in fact some of them have not made any progress since its establishment. The aim this research was to analyze the the effects of social and economic factors of the breeders on the growth of the broiler poultry business. It was conducted from November to December 2015 by using primary and secondary data The population of the research was all the broiler breeders in the area, while the number of samples taken from the population was 79. The primary data obtained from interviews with farm owners using the questioners that have been prepared before hand and the secondary data were obtained from the website and the relevant institution. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis. The results of the study indicated that the social and economic factors of the broiler breeders, either partial or simultant, had a signifcant effect on the growth of the bussiness of broiler poultry husbandry.
EFEKTIFITAS METODE PENGOLAHAN KULIT PISANG (MUSA PARADISIACA) TERHADAP KECERNAAN NUTRIEN AYAM KAMPUNG FASE GROWER (EFFECT OF DIFFERENT FEED PROCESSION METHOD OF BANANA PEEL (MUSA PARADISIACA) ON GROWER PHASE NATIVE CHICKEN FEED DIGESTIBILITY) Has, H.; Indi, Amiluddin; Kurniawan, W.; Pagala, A.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Banana peel (Musa paradisiaca) was banana processing waste with high availability but low utility as poultry feed. Utilization peel of banana as poultry feed required special processing methods to increase digestibility. This research was aimed to evaluate nutrient digestibility of banana peel with different processing methods on native chicken. Twenty birds native chicken aged 10 weeks with 600 g average body weight, banana peel, NaOH, tempeh yeast (Rhyzopus sp), bacterial starter (EM4) were used as research materials. The experimental design was completely randomized design (CRD) four treatments and fve replications: T0 (control: without treatment), T1 (banana peel soaked 10% NaOH), T2 (banana peel fermented by tempeh yeast), T3 (banana peel fermented by EM4). Parameters measured were digestibility of nutrients: dry matter digestibility (DMD), organic matter digestibility (OMD), and Crude Protein Digestibility (CPD). Obtained data were analyzed using SPSS software version 2.0., the signifcant different were tested by Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT). Research results showed that the effect of different processeing methods of banana peel were signifcantly (P <0.05) on DMD, OMD and CPD. This research concluded that banana peel fermented by EM4 treatment have higher DMD, OMD and CPD compare than others.
RESPON TERMOREGULASI SAPI PERAH PADA ENERGI RANSUM YANG BERBEDA (THERMOREGULATION RESPONSE OF DAIRY COWS ON DIFFERENT ENERGY CONTENT) Amir, A.; Purwanto, Bagus P.; Permana, Idat G.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The problems faced in dairy cows, among others, is the temperature adaptability in a tropical climate. Low thermal resistance will affect their productivity. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of ration energy on thermoregulatory responses in dairy cows. This research was carried out according to the Latin square design 4 x 4, with 4 treatments ration composition. The variables observed were thermoregulatory responses (body temperature, heart rate, respiration rate), total digestible nutrient (TDN) and body weight gain of dairy cows. The data were statistically analyzed to obtain the mean, standard deviation, variance, descriptions and simple regression analysis. There was a real effect due to treatment ratio energy to body temperature, heart rate, and respiration rate. Ration energy consumption in this study led to the increase of thermoregulatory response from low to high TDN. Therewas a linear relationship between body temperature and TDN intake. Based on the regression analysis, TDN intake signifcantly affected (P<0.01) body temperature with a coeffcient of determination (R2 ) of 0.966. It means that 96.6 percent of the variability in body temperature of dairy cows and can be explained by the independent variables being used in the regression model
KARAKTERISTIK FISIK DAN KIMIA AIR DADIH (WHEY) DANGKE DENGAN LEVEL ENZIM PAPAIN YANG BERBEDA (CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF DANGKE WHEY USING DIFFERENT LEVELS OF PAPAIN ENZYME) Sulmiyati, Sulmiyati
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Dangke is a typical food from South Sulawesi, especially in Enrekang made from casein milk with a clotting enzyme papain from papaya. The study was conducted to determine the propertys of whey the waste products dangke and designed in accordance with the completely randomized design 3 treatments provision papain enzyme solution 10-2 at concentration of 0.5%; 1%; and 1.5% with 5 replications. Parameters measured pH, production of curd, whey percentage, percentage of lactic acid, lactose content, protein content. The results showed that the addition of papain enzyme solution did a signifcant effect (P <0.05) on physical propertys of whey and no signifcant effect (P> 0.05) on the chemical propertys of whey. The best results with the use of papain enzyme solution 10-2 at concentration of 1%.
PERFORMA ITIK YANG DIBERI PAKAN SILASE LIMBAH SAYURAN PASAR (THE DUCKS PERFORMANCE FED BY SILAGE VEGETABLE WASTE) Herijanto, S.; Supranoto, .; Tugiyanti, E.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Duck is monogastric that have higher ability to digest cellulose than other fowl, so there is a possibility that vegetable waste, which high fber content, can be used as feed. The objective of the research was to evaluate the performance of male duck fed by vegetable waste silage. The materials used were 75 male ducks of 3 to 4 week old (average body weight of 275-336g). The study was carried out according to completely randomized design, which consisted of fve treatments and three replications. The treatments were control, dried vegetable, vegetable waste fermentated with Lactobacillus casei, vegetable waste fermentatied with 20% cassava and 20% rice bran, and vegetable preserved with KMnO4, there were fve ducks in each experimental unit. Male ducks werefed on 16% protein and 2,900 ME kcal/kg with vegetable waste as much 20% for 13 weeks. Results showed that the use of vegetable waste in the ration signifcantly affected the body weight but had no effects on carcass percentage, liver percentage, and blood cholesterol. The highest ducks body weight 1,243.9 ± 33.4 g fed with vegetable waste fermentation with Lactobacillus casei, the best carcass percentage 64.85 ± 1.09% fed with dried vegetable, the highest liver percentage 2.6 ± 0.3% fed with 20% cassava and 20% rice bran, and the lowest blood cholesterol 137.04 ± 27.96mg/dl fed with vegetable preserved with KMnO4 . In conclusion, male duck fed with vegetable waste
KARAKTERISTIK FUNGSIONAL TELUR INFERTIL SISA HASIL PENETASAN YANG DIFERMENTASI MENGGUNAKAN SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE PADA LEVEL YANG BERBEDA (FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EGG INFERTILE HATCHERY REMAINING AT FERMENTATION IN SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE USING DIFFERENT LEVEL) Amaliah, L.; Nahariah, Nahariah; Fattah, H.; Ali, H. M.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

Infertile  eggs  obtained  from  hatchery  process  has  experienced  a  declined  characteristic  in the functional properties. The decrease is due to the storage and warming up during the hatching process. An attempt should be taken to improve it through a fermentation process. This study aimed to determine  the  functional  characteristics of    infertile  egg   which was  fermented using different levels of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This study was carried out according  to completely  randomized design  (CRD) with 4  treatments and 3  replications. The parameters measured were  the power of foam,  foam stability, coagulation  time and gel strength. The results showed  that  the  fermentation of  infertile eggs using different  levels of Saccharomyces cerevisiae   signifcantly (P<0.05) affected the foam power and foam stability and became highly signifcant (P<0.01) against coagulation time, but had no effects (P>0.05) on the gel strength. Fermentation using Saccharomyces cerevisiae at the level of 6% can maintain gel strength, improving foam, foam stability and coagulation time of infertile eggs obtained from the hatching process.

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