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Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan
ISSN : 23027517     EISSN : 23027525     DOI : -
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan is a scientific journal, focused on Rural Sociological which refers to the key terminology of "Sodality" where the dynamics of the local structures (village/rural) and extra-local has created spaces of social disharmony, thus require the analysis and synthesis of multidisciplinary science to explain empirical facts dimensions of socio-economic-ecological in village/rural.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 301 Documents
(CONFLICT RESOLUTION OF IRRIGATION DEVELOPMENT: CASE STUDY IN IBU SUBDISTRICT OF WEST HALMAHERA DISTRICT) Sahabu, Budi; ., Saharuddin; M. Kolopaking, Lala
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 5 No. 2 (2017): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (526.989 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v5i2.17974

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe objective of this research is to understand the conflict resolution of dam and irrigation development in three subdistrict villages of Ibu Halmahera Barat district 2013. This research uses analysis of dispute style (AGATA) in the form of: avoidance, accommodating, compromise, competitive, and collaboration. The results showed that there are two styles of conflict that is avoid and competitive style. Both style of disputes are transformed into a compromise style after the opposing party offers negotiation of land compensation. Based on this it can reduce the two parties, so that the mediator easily deal with the conflict. The settlement path is through mediation and facilitation by bringing the two conflicting parties together with the mediator of West Halmahera people?s parliament. The decision taken is to stop the construction of dam and irrigation channels under construction. The decision, in addition to reducing the escalation of tensions, also to anticipates violet conflict between the two parties (the pros and cons of development).Keyword: Conflict resolution, irrigation development, dispute styleABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan memahami resolusi konflik pembangunan bendung dan irigasi di tiga desa kecamatan Ibu kabupaten Halmahera Barat pada tahun 2013. Penelitian ini mengunakan analisis gaya bersengketa (AGATA) yang berupa: saling menghindar, akomodatif, kompromistis, kompetitif, dan kolaborasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa terdapat dua gaya berkonflik yaitu gaya menghindar dan kompotisi. Kedua gaya bersengketa tersebut berubah menjadi gaya berkompromi setelah pihak lawan (kontra) menawarkan negosiasi ganti rugi lahan. Berdasarkan hal tersebut dapat mengurangi eskalasi ketegangan antar kedua belah pihak, sehingga pihak mediator dengan mudah menangani konflik. Jalur penyelesaian yang ditempuh yaitu melalui mediasi dan fasilitasi dengan cara mempertemukan kedua belah pihak yang berseteru dengan mediator pihak dewan perwakilan rakyat daerah Halmahera Barat. Keputusan yang diambil adalah memberhentikan proyek pembangunan bendung dan saluran irigasi yang sedang dibangun. Keputusan tersebut, selain mengurangi eskalasi ketegangan juga mengantisipasi terjadinya konflik kekerasan antar kedua belah pihak (pihak pro dan kontra pembangunan).Kata kunci: Resolusi konflik, pembangunan irigasi, gaya bersengketa
THE PARADOX OF RECOGNITION PRINCIPLES IN VILLAGE LAW IN AMMATOA KAJANG INDIGENOUS COMMUNITY *, Sampean; Wahyuni, Ekawati Sri; Sjaf, Sofyan
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 7 No. 3 (2019): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (661.89 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v7i3.28630

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The Village Law has stipulated thirteen principles. One of the principles is recognition. The principle of recognition is a turning point in the reformation of the customary law of in Indonesia. The previous studies have founded recognition of the management and use of communal forest. This research focuses on the paradox of recognition of the administration of indigenous government. The implementation of Village Law has replaced the regional autonomy law: from decentralization ? residual to recognition ? subsidiarity. The inclusion of the principle of recognition ? subsidiarity in the village law was implications for changes in the regulation of social order and governance. This research based on constructivism paradigm and qualitative method, with in depth interviews, purposive sampling, observations, and historical archivings. We had analyzed social construction of recognition to indigenous communities in ruling their government. The results indicate that the social construction of recognition in the political aspects of laws and regulations has not been able to meet the needs of indigenous peoples to arrange their government. This study questions regional approach to support the frameworks of desa adat.
THE WELFARE LEVEL OF FISH PROCESSOR HOUSEHOLD: OBJECTIVITY AND SUBJECTIVITY INDICATORS (A CASE IN PRINGSEWU REGENCY, LAMPUNG PROVINCE) Fatchiya, Anna; Amanah, Siti; Soedewo, Tatie
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 7 No. 3 (2019): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (41.595 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v7i3.28795

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Majority fish processing business in Indonesia is carried out by households of a micro-small scale using traditional methods. This research is aimed to measure the level of wellbeing of the fish processing household using objective and subjective indicators. The research approach is carried out with a census in selected locations using questionnaires as a means of data collection. Indicator of wellbeing from the Statistics Bureau (BPS) is used to measue the level of objective wellbeing, while subjective wellbeing is measured from the fish processors? own perspective concerning their satisfaction on their living condition. The number of research samples was 75 fish processors in two districts namely Pagelaran District and Pringsewu District, in Pringsewu Regency, one of fish processing centers in Lampung Province. Data were collected from March to April 2018. Then the data were analyzed descriptively using Excell and Statistical Product and Service Solution (SPSS) ver 24. The results showed that  the level of wellbeing of the fish processing households was high, when it was measured using an objective indicator. However, when the objective indicator was asked subjectively to a respondent, it showed a low level, such as satisfaction on the house condition, finance, and asset ownership. Although the economic aspect showed unsatisfactory, the social living condition and psychological mental of the fish processors showed satisfactory. This shows that wellbeing condition cannot be measured only by economic objective aspects, but also by subjective condition of the community, including social and mental condition.
THE ROLE OF KEWANG CUSTOMARY INSTITUTION AS A BIOSECURITY STRATEGY OF COMMUNITY LIVELIHOOD ASSET IN NEGERI BOOI Hahury, Hendri Dony; Prabawa, Tity Susilowati; Giloso, Pamerdi Wiri; Soumokil, Tontji; Ndoen, Marthen Luther
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 7 No. 3 (2019): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (443.796 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v7i3.28490

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Population growth which is not supported with the availability of natural resources causes gaps or limitations in meeting daily needs through natural resources. As a result, rural communities need certain rules or norms used as behavioral guidelines in utilizing the natural resources. One of them is through the existence of kewang customary institution. However, as the community develops, its effectiveness is experiencing a decline. This study examines the role of kewang customary institution as a biosecurity strategy for community livelihood asset in Negeri Booi, Saparua Island, Central Maluku Regency. This study was done in a qualitative manner with a case study method. The key informants involved included members of the kewang, head (raja) of Negeri Booi, farmers and customary leaders. In-depth interviews, observation and focus group discussion (FGD) were used to collect the data. The results showed that the kewang of Negeri Booi played an active role in securing the livelihood asset while at the same time protecting Negeri Booi's territory. However, the inclusion of economic interventions left the kewang members vulnerable. They were faced with the choice to carry out their duties and functions as a local institution securing the livelihood asset or to violate the convention to meet their daily household needs. In general, the community in Negeri Booi still recognized the existence of kewang customary institution by respecting and carrying out every decision taken.
CONFLICT ACCOMMODATION IDEAS BASED ON CUSTOM INSTITUTIONS SIRAM SOPI IN GOLD MINING AREA OF ROMANG ISLAND, INDONESIA Pakniany, Yamres; Patty, Febby Nancy
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 7 No. 3 (2019): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (232.374 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v7i3.27836

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Conflict over natural resources in mining areas often has impacts on social relations between communities, including that in the gold mining area in Romang Island. The conflict in this area involves various actors. This research was conducted with the aim to find out the accommodation efforts made in reconciling the actors. This research used qualitative methods by observation and interviews, while data analysis was carried out using interactive models. The results showed that conflict accommodation is a process undertaken to reconcile conflicting actors. The sopi flush deed is one of the customary deeds which is usually practiced to reconcile conflicting actors. The sopi flush deed functions to reconcile the conflicting actors in the gold mining area in Romang Island, Southwest Maluku Regency, Indonesia.
SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF PT ASAM JAWA TO THE IMPACTED COMMUNITY AS A SOCIAL CONFLICT MANAGEMENT STRATEGY Harahap, Rahma Hayati; *, Afrizal; *, Azwar
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 7 No. 3 (2019): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (165.633 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v7i3.27532

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One important issue in the expansion of oil palm plantations in Indonesia is the massive escalative conflict between plantation companies and affected communities. This article discusses the conflict management by an oil palm plantation company, PT Asam Jawa. Using Lewis Coser's safety valve theory, this article presents the analysis of research about the impacts of the CSR program implemented by PT Asam Jawa on the dynamics of conflict between affected people and the company. The question answered is whether the application of CSR can be an alternative effort to manage conflicts between PT Asam Java and people affected, happening since the company started its operations. The results showed that although PT Asam Jawa implemented an extensive CSR program, the CSR program carried out by PT Asam Jawa did not function as a safety valve, because the people who were in conflict with companies related to the land used by PT Asam Jawa  were excluded by the company as recipients of CSR funds.
SMALLHOLDERS OIL PALM: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS Sokoastri, Valentina; Setiadi, Doni; Hakim, Arif Rakhman; Mawardhi, Andre Dani; Fadli, M Lukman
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 7 No. 3 (2019): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.913 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v7i3.27221

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Forty percent of the total oil palm plantation area in Indonesia belong to the smallholder palm oil plantations. The productivity of smallholder oil palm plantations is still relatively low, only around 2-3 tons of CPO/ha/year under PBN dan PBS. The aim of this study is to identify internal dan external constraints that cause low productivity of smallholder oil palm dan the recommended solutions. This research was taken in Sanggau dan Sintang Regencies which are the largest areas of smallholder palm oil plantation in West Borneo. Data obtained were analyzed by SWOT. The results showed that there were four main strategies to increase productivity dan solve problems on oil palm plantation in Sanggau dan Sintang Regencies, namely, 1) intensifying technical training of oil palm cultivation to increase the farmers? knowledge dan capabilities, 2) increasing the role dan ability of farmer institutions both farmer groups dan ?koperasi? in establishing cooperation with stakeholders dan in marketing fresh fruit bunch (FFB), 3) escalating the awareness dan understanding of farmers in using digital information technology to support their business activities on oil palm, dan 4) strengthening the government protection against middlemen.
RESILIENCE OF RAINFED LOWLAND FARMING COMMUNITIES ON THE THREAT OF FOOD INSECURITY DUE TO CLIMATE CHANGE (A CASE IN SOUTH LAMPUNG) Mariyani, Siti; Pandjaitan, Nurmala K; Sihaloho, Martua
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 7 No. 3 (2019): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (77.865 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v7i3.27390

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Rain-fed lowland has a risk of drought, flooding, nutrient imbalance, and increasing pest and weed disturbance. These conditions will get worse when experiencing climate change. This can cause a decrease in production, so the community needs to develop strategies to survive in facing the threat of food insecurity. The purpose of this study was to analyze the resilience of rain-fed farming communities against the threat of food insecurity due to climate change. The study was conducted in the Marga Kaya Village, Lampung Province. Data was collected using a survey method by taking 100 respondents with simple random sampling. The results showed that the rain-fed farming community has been resilient to face the threat of food insecurity due to climate change. Rain-fed farming community through a network of adaptive capacity, especially social capital and manage available resources can maintain the existence of institutional barns to face the threat of food insecurity.
PESANTREN’S SOCIAL INNOVATION IN DRIVING AGRICULTURE AND SOCIAL CHANGE IN VILLAGE Amongjati, Sri Anom; Kolopaking, Lala Mulyowibowo; Saharuddin, Saharuddin
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 7 No. 2 (2019)
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (878.205 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v7i2.26221

Abstract

Pesantren are educational institutions that have strong social ties in local communities and some of them implement entrepreneurial activities in the agricultural sector. Therefore Pesantren have a big capacity as an agricultural movers and produce social innovation with the rural community. In the process of social change in the village, pesantren have the capacity in producing agents of change that encourage social innovation in the agricultural sector. This study aims to analyze the capacity of pesantren as an agricultural movers and create a new agricultural innovators in the process of social change in the village. The results of this study indicate that in the process of social change in the village, pesantren can accelerate social change in the village through the activities of social innovation in agriculture. In addition, the process of education activity by pesantren is able to create an graduate who are also new innovators in the community. In conclusion, pesantren are able to become agricultural movers and creator rural agents of change.
THE RELATIONSHIP OF FARMERS CHARACTERISTICS AND PERCEPTION OF THE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (OHS) APPLICATION IN FARMING ACTIVITIES IN WONOSALAM DISTRICT, JOMBANG REGENCY, EAST JAVA Farid, Abdul; Pratiwi, Arum; Fitri, Aan Dwi Auliya
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 7 No. 2 (2019)
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (420.096 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v7i2.26974

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The majority of residents of Wonosalam Subdistrict are farmers who are at high risk of having health problems due to interactions with hazardous materials, such as pesticides. The implementation of occupational safety and health (K3) which is still low triggers the occurrence of accidents and diseases in farmers that have an impact on performance degradation so that it can cause losses. The aim of this study to find out the relationship between farmers 'characteristics and farmers' perceptions in the application of K3 in Wonosalam District, Jombang Regency by using descriptive quantitative methods. Observation variables include age, level of education, training, length of farming, income, land status and land area on perceptions of OHS application. The data used are primary data obtained from 98 farmers using a questionnaire. Analysis of the data used in this study is thecorrelation analysis Spearman Rank. The results showed that the characteristics of farmers associated with farmers' perceptions in applying OSH were the level of education and training. While the characteristics of farmers who are not related to the perception of farmers in the application of OSH are age, length of farming, income, land status and land area.

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