cover
Contact Name
Ilhami Romus
Contact Email
ilhamiromus@yahoo.co.id
Phone
+6281371333123
Journal Mail Official
jikfkunri@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Sekretariat JIK (Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran) Jl. diponegoro no. 1, Pekanbaru Riau
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 1978662X     EISSN : 27154467     DOI : https://doi.org/10.26891/JIK
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medical Science receives a script from health and medical lecturer, undergraduate, residents, hospital staff and those who interested in writing scientific papers. The scientific articles posted on JIK include: literature reviews, research article, case report and EBCR (Evidence Based Case Report). Article preferably basic science of medicine and health.
Articles 139 Documents
EFEKTIVITAS EKSTRAK ETANOL DAUN JERUK PURUT (CITRUS HYSTRIX DC) SEBAGAI LARVASIDA NYAMUK AEDES AEGYPTI Maryanti, Esy; Marta, R. Della; Hamidy, M Yulis
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 5, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (42.481 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v5i2.2011.118-124

Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever is caused by dengue virus and spread by Aedes aegypti as primarily vector. Preventingdengue virus transmission depends on control of the mosquito vectors. Kiffer lime is one of the potential plants as abotanical larvacidal. The aim of this study was to investigate kiffer lime larvacidal ability against Ae.aegypti larvaebased on LC50 and LC90 levels by probit analize. The design of this research was experimental including preliminarytest and final test. 525 samples of Ae.aegypti larvae instar III/IV were used in this study and divided in to six groupsof experiment. The result were from observation of the larvae mortalities within 24 hours. Assassement of larvacidalefficacy demonstrated that kiffer lime leaf were toxic against Ae.aegypti larvae. LC50 value is 4015,880 ppm and LC90value is 6961,822 ppm. Ethanol extract of kiffer lime leaf could be considered as a potentially alternative source forbotanical larvacides.
GAMBARAN PEMERIKSAAN FUNGSI HATI PADA PASIEN SIROSIS HEPATIS YANG DIRAWAT DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH ARIFIN ACHMAD PROVINSI RIAU PERIODE 2013 - 2015 Maharani, Shabrina; Efendi, Dasril; Tampubolon, Lucyana Ani
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (31.131 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i1.2018.46-51

Abstract

Diagnosis of hepatic cirrhosis enforcement requires the anamnesis, physical examination, and examination of supporting.The purpose of this research is to know the description of examination of liver function. The results showed on thebasis of age age category is the most 25-65 of the year a number of 188 men (89.1%), most of which is gender malecategory a number of 135 people (63.98%), bilirubin total showed an increase of more than 1.1 mg/dL number of 154people (90.59%), albumin showed a decrease of less than 3.8 g/dL number of 181 people (92.34%), AST shows anincrease of more than 45 u/L number of 162 people (77.14%) ALT, shows an increase of more than 35 u/L number of 146people (69.52%), HbsAg is present on a number of 58 patients, and 1 patient is present on the HVC.
HUBUNGAN MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT (MCI) DENGAN HIPERTENSI MENGGUNAKAN MINI MENTAL STATE EXAMINATION (MMSE) Lestari, Enny; Fikrani, Meiliza Rausan; Maryanti, Esy
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (65.309 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i2.2015.99-106

Abstract

Mild Cognitive Impairment is a decreasing in memory, decision, language and attention with normal functionalactivity which not classified in dementia. One of risk factor of MCI is high blood pressure or hypertension. Hypertensionis >140 mmHg systolic blood pressure and >90 mmHg diastolyc blood pressure. The purpose of this research is toinforming the relation between mild cognitive impairment and hypertension in Local Women Organization (PKK RWIX Kelurahan Tangkerang Timur Pekanbaru). The research used cross-sectional analitic study method, finished onJanuari 2015. Fifty subjects of Local Women Organization (PKK RW IX) were involved in this research, they weredivided into two criterias, 31 with MCI and 19 with non MCI. Based on the research, 21 of 31 MCI were detectedwith hypertension. The Chi Square test showed there is significant relation between MCI and hypertension (p value= 0,004 ).
MANFAAT DAN HAMBATAN PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING (PBL) MENURUT PERSPEKTIF MAHASISWA BARU DI FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS RIAU Asni, Enkarmila; Hamidy, M Yulis
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 4, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (52.527 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v4i2.2010.95-101

Abstract

Problem-based learning (PBL) has been adopted in medical faculty and sometimes produced students? anxieties. Thisqualitative research will gathered the information of students? condition based on their perspectives in strengths anddifficulties of adapting PBL in Medical Faculty of Riau University. Data were collected by questionnaires and reflectiveassay. These data will be analyzed and grouped based on the themes and meaning by researcher. Result showed that thestrengths of PBL based on students perspectives were increasing in skill of teamwork, speaking, active learning,communicating, and critical thinking. In the other hand, students? perspectives of PB L difficulties after first tutorialwere internal types such as lack of knowledge in PBL and in topic of discussion, but after first session, the difficultieswere external types such as; heavy workload, limited sources of literatures.
INFEKSI SALURAN KEMIH PADA KEHAMILAN: PREVALENSI DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHINYA Fakhrizal, Edy
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 11, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (66.812 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v11i1.2017.19-24

Abstract

To obtain a prevalence of urinary tract infection in pregnancy andits influential risk factors.This is a cross sectionalstudy. The subjects were all pregnant women who came to Obstetric & Gynecology clinic of Arifin Achmad Pekanbaru? Riau Hospital, between June 1st and October 31st 2016. Subjects with appropriate inclusion and exclusion criteriaand agreed to join this study were asked to fill out questionnaire and urinalysis test was done.The data was analyzedwith Stata 12. The distribution of data was analyzed with descriptive univariate and presented in (n) and(%). Bivariateanalysis was done to see any influential risk factors to urinary tract infection in pregnancy. From recruited 74 subjects,27subjects (36,5%) were with urinary tract infection and 4 subject of its (14,8%) was asymptomatic bacteriuria. Theprevalence of urinary tract infection in pregnancy in this study was 36,5% and the influential risk factors wereeducation, occupation, total water consumpted a day, and cleaning vagina before coitus.
PENGGUNAAN INSULIN BASAL DALAM PRAKTEK SEHARI-HARI: PANDUAN PRAKTIS UNTUK DOKTER UMUM Rosdiana, Dani
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (37.195 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i2.2014.53-57

Abstract

Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in Riau have reached 10,4 %, it?s higher than national pravelence. Hence, it?s needmore attention from physician. The important thing in managing DM is how to restrain controlled blood sugar level.The best parameter to evaluate controlled blood sugar level is level of HbA1c. Fasting blood glucose is one ofimportant component which determine HbA1c especially HbA1c more than 8,5%. There are some pharmacologyagent to decrease HbA1c level, and insulin is the most effective agent. Why physician needs insulin?It was caused by impairment of betha cell pancreas was directly propotional with DM progressiveness. Comprehensionand capability for using basal insulin are important to physician, not only for internist but also for general practinioner.As we know that general practinioner have a competency to manage DM without complication. Guidance for usingsimple and practical basal insulin is expected will facilitate physician to manage blood sugar level of DM patient.
GAMBARAN SARAPAN DAN STATUS GIZI PADA MAHASISWA FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS RIAU ANGKATAN 2017 Kurniyanti, Isnani; Christianto, Erwin; Ismawati, Ismawati
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.259 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i2.2018.108-112

Abstract

Breakfast is an activity of eating and drinking between waking up to 9 am to fulfill some of the daily nutritional needs(15-30% nutritional needs). The benefits of breakfast are maintaining an ideal body weight because breakfast canreduce the amount of food you eat throughout the day. The purpose of this study was to find out the description ofbreakfast and Body Mass Index (BMI) in students of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Riau in 2017. This researchwas descriptive study with 121 samples. The results showed 16.3% obese I and 8.1% obese II. Respondents with goodbreakfast calories tend to have good nutritional status of 50.0%.
GAMBARAN HASIL PEMERIKSAAN SITOLOGI SERVIKS WANITA PEKERJA SEKSUAL TIDAK LANGSUNG PADA HOTSPOT MAREDAN KECAMATAN TENAYAN RAYA PEKANBARU Ade, Wiwit; Oktaviani, Sindy; Sofian, Amru
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (62.193 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i1.2016.54-62

Abstract

Cervical cancer is a malignancy of the cervix that can be prevented, but the cause of death of women due to cancer.Cervical cancer is the second most frequent cancer in women in the world. Indirect female sex workers have a higherrisk of cervical cancer. The aim of this research was to figure out description of cervical smear examination in indirectfemale sex workers at hotspot Maredan Tenayan Raya Pekanbaru. Population of this experiment were all indirectfemale sex workers at hotspot Maredan Tenayan Raya Pekanbaru and samples were taken with total sampling method.The result showed that there were 44 people consist 4% diagnosed with HSIL, 25% were diagnosed with LSIL, 30%diagnosed with ASCUS and 41% with negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (Bacterial vaginosis,Trichomonas vaginalis, Candidiasis presents).
PENGARUH HEMODIALISIS TERHADAP KADAR GLUTATION TEREDUKSI (GSH) PLASMA PASIEN HEMODIALISIS RSUD ARIFIN AHMAD Anami, Hannan Khairu; Butar-Butar, W. Ristua; Asni, Enikarmila
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 5, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (37.858 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v5i1.2011.13-18

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease patients who received hemodialysis therapy have higher risks to get atherosclerosis, inflammation,and cancer than general population at the same age. Imbalance of free radicals level and antioxidants defense whichdefined as oxidative stres may cause these complications. This study investigated the influence of hemodialysis onreduced glutathione (GSH) level, one of antioxidant, in blood plasma of hemodialysis patient at RSUD Arifin Ahmad.This was a cross sectional study that compare plasma GSH level before and after hemodialysis process. Population ofthis study was 72 patient in RSUD Arifin Ahmad but only 17 patient fulfilled all the inclusion and exclusion criteria.Plasma GSH level was measured by using Ellman method. The result showed that there were no significant differenceof plasma GSH level in patient before and after hemodialysis process (p=0,426).
KONSTIPASI PADA KEHAMILAN Sembiring, Ligat Pribadi
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (29.308 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i1.2015.7-10

Abstract

Constipation is a condition often found in pregnant women and can lead to various complications. Based onpathophysiology, constipation can be classified into constipation due to structural abnormalities and functionalconstipation. Constipation in pregnant women is classified as the functional constipation caused by hormonal factors,changes in diet, growth of fetus, decrease in physical activities and the position of the defecation. The management ofconstipation during pregnancy take precedence on non pharmacological therapy. Pharmacological therapy (laxatives)that can be used is the bulk-forming agents and osmotic laxatives, however, they are only when absolutely necessaryand are not for long term use. The reasons are to avoid dehydration and electrolyte imbalance in pregnant women.

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