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Contact Name
Ilhami Romus
Contact Email
ilhamiromus@yahoo.co.id
Phone
+6281371333123
Journal Mail Official
jikfkunri@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Sekretariat JIK (Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran) Jl. diponegoro no. 1, Pekanbaru Riau
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 1978662X     EISSN : 27154467     DOI : https://doi.org/10.26891/JIK
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medical Science receives a script from health and medical lecturer, undergraduate, residents, hospital staff and those who interested in writing scientific papers. The scientific articles posted on JIK include: literature reviews, research article, case report and EBCR (Evidence Based Case Report). Article preferably basic science of medicine and health.
Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 10, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran" : 10 Documents clear
DISTRIBUSI KEGANASAN ORGAN TIROID BERDASARKAN PEMERIKSAAN HISTOPATOLOGI DI KOTA PEKANBARU Fidiawaty, Wiwit Ade; Selvialiany, Selvialiany; Zulfikar, Welly
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (97.707 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i2.2016.132-139

Abstract

Cancer is one of the leading causes of death. Cancer can occur in various organs of the human body. Thyroid canceris one of the most common cancer. Pathological based registration indicates that thyroid cancer is the ninth of theoverall cancer and the most common type of endocrine related cancer. The purpose of this research was to determinethe distribution of thyroid cancer in Pekanbaru?s Hospital during 2009-2013 based on histopathologic type, age andgender. This research was a retrospective study were retrieved based on result of hospital?s histopathology laboratoriesand histopathology laboratories centers in Pekanbaru. The results showed 163 cases of thyroid cancer. Mostly foundat RSUD Arifin Achmad Riau Province as many as 106 cases (65%). The cancer was dominated by women (83,4%).The age range of most thyroid cancer is 35-44 years (24,5%). The most common histopathological type of thyroidcancer was papillary thyroid cancer, as many as 111 cases (68,1%).
KORELASI LUARAN DENGAN KETEBALAN DAN LOKASI PERDARAHAN SUBARAKNOID PADA PASIEN CEDERA KEPALA DI RSUD ARIFIN ACHMAD Valentino, Andrea
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (65.048 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i2.2016.92-97

Abstract

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)in head injury is a very common case. Research showed that 33% moderate andsevere head injury patients had SAH during initial CT scan. A prospective study was performed on 37 head injurypatients with SAH which had been treated in Arifin Achmad Hospital during January to June 2014 period. Bivariableanalysis that was used in this research was an unpaired categorical analytic statistical test, the chi square test. Meanwhile,multivariable analysis used was multiple logistic regression test. Significance was determined based on p value,which was d?0.05, and confidence interval (CI) of 95%. There were unfavourable outcome upon head injury patientswith SAH of >5mm thickness (p=0,028) and located at cerebral hemisphere and basal cistern (p=0,001). Thicknessand SAH location was found to be associated with head injury patient outcome. SAH thickness of > 5mm againstoutcome had a stronger association than location as a factor.
BAKTERI DAN MULTIRESISTEN OBAT (MULTI DRUGRESISTANCE) PADA PASIEN DENGAN KATETER URIN DI RSUD PETALA BUMI PEKANBARU Endriani, Rita; Anggraini, Dewi; Rachmaliza, Rachmaliza; Wandari, Rika
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (80.724 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i2.2016.121-131

Abstract

Patients with urinary catheter have an increased risk to get bacteriuria that could be develop to urinary tract infection(UTI). The aim of this study was to know sensitivity pattern and detection of ESBL in bacteria that isolated from urinof patient with urinary catheter more than 48 hours at Petala Bumi Hospital Pekanbaru. Thirty urin spesiments wasgrowthed in blood agar and MacConkey, incubated for 18 ? 24 hours. Identification bacteria was done by some ofbiochemical test, sensitivity test was done by Kirby Bauer method, and ESBL detection done by double disc method.Predominantly bacteria isolated was Gram negative (90%). Gram-negative bacteria was 77.7% sensitive tochloramphenicol and fosfomycin. Gram-positive bacteria was 100% sensitive almost all antibiotic tested. Based onscreening test, this study found E. coli (40%) and Klebsiella sp, Acinetobacter sp and Pseudomonas sp (20%) werepossible produce ESBL, but ESBL was not found based on confirmatory test.
GAMBARAN TERAPI DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 DENGAN KOMORBID HIPERTENSI DI RUMAH SAKIT X PEKANBARU Inayah, Inayah; Hamidy, M. Yulis; Sari, Mayang
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (59.628 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i2.2016.84-91

Abstract

The contribution of hypertension to diabetes, as the leading cause of death, is very important. Thus, aggressivemanagement in diabetes mellitus patients comorbid with hypertension is thouroghly required. The purpose of thedescriptive study is to describe the treatment of cormobide type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Data wereretrieved from the medical records of patients? X hospital in Pekanbaru through period January - December 2014.There were 285 subjects. The average of age and random blood glucose level are 57.73 (± 9.95) and 260.67 (±126.93) mg/dL, consecutively. The systolic blood pressure of e?160 mmHg (38.9%) and diastolic blood pressure of80-89 mmHg(40,7%) are moslty found in this study. Oral Anti-Diabetic Drugs (ADD) are administered to 83.15% ofthe subjects, while 3.5% of the subjects are given insulin. The most frequent oral ADD administerd is the combinatonof two drugs (49.47%), of Metformin group (90.3%) with daily dose 1000-1500 mg (74.26%). The most commonAnti Hypertension Drugs used is angiotensin receptor blocker 75.8 % (candesartan 66.24 % & valsartan 9.55 %).The conclusion is metformin and candesartan were the most common drugs used in the treatment of diabetes mellituscomorbid with hypertension.
GAMBARAN PENDERITA FILARIASIS DI KABUPATEN MERANTI PROVINSI RIAU PERIODE 2009-2014 Maryanti, Esy; Andriyani, Andriyani; Suyanto, Suyanto
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (72.165 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i2.2016.112-120

Abstract

Filariasis is one of the health problems in Indonesia due to its long-term effect on permanent disability ifnot treated properly. The purpose of this study is to describe people with filariasis in Meranti District ofRiau Province 2009-2014. The methods is a descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study using medicalrecords of patients diagnosed with filariasis in hospitals and all health centers in the District of Meranti.The result showed 38 patients with filariasis, and the highest case of filariasis were in Puskesmas PulauMerbau (94.8%). Distribution by gender, age and type of occupation as follows: men by 71%, 86.8% of thesubject belong to the age group 15-64 years old, and 65.8% were outdoor workers, 52.6% of lymphedemawas reported and the location of lymphedema mostly found on each leg (18.4%). All lymphedema werebelong to all the stage not exceed stage III. All cases of filariasis in this study were managed according tothe standard treatment.
EPILEPSI DAN ATTENTION-DEFICIT / HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (ADHD) PADA ANAK Sukiandra, Riki
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (22.645 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i2.2016.80-83

Abstract

Attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with childhood epilepsy. Epilepsy are themost common neurologic disturbance in child age. Children with epilepsy tend to get one or more ADHD symptoms,its related to lack of norepinephrine neurotransmitter in brain, that cause attenuate the effect of GABA and disruptionto fronto-striatal brain networks, these same brain networks are disrupted by seizures or the structural brainabnormalities that can cause seizures. Children with epilepsy especially absance, tend to get inattentive type ofADHD more than other types. Abnormalities of electro-encephalography found in inattentive type of ADHD withhigh focus activities in all lobe area. No data published that methylphenidate can lower seizure threshold or act asproconvulsant. Children with epilepsy tend to get one or more symptoms of ADHD in the following days.
PENGGUNAAN ANTIBIOTIK PROFILAKSIS PADA PEMBEDAHAN TERBUKA BATU SALURAN KEMIH DI RSUD ARIFIN AHMAD PROVINSI RIAU Nugraha, Dimas Pramita; Fauzia, Dina; Hamidy, M.Yulis; Noorrahman, M.Irvan
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.957 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i2.2016.106-111

Abstract

Open surgery urinary tract stones are classified as clean-contaminated surgerywheresurgical prophylactic antibioticsare recommended.The purpose of this study was to determine the pattern and correct use of surgical prophylacticantibiotic in patients undergoing open surgery urinary tract stones in Arifin Ahmad Hospital.This research is a descriptivestudy using secondary data from medical records of patients who underwent open surgery urinary tract stones, with atotal sample amounted to 82 people. The precision of the use of antibiotics assessed based PermenkesGuidelines Useof Antibiotics.The results showed the use of prophylactic antibiotics for urinary tract surgery have not been preciselyclassified according to the indication the use of antibiotics andthe timing of antibiotics.Even though the durationantibiotics, dosage, and route of administration of prophylactic antibiotics are appropriate under the guidelines.Theuse of prophylactic antibiotics for open surgery urinary tract stones need improvement.
MANFAAT AKTIVITAS FISIK TERATUR TERHADAP PERBAIKAN FUNGSI KOGNITIF PASIEN DENGAN MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT Amtarina, Rina
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (51.717 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i2.2016.140-147

Abstract

Regular physical activity have a positive impact on improving cognision for elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment(MCI). Our aim was to answer a clinical question of the effect exercise for improving cognition. We conducted anEvidence Based Case Report (EBCR) of exercise effects on cogitive outcomes in elderly with MCI. We did electronicsearching on database PubMed, Cochrane Library, ScienceDirect, National Electronic Library for Health, Bandolier,Trip Database and SumSearch for 2004-2014, using keywords and combination of search term(s): AND, OR, brackets.The search found three articles with various strength of evidence. Most of them could prove that regular activity havepositive impact on improving cognision.
INKONTINENSIA URIN PASCAPERSALINAN DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR RISIKO YANG MEMENGARUHINYA Fakhrizal, Edy; Maryuni, Sri Wahyu
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (61.268 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i2.2016.98-105

Abstract

Postpartum urinary incontinence is an important and often overlooked form of maternal morbidity. The aim of thisstudy is to obtain prevalence of postpartum urinary incontinence and its influential risk factors. This is an observationalstudy. The subjects were all primipara stayed in Obstetric & Gynecology of Arifin Achmad Pekanbaru ? Riau hospital,between July 1st and December 31st 2014. The data of risk factors (demographic and obstetric) was obtained frommedical records and cough test was done too. The data was analyzed with computerized statistic data analysis 12 (Stata 12 ). The distribution of data were analyzed with descriptive univariate and presented in (n) and (%). Bivariateanalysis was done to see any influential risk factors to postpartum urinary incontinence event. The prevalence ofurinary incontinence in this study was 30% and the influential risk factors were BMI, body weight changing duringpregnancy, delivery mode, birthweight and length of second stage.
PERANAN STATIN DALAM MEMPERBAIKI FUNGSI PARU PADA PENYAKIT PARU OBSTRUKTIF KRONIK (PPOK) Fauzia, Dina
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (56.825 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i2.2016.71-79

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease state characterized by airflow limitation that is not fullyreversible and a global health problem with an increasing incidence. Latest pathogenesis states that inflammationoccurs in COPD is not just limited to the airway and parenchymal lung disease, but a systemic inflammation involvingother systems, especially the cardiovascular system. Therefore, the approach to COPD therapy currently includes twoaspects, suppression of lung inflammation and systemic diseases. One of the the therapeutic agent that may affectboth aspects are statin.

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