cover
Contact Name
Ilhami Romus
Contact Email
ilhamiromus@yahoo.co.id
Phone
+6281371333123
Journal Mail Official
jikfkunri@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Sekretariat JIK (Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran) Jl. diponegoro no. 1, Pekanbaru Riau
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 1978662X     EISSN : 27154467     DOI : https://doi.org/10.26891/JIK
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medical Science receives a script from health and medical lecturer, undergraduate, residents, hospital staff and those who interested in writing scientific papers. The scientific articles posted on JIK include: literature reviews, research article, case report and EBCR (Evidence Based Case Report). Article preferably basic science of medicine and health.
Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran" : 10 Documents clear
GAMBARAN PEMERIKSAAN FUNGSI HATI PADA PASIEN SIROSIS HEPATIS YANG DIRAWAT DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH ARIFIN ACHMAD PROVINSI RIAU PERIODE 2013 - 2015 Maharani, Shabrina; Efendi, Dasril; Tampubolon, Lucyana Ani
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (31.131 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i1.2018.46-51

Abstract

Diagnosis of hepatic cirrhosis enforcement requires the anamnesis, physical examination, and examination of supporting.The purpose of this research is to know the description of examination of liver function. The results showed on thebasis of age age category is the most 25-65 of the year a number of 188 men (89.1%), most of which is gender malecategory a number of 135 people (63.98%), bilirubin total showed an increase of more than 1.1 mg/dL number of 154people (90.59%), albumin showed a decrease of less than 3.8 g/dL number of 181 people (92.34%), AST shows anincrease of more than 45 u/L number of 162 people (77.14%) ALT, shows an increase of more than 35 u/L number of 146people (69.52%), HbsAg is present on a number of 58 patients, and 1 patient is present on the HVC.
PENGARUH ASAM ALFA LIPOAT TERHADAP KADAR TRIGLISERIDA PADA TIKUS DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 Chen, Angel; Ismawati, Ismawati; Asni, Enikarmila
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (106.25 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i1.2018.13-18

Abstract

Accumulation of triglycerides associated with insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Alpha lipoic acid(ALA) has hypotriglyceridemic effects by lowering triglyceride levels in blood and liver. This study aimed to analyzeeffect of ALA on triglyceride levels in type 2 diabetic rats. Fifteen Wistar male rats (±8-12 weeks, 200-250 gram) dividedinto 3 groups (control, T2DM and T2DM?ALA given for 3 weeks). Diabetes was induced by giving streptozotocin (50mg/kg.bw) and nicotinamide (110 mg/kg.bw) after 15 minutes intraperitoneally. Diagnosis of T2DM was determined ifthe rats have perifer blood glucose >250 mg/dL after 3 days. The results showed that triglyceride levels in ALA group(p=0,003) lower than T2DM group, T2DM group (p=0,031) had higher triglyceride level than control and no differenceof triglyceride level between T2DM-ALA given group with control (p=0,696). This study concluded that ALA canaffect triglyceride levels in T2DM thus prevents occurrence of hypertriglyceridemia.
PROFIL KASUS ENDOMETRIOSIS DI RSUD ARIFIN ACHMAD PROVINSI RIAU PERIODE 1 JANUARI 2012 – 31 DESEMBER 2016 Fatimah, Dini; Hutagaol, Imelda E.B; Romus, Ilhami
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (44.586 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i1.2018.39-45

Abstract

Endometriosis is endometrial tissue (glands and stroma) that grow outside of the uterus. The goal of this research wasto see the profile of endometriosis cases in Arifin Achmad general hospital in Riau province. The research method usedis descriptive with cross-sectional approach. Based on patient characteristics, highest education was SMA (47,9%),majority patients cames from Pekanbaru city (58,8 %), the patients were at reproductive age (92.6%), most patients werenullipara (54.8%). Anatomical location were 45.1% located in the ovarium. The most common clinical symptom wasdysmenorrhea (36.2%), 49.5% were stage 4, and the most frequently performed was laparotomy (71.8%). The conclusionof this study were endometriosis found primarily in reproductive and nulliparous ages, the most common anatomiclocation was in the ovarium and classified in stage 4, the most clinical symptom was dysmenorrhea, and the mostcommon operative action was laparotomy.
PENINGKATAN KADAR TROPONIN-I PASKA RESUSITASI CAIRAN PADA SUS SCROFA SEBAGAI MODEL HEWAN COBA RENJATAN Pasaribu, Hotber E.R; Pudjiadi, Antonius H; Dewi, Rismala
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (75.355 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i1.2018.7-12

Abstract

Provision large amounts of fluids in a short period is known can cause hypervolemia. Therefore, an examination isneeded to find out that the fluid resuscitation being administered does not cause hypervolemia. The purpose of thisstudy is to assess the effect of hypervolemic resuscitation on cardiac contractility. The study was conducted on 10male Sus Scrofa aged 6-8 weeks, as shocked animal models. There are 3 types of resuscitation treatments : normovolemic,hypervolemic-1, and hypervolemic-2. Cardiac contractility was assessed using DPmax and troponin-i levels. There wasan increase in troponin-i levels after hypervolemic fluid resuscitation (p = 0.05). There is a decrease in cardiac contractilityafter hypervolemic resuscitation. Decreased cardiac contractility is associated with increased troponin-i (r = 0.720; p =0.020). Based on the results, we conclude hypervolemic resuscitation causes changes in troponin-i levels, whichreflect changes in cardiac contractility.
ANALISIS PERBEDAAN KINERJA KEUANGAN RUMAH SAKIT SEBELUM DAN SESUDAH KEBIJAKAN TANPA UANG MUKA Arifin, Arifin; Sjaaf, Amal Chalik
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (53.508 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i1.2018.32-38

Abstract

The upfront payment policy in the hospital caused controversy and rejection from the society. To anticipate this, somehospitals apply no upfront payment policy. However the policy causes an increase in bad debts. Seeing this dilemma,the authors will conduct research to analyze the different of hospital financial performance before and after no upfrontpayment policy. The research method used is comparative descriptive with analyzed by paired sample t-test. The resultwas no upfront payment policy has a positive impact on hospital financial performance. The results of this study wereexpected to be an input for hospital management and government to revise and refine on the upfront payment policy.
TAENIASIS SOLIUM DAN SISTISERKOSIS PADA MANUSIA Susanty, Elva
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (43.337 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i1.2018.1-6

Abstract

Taenia solium (taeniasis) and cysticercosis in human are infectious diseases caused by pork tapeworm Taenia solium.They are zoonotic diseases and still a health problem in the world, especially in developing countries such asIndonesia. The prevalence of taeniasis and cysticercosis in Indonesia is still quite high at 2% - 48% with the highestprevalence in Papua. Human taeniasis can manifest as a asymptomatic or intestinal minimally symptomatic. Cysticercosiscan involve of neural tissue (neurocysticercosis) may manifest epilepsy seizure, headache, neurological symptom,cognitive disabilities, and death. The habit of eating raw or undercooked pork, lack of sanitation, and a lack ofsupervision the slaughterhouse are some of the factors causing taeniasis and cysticercosis in human. Avoiding eatingraw pork, cooking meat over temperature 54oC, supervision at slaughterhouses, and maintaining hygiene is a way toprevent taeniasis and cysticercosis, therefore it is necesarry to do more intensive programs to prevent and control thediseases.
COTRIMOXASOLE-RESISTANT STENOTROPOMONAS MALTOPHILIA INFECTION : CASE REPORT Rosdiana, Dani; Anggraini, Dewi
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (53.709 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i1.2018.57-61

Abstract

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an important multidrug-resistant nosocomial pathogen associated with high mortality.This infection did not elucide clearly in Riau. We reported two Cotrimoxaxole Resistant Stenotrophomonas maltophiliain patient of Arifin Achmad Hospital which refered from peripheral hospital in another region. They had similar clinicalappereance such as long stay hospitalization, bad clinical appearance and had a history of meropenem exposurebefore. We performed urin culture to make appropriate diagnostic and treatment also. Stenotrophomonas maltophiliabacteria was found in urine isolate. The sensitivity test showed that this bacteria had Cotrimoxasole resistant thatstandard antibiotic of this bacteria. The management of these cases become complicated due to decrease of renalfunction in one patient. We had to make dose adjustment of parenteral levofloxacin, giving good nutrition, countedfluid balance and repaired others clinical conditions.Beside of its high mortality and morbidity, the outcomes of boththese patients were good.
HUBUNGAN DERAJAT AKNE VULGARIS DENGAN KEPATUHAN PENGOBATAN PADA MAHASISWA DI FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS RIAU Widiawaty, Alida; Zahtamal, Zahtamal; Sandora, Normalina; Amelinda, Amelinda; Suryo, Mugen Adi; Priastiwi, Sysca
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (46.071 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i1.2018.25-31

Abstract

Successful treatment of acne vulgaris (AV) can impact patient?s quality of life. AV treatment outcome is associated withthe patient adherence. The aim of this study was to know the association between acne vulgaris and adherence amongmedical students of Universitas Riau. The samples were students with AV according to inclusion criteria as 39respondents. In this study, respondents got check the grade of the AV according to Lehmann classification, theadherence was measured using the translation and modification of Elaboration d?un outil d?evaluation de l?observancedes traitements medicamenteux (ECOB) Questionnaire that has been tested. In this study, mild AV was found among69.23% of the respondents as the most AV grade found among the respondents. Adherence rate was found to be pooras 53.85% of the respondents have poor adherence to medication. Statistic test showed there was a correlationbetween AV grade and adherence with the p-value of 0,006 (p<0,05).
PROFIL PASIEN STROKE DI RSUD ARIFIN ACHMAD PROVINSI RIAU Nugraha, Dimas Pramita; Bebasari, Eka; Wardani, Yulia
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (46.217 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i1.2018.52-56

Abstract

Stroke is the first cause of death in women and the second leading cause of death in men in industrialized countries. InAsia, every year an estimated 500 thousand people experience a stroke. Therefore recognizing stroke risk factors andmanaging them appropriately is key to designing primary prevention strategies in non-stroke populations and secondaryprevention to avoid recurrent strokes. This research was cross sectional study to describe profile stroke patients inArifin Achmad hospital Riau Province. Research data was taken through questionnaire and patient medical records. Inthis study, stroke patients in Arifin Achmad Hospital were mostly <60 years old, 65.80% and male sex 64.50%. Theproportion of hypertension is 90.80%. Diabetes mellitus 7.90%, dyslipidemia 63.20%, smoking 21.10%, obesity 32.90%,and sedentary life 73.70%.
MAYA INDEX DAN KEPADATAN LARVA AEDES AEGYPTI DI DAERAH ENDEMIS DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE KELURAHAN LABUH BARU TIMUR KECAMATAN PAYUNG SEKAKI KOTA PEKANBARU Maryanti, Esy; Lesmana, Suri Dwi; Triguna, Dhewa; Plymoth, Martin; Harmas, Wida; Delly, Delly; Afiata, Afiata; Mislindawati1, Mislindawati1
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (42.257 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i1.2018.19-24

Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is an infectious disease that can result in death, caused by dengue virus andtransmitted through Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. The incidence of dengue fever every year, requires more seriousattention to increasing awareness of the disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the Maya Index (MI) anddensity of Aedes aegypti larvae in Labuh Baru Timur subdistrict, Payung Sekaki, Pekanbaru city. Method of thereseach was survey research using questionnaire and larva identification using single larva method method. A total of131 houses that have been surveyed got 589 containers. MI status based on breeding risk index and hygiene risk index,found high as many as 23 houses (17.58%). Free number of larvae of 67.94, Container index (CI) of 8.32, House Index(HI) 32.06 and Breteau index of 37. HI and CI figures are still high that has not met the government target. The densityof larvae is on the 3 - 5 scale, ie the medium category, meaning that the area has a medium transmission risk to the spreadof DHF.

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