cover
Contact Name
Ilhami Romus
Contact Email
ilhamiromus@yahoo.co.id
Phone
+6281371333123
Journal Mail Official
jikfkunri@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Sekretariat JIK (Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran) Jl. diponegoro no. 1, Pekanbaru Riau
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 1978662X     EISSN : 27154467     DOI : https://doi.org/10.26891/JIK
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medical Science receives a script from health and medical lecturer, undergraduate, residents, hospital staff and those who interested in writing scientific papers. The scientific articles posted on JIK include: literature reviews, research article, case report and EBCR (Evidence Based Case Report). Article preferably basic science of medicine and health.
Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 13, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran" : 9 Documents clear
Abses Otak Valentino, Andrea; Angraini, Gebby Puspita
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i2.2019.4-15

Abstract

Cerebral abscess may rise from hematogenous spread, contiguous spread, or direct trauma. Some risk factors includepulmonary abcess or AV fistulas, congenital cyanotic heart disease, immune compromise, chonic sinusitis / otitis,dental problems. Symptoms are similar to any other mass lessions but tend to progress rapidly. Streptococcus is mostcommon organism that recovered, while up to 25% of cases sterile. Staging of cerebral abcess is very important todifferentiate therapeutic management based on clinical findings and imaging. Mortality and morbidity rate has beenreduced due to improvement in antibiotics, surgery and ability to diagnose.
Pengaruh Kombinasi Latihan Beban dengan Metode Pyramid set dan Konsumsi Susu Tinggi Protein Terhadap Peningkatan Massa Otot Siska, Melfi Triani; Zahtamal, Zahtamal; Putri, Fachriani
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i2.2019.36-45

Abstract

Weight training with pyramid set method and high protein milk are the effective methods to increase muscle mass.There are not many studies that combined these 2 methods to increase the muscle mass. The purpose of this study wasto analyze the effect of combination of pyramid weight training sets and consumption of high protein milk to increasethe muscle mass. This type of study is a quasi-experimental one group with a pre and post test design. The studyperiod was 8 weeks with 32 meetings and high protein milk in of 32 grams of whey protein concentrate before and afterexercise.The results of this study also prove that there is a significant effect of intervention on participants musclemass with p = 0,000. It can be concluded that the combination of pyramid weight training sets and high protein milkconsumption is effective to increasing muscle mass.
Akupunktur sebagai Terapi De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis Wahdini, Sri; Simadibrata, Christina
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i2.2019.70-75

Abstract

De Quervain’s tenosynovitis is a disease with pain and edema in the styloid process due to thickening of the sheathsthat encase the tendons of abductor pollicis longus (APL) and extensor pollicis brevis (EPB). Management of DeQuervain’s tenosynovitis include pharmacotherapy combined with conservative therapy and if it fails then surgicalintervention is required. In case of De Quervain’s tenosynovitis, acupuncture for relieving pain and stiffness. Reportedthe case of a woman aged 52 year, complaints of pain and stiffness in the left thumb since two months before went tothe Poliklinik Akupunktur dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Nasional Hospital. On physical examination the left wrist areafound tenderness and spasm in the area of APL and EPB, VAS 4, there was limitation in the first carpometacarpal jointfunctional and Finkelstein’s test was positive. Acupuncture therapy done at the point LI5, LU7, LU9 and Ashi. Therewas pain reduction and functional improvement of the carpometacarpal joints. Acupuncture gives good results forpain and stiffness in patients with de Quervain’s.
Gambaran Komplikasi Kehamilan dengan Penyakit Jantung di RSUD Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau Periode 2013-2017 Syafei, Muhammad Arif; Suhaimi, Donel; Irwan, Irwan
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i2.2019.27-35

Abstract

Heart disease is the major non-obstetric cause of morbidity and mortality in pregnancy Several studies showed thatpregnancy with heart diseases are related to maternal and perinatal complications such as mortality, heart failure,arrhytmias, pulmonary oedema, low birth weight, and prematurity. The aim of this study is to know the incidence,characteristic, and complications of pregnancy with heart disease. This study was using descriptive retrospectivedesign with total sampling technique. The sources of data were medical records of patients in January 2013 – December2017 with number of sample is 37 patients. Cardiac complications was found in 19 (57,6%) cases that was composed ofarrhytmias (24,2%), prematurity (21,2%), pulmonary oedema and low birth weight both 15,2%, and heart failure (9,1%).
Gambaran Jumlah Neutrofil Darah Tepi Pasien Penyakit Paru Obstruktif Kronik (PPOK) di Ruang Rawat Inap RSUD Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau Tahun 2017 Hurul Aini, Qurnia Siti; Adrianison, Adrianison; Fridayenti, Fridayenti
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i2.2019.63-69

Abstract

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a common, preventable and treatable diesease that is characterizedby progressive and persistent airflow limitation in respiratory tract and associated with an inflammatory responsecaused by exposure to noxious particles or gases. Several study showed that neutrophils are more activated and playsan important role in phatogenesis of COPD patients. The aim of this study is to know the description of peripheralblood neutrophil of COPD patients. This study was using descriptive retrospective design with total sampling technique.The sources of data were medical records of COPD patients in January – Desember 2017 with number of sample is 137patients. The results of this study is COPD patients with high neutrophils were found in 94 (68,61%) patients. Thisstudy shows that COPD patients at lung wards Arifin Achmad Regional General Hospital Riau Province in 2017obtained neutrophilia.
Tingkat Daya Tahan Jantung Paru Pada Pusat Pendidikan dan Latihan Pelajar Atlet Sepak Bola (PPLP) Pekanbaru Menggunakan Metode Lari 12 Menit Ahmad, Afandi; Azrin, Miftah; Firdaus, Firdaus
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i2.2019.21-26

Abstract

Cardiorespiratory fitness is defined as the maximum capacity of the heart and lungs to inhale and spread oxygen orabbreviated as VO2 Max. The higher the VO2 max, the higher the body’s resistance when exercising, so that an athleteis very important to have a high level of VO2 max. This research was a descriptive study with a sample of all Center forEducation and Training soccer athletes measured using the 12-minute run method. Based on the research, the highestage was 15 years with a frequency of 9 (37.5%), with the most practice time was those who practiced for <1 year witha frequency of 15 (62.5%), most of the respondents have normal nutritional status with frequency 17 ( 70.8%), and thehighest value of cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2 Max) is sufficient with a frequency of 17 athletes (70.8%).
Identifikasi Protozoa Usus Oportunistik dan Faktor Risikonya Pada Anak Panti Asuhan Kota Pekanbaru Maryanti, Esy; Hamidy, M. Reyhan Ahza; Haslinda, Lilly
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i2.2019.55-62

Abstract

Opportunistic intestinal protozoa are protozoa that can infect humans at a time when the body’s defense system isdeclining (immunocompromising). Opportunistic protozoan infections are infections by intestinal protozoa that werenot previously considered important, but now can cause disease in humans. Opportunistic intestinal protozoan infectionsbesides being found in immunocompromised patients are also reported to infect children. Some of the intestinalprotozoan species that have been identified to cause infection are Cryptosporidium sp, Isospora belii, Cyclospora sp,and Blastocystis hominis. This study was an analytical study with a cross sectional design conducted in June 2018until January 2019. In this study, modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining was used and the results were 25.6% of orphanagesinfected with opportunistic intestinal protozoa, which consisted of Cryptosporidium sp. as much as 14.1%, Blastocystishominis as much as 4.6%, infection with a mixture of Cryptosporidium sp and Blastocystis hominis as much as 4.6%,Isospora belii as much as 2.3%, and no infection by Cyclospora cayetanensis. There was no association betweenopportunistic intestinal protozoan infections with poor handwashing habits, bowel habits, food hygiene, drinkingwater treatment, and bad animal raising habits.
Diagnosis Cepat Kandidemia Neonatus dengan Pemeriksaan Spesimen Darah Pulasan Giemsa Ridhawati, Ridhawati; Pradita, Riva Ambardina; Mulyati, Mulyati; Adawiyah, Robiatul
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i2.2019.16-20

Abstract

Candidemia is one of the major problems in neonates with low birth weight (LBW). Neonatal candidemia has a high rateof morbidity and mortality. Early initiation of antifungal therapy could be decreasing the mortality, but this managementoften hampered due to late diagnosis. The gold standard for diagnosing candidemia is blood culture, but it takes a longtime about 5 days. A rapid alternative method is needed to decrease candidemia morbidity and mortality. The methodchosen in this study is Giemsa stain of blood smear which result could be read within one hour. The study wasconducted in the Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia with a total blood samples of170 from 2009-2012. Blood samples are devided in two, first is made thick blood smear than stain with giemsa, than readby microscope by 400×and 1000× magnification. The second is cultured on Sabauraud agar media and incubated inroom temperature for ten days. Thirty four patients (20%) were positive for Candida, 28 (82.4%) positive samples withboth giemsa staining and culture, while 6 (17,6%) positive culture samples but negative giemsa staining. The values ofthe sensitivity and specificity of the Giemsa stained blood smear examination were 82%, and 100%. This result showsthat Giemsa staining has a good diagnostic value for detecting neonatal candidemia.
Pola Bakteri dan Resistensi Antibiotik pada Pasien Sepsis di Intensive Care Unit (ICU) RSUD Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau Periode 1 Januari – 31 Desember 2017 Wijaksana, Dicky Septian; Anggraeni, Novita; Endriani, Rita
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i2.2019.46-54

Abstract

Sepsis is life-threatening condition caused by bacteria. Sepsis patient usually treated in ICU with antibiotic as treatment.Irrationally antibiotic usage can lead to antibiotics resistance which increased morbidity and mortality This studyaimed to know the characteristic of sepsis patients, specimen identification, bacteria analysis, and antibiotic resistanceof sepsis patient in Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The source of data were from medical record including age, gender,culture specimen, bacteria culture test and result of antibiotic resistance test. Result showed that27 of samples, therewere 51,85% male and 48,15% female patient with most common age group was >65 years old (25,93%). Total amountof specimen that had pathogenic bacteria was 37, (67,57% sputum cultures and 18,92% blood cultures). 37 of samplesfound to be gram negative bacteria and highest number was A.baumanii (37,85%). Antibiotic resistance test showedthat sepsis-causing bacteria has highest resistance to ampicillin (100%) and most sensitive to amikacin (72,98%) andtigecyclin (51,36%).

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