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Contact Name
Ilhami Romus
Contact Email
ilhamiromus@yahoo.co.id
Phone
+6281371333123
Journal Mail Official
jikfkunri@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Sekretariat JIK (Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran) Jl. diponegoro no. 1, Pekanbaru Riau
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 1978662X     EISSN : 27154467     DOI : https://doi.org/10.26891/JIK
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medical Science receives a script from health and medical lecturer, undergraduate, residents, hospital staff and those who interested in writing scientific papers. The scientific articles posted on JIK include: literature reviews, research article, case report and EBCR (Evidence Based Case Report). Article preferably basic science of medicine and health.
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran" : 8 Documents clear
DETEKSI CRYPTOSPORIDIUM SP. DENGAN PEWARNAAN MODIFIKASI TAHAN ASAM PADA TINJA SISWA SDN X KECAMATAN RUMBAI, PEKANBARU Maryanti, Esy; Rahmi, Hayatul; Lesmana, Suri Dwi; Haslinda, Lilly
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (22.036 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i1.2014.25-28

Abstract

Oportunistic intestinal protozoa infection caused by Cryptosporidium sp is a public health problem inimmunocompromise individual and children. Cryptosporidiosis is a disease caused by Cryptosporidium sp whichconsidered a cause of emerging and opportunistic infection. Cryptosporidium sp. are single cell of coccidian caninfected human and animals. This study was to detect Cryptosporidium sp with method of staining acid-resistantmodification among elementary school children of SDN X Kecamatan Rumbai Kota Pekanbaru. Stool examinationof 94 samples were obtained two (2,1%) samples were found with Cryptosporidium sp.
MODIFIKASI SISTEM ASISTENSI DAN RESPONSI KELAS KECIL PADA PRAKTIKUM PARASITOLOGI BLOK DIGESTIF DAN HEMATOIMUNOLOGI FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS RIAU Lesmana, Suri Dwi; Maryanti, Esy
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (32.049 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i1.2014.46-51

Abstract

Faculty of Medicine University of Riau has been implementing Competency Based Curriculum (KBK) with theProblem Based Learning (PBL) since 2007 with the implementation of teaching and learning activities of the systemconsists of a tutorial activities, skillab, expert lectures, independent and practical. However, there are still manyproblems in the implementation of the KBK on preclinic degree. One part of the block that is identified to be one ofthe causes of low graduation exam block is less efective coaching laboratory practice. Parasitology is one part of thetask is to provide laboratory practice in several blocks on the stage of preclinic especially digestive and hematoimunologyblock. This study aimed to compare the results of the evaluation of parasitology laboratory practice in hematoimunologyand digestive assistance and posttest in large classes with small class. Assistance and posttest in large class performedon the digestive block implementation and hematoimunologi in 2011 while assisting and posttest of small classes ona block implementation in 2012. Average value of small class digestive laboratory practice was not significantlylower than the large class but the proportion of the value of quality B and C more many in small classes. The meanvalue of the block hematoimunologi laboratory practice significantly higher on small class assistance and posttest aswell as the proportion of the value of quality A, B and C was higher in small classes than large classes.
PROFIL PENGENDALIAN DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 DI POLIKLINIK PENYAKIT DALAM RSUD ARIFIN ACHMAD PEKANBARU Putri, Lesi Kurnia; Karimi, Jazil; Nugraha, Dimas Pramita
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (48.536 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i1.2014.18-24

Abstract

Management in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is aimed diabetic control required antidiabetic drugs(OAD). The aim of this study was to know data about the profile of diabetics control in patients with type 2 diabetesmellitus followed in department of endocrinology Arifin Achmad General Hospital Pekanbaru. The type of researchwas descriptive. The samples are 96 people included all patients with type 2 DM according to inclusion criteria. Theidentity patients and patients knowledge were determined using questionnaire, used of antidiabetics drugs and diabeticcontrol were detemined using medical record. The characteristics of patients with type 2 DM were most at group ofage 50-59 years (45,8%), female sex (58,3%), duration of DM 1-5 years (52,1%), complication of diabetic neuropathy(25%) and frequency of the Doctor once a month (64,6%). The used OAD predominant oral antidiabetic drugs (83%)combinations sulfonylureas and biguanid (73,7%), combinations oral antidiabetic drugs with insulin (14%) arecombinations biguanid with long acting insulin (69,2%) and intensive insulin (3%) are long acting insulin with rapidacting insulin (66,6%). Diabetic control of patients with type 2 DM are fasting blood glucose, post prandial 2 hoursblood glucose, total cholesterol, LDL and HDL was bad (68%, 74%, 46,9%, 61,5% and 70,8%). This researchshowed that used of antidiabetic drugs was not satisfactory of diabetic control.
ANISAKIS SP. DAN ALERGI YANG DIAKIBATKANNYA Adawiyah, Robiatul; Maryanti, Esy; E.Siagian, Forman
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (145.766 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i1.2014.38-45

Abstract

Parasitic diseases were initially found in many endemic areas, but currently also found in non endemic areas.One is anisakiasis caused by Anisakis sp. Humans can be infected by this parasite by direct consumpt the organismand contact with the fish / products of food that containing this parasite.There are some points that can increase therisk of infection of this parasite, high movement of people from one area to another either temporary or permanent,the food processing especially in the case of the fish packing, the advance of transportation that enables the widespreadof marine products which contaminated and how to eat the fish which contaminated. Anisakis sp. Antigen derivedfrom the excretion-secretion products, somatic and cuticular of the parasite larvae. Good hygiene and understandingof the problem and potential risk will increase alertness and awareness of Anisakis sp.infections
PENENTUAN UMUR BERCAK DARAH MANUSIA PADA KAIN KATUN DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY Tegar Indrayana, Mohammad; Widiatmaka, Wibisana; Sugiharto, Ade Firmansyah; Bakri, Ridla
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (107.923 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i1.2014.8-17

Abstract

This research is to study the method in determining the age of human bloodstain due the rarity of human bloodstainresearches in Indonesia, by analyzing the X and Y peaks that appeared in High Performance Liquid Chromatography(HPLC). This research is experimental with time series for 11 days observation by exposing the bloodstain onto 33pieces of cotton fabric, each measuring 1 cm x 1 cm that originated from 3 respondents with environmental conditionsof the FKUI/RSUPN Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Forensic and Medico-legal Department which represents the area ofCentral Jakarta. The results of this research is the X and Y peaks do not point to a linearity so that the criteria for linearregression equation is not met. The conclusion of this research is age of human bloodstain on cotton fabric byanalyzing X peak with HPLC cannot yet be used pragmatically in the field in accord to the conditions at the crimescene.
GAMBARAN PERBAIKAN DEFISIT NEUROLOGIS PASIEN STROKE INFARK DI BANGSAL SARAF RSUD ARIFIN ACHMAD Sukiandra, Riki; Marindra, Fajri
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (20.677 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i1.2014.34-37

Abstract

Stroke merupakan suatu masalah kesehatan yang utama dalam kehidupan modern saat ini. Salah satu jenis strokeyang memberikan disabilitas adalah stroke infark. Perbaikan defisit neurologis pada pasien stroke umumnya terjadiselama hari-hari atau minggu-minggu pertama setelah terjadinya serangan. Perbaikan yang terjadi tergantung dariluas lesi dan kualitas perawatan pasien stroke pada fase akut. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian retrospektif padapasien stroke infark yang dirawat di Bangsal Saraf RSUD Arifin Ahmad. Dilakukan penilaian defisit neurologismenggunakan National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) sebagai parameter perbaikan defisit neurologisnya.Penilaian dilakukan pada hari pertama dan hari kelima perawatan pasien. Dari 34 pasien yang diteliti didapatkanperbaikan nilai NIHSS pada 7 subyek (21%), NIHSS tetap sama pada 22 subyek (65%), dan perburukan nilaiNIHSS pada 5 subjek (15%).
IMUNOLOGI HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) DALAM KEHAMILAN Savira, Maya
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (33.085 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i1.2014.1-7

Abstract

Human Immunodeficiency Virus can be spread through sexual contact , blood products and vertical transmission ofthe mother to the fetus . The high incidence of HIV / AIDS around the world in women over 15 years old and childrenunder the age of 15 years gives an overview of HIV / AIDS cases in pregnant women likely to have a high incidence.HIV viral RNA viruses belonged to two different types , namely HIV - 1 and HIV - 2 . Most cases are caused by HIV- 1. HIV primarily infects CD4 lymphocytes or T helper ( Th ), the numbers will decrease , as well as the function ofthe immune system will decrease. During pregnancy occurs emphasis on immune cells, with or without HIV infection.Study in France showed no significant progression between the immune system of pregnant women with HIV andnormal pregnant women . T reg on HIV infection in lymphoid tissue accumulated and the number of T reg postpartum was higher in patients with HIV infection compared to HIV- negative . Human Leukocyte antigen - G ( HLA- G ) inhibits cell-mediated immune response and can penetrate the placenta spread of HIV - 1 infection and increasethe risk of vertical transmission . Major histocompatibility complex ( MHC ) encodes HLA - G to inhibit natural killercells ( NK cells) that supports the entry of the virus passes through the placental barrier in HIV- 1 positive pregnantwomen . HIV infection activates CD8 expressing HLA - DR antigen . CD8 immune activation in chronic HIV becomesa factor decreasing CD4 count . The expression of HLA - DR and CD38 on CD8 T lymphocytes that recognize CD4eliminated by HIV infection Total CD8 , CD38 , and HLA - DR is reduced in HIV- positive pregnant women may bea prognostic parameters of immune status.
SPINAL SCHWANNOMA KISTIK INTRADURA Safitri, Ira; Hanafi, Rully; Anwary, Farhan
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (336.005 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i1.2014.29-33

Abstract

Spinal schwannoma kistik intradura merupakan jenis tumor yang jarang ditemukan. Schwannoma merupakantumor jinak yang berkembang dari sel Schwann yang terdapat pada lapisan pembungkus saraf dan merupakan tumorspinal intradura yang paling sering ditemukan. Umumnya tumor schwannoma spinal merupakan massa solid atausolid heterogen dan jarang ditemukan dalam bentuk kistik.Suatu kasus, seorang laki-laki umur 43 tahun datang dengan keluhan utama lemah kedua tungkai. Sejak 2,5bulan sebelumnya pasien merasakan nyeri tulang ekor menjalar ke tungkai kanan dan bertahap diikuti keluhan lemahtungkai kanan. Selanjutnya diikuti dengan nyeri dan kesemutan kaki kiri dan kemudian dirasakan kelemahan kakikiri dan sulit defekasi dan miksi sejak 1 bulan sebelum masuk rumah sakit. Pemeriksaan Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI) lumbosacral dengan kontras menunjukkan gambaran lesi kistik, sebagian bersepta-septa, intradura,mengobliterasi canalis spinalis setinggi corpus vertebra torakal 12 sampai sacral 2 yang memberikan enhancementterhadap kontras pada septa dan tepinya. Pasien menjalani operasi laminektomi dan didapatkan massa tumor intradura,berbatas tegas dengan cord dan radix berbentuk tubular sepanjang 20 cm, dengan bagian yang kistik berisi cairankental kekuningan dan bagian yang solid berwarna merah kebiruan mudah berdarah, tidak berkapsul, berbatas tegas,spinal cord terdorong ke anterosuperior, cauda equina terdorong ke lateral kanan dan kiri, tumor terangkat 100 %.Secara makroskopis saat operasi, massa tumor di duga sebagai myxopapillary ependymoma.Pemeriksaan patologianatomi kemudian memastikan bahwa tumor tersebut adalah schwannoma. Setelah operasi keadaan pasien membaikdengan perbaikan motorik pada kedua tungkainya.

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