cover
Contact Name
Ilhami Romus
Contact Email
ilhamiromus@yahoo.co.id
Phone
+6281371333123
Journal Mail Official
jikfkunri@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Sekretariat JIK (Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran) Jl. diponegoro no. 1, Pekanbaru Riau
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 1978662X     EISSN : 27154467     DOI : https://doi.org/10.26891/JIK
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medical Science receives a script from health and medical lecturer, undergraduate, residents, hospital staff and those who interested in writing scientific papers. The scientific articles posted on JIK include: literature reviews, research article, case report and EBCR (Evidence Based Case Report). Article preferably basic science of medicine and health.
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran" : 8 Documents clear
Penggunaan Insulin Basal dalam Praktek Sehari-hari: Panduan Praktis untuk Dokter Umum Rosdiana, Dani
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (37.195 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i2.2014.53-57

Abstract

Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in Riau have reached 10,4 %, it’s higher than national pravelence. Hence, it’s needmore attention from physician. The important thing in managing DM is how to restrain controlled blood sugar level.The best parameter to evaluate controlled blood sugar level is level of HbA1c. Fasting blood glucose is one ofimportant component which determine HbA1c especially HbA1c more than 8,5%. There are some pharmacologyagent to decrease HbA1c level, and insulin is the most effective agent. Why physician needs insulin?It was caused by impairment of betha cell pancreas was directly propotional with DM progressiveness. Comprehensionand capability for using basal insulin are important to physician, not only for internist but also for general practinioner.As we know that general practinioner have a competency to manage DM without complication. Guidance for usingsimple and practical basal insulin is expected will facilitate physician to manage blood sugar level of DM patient.
Pengetahuan dan Perilaku Kesehatan Gigi pada siswa SDN 174 Muara Fajar Pekanbaru Restuastuti, Tuti; Handayani, Handayani; Ernalia, Yanti
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (34.032 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i2.2014.76-80

Abstract

Dental caries and gingivitis are often found in Indonesia primary school students. The data from Puskesmas MuaraFajar noted, only 14.06% of Elementary Students who received dental care and 52% of them required treatment. TheObjective of study was to assess the students’ dental health knowledge and behavior level of SDN 174 Pekanbaruand to associate with dental health status, including dental caries, DMF-T OHI-S, Debris Index (DI-S) and CalculusIndex (CI-S). The methodology used a cross-sectional survey research design. The sample were 61 students whotaken by all students in grade 6 of SDN 174 Muara Fajar Pekanbaru. Examination of student’s dental health statuslike dental caries, DMF-T OHI-S, Debris Index (DI-S) and Calculus Index (CI-S) was made, and followed by askingthe knowledge and behavior questionnaire about dental health. Processed data with the statistical program SPSSversion 17. the data presented in the narrative, univariate analysis to look at the frequency distribution of the data,and bivariate analysis to find an association between the knowledge and behavior to the dental health status. Theresults showed that most characteristics respondents were female (50.8%), aged 12 years (41%) and have enoughnutrition (68.9%). Then there were 25 students (41%) having less knowledge about dental health and as many as 25students (41%) have the less behavior about dental health. While the results of the examination of the dental healthstatus showed as many as 24 students (39%) had problems in the DI-S, 12 students (20%) had problems in the CI-S,and as many as 26 students (43%) had problems in dental health (OHI -S). There was no relationship betweenknowledge of dental health to dental health status, but there is a relationship regarding student behavior of dentalhealth to dental health status(p = 0.02, OR = 3.4).
Compliance Pengguna Antihipertensi di RSUP DR. SARDJITO Yogyakarta (Periode Juli 2006- Juni 2009) Nugraha, Dimas Pramita; Dwiprahasto, Iwan; Thobari, Jarir At
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (45.112 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i2.2014.70-75

Abstract

Hypertension is the second largest of the 10 diseases on an outpatient at a hospital in Indonesia. The poor complianceto therapy of hypertension is a major cause of uncontrolled blood pressure. The aim of this study is to determinecompliance antihypertension on patient at DR. Sardjito hospital Yogyakarta. This study was designed with aretrospective cohort study design using a database of participants claimed prescribing health insurance (ASKES) inthe DR. Sardjito hospital using antihypertensive drugs. Compliance measured with medication possession ratio (MPR).Data was analysed by chi- square and logistic regression statistic. From 8.011 patients, compliance of antihypertensivedrugs during the first year is 7,6%. Analysis for compliance showed that the type of antihypertensive diuretics aremore compliance compare with angiotensin II receptor blockers, ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers and betablockers. Combination therapy (20,7%) is more compliance than monotherapy ( 4,1%), as well as drugs administration1 time a day (8,2%) is more compliance than drug administration 2 times (2,5%) and 3 times a day (3%). Theproportion of compliance in antihypertensive users at DR. Sardjito hospital classified as less good. Compliancepattern indicates that therapy is not continuous, the longer the use of antihypertensive therapy, the higher thediscontinuous therapy.
Profil Penderita Diare Anak Di Puskesmas Rawat Inap Pekanbaru Maryanti, Esy; Lesmana, Suri Dwi; Mandela, Hendro; Herlina, Setri
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (24.676 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i2.2014.101-105

Abstract

Diarrhea is one of the most frequent diseases of infants and children in the world. In developing countries, diarrheais still one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in children. In 2009, the incidence of diarrhea in childrenin Pekanbaru there were more than 5-6 people per day. Pekanbaru is the densely populated city that is very easyoccurrence of diarrhea in children. Many factors affect the incidence of diarrhea in children, one of which is theenvironment, hygiene and nutritional status of children. This study aims to determined the profile of children withdiarrhea in Health Centers Inpatient Pekanbaru. A total of 96 patients of diarrhea in children Pekanbaru HealthCenter Inpatient obtained most of the male sex (54.2%), with the age of majority was especially toddlers aged 1-3years. Nutritional status in patients with diarrhea was generally a good. Stool characteristics in childhood diarrheapatients was mostly mushy, not slimy and does not bleed.
Efek Analgetik Ekstrak Etanol Kelopak Rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa L) Pada Mencit Jantan (Mus musculus) Baihaqi, Ridwan; Hamidy, M. Yulis; Bebasari, Eka
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (50.639 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i2.2014.64-69

Abstract

Indonesia has been known for its traditional medicine and one of the plants used for tradisional medicine is Hibiscussabdariffa L. The roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L) calyx has antipyretic effect by blocking prostaglandin synthesis. Thepurpose of this study was to find out the existences of analgesic effect of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L) calyx ethanolextract. This experimental research used a post test only design that was conducted on 25 male mices weighting 20-35 g. The mices were divided into 5 treatment groups and given the CMC-Na 0,5% (negative control), asetosal 65 mg/kgBB (positive control) and groups of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L) calyx ethanol extract dose of 200 mg/kgBB,400 mg/kgBB and 800 mg/kgBB. Pain stimulus was given chemically by using 1% acetic acid that injectedintraperitoneally 30 minutes after sample was given the extract, the response of the mices will be writhing. It calledpositive response if percentage potency of analgesic e” 50%. The result of this research showed that all dosage ofroselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L) calyx ethanol extract had an analgesic effect.
Validitas Metode Konvensional Modifikasi Terhadap Metode Konvensional Dan ChromidTM Esbl Untuk Deteksi Bakteri-bakteri Penghasil Extended-spectrum Beta-lactamases Savira, Maya
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (67.502 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i2.2014.81-90

Abstract

Extended spectrum beta lactamases (ESBL) enzymes producing microorganisms are a major problem in increasingof betalactamases antibiotics resistance include cephalosporins. These enzymes are produced by gram negativesbacilli especially a variety of Enterobacteriaceae, however the most common ESBL producing microorganisms areKlebsiella spp and Escherichia coli. Detection and identification of gram negatives bacilli producing ESBL arechallenging for clinical microbiology laboratory to determine the best method to get the optimal results. The objectiveof this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of conventional method modification using MacConkeyadded with cefpodoxim disc 10 μg, 2 mg/l to conventional method and ChromIDTM ESBL. The method of this studywas an observasional analytical study using cross sectional design on 200 isolates, which were Escherichia coli,Klebsiella spp, Salmonella typhi, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia spp, and Enterobacter spp.The sensitivity of conventional method modification was 93,8%, conventional method was 68,8% and ChromIDTMESBL method was 100%. The spesificity of conventional method modification was 98,7%, conventional method was11,2% and ChromIDTM ESBL method was 100%. The sensitivity of conventional method modification was higherthan conventional method and as good as ChromIDTM ESBL for detecting ESBL producing bacterias.
Gambaran Kejadian Nyeri Tenggorok dan Serak pada Pasien yang Menjalani Anestesi Umum Endotrakeal di RSUD Arifin Achmad Pekanbaru Fahriyani, Fitri; Irawan, Dino; Bebasari, Eka
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (63.467 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i2.2014.91-100

Abstract

Sore throat and hoarseness are common complications after endotracheal intubation. The incidence of sore throat andhoarseness after endotracheal intubation varies from 14 to 75%. Although regarded as minor complications, sorethroat and hoarseness contribute to postoperative morbidity and patient dissatisfaction. The aim of this study were todetermine the incidence of sore throat and hoarseness after endotracheal general anesthesia and to describe associatedrisk factors at Arifin Achmad Public Hospital. This study used a descriptive cross sectional method. A total of 88patients who underwent endotracheal general anesthesia were enrolled in this study. Data of the patient such asgender, age, duration of intubation and endotracheal tube size were collected from medical record and direct observationat the time of operation. All of the patients were interviewed within 24-36 hours after surgery to collect data such assmoking history, sore throat complaint and hoarseness complaint. The evaluation of sore throat degree was accomplishedwith a Capan’s scale for sore throat and hoarseness degree was accomplished with a Stout’s scale for hoarseness. Theresult showed that 18 patients (20.4%) experienced sore throat and 34 patients (38.6%) experienced hoarseness aftersurgery.
Epilepsi dan Kehamilan Sukiandra, Riki
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (50.388 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i2.2014.58-63

Abstract

Epilepsy is a chronic neurologic disorder that may complicate pregnancy, about 25%-33,3% epileptic seizures increasedin pregnancies. The main concern in pregnancies complicated by epilepsy includes the increased risk of congenitalabnormalities associated with antiepileptic drugs. Hormones can have major effect on seizure disorders. Women withepilepsy will have changes in seizure patterns when hormones levels shift, such as during pregnancy or right afterpregnancy. A woman with seizure disorder must be managed effectively to minimize the risk of a seizure that couldharm the fetus. Seizures can harm the developing fetus by reducing the blood supply to the placenta. Anti-convulsantmedications should not be discontinued during pregnancy. medications may be switched to those that are known to bethe safest to the developing fetus. This will reduce the risk for neural tube defects like spina bifida. Multiple drugtherapy should be avoided – if possible– and drugs should be given in divided doses to avoid high peak levels. We canprovide women with epilepsy with the available information, advise on the best treatment prior to pregnancy, andwarnings that most AEDs carry a risk above that of untreated epilepsy. Treatment should be planned in womenanticipating pregnancy

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