cover
Contact Name
Ilhami Romus
Contact Email
ilhamiromus@yahoo.co.id
Phone
+6281371333123
Journal Mail Official
jikfkunri@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Sekretariat JIK (Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran) Jl. diponegoro no. 1, Pekanbaru Riau
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 1978662X     EISSN : 27154467     DOI : https://doi.org/10.26891/JIK
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medical Science receives a script from health and medical lecturer, undergraduate, residents, hospital staff and those who interested in writing scientific papers. The scientific articles posted on JIK include: literature reviews, research article, case report and EBCR (Evidence Based Case Report). Article preferably basic science of medicine and health.
Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran" : 9 Documents clear
Konstipasi pada Kehamilan Sembiring, Ligat Pribadi
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (29.308 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i1.2015.7-10

Abstract

Constipation is a condition often found in pregnant women and can lead to various complications. Based onpathophysiology, constipation can be classified into constipation due to structural abnormalities and functionalconstipation. Constipation in pregnant women is classified as the functional constipation caused by hormonal factors,changes in diet, growth of fetus, decrease in physical activities and the position of the defecation. The management ofconstipation during pregnancy take precedence on non pharmacological therapy. Pharmacological therapy (laxatives)that can be used is the bulk-forming agents and osmotic laxatives, however, they are only when absolutely necessaryand are not for long term use. The reasons are to avoid dehydration and electrolyte imbalance in pregnant women.
Tingkat Akseptabilitas dan Tolerabilitas Cairan Pencuci Tangan Formula World Health Organization (WHO) yang Digunakan Mahasiswa Kepaniteraan Klinik Senior di RSUD Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau Anggraini, Dewi; Fitriyani, Insan; Restuastuti, Tuti
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.714 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i1.2015.27-32

Abstract

Health Care Associated Infection (HCAI) is one of the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in hospital and otherhealth care facilitiy. Hand hygiene is the main way to reduce incidence of HCAI. World Health Organization (WHO)recommends alcohol-based handrub because it is more acceptable and tolerable than other hand hygiene products.WHO has identified formulations for the local preparation. This was a descriptive study aimed to determine theacceptability and tolerability of WHO recommended handrub formulation. The subjects of the study were 40 seniorclerkships in Arifin Achmad Hospital, Riau Province, from Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Internal MedicineDepartment. Each respondent was given WHO-recommended handrub formulation used for three days. On the firstday, the observer distributed handrubs being tested. After 3 days of consecutive use of the product, participantscompleted the questionnaire and the observer evaluate the condition of participants’ hands. We used WHO’squestionnaire to evaluate acceptability and tolerability level. The results of this study showed that WHO-recommendedhandrub formulation had good acceptability for its application, colour, smell, irritation, ease of use, speed of drying,and overall evaluation but had a less rate of acceptability for its textures and drying effect. WHO-recommendedhandrub formulation had good tolerability.
Ko-infeksi Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) dengan Mycobacterium leprae Anggraini, Yuni Eka
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (34.442 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i1.2015.1-6

Abstract

Human immunodefficiency virus (HIV) epidemic covers several countries with endemic leprosy without any significantincrease in the number of patients co-infected with HIV and leprosy, so it can be concluded that HIV-positive does notincrease the risk of developing leprosy. Clinicopathological spectrum of leprosy patients who are co-infected withHIV is not changed. Leprosy may be attributed to the presence of immune recovery syndrome after the administrationof highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Long-term incubation period and the low incidence of leprosy inpatients with HIV make prospective cohort or case-control studies on the prevalence of leprosy among a group of HIVpositive and HIV negative hardly possible to be performed. The benefit of this circumstance is the HIV pandemicdoes not become a nuisance of the effort to control leprosy. Further studies on the molecular pathogenesis of M.leprae and other mycobacterial can provide an understanding of the differences of the pathogenesis in patients withHIV infection.
Deteksi Protozoa Usus Oportunistik pada Penderita Diare Anak di Puskesmas Rawat Inap Pekanbaru Maryanti, Esy; Lesmana, Suri Dwi; Mandela, Hendro
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (39.135 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i1.2015.22-26

Abstract

Diarrhea is still a public health problem, especially in developing countries. Diarrhea causes morbidity and highmortality in children. Diarrhea can be caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites and food poisoning. One of the parasitethat can cause diarrhea is intestinal protozoa. Lately, attention to intestinal opportunistic protozoan infections isincreasing. Opportunistic intestinal protozoa infection is an infection by intestinal protozoa that had not consideredimportant and now can cause disease in humans. Cryptosporidium sp, Cyclospora cayetanensis, Isospora belii andBlastocystis hominis are opportunistic intestinal protozoa. The clinical manifestations of the infection depends on theimmune status of patients, ranging from asymptomatic in immunocompetent individuals to chronic diarrhea not curedand fatal in patients imunokompromis. This study aims to detect opportunistic intestinal protozoa in children withdiarrhea patients in health centers Inpatient Pekanbaru used modified acid fast stain procedure. A total of 76 samplestested positive obtained 22.3% of opportunistic intestinal protozoa found that 9.2% were infected with Cryptosporidiumsp, Cyclospora infection were 2.6% and Blastocystis hominis 10.5%, while Isospora not found.
Free Fibular Osteoseptocutaneus Flap for Reconstruction Giantameloblastoma Wiardi, Rachmat; Rubianti W, Irra
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (145.265 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i1.2015.47-53

Abstract

Ameloblastoma is a tumor originating from odontogenic epithelial cells. The tumor is located in the gray zone betweenbenign and malignant neoplasms. These tumors can occur at any age. Although traditionally divided as solid andcystic ameloblastoma, nearly all showed cystic changes. These tumors are invasive and have a very high recurrencerate. Ameloblastoma is an odontogenic tumor that is often found. These tumors are generally diagnosed in the fourthand fifth decade. Approximately 80% of these tumors occur in the jaw, with three-quarters are in the molar region andramus. Approximately 20% of them occurred in the premolar and incisivum. Operative therapy was elected a radicalresection of the affected parts of the jaw, followed by reconstruction. Bridging titanium plate can be used to replacepart of lost bone and serves as a means of reconstruction. Various methods of reconstruction of the mandible can bedone by using a bone graft from the calcaneus, fibula, ribs, scapula, iliac crest, or flap reconstruction. We report acase of male patients at entry RSHS Hospital May 11, 2010 18 years old with complaints arising the lump under thetongue ± 8 years ago, accompanied by difficulty eating, difficulty speaking, and shortness of breath. Patients in thediagnosis of ameloblastoma of the mandible on the basis of anatomic pathology examination. It was decided to do thereconstruction of segmental mandibulectomy and free fibular osteoseptocutaneous free flap with multiple osteotomy.Patients go home in improvement condition.
Pengaruh Olahraga Teratur Terhadap Kadar Estrogen Adiposa dan Estrogen Serum pada Tikus Sprague dawley yang Dilakukan Ovariektomi Bebasari, Eka
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (34.004 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i1.2015.17-21

Abstract

Menopause has some effects on women’s health. Exercise is one alternative to resolve menopausal complaints.Regular exercise can increase serum estrogen level in postmenopausal women. This increase is believed to occurthrough increased aromatization of androgen in extragonadal tissue especially adipose tissue in postmenopausal women.The purpose of this study is to explore estrogen levels in adipose tissue and serum due to regular exercise inovariectomized rats. A post-test only control group design was performed in this study. Ten female Sprague dawleyrats were used throughout the study and randomly selected. Rats were ovariectomized and divided into two groups:five rats in treated group and five rats in control group. Treatment groups get treadmill exercise for 8 weeks. Furthermore,rats blood were taken for examination of serum estrogen level, rats were killed and subcutaneous abdominal adiposetissue were removed for examination of estrogen level in adipose tissue. Statistical analysis was performed withindependent t test. Estrogen level in adipose tissue was higher in the treatment group but not statistically significant (p> 0,05). Higher serum estrogen levels in the control group but not statistically significant (p > 0,05). Extragonadalaromatization has occurred in adipose tissue of ovariectomized rats with regular exercise.
Pengaruh Herbisida Paraquat Diklorida Oral Terhadap Hati Tikus Putih Muhartono, Muhartono; Fratiwi, Yolanda; Windarti, Indri; Susianti, Susianti
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (79.295 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i1.2015.41-46

Abstract

The use of herbicide paraquat dichloride by farmers, is one of effort to increase the production in agricultural sector.Herbicide paraquat dichloride often used by farmers carelessly and there was caution ignorance. Herbicide causemuch adverse effect to organs, especially in liver through oral. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect oforal herbicide paraquat dichloride to hepatocyte swelling and sinusoidal congestion in liver of male rats (Rattusnovergicus) Sprague dawley strain. In this experimental study, 25 male rats (Rattus novergicus) Sprague dawleystrain are divided randomly into 5 group and treated for 2 days. K1 is group of controlled, K2, K3, K4, K5 are givenherbicide paraquat dichloride 25 mg/kgBW, 50 mg/kgBW, 100 mg/kgBW, and 200 mg/kgBW. The results showedthat the average number of hepatocyte swelling and sinusoidal congestion in liver was increasing. In Kruskal Wallistest and Post Hoc Mann Whitney test found significant difference p=0.000 (p<0.005). There are significant effect oforal paraquat dichloride to hepatocyte swelling and sinusoidal congestion in liver of male rats (Rattus novergicus)Sprague dawley strain.
Penggunaan Video Pada Perangkat Handphone Sebagai Media Penuntun Praktikum Anatomi Firdaus, Firdaus
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (74.417 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i1.2015.33-40

Abstract

Evaluation of medical education curriculum by the faculties of medicine in the 21st century shows a reduction in timeallocated for learning of anatomy. Reduction of time allocated for anatomy learning session and the limited numberof instructors require the development of teaching media that have high mobility as one of solutions. This study usedan experimental pretest-postest with control group design method to measure the difference in the level of anatomicalknowledge before and after the anatomy practicum between the two groups of students. Some video on mobile Phone(mobile devices) as a media guide to the anatomy practicum was given to one group of students as a study treatment.Results of Mann-Whitney test showed significant differences level of anatomical knowledge between the two groupsof students, the treatment group had a level of anatomical knowledge significantly better than the control group.Video on mobile devices as a media guide to the anatomy practicum creates students’ level of anatomical knowledgeto be better.
Kualitas Visum et Repertum Perlukaan di RSUD Indrasari Kabupaten Indragiri Hulu Periode 1 Januari 2009-31 Desember 2013 Afandi, Dedi; Restuastuti, Tuti; Kristanti, Winda
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (44.032 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i1.2015.11-16

Abstract

Visum et Repertum (VeR) of injury is the most case that requested by the investigator to emergency physician.Because VeR gives the important role in the judicial process in criminal offense cases, so that the good quality VeR isrequired. This study was aimed to know the quality VeR of injury in Indrasari General Hospital Indragiri Huluregency during 1 January 2009-31 December 2013. This study used descriptive retrospective aproach. This studyused Herkutanto’s score to evaluate 13 subtances in VeR. The sample of this study was all data of VeR of injury inIndrasari General Hospital Indragiri Hulu regency during 1January 2009 -31 December 2013 and the total data inIndrasari Hospital was 137 data. This study suggested that the highest living injury victim are living in the age group22 - 40 years amount 73 VeR (53.28%). The most injury case to the male as much as 92 VeR (67.153%). The highesttype of violence is blunt violent as much as 109 VeR and the most in 22-40 ages group. The VeR quality preliminarypart is 69.34% (medium), the reporting part is 37.83% (poor) and the conclusion part is 49.45% (poor). Based fromthat data, the conclusion of the quality of VeR indrasari hospital is poor (46.82%).

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