cover
Contact Name
Ilhami Romus
Contact Email
ilhamiromus@yahoo.co.id
Phone
+6281371333123
Journal Mail Official
jikfkunri@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Sekretariat JIK (Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran) Jl. diponegoro no. 1, Pekanbaru Riau
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 1978662X     EISSN : 27154467     DOI : https://doi.org/10.26891/JIK
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medical Science receives a script from health and medical lecturer, undergraduate, residents, hospital staff and those who interested in writing scientific papers. The scientific articles posted on JIK include: literature reviews, research article, case report and EBCR (Evidence Based Case Report). Article preferably basic science of medicine and health.
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran" : 8 Documents clear
Hubungan Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) dengan Hipertensi Menggunakan Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) Lestari, Enny; Fikrani, Meiliza Rausan; Maryanti, Esy
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (65.309 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i2.2015.99-106

Abstract

Mild Cognitive Impairment is a decreasing in memory, decision, language and attention with normal functionalactivity which not classified in dementia. One of risk factor of MCI is high blood pressure or hypertension. Hypertensionis >140 mmHg systolic blood pressure and >90 mmHg diastolyc blood pressure. The purpose of this research is toinforming the relation between mild cognitive impairment and hypertension in Local Women Organization (PKK RWIX Kelurahan Tangkerang Timur Pekanbaru). The research used cross-sectional analitic study method, finished onJanuari 2015. Fifty subjects of Local Women Organization (PKK RW IX) were involved in this research, they weredivided into two criterias, 31 with MCI and 19 with non MCI. Based on the research, 21 of 31 MCI were detectedwith hypertension. The Chi Square test showed there is significant relation between MCI and hypertension (p value= 0,004 ).
Pengaruh Stres Kronik terhadap Otak: Kajian Biomolekuler Hormon Glukokortikoid dan Regulasi Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) Pascastres di Cerebellum Juananda, Desby; Ratna Sari, Dwi Cahyani; Prakosa2,, Djoko; Arfian, Nur; Romi, Mansyur
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.93 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i2.2015.65-70

Abstract

The brain is the central organ of stress adaptation, and is also a target of stress. Chronic stress may result in abnormalchanges in brain plasticity; include dendritic retraction, neuronal toxicity, and suppression of neurogenesis andaxospinous synaptic plasticity. Repetitive stress exposure will gradually change the electrical characteristic, morphologyand proliferative capacity of neurons. Among brain region, the cerebellum is known to be severely affected by oxidativedamage associated with glucocorticoids level. It is believed due to the highest levels of glucocorticoid receptorslocalized in the external granular layer. BDNF, a member of neurotrophin family, is known to be a strong survivalpromoting factor, and plays a critical role in cell proliferation and differentiation, neuronal protection, and the regulationof synaptic function in the central nervous system. BDNF is highly expressed in the cerebellum, mainly in granulecells. Both acute and chronic stress change BDNF expression in the brain. Although the impact of stress on BDNFlevels showed the different results, BDNF is believed to protect neurons from injuries caused by stress.
Citra tubuh, Perilaku Diet, dan Kualitas Hidup Remaja Akhir Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau Haslinda, Lilly; Ernalia, Yanti; Wahyuni, Sri
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (51.649 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i2.2015.95-98

Abstract

Late adolescence (17-20 years) is when a child has made a career decision in the future. Body image in adolescentsassociated with eating disorders and psychological problems such as depression. Nutritional status is well alignedwith the quality of life of adolescents. This study aims to determine the body image, dietary behavior, and quality oflife in the period of late adolescence students of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Riau. This study was a crosssectionalanalytical study conducted at the end of the 87 teenage students of the Faculty of Medicine, University ofRiau. Selection of the subject of research conducted with total sampling. Measurements made with the body imagequestionnaire silhouettes body image, dietary behavioral data with the questionnaire (eating attitude test) / EAT-26,and the data Quality of Life with WHO-QOL questionnaire. Furthermore, the data presented descriptively. Of the 87respondents there were 25.3% (22) male subjects and 74.7% (65) female subjects. Based on BMI, there are morenutritional status (overweight and obesity) of 27.6%, less nutritional status (underweight) 17.2%. Based on abdominalcircumference there are 25.3% subjects felt obesity there are 51.7% research subjects who felt dissatisfied with herbody image. A total of 36.8% of research subjects perceive their bodies emaciated, 19.5% perceive overweight and1.2% obese perceived body image. A total of 9.2% of the subjects experienced the possibility of eating behaviordisorders. There are 43.7% of research subjects who have less quality of life.
Strategi Optimasi Penggunaan Antibiotik Fauzia, Dina
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (44.463 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i2.2015.55-64

Abstract

Use of antibiotics known is an important factor in the development of resistance tontibiotics, namely the use ofantibiotics that are inappropriate, in the form of overuse or misuse. Inappropriate use of antibiotics should be reducedto prevent the selective pressure that will lead to the development of resistance to antibiotics. Given the magnitude ofthe problem of antibiotics use in hospitals and its impact on the growing and widespread resistance to antibiotics, it isnecessary to immediately improve antibiotic use. Various strategies or interventions can be done at the hospital tooptimize the provision of antibiotics.
Pengaruh Inisiasi Menyusu Dini terhadap Waktu Pengeluaran dan Perubahan Warna Mekonium Serta Kejadian Ikterik Fisiologis Kusika Saputra, Nicko Pisceski; Lasmini, Putri Sri
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (187.729 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i2.2015.87-94

Abstract

One of the government’s efforts through the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2010 in reducing the infantmortality rate in Indonesia is improving infants nutrition and promote exclusive breastfeeding early breastfeedinginitiation. Early initiation of breastfeeding has many benefits for both mother and baby. This study aimed to comparemeconium spending time and meconium color change and the incidence of physiologic jaundice in infants whoreceived and did not receive early breastfeeding initiation (IMD). This study was a cross sectional analytical studyconducted at the Achmad Mochtar Hospital Bukittinggi. Forty-two maternity patients divided into two groups thatprovide IMD and unprovide IMD group to her baby. In each group assessed first meconium spending time in minutes,the time change meconium original colour of dark green to yellow and counted since birth in hours and the incidenceof physiologic jaundice in infants. All babies kept getting breastfeeding. There were no significant differences in themean time the first meconium spending time in both groups (131.42 minutes and 163.33 minutes, p> 0.05). There aresignificant differences in the mean time meconium colour changes from dark green to yellow (50.14 hours and 94.36hours, p <0.05). Early initiation of breastfeeding also lowers the incidence of physiological jaundice were significantly(p <0.05). Early initiation of breastfeeding did not affect spending time first meconium but accelerate meconiumcolor changes from dark green to yellow. Early initiation of breastfeeding also lowers the incidence of neonataljaundice.
Profil Pasien Leukemia Anak di RSUD Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau Periode Tahun 2013-2014 Fridayenti, Fridayenti; Masdar, Huriatul; Asriani, Sherly
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (56.713 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i2.2015.78-86

Abstract

Leukemia is a malignancy of hematologic disease characterized by replacement of normal bone marrow by abnormalblood cells. Malignant neoplasm that most common in children. The aim of this study is to describe profiles ofleukemia in children in Arifin Achmad General Hospital period 2013-2014. This is a descriptive retrospective study.The data was used 48 medical records of child with leukemia. The highest frequency of child with leukemia wasfound in the age group of 5-9 years old (39.5%), the most frequent gender was male (62.5%) and mostly come fromPekanbaru (20.8%). Based on pheripheral blood smear, acute leukemia was found in 31.3 %, pancytopenia 22.9%,normocyitic anemia 18,8, hypocromic anemia 16.7% and neutropenia 2%. Based on morphologic of bone marrowALL was found in 79.2%, AML 10.4%, CML 8.3% and 2% analyzing was not included in leukemia. There are only15 patients having immunophenotyping assesment, 86.6% are ALL B-lineage, 6.7% are AML and 6.7% result wasnot sensitive to any leukemia marker.
Gambaran Tingkat Stres pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau Tahun Pertama Wahyudi, Rony; Bebasari, Eka; Nazriati, Elda
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (37.091 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i2.2015.107-113

Abstract

The prevalence of stress on medical students is very high, especially on first grade medical students. Theproblem to adapt to new environment is the most common cause of stress occuring on first grade medicalstudents. Stress can become negative effect to person. The aim of this study was to understand the stresslevels on first grade medical students of Faculty of Medicine, University of Riau. This study used descriptivedesign with cross-sectional approach. Samples in this study were 166, using total sampling technique. Datawas accumulated by using Medical Student Stressor Questionnaire (MSSQ) that had been modified forstress levels. The results showed that 57.23% had moderate stress levels with stressors related academicand stressors related teaching-learning relationship as the highest stressors.
Aktivitas Antifungi Air Perasan Bawang Merah (Allium ascalonicum L.) Terhadap Candida albicans Secara In Vitro Nurhasanah, Nurhasanah; Andrini, Fauzia; Hamidy, Yulis
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (73.537 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i2.2015.71-77

Abstract

Shallot (Allium ascalonicum L.) has been known as traditional medicine. Shallot which has same genus with garlic(Allium sativum L.) contains allicin that is also found in garlic and has been suspected has fungicidal activity toCandida albicans. It is supported by several researches. Therefore, shallot is suspected has antifungal activity too.The aim of this research was to know antifungal activity of shallot’s water extortion againsts Candida albicans invitro. This was a laboratory experimental research which used completely randomized design, with diffusion method.Shallot’s water extortion was devided into three concentrations, there were 50%, 100% and 200%. Ketoconazole 2%was positive control and aquadest was negative control. The result of this research based on analysis of varians(Anova), there was significant difference between several treatments and was confirmed with Duncan New MultipleRange Test (DNMRT) p<0,05, there was significant difference between 100% shallot’s water extortion with othertreatments, but there was no significant difference between 50% shallot’s water extortion with 200% shallot’s. Theconclusion was shallot’s water extortion had antifungal activity againsts Candida albicans with the best concentration100%, but it was lower than ketoconazole 2%.

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