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Contact Name
Ilhami Romus
Contact Email
ilhamiromus@yahoo.co.id
Phone
+6281371333123
Journal Mail Official
jikfkunri@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Sekretariat JIK (Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran) Jl. diponegoro no. 1, Pekanbaru Riau
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 1978662X     EISSN : 27154467     DOI : https://doi.org/10.26891/JIK
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medical Science receives a script from health and medical lecturer, undergraduate, residents, hospital staff and those who interested in writing scientific papers. The scientific articles posted on JIK include: literature reviews, research article, case report and EBCR (Evidence Based Case Report). Article preferably basic science of medicine and health.
Articles 139 Documents
ANALISIS MUTASI GEN SRY DAN AZF SERTA FUNGSI GONAD PADA PENDERITA 46,XY DISORDER OF SEX DEVELOPMENT (DSD) Erawati, Meira; Winarni, Tri Indah; Juniarto, Ahmad Zulfa; Santosa, Ardy; Faradz, Sultana MH
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 5, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (83.535 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v5i1.2011.49-55

Abstract

Disorder of sex development (DSD) includes congenital conditions in which development of chromosomal,gonadal or anatomy of urogenital is atypical. SRY and AZF genes have relationships with sex development andfertility in 46,XY DSD patients. Therefore, the condition of those genes and gonadal function on 46,XY DSD patientsare needed to be explored deeply. The aim of this study was to know the incident number of SRY and AZF genes andgonadal function of 46,XY DSD patients. So that it can be used as one of basic analyses of DSD and infertility statuson 46,XY DSD patients .Methods: This is an observational descriptive study with cross sectional approach. This study involved 36 patientsthat fulfilled the criteria of 46,XY DSD. The DNA of each sample was analyzed by PCR electrophoresis. The data ofhCG stimulation test were obtained from secondary data of patient?s medical record.Results: A hundred percent (100%) of 36 samples did not have deletion on their SRY gene. About 22,22% of sampleshad AZFa gene deletion especially on STS sY84. There were 19,44% samples that showed negative response to hCGstimulation test. Chi square test showed that AZFa deletion did not have relation with gonadal response positifity on46,XY DSD patients.Conclusion: Patients of 46,XY DSD need to be evaluated for their fertility especially on the sperm analysis afterreaching puberty period. It is done to patients with positive or negative gonadal responses to know whether infertilityis influenced by AZF gene or other factors.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PARTISIPASI MAHASISWA DALAM PROSES TUTORIAL PADA METODE BELAJAR PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING (PBL) DI FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS RIAU Hamidy, M Yulis; Asni, Enikarmila
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 4, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (52.039 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v4i1.2010.30-35

Abstract

Problem-based Learning (PBL) is an effective approach to promote student-centered learning. PBL tutorials were thekey step in PBL process. Students? participation in PBL tutorials can be influenced by many factors. The aim of thisstudy was to identify the factors that influence students? participation in PBL tutorials among students in Faculty ofMedicine University of Riau. The research was a cross sectional study using self report questionnaires obtained fromPBL students, conducted in April - October 2009. The students? participation was assessed using Visschers-Pleijersquestionnaires. The result revealed the characteristics of parcipants which are female (79.5%), 19 years old (40.2%),had GPA 2.50 ? 3.00 (56.7%), had past experience in organization (89.0%). Among 44.1% of the participants showedactive participation in tutorial processs. Male students more likely active than female students (P = 0.045). Anotherfactors including age, GPA, past experience in organization, role of tutors, and quality of scenario were not influencedthe participation of subject. Students? participation in PBL tutorials among students in Faculty of Medicine Universityof Riau was influenced by sex.
INKONTINENSIA URIN PASCAPERSALINAN DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR RISIKO YANG MEMENGARUHINYA Fakhrizal, Edy; Maryuni, Sri Wahyu
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (61.268 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i2.2016.98-105

Abstract

Postpartum urinary incontinence is an important and often overlooked form of maternal morbidity. The aim of thisstudy is to obtain prevalence of postpartum urinary incontinence and its influential risk factors. This is an observationalstudy. The subjects were all primipara stayed in Obstetric & Gynecology of Arifin Achmad Pekanbaru ? Riau hospital,between July 1st and December 31st 2014. The data of risk factors (demographic and obstetric) was obtained frommedical records and cough test was done too. The data was analyzed with computerized statistic data analysis 12 (Stata 12 ). The distribution of data were analyzed with descriptive univariate and presented in (n) and (%). Bivariateanalysis was done to see any influential risk factors to postpartum urinary incontinence event. The prevalence ofurinary incontinence in this study was 30% and the influential risk factors were BMI, body weight changing duringpregnancy, delivery mode, birthweight and length of second stage.
PERANAN STATIN DALAM MEMPERBAIKI FUNGSI PARU PADA PENYAKIT PARU OBSTRUKTIF KRONIK (PPOK) Fauzia, Dina
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (56.825 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i2.2016.71-79

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease state characterized by airflow limitation that is not fullyreversible and a global health problem with an increasing incidence. Latest pathogenesis states that inflammationoccurs in COPD is not just limited to the airway and parenchymal lung disease, but a systemic inflammation involvingother systems, especially the cardiovascular system. Therefore, the approach to COPD therapy currently includes twoaspects, suppression of lung inflammation and systemic diseases. One of the the therapeutic agent that may affectboth aspects are statin.
ANALISIS FAKTOR PERILAKU KAITANNYA DENGAN PERMASALAHAN PELAYANAN KESEHATAN IBU DAN ANAK (KIA) DI PROVINSI RIAU Zahtamal, Zahtamal; Restuastuti, Tuti; Chandra, Fifia
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 4, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (76.218 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v4i1.2010.20-29

Abstract

The low of health community status for this time is still health problems in Indonesia, marked with the high maternalmortality and infant mortality rate. According to health survey, there are still many indicators of maternal, newbornand child health (MNCH), show low achievement. The aim of this study was to find the situation of MNCH servicesand to describe determining factors of the problems in Riau Province. Method of this research was a descriptive designwith quantitative and qualitative data. Result obtained in this research described that some indicators of MNCH servicesperformance were achievable and some were not. The profile of community on health behavior about maternal healthwas shown with good knowledge, neutral attitude, and good practice. Then, the profile of community health behaviorabout newborn and child health was shown with middle level of knowledge, positive attitude, and good practice. Keyperson, mostly categorized as a decision maker for health action was husband/wife. Viewed from quickly action onresponse of sick/unhealthy family members for MNCH services indicated that there was not late decision. There werestill many communities? beliefs, not match with health value, especially for MNCH.
AKTIVITAS ANTIFUNGI AIR PERASAN BAWANG MERAH (ALLIUM ASCALONICUM L.) TERHADAP CANDIDA ALBICANS SECARA IN VITRO Nurhasanah, Nurhasanah; Andrini, Fauzia; Hamidy, Yulis
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (73.537 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i2.2015.71-77

Abstract

Shallot (Allium ascalonicum L.) has been known as traditional medicine. Shallot which has same genus with garlic(Allium sativum L.) contains allicin that is also found in garlic and has been suspected has fungicidal activity toCandida albicans. It is supported by several researches. Therefore, shallot is suspected has antifungal activity too.The aim of this research was to know antifungal activity of shallot?s water extortion againsts Candida albicans invitro. This was a laboratory experimental research which used completely randomized design, with diffusion method.Shallot?s water extortion was devided into three concentrations, there were 50%, 100% and 200%. Ketoconazole 2%was positive control and aquadest was negative control. The result of this research based on analysis of varians(Anova), there was significant difference between several treatments and was confirmed with Duncan New MultipleRange Test (DNMRT) p<0,05, there was significant difference between 100% shallot?s water extortion with othertreatments, but there was no significant difference between 50% shallot?s water extortion with 200% shallot?s. Theconclusion was shallot?s water extortion had antifungal activity againsts Candida albicans with the best concentration100%, but it was lower than ketoconazole 2%.
KUALITAS VISUM ET REPERTUM PERLUKAAN DI RSUD INDRASARI KABUPATEN INDRAGIRI HULU PERIODE 1 JANUARI 2009-31 DESEMBER 2013 Afandi, Dedi; Restuastuti, Tuti; Kristanti, Winda
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (44.032 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i1.2015.11-16

Abstract

Visum et Repertum (VeR) of injury is the most case that requested by the investigator to emergency physician.Because VeR gives the important role in the judicial process in criminal offense cases, so that the good quality VeR isrequired. This study was aimed to know the quality VeR of injury in Indrasari General Hospital Indragiri Huluregency during 1 January 2009-31 December 2013. This study used descriptive retrospective aproach. This studyused Herkutanto?s score to evaluate 13 subtances in VeR. The sample of this study was all data of VeR of injury inIndrasari General Hospital Indragiri Hulu regency during 1January 2009 -31 December 2013 and the total data inIndrasari Hospital was 137 data. This study suggested that the highest living injury victim are living in the age group22 - 40 years amount 73 VeR (53.28%). The most injury case to the male as much as 92 VeR (67.153%). The highesttype of violence is blunt violent as much as 109 VeR and the most in 22-40 ages group. The VeR quality preliminarypart is 69.34% (medium), the reporting part is 37.83% (poor) and the conclusion part is 49.45% (poor). Based fromthat data, the conclusion of the quality of VeR indrasari hospital is poor (46.82%).
GAMBARAN FARMAKOTERAPI PASIEN COMMON COLD DI PUSKESMAS PEKANBARU Nugraha, Dimas Pramita; Inayah, Inayah
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (66.436 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i1.2016.63-66

Abstract

Common cold is still a disease with the most number of cases in Indonesia and the province of Riau in out patientswho visited the primary health center (Puskesmas). However, in primary health care, like Puskesmas and privatepractice physicians are expected pharmacotherapy common cold is not rational. Medication errors is a common problem.The purpose of this study was to determine how the use of pharmacotherapy in patients with the common cold inPuskesmas Pekanbaru. This study was an observational descriptive , with a total sample 4602 people who meet thespecified criteria .The results showed that the percentage patients common cold using symptomatic analgesic-antipyreticdrugs 70.2%.However, the percentage of patients that using antibiotics in common cold is still quite a lot (36%), alsothe use corticosteroid (17,9%) that showed medication error. The patterns pharmacotherapy of common cold inPuskesmas Pekanbaru was relatively good, but need improvement .
EPILEPSI DAN KEHAMILAN Sukiandra, Riki
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (50.388 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i2.2014.58-63

Abstract

Epilepsy is a chronic neurologic disorder that may complicate pregnancy, about 25%-33,3% epileptic seizures increasedin pregnancies. The main concern in pregnancies complicated by epilepsy includes the increased risk of congenitalabnormalities associated with antiepileptic drugs. Hormones can have major effect on seizure disorders. Women withepilepsy will have changes in seizure patterns when hormones levels shift, such as during pregnancy or right afterpregnancy. A woman with seizure disorder must be managed effectively to minimize the risk of a seizure that couldharm the fetus. Seizures can harm the developing fetus by reducing the blood supply to the placenta. Anti-convulsantmedications should not be discontinued during pregnancy. medications may be switched to those that are known to bethe safest to the developing fetus. This will reduce the risk for neural tube defects like spina bifida. Multiple drugtherapy should be avoided ? if possible? and drugs should be given in divided doses to avoid high peak levels. We canprovide women with epilepsy with the available information, advise on the best treatment prior to pregnancy, andwarnings that most AEDs carry a risk above that of untreated epilepsy. Treatment should be planned in womenanticipating pregnancy
LAPORAN KASUS: MELANOMA MALIGNA INTRAKRANIAL PRIMER Valentino, Andrea; Arridho, Rijalun
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i1.2019.73-76

Abstract

Primary intracranial malignant melanoma is an extremely rare tumor. Most of the intracranial malignant melanoma aremetastatic from skin. Diagnosis needs multidisciplinary workup to exclude metastatic melanoma. We are reporting acase of young girl with decrease consciousness and tetraplegia. CT scan revealed a solitary tumor mass in the brain.Histopathological examination and confirmed by immunohistochemistry showed that the type of tumor was intracranialprimary malignant melanoma and by excluding metastatic melanoma. Tumor excision was performed in patient andadjuvant chemotherapy was given, but residual tumors were present multiple.