cover
Contact Name
Ilhami Romus
Contact Email
ilhamiromus@yahoo.co.id
Phone
+6281371333123
Journal Mail Official
jikfkunri@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Sekretariat JIK (Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran) Jl. diponegoro no. 1, Pekanbaru Riau
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 1978662X     EISSN : 27154467     DOI : https://doi.org/10.26891/JIK
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medical Science receives a script from health and medical lecturer, undergraduate, residents, hospital staff and those who interested in writing scientific papers. The scientific articles posted on JIK include: literature reviews, research article, case report and EBCR (Evidence Based Case Report). Article preferably basic science of medicine and health.
Articles 148 Documents
Konstipasi pada Kehamilan Sembiring, Ligat Pribadi
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (29.308 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i1.2015.7-10

Abstract

Constipation is a condition often found in pregnant women and can lead to various complications. Based onpathophysiology, constipation can be classified into constipation due to structural abnormalities and functionalconstipation. Constipation in pregnant women is classified as the functional constipation caused by hormonal factors,changes in diet, growth of fetus, decrease in physical activities and the position of the defecation. The management ofconstipation during pregnancy take precedence on non pharmacological therapy. Pharmacological therapy (laxatives)that can be used is the bulk-forming agents and osmotic laxatives, however, they are only when absolutely necessaryand are not for long term use. The reasons are to avoid dehydration and electrolyte imbalance in pregnant women.
Pengaruh Pemberian Asam Alfa Lipoat terhadap Kadar Kolesterol Total pada Tikus Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Sinaga, Uli Kartika Lestari; Ismawati, Ismawati; Asni, Enikarmila
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 11, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (85.011 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v11i2.2017.18-23

Abstract

Hypercholesterolemia is complication in type 2 diabetes. Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) reduced total cholesterol by modulatingcholesterol synthesis pathway and reduced cholesterol biosynthesis genes expression. The goal of this research wasto investigate the prohibition of hypercholesterolemia in type 2 diabetes rat by ALA. Fifteen adult male wistar rats (2-3 months, 200-250 g body weight) were segregated into three groups (standard, type 2 diabetes and type 2 diabetes +ALA). Type 2 diabetes induced by streptozotocin 65 mg/kg and nicotinamide 110 mg/kg. ALA was given for 3 weeksafter type 2 diabetes induced.After 31 days total cholesterol of groups labelled is measured. The result showed therewas significant difference between ALA and type 2 diabetes groups (p= 0.012), and there was no significant differencebetween ALA and standard groups (p= 0.591). As the conclusion, this study proves that ALA has effects on totalcholesterol in type 2 diabetes rats.
Pengaruh Stres Kronik terhadap Otak: Kajian Biomolekuler Hormon Glukokortikoid dan Regulasi Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) Pascastres di Cerebellum Juananda, Desby; Ratna Sari, Dwi Cahyani; Prakosa2,, Djoko; Arfian, Nur; Romi, Mansyur
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.93 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i2.2015.65-70

Abstract

The brain is the central organ of stress adaptation, and is also a target of stress. Chronic stress may result in abnormalchanges in brain plasticity; include dendritic retraction, neuronal toxicity, and suppression of neurogenesis andaxospinous synaptic plasticity. Repetitive stress exposure will gradually change the electrical characteristic, morphologyand proliferative capacity of neurons. Among brain region, the cerebellum is known to be severely affected by oxidativedamage associated with glucocorticoids level. It is believed due to the highest levels of glucocorticoid receptorslocalized in the external granular layer. BDNF, a member of neurotrophin family, is known to be a strong survivalpromoting factor, and plays a critical role in cell proliferation and differentiation, neuronal protection, and the regulationof synaptic function in the central nervous system. BDNF is highly expressed in the cerebellum, mainly in granulecells. Both acute and chronic stress change BDNF expression in the brain. Although the impact of stress on BDNFlevels showed the different results, BDNF is believed to protect neurons from injuries caused by stress.
Identifikasi dan Hitung Koloni Bakteri pada Tangan Perawat Kamar Operasi Instalasi Bedah Sentral (IBS) RSUD Arifin Achmad Pekanbaru Sebelum dan Sesudah Cuci Tangan dengan Antiseptik Klorheksidin Glukonat Devi, Devi; Andrini, Fauzia; Pamungkas, Kuswan Ambar
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 5, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (40.23 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v5i2.2011.82-87

Abstract

Handwashing is an important thing to do and the most effective way in order to prevent nosocomial infection andinfection control. The most popular surgery’s handwashing is fuerbringer method. The purpose of this study was toknow the effectivity of hand washing from the nurses that work at central operation theather Arifin Achmad GeneralHospital Pekanbaru before and after washing hand with chlorhexidine gluconat antiseptic. This study method waslaboratoric descriptive with 22 samples which got from total sampling method. Bacterial was found from all sample.Bacterial which were found from the samples before hand washing were Coagulase negative staphylococci (CONS)(62.9%), Bacillus sp (20%), Metichillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) (11.4%) and Metichillin sensitiveStaphylococcus aureus (MSSA) (5.7%). Bacterial which found after doing hand wash were CONS (52.9%), Bacillussp (17.7%), Escherichia coli (8.8%), MRSA (11.8%), and MSSA (5.9%). The result of this bacterial colonizationarea showed the reduction of bacterial colonization after doing hand wash in 90.1% sample , which mostly reductionwas happen from II degree to I (36.4%).
Pengaruh Asam Alfa Lipoat Terhadap Kadar Trigliserida pada Tikus Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Chen, Angel; Ismawati, Ismawati; Asni, Enikarmila
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (106.25 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i1.2018.13-18

Abstract

Accumulation of triglycerides associated with insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Alpha lipoic acid(ALA) has hypotriglyceridemic effects by lowering triglyceride levels in blood and liver. This study aimed to analyzeeffect of ALA on triglyceride levels in type 2 diabetic rats. Fifteen Wistar male rats (±8-12 weeks, 200-250 gram) dividedinto 3 groups (control, T2DM and T2DM–ALA given for 3 weeks). Diabetes was induced by giving streptozotocin (50mg/kg.bw) and nicotinamide (110 mg/kg.bw) after 15 minutes intraperitoneally. Diagnosis of T2DM was determined ifthe rats have perifer blood glucose >250 mg/dL after 3 days. The results showed that triglyceride levels in ALA group(p=0,003) lower than T2DM group, T2DM group (p=0,031) had higher triglyceride level than control and no differenceof triglyceride level between T2DM-ALA given group with control (p=0,696). This study concluded that ALA canaffect triglyceride levels in T2DM thus prevents occurrence of hypertriglyceridemia.
Relative Expression of Soluble tnf Versus Transmembrane tnf in Spondyloarthritis Masdar, Huriatul
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 4, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (180.452 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v4i1.2010.56-64

Abstract

TNF is important in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis (SpA) pathogenesis. Recently reports showedsTNF levels were significantly lower in SpA than RA synovial fluid (SF). Therefore, the differential regulation of TNFin both diseases were investigated focusing on the balance of sTNF-tmTNF and both TNF receptors expression. Synovialfluid from 22 RA and 25 SpA were analyzed by ELISA. sTNF was confirmed significantly higher in RA than SpA.Total TNF of synovial tissues assessed by qPCR showed similar levels, suggesting a higher tmTNF/sTNF ratio in SpA.The levels of sTNF-R1 and sTNF-R2 were significantly lower in SpA than RA SF. Interestingly, sTNF-R2/sTNF-R1increased in SpA. qPCR on synovial tissue showed similar mRNA levels for TNF-R2 but decrease of TNF-R1 in SpA.IL-6R levels did not showed differences and TIMP-3 tended to be higher in RA than in SpA SF. In conclusion, weobserved a shift from sTNF/TNF-R1 in RA to tmTNF/TNF-R2 in SpA.
Pengaruh Kombinasi Latihan Beban dengan Metode Pyramid set dan Konsumsi Susu Tinggi Protein Terhadap Peningkatan Massa Otot Siska, Melfi Triani; Zahtamal, Zahtamal; Putri, Fachriani
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i2.2019.36-45

Abstract

Weight training with pyramid set method and high protein milk are the effective methods to increase muscle mass.There are not many studies that combined these 2 methods to increase the muscle mass. The purpose of this study wasto analyze the effect of combination of pyramid weight training sets and consumption of high protein milk to increasethe muscle mass. This type of study is a quasi-experimental one group with a pre and post test design. The studyperiod was 8 weeks with 32 meetings and high protein milk in of 32 grams of whey protein concentrate before and afterexercise.The results of this study also prove that there is a significant effect of intervention on participants musclemass with p = 0,000. It can be concluded that the combination of pyramid weight training sets and high protein milkconsumption is effective to increasing muscle mass.
Distribusi Keganasan Organ Tiroid Berdasarkan Pemeriksaan Histopatologi di Kota Pekanbaru Fidiawaty, Wiwit Ade; Selvialiany, Selvialiany; Zulfikar, Welly
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (97.707 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i2.2016.132-139

Abstract

Cancer is one of the leading causes of death. Cancer can occur in various organs of the human body. Thyroid canceris one of the most common cancer. Pathological based registration indicates that thyroid cancer is the ninth of theoverall cancer and the most common type of endocrine related cancer. The purpose of this research was to determinethe distribution of thyroid cancer in Pekanbaru’s Hospital during 2009-2013 based on histopathologic type, age andgender. This research was a retrospective study were retrieved based on result of hospital’s histopathology laboratoriesand histopathology laboratories centers in Pekanbaru. The results showed 163 cases of thyroid cancer. Mostly foundat RSUD Arifin Achmad Riau Province as many as 106 cases (65%). The cancer was dominated by women (83,4%).The age range of most thyroid cancer is 35-44 years (24,5%). The most common histopathological type of thyroidcancer was papillary thyroid cancer, as many as 111 cases (68,1%).
Deteksi Cryptosporidium sp. dengan Pewarnaan Modifikasi Tahan Asam pada Tinja Siswa SDN X Kecamatan Rumbai, Pekanbaru Maryanti, Esy; Rahmi, Hayatul; Lesmana, Suri Dwi; Haslinda, Lilly
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (22.036 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i1.2014.25-28

Abstract

Oportunistic intestinal protozoa infection caused by Cryptosporidium sp is a public health problem inimmunocompromise individual and children. Cryptosporidiosis is a disease caused by Cryptosporidium sp whichconsidered a cause of emerging and opportunistic infection. Cryptosporidium sp. are single cell of coccidian caninfected human and animals. This study was to detect Cryptosporidium sp with method of staining acid-resistantmodification among elementary school children of SDN X Kecamatan Rumbai Kota Pekanbaru. Stool examinationof 94 samples were obtained two (2,1%) samples were found with Cryptosporidium sp.
Talaromikosis Marneffei Surja, Sem S.; Adawiyah, Robiatul; Wahyuningsih, Retno
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (152.917 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i2.2018.72-81

Abstract

Talaromycosis marneffei is a mycotic disease caused by Talaromyces marneffei which primarily infectimmunocompromised patient. This disease is endemic in Southeast Asia, and Indonesia consider as endemic area dueto a case of tourist who got the infection after visiting Indonesia. Diagnosis was made based on clinical suspicion withlaboratory confirmation. Clinical manifestations are not specific, such as fever, anemia, weight loss, lymphadenopathy,hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, respiratory disorder, and cutaneous manifestation. Histopathology and culture are themost common examination performed for diagnosis. In histopathology examination, fungi appear as fission arthroconidiacells which shape round to oval, with cross wall formation inside or outside macrophage and histiocyte. Thermaldimorphism characteristic can be observed in fungal culture. Fungi grows as mold at 25oC-30oC and as yeast at 37oC.Definitive identification of T. marneffei was done by molecular examination using primers derived from ITS region asprimary marker and beta tubulin region as secondary marker. Talaromyces marneffei is sapronosis, that transmitted viainhalation of conidia from environment.

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