cover
Contact Name
Ilhami Romus
Contact Email
ilhamiromus@yahoo.co.id
Phone
+6281371333123
Journal Mail Official
jikfkunri@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Sekretariat JIK (Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran) Jl. diponegoro no. 1, Pekanbaru Riau
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 1978662X     EISSN : 27154467     DOI : https://doi.org/10.26891/JIK
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medical Science receives a script from health and medical lecturer, undergraduate, residents, hospital staff and those who interested in writing scientific papers. The scientific articles posted on JIK include: literature reviews, research article, case report and EBCR (Evidence Based Case Report). Article preferably basic science of medicine and health.
Articles 148 Documents
Akupunktur sebagai Terapi De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis Wahdini, Sri; Simadibrata, Christina
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 13, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v13i2.2019.70-75

Abstract

De Quervain’s tenosynovitis is a disease with pain and edema in the styloid process due to thickening of the sheathsthat encase the tendons of abductor pollicis longus (APL) and extensor pollicis brevis (EPB). Management of DeQuervain’s tenosynovitis include pharmacotherapy combined with conservative therapy and if it fails then surgicalintervention is required. In case of De Quervain’s tenosynovitis, acupuncture for relieving pain and stiffness. Reportedthe case of a woman aged 52 year, complaints of pain and stiffness in the left thumb since two months before went tothe Poliklinik Akupunktur dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Nasional Hospital. On physical examination the left wrist areafound tenderness and spasm in the area of APL and EPB, VAS 4, there was limitation in the first carpometacarpal jointfunctional and Finkelstein’s test was positive. Acupuncture therapy done at the point LI5, LU7, LU9 and Ashi. Therewas pain reduction and functional improvement of the carpometacarpal joints. Acupuncture gives good results forpain and stiffness in patients with de Quervain’s.
Profil Kasus Endometriosis di RSUD Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau Periode 1 Januari 2012 – 31 Desember 2016 Fatimah, Dini; Hutagaol, Imelda E.B; Romus, Ilhami
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (44.586 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i1.2018.39-45

Abstract

Endometriosis is endometrial tissue (glands and stroma) that grow outside of the uterus. The goal of this research wasto see the profile of endometriosis cases in Arifin Achmad general hospital in Riau province. The research method usedis descriptive with cross-sectional approach. Based on patient characteristics, highest education was SMA (47,9%),majority patients cames from Pekanbaru city (58,8 %), the patients were at reproductive age (92.6%), most patients werenullipara (54.8%). Anatomical location were 45.1% located in the ovarium. The most common clinical symptom wasdysmenorrhea (36.2%), 49.5% were stage 4, and the most frequently performed was laparotomy (71.8%). The conclusionof this study were endometriosis found primarily in reproductive and nulliparous ages, the most common anatomiclocation was in the ovarium and classified in stage 4, the most clinical symptom was dysmenorrhea, and the mostcommon operative action was laparotomy.
Perbandingan Tingkat Sedasi Klonidin Syrup 2 mcg/kgBB dengan Diazepam Syrup 0.4 mg/kgBB sebagai Premedikasi pada Pasien Anak yang Menjalani Pembedahan dengan General Anestesi Muharrami, Vera; P. Nasution, A. Sani; Umar, Nazaruddin
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 5, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (74.13 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v5i2.2011.111-117

Abstract

Introduction: Anxiety in children undergoing surgery is characterized by subjective feeling of tension, apprehension,nervousness and worry that may be expressed in various forms. Clonidine, an alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist, has beenshown to be as a preanesthetic medication in childrens. The current study was designed to investigate the differencesof level sedation clonidine syrup and diazepam syrup as a premedicant in children.Methods: In a randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial, 40 children, aged 2-12 yr, undergoing electivesurgery received 2 micrograms/kg clonidine syrup or 0.4 mg/kg diazepam syrup orally. These agents were administered120 min before the estimated time of induction of general anesthesia and noted the children’s level of sedation. Thelevel of sedation were compared among the two groups. PASS <1 demanded rescue intravenous sedation.Result: Clonidine syrup 2 mcg/kgBB provided better quality of sedation after 60 min of premedicant but it wasn’tsignificant(1.8±0.92) and diazepam syrup (0.80±0.89; p>0.05) and number of patients with rescue intravenous diazepamacceptance were same both clonidine group compared to diazepam, there was no significant difference between twogroups, 10% of clonidine group patients, 10 % of diazepam group patients (p>0.05). No clinically significanthypotension or bradycardia was observed after preanesthetic medications of diazepam and clonidine syrup.Discussion: These data indicate that, even in pediatric surgery, the 2 micrograms/kg syrup clonidine is an effectivepremedication. However, the safety and optimal dose of clonidine in this setting remain to be determined.
Diferensiasi Stadium Takizoit-Bradizoit pada Toxoplasma gondii Lesmana, Suri Dwi
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 4, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.62 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v4i2.2010.89-94

Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasite whose definite host is cat or felidae and intermediate host is human orother mammals. It causes congenital and acquisita toxoplasmosis. Infection with this apicomplexan parasite results inits dissemination throughout its host via the tachyzoite life stage. After dissemination, these tachyzoites differentiateinto bradyzoites within cyst and remain latent. These bradyzoites can transform back into tachyzoites and inimmunosupressed individuals this often results in symptomatic disease. Both tachyzoites and bradyzoites develop intissue culture and this crucial differentiation event can be studied. Interferon gamma (IFN ) is the main mediator intachyzoite-bradyzoite differentiation.
HUBUNGAN GANGGUAN FUNGSI KOGNITIF DENGAN HIPERTENSI MENGGUNAKAN MONTREAL COGNITIVE ASSESSMENT VERSI INDONESIA (MOCA-INA) Lestari, Enny; Riqqah, Melfi; Romus, Ilhami
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 11, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (55.074 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v11i1.2017.12-18

Abstract

High blood pressure associated with a reduction of cognitive function in young adults and older age. One of cognitiveimpairment examination is Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). The aim of this study is to determine the correlationbetween impaired cognitive function with hypertension by using MoCA?INA in the elderly people at Tresna WerdhaKhusnul Khotimah nursing home Pekanbaru. This research obtained the incidence of impaired cognitive function inelderly people at Tresna Werdha Khusnul Khotimah nursing home Pekanbaru as many as 28 subjects (90.3%).Hypertension in the elderly at Tresna Werdha Khusnul Khotimah nursing home Pekanbaru were 23 subjects consistof 6 subjects (19.35%) with controlled hypertension and 17 subjects (54.84%) with uncontrolled hypertension. Theresults of statistical test by using Fisher test obtained p value as big as 1.000 (p>0.05). This shows there is nosignificant correlation between impaired cognitive function with hypertension in the elderly people at Tresna WerdhaKhusnul Khotimah nursing home Pekanbaru.
Gambaran Monitoring Gula Darah Kasus Diabetes Melitus di Puskesmas ‘X’ Kota Dumai Nazriati, Elda; Chandra, Fifia; Izfhathaniah, Izfhathaniah
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.947 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i2.2018.101-107

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease that has 2 main targets of treatment, keeping the glucose levels within normalrange, and preventing complications. The purposed of this research is to know the description of blood glucosemonitoring consisting of fasting blood glucose, HbA1C, and self monitoring blood glucose (SMBG). This was aqualitative research by using observation method and deep interview to ten informant. The results showed thecheckup of fasting blood glucose levels have been going well with some obstacles, for instance, running out ofglucose strips. Puskesmas ‘X’ did not perform HbA1C checkup due to unavailability of laboratory equipment. OverallDM patients did not perform SMBG because they did not have the device, but the researchers obtained one patientwho had a device at home, but the patient still chose to check his blood glucose at the puskesmas because the lowknowledge of the patient to perform SMBG.
Modifikasi Sistem Asistensi dan Responsi Kelas Kecil pada Praktikum Parasitologi Blok Digestif dan Hematoimunologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau Lesmana, Suri Dwi; Maryanti, Esy
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (32.049 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i1.2014.46-51

Abstract

Faculty of Medicine University of Riau has been implementing Competency Based Curriculum (KBK) with theProblem Based Learning (PBL) since 2007 with the implementation of teaching and learning activities of the systemconsists of a tutorial activities, skillab, expert lectures, independent and practical. However, there are still manyproblems in the implementation of the KBK on preclinic degree. One part of the block that is identified to be one ofthe causes of low graduation exam block is less efective coaching laboratory practice. Parasitology is one part of thetask is to provide laboratory practice in several blocks on the stage of preclinic especially digestive and hematoimunologyblock. This study aimed to compare the results of the evaluation of parasitology laboratory practice in hematoimunologyand digestive assistance and posttest in large classes with small class. Assistance and posttest in large class performedon the digestive block implementation and hematoimunologi in 2011 while assisting and posttest of small classes ona block implementation in 2012. Average value of small class digestive laboratory practice was not significantlylower than the large class but the proportion of the value of quality B and C more many in small classes. The meanvalue of the block hematoimunologi laboratory practice significantly higher on small class assistance and posttest aswell as the proportion of the value of quality A, B and C was higher in small classes than large classes.
Gambaran Komplikasi Transurethral Resection of the Prostate pada Pasien Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Zuhirman, Zuhirman; Juananda, Desby; Lestari, Putry
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (74.798 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i1.2016.44-53

Abstract

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a benign tumor that most common, a serious problem and may affect thequality of life. Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is the gold standard for BPH management. The aim ofthis study was to describe the complications of TURP in patients with BPH. This was a descriptive study by reviewingthe medical records of BPH patients underwent TURPs at RSUD Arifin Achmad, Riau Province in 2011-2015. Therewere 280 medical records fulfilled the inclusion criteria in which showed 93 patients who experienced complicationsof TURP. The most age range was 60-69 years old (12,9%), the mean of the resection duration was 30(10-80) minutesand the mean of weight of the resected prostatic tissue was 30 (10-50)grams. The most common complications wasbleeding (42,9%), urinary retention (27,6%).In the research, we conclude the complications were higher than theones in the literatures.
Analisis Penggunaan Antibiotik pada Pasien Sepsis Neonatus di RSUD Arifin Ahmad Provinsi Riau Oyong, Nazardi; Inayah, Inayah; Novita, Yuni; Giofani, Rizki
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 11, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (87.187 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v11i2.2017.12-17

Abstract

Sepsis that is commonly caused by bacterial infection may cause death in neonates. The appropiate antibioticadministered will increase the life expectancy of neonates with sepsis. Objective of this study was to know the patternof antibiotic use and appropriateness of antibiotic use based on sensitivity test. The study used observational methodwith cross sectional design. The collected data were retrospective. The study population were neonates with sepsis inperinatal ward from Januari – December 2014. The criteria of inclusion were positive blood culture with sensitivity testsand use of antibiotics. The percentage of particular antibiotics used in neonates with sepsis before sensitivity testwere amikacin 64,3%; meropenem 62,9% and piperazine/tazobactam 50% with suitability of 27,1%. However, aftersensitivity test there were meropenem 38,6%, amikacin 30%, vancomycin 14,3% and piperaciline/tazobactam 14,3%with appropriateness of 64,3%. The most number of antibiotic used before and after sensitivity test were amikacin andmeropenem, respectively. There was a suitability enhancement between the use of antibiotics and sensitivity testresults.
Perancangan Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) untuk Menilai Kompetensi Klinik Zulharman, Zulharman
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 5, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (59.467 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v5i1.2011.7-12

Abstract

When planned and organized correctly, OSCE can be highly successful as an instrument to assess competence inmedicine. Knowledge about how to plan and organize OSCE is required by OSCE’s designers in medical education, sothat OSCE which had been designed become valid, reliable and feasible. The elements in designed OSCE consisted ofdefining of clinical competency which be assessed, design station, patient, examiners, pass or fail scoring, logistics andcosts.

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