cover
Contact Name
Ilhami Romus
Contact Email
ilhamiromus@yahoo.co.id
Phone
+6281371333123
Journal Mail Official
jikfkunri@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Sekretariat JIK (Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran) Jl. diponegoro no. 1, Pekanbaru Riau
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 1978662X     EISSN : 27154467     DOI : https://doi.org/10.26891/JIK
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Journal of Medical Science receives a script from health and medical lecturer, undergraduate, residents, hospital staff and those who interested in writing scientific papers. The scientific articles posted on JIK include: literature reviews, research article, case report and EBCR (Evidence Based Case Report). Article preferably basic science of medicine and health.
Articles 139 Documents
DIFERENSIASI STADIUM TAKIZOIT-BRADIZOIT PADA TOXOPLASMA GONDII Lesmana, Suri Dwi
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 4, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.62 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v4i2.2010.89-94

Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasite whose definite host is cat or felidae and intermediate host is human orother mammals. It causes congenital and acquisita toxoplasmosis. Infection with this apicomplexan parasite results inits dissemination throughout its host via the tachyzoite life stage. After dissemination, these tachyzoites differentiateinto bradyzoites within cyst and remain latent. These bradyzoites can transform back into tachyzoites and inimmunosupressed individuals this often results in symptomatic disease. Both tachyzoites and bradyzoites develop intissue culture and this crucial differentiation event can be studied. Interferon gamma (IFN ) is the main mediator intachyzoite-bradyzoite differentiation.
HUBUNGAN GANGGUAN FUNGSI KOGNITIF DENGAN HIPERTENSI MENGGUNAKAN MONTREAL COGNITIVE ASSESSMENT VERSI INDONESIA (MOCA-INA) Lestari, Enny; Riqqah, Melfi; Romus, Ilhami
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 11, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (55.074 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v11i1.2017.12-18

Abstract

High blood pressure associated with a reduction of cognitive function in young adults and older age. One of cognitiveimpairment examination is Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). The aim of this study is to determine the correlationbetween impaired cognitive function with hypertension by using MoCA?INA in the elderly people at Tresna WerdhaKhusnul Khotimah nursing home Pekanbaru. This research obtained the incidence of impaired cognitive function inelderly people at Tresna Werdha Khusnul Khotimah nursing home Pekanbaru as many as 28 subjects (90.3%).Hypertension in the elderly at Tresna Werdha Khusnul Khotimah nursing home Pekanbaru were 23 subjects consistof 6 subjects (19.35%) with controlled hypertension and 17 subjects (54.84%) with uncontrolled hypertension. Theresults of statistical test by using Fisher test obtained p value as big as 1.000 (p>0.05). This shows there is nosignificant correlation between impaired cognitive function with hypertension in the elderly people at Tresna WerdhaKhusnul Khotimah nursing home Pekanbaru.
GAMBARAN MONITORING GULA DARAH KASUS DIABETES MELITUS DI PUSKESMAS ‘X’ KOTA DUMAI Nazriati, Elda; Chandra, Fifia; Izfhathaniah, Izfhathaniah
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.947 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i2.2018.101-107

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease that has 2 main targets of treatment, keeping the glucose levels within normalrange, and preventing complications. The purposed of this research is to know the description of blood glucosemonitoring consisting of fasting blood glucose, HbA1C, and self monitoring blood glucose (SMBG). This was aqualitative research by using observation method and deep interview to ten informant. The results showed thecheckup of fasting blood glucose levels have been going well with some obstacles, for instance, running out ofglucose strips. Puskesmas ?X? did not perform HbA1C checkup due to unavailability of laboratory equipment. OverallDM patients did not perform SMBG because they did not have the device, but the researchers obtained one patientwho had a device at home, but the patient still chose to check his blood glucose at the puskesmas because the lowknowledge of the patient to perform SMBG.
MODIFIKASI SISTEM ASISTENSI DAN RESPONSI KELAS KECIL PADA PRAKTIKUM PARASITOLOGI BLOK DIGESTIF DAN HEMATOIMUNOLOGI FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS RIAU Lesmana, Suri Dwi; Maryanti, Esy
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (32.049 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i1.2014.46-51

Abstract

Faculty of Medicine University of Riau has been implementing Competency Based Curriculum (KBK) with theProblem Based Learning (PBL) since 2007 with the implementation of teaching and learning activities of the systemconsists of a tutorial activities, skillab, expert lectures, independent and practical. However, there are still manyproblems in the implementation of the KBK on preclinic degree. One part of the block that is identified to be one ofthe causes of low graduation exam block is less efective coaching laboratory practice. Parasitology is one part of thetask is to provide laboratory practice in several blocks on the stage of preclinic especially digestive and hematoimunologyblock. This study aimed to compare the results of the evaluation of parasitology laboratory practice in hematoimunologyand digestive assistance and posttest in large classes with small class. Assistance and posttest in large class performedon the digestive block implementation and hematoimunologi in 2011 while assisting and posttest of small classes ona block implementation in 2012. Average value of small class digestive laboratory practice was not significantlylower than the large class but the proportion of the value of quality B and C more many in small classes. The meanvalue of the block hematoimunologi laboratory practice significantly higher on small class assistance and posttest aswell as the proportion of the value of quality A, B and C was higher in small classes than large classes.
GAMBARAN KOMPLIKASI TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF THE PROSTATE PADA PASIEN BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA Zuhirman, Zuhirman; Juananda, Desby; Lestari, Putry
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (74.798 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i1.2016.44-53

Abstract

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a benign tumor that most common, a serious problem and may affect thequality of life. Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is the gold standard for BPH management. The aim ofthis study was to describe the complications of TURP in patients with BPH. This was a descriptive study by reviewingthe medical records of BPH patients underwent TURPs at RSUD Arifin Achmad, Riau Province in 2011-2015. Therewere 280 medical records fulfilled the inclusion criteria in which showed 93 patients who experienced complicationsof TURP. The most age range was 60-69 years old (12,9%), the mean of the resection duration was 30(10-80) minutesand the mean of weight of the resected prostatic tissue was 30 (10-50)grams. The most common complications wasbleeding (42,9%), urinary retention (27,6%).In the research, we conclude the complications were higher than theones in the literatures.
ANALISIS PENGGUNAAN ANTIBIOTIK PADA PASIEN SEPSIS NEONATUS DI RSUD ARIFIN AHMAD PROVINSI RIAU Oyong, Nazardi; Inayah, Inayah; Novita, Yuni; Giofani, Rizki
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 11, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (87.187 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v11i2.2017.12-17

Abstract

Sepsis that is commonly caused by bacterial infection may cause death in neonates. The appropiate antibioticadministered will increase the life expectancy of neonates with sepsis. Objective of this study was to know the patternof antibiotic use and appropriateness of antibiotic use based on sensitivity test. The study used observational methodwith cross sectional design. The collected data were retrospective. The study population were neonates with sepsis inperinatal ward from Januari ? December 2014. The criteria of inclusion were positive blood culture with sensitivity testsand use of antibiotics. The percentage of particular antibiotics used in neonates with sepsis before sensitivity testwere amikacin 64,3%; meropenem 62,9% and piperazine/tazobactam 50% with suitability of 27,1%. However, aftersensitivity test there were meropenem 38,6%, amikacin 30%, vancomycin 14,3% and piperaciline/tazobactam 14,3%with appropriateness of 64,3%. The most number of antibiotic used before and after sensitivity test were amikacin andmeropenem, respectively. There was a suitability enhancement between the use of antibiotics and sensitivity testresults.
PERANCANGAN OBJECTIVE STRUCTURED CLINICAL EXAMINATION (OSCE) UNTUK MENILAI KOMPETENSI KLINIK Zulharman, Zulharman
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 5, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (59.467 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v5i1.2011.7-12

Abstract

When planned and organized correctly, OSCE can be highly successful as an instrument to assess competence inmedicine. Knowledge about how to plan and organize OSCE is required by OSCE?s designers in medical education, sothat OSCE which had been designed become valid, reliable and feasible. The elements in designed OSCE consisted ofdefining of clinical competency which be assessed, design station, patient, examiners, pass or fail scoring, logistics andcosts.
KO-INFEKSI HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) DENGAN MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE Anggraini, Yuni Eka
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (34.442 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i1.2015.1-6

Abstract

Human immunodefficiency virus (HIV) epidemic covers several countries with endemic leprosy without any significantincrease in the number of patients co-infected with HIV and leprosy, so it can be concluded that HIV-positive does notincrease the risk of developing leprosy. Clinicopathological spectrum of leprosy patients who are co-infected withHIV is not changed. Leprosy may be attributed to the presence of immune recovery syndrome after the administrationof highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Long-term incubation period and the low incidence of leprosy inpatients with HIV make prospective cohort or case-control studies on the prevalence of leprosy among a group of HIVpositive and HIV negative hardly possible to be performed. The benefit of this circumstance is the HIV pandemicdoes not become a nuisance of the effort to control leprosy. Further studies on the molecular pathogenesis of M.leprae and other mycobacterial can provide an understanding of the differences of the pathogenesis in patients withHIV infection.
STRATEGI OPTIMASI PENGGUNAAN ANTIBIOTIK Fauzia, Dina
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (44.463 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i2.2015.55-64

Abstract

Use of antibiotics known is an important factor in the development of resistance tontibiotics, namely the use ofantibiotics that are inappropriate, in the form of overuse or misuse. Inappropriate use of antibiotics should be reducedto prevent the selective pressure that will lead to the development of resistance to antibiotics. Given the magnitude ofthe problem of antibiotics use in hospitals and its impact on the growing and widespread resistance to antibiotics, it isnecessary to immediately improve antibiotic use. Various strategies or interventions can be done at the hospital tooptimize the provision of antibiotics.
PENINGKATAN KADAR TROPONIN-I PASKA RESUSITASI CAIRAN PADA SUS SCROFA SEBAGAI MODEL HEWAN COBA RENJATAN Pasaribu, Hotber E.R; Pudjiadi, Antonius H; Dewi, Rismala
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (75.355 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i1.2018.7-12

Abstract

Provision large amounts of fluids in a short period is known can cause hypervolemia. Therefore, an examination isneeded to find out that the fluid resuscitation being administered does not cause hypervolemia. The purpose of thisstudy is to assess the effect of hypervolemic resuscitation on cardiac contractility. The study was conducted on 10male Sus Scrofa aged 6-8 weeks, as shocked animal models. There are 3 types of resuscitation treatments : normovolemic,hypervolemic-1, and hypervolemic-2. Cardiac contractility was assessed using DPmax and troponin-i levels. There wasan increase in troponin-i levels after hypervolemic fluid resuscitation (p = 0.05). There is a decrease in cardiac contractilityafter hypervolemic resuscitation. Decreased cardiac contractility is associated with increased troponin-i (r = 0.720; p =0.020). Based on the results, we conclude hypervolemic resuscitation causes changes in troponin-i levels, whichreflect changes in cardiac contractility.

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