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MEDIA KONSERVASI
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Articles 473 Documents
TEKNIK PENANGKARAN DAN AKTIVITAS HARIAN MAMBRUK VICTORIA (GOURA VICTORIA FRASER, 1844) DI MEGA BIRD AND ORCHID FARM BOGOR, JAWA BARAT Prayana, Angga; Masy'ud, Burhanuddin; Suzanna, Erna
Media Konservasi Vol 17 No 3 (2012): Media Konservasi Vol. 17 Nomor 3, Desember 2012
Publisher : Deparement of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (525.837 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/medkon.17.3.%p

Abstract

Victoria crowned pigeon (Goura victoria Fraser, 1844) is one of endemic bird species in Papua, which population had decreased in the natural habitat due to hunting activities. Ex-situ conservation through captive breeding or captivity is an alternative to sustain the bird population. Observation on it?s daily activities in captivity was expected to result in good captivity technique which would enable the preservation of it?s population and restocking of the species in their natural habitat. The cage was classified a permanent maintenance cage with 40 m × 25 m × 5 m dimensions which made from wall, iron with + 5 cm in diameter, and ram wire for roof. Facilities provided in the cage were among other perch place, eating and drinking place, nesting place, and pond. The cage was regularly cleaned twice a day and sprayed with disinfectant once a month. Temperature in the cage was between 25 ? 32oC with moist air ranges between 57 ? 78%. The type of diseases suffered by the victoria crowned pigeon were CRD (Chronic Respiratory Disease), intestinal worms, and leg swelling. Technique of pairing, laying or hatchery setting, and native enlargement was naturally done by victoria crowned pigeon?s parent. Factors which support the success of captive breeding management in MBOF were (a) location of the cage which away far from noise and human disturbance; (b) the hygiene, safety, and care of the cage; (c) the feeding routine given every morning and evening; (d) provision of medication and vitamins on regular basis to maintain good health and prevent disease from attacking the birds in captivity; and (e) maintenance of genetic purity and avoidance of inbreeding occurenes. Type of behavior that can be used to distinguish the sex of the victoria crowned pigeon was dancing behaviour performed by male individuals. Keywords: victoria crowned pigeon, captive, daily activity, behaviour, breeding successfullt,  
DAMPAK KEGIATAN PERAMBAHAN HUTAN PINUS REBOISASI TERHADAP SIFAT FISIK, KIMIA DAN BIOLOGI TANAH DI KAWASAN LINDUNG DANAU TOBA, SUMATERA UTARA Wasis, Basuki; ., Izudin
Media Konservasi Vol 17 No 3 (2012): Media Konservasi Vol. 17 Nomor 3, Desember 2012
Publisher : Deparement of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (289.815 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/medkon.17.3.%p

Abstract

Encroachment is one of the causes of damage to pine forests. Forest damage can cause damage to soil properties on forest land that was left after the pine forest encroachment activities. This research was conducted aiming to determine the change of physical properties, chemical properties and biological properties of soil in the pine forest encroachment caused by activities in the area of pine forest reforestation in protected areas of Lake Toba, North Sumatra. Soil sampling conducted in purposive sampling in a pine forest and open land. The study was conducted on three plots in the pine forest and open land with the size of each 20 mx 20 m (0.04 ha). In the plot is made of three subplots with a size of 1m x 1m is placed randomly for soil sampling. Observations suggest that damage to the pine forest vegetation has caused the loss of top soil layer of soil, destruction of soil structure and the increase in soil erosion. Destruction of pine forest into open land has caused damage to soil physical properties as well as significantly decreasing soil chemical properties and biological properties of soil. Forms of soil degradation caused by damage to pine forests, which is an increase in soil density (density Limbak) of 129%, a decrease of 68% organic C and soil nitrogen decreased by 23%. The main factors causing soil degradation is logging the pine forest vegetation, soil organic matter decline and erosion. Keywords: forest encroachment, pine forests, open land, protected area,  soil properties.  
PERMINTAAN WISATA ALAM DI KAWASAN PELESTARIAN ALAM DI BOGOR ., Muharmansyah; Muntasib, E.K.S Harini; Rachmawati, Eva
Media Konservasi Vol 17 No 3 (2012): Media Konservasi Vol. 17 Nomor 3, Desember 2012
Publisher : Deparement of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (391.494 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/medkon.17.3.%p

Abstract

Information on tourist demand is an important key in planning the management and development of nature tourism area.  The research was aimed at identifying nature tourism demand in national park (NP) and nature tourism park (NTP) in Bogor.  Data was collected through literature study and questionnaires dissemination to 102 respondents of NP and NTP visitors.  Result showed that there were differences between the demand of NP and NTP visitors on the characteristic of dominant age group, visiting reasons, demand of activity and facilities, visiting time, and type of visitor based on their visit to the location (repeater or first timer). Visitors of NP and NTP in Bogor were dominated by domestic tourist from Jabotabek region, and the highest number visitors were male.   Keywords: demand, tourist, national park, nature tourism park, Bogor.  
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS SATWALIAR DI KAWASAN PERKEBUNAN KELAPA SAWIT DAN STATUS PERLINDUNGANNYA: STUDI KASUS KAWASAN UNIT PENGELOLAAN PT. MITRAKARYA AGROINDO, KABUPATEN SERUYAN, KALIMANTAN TENGAH Arief, Harnios
Media Konservasi Vol 17 No 3 (2012): Media Konservasi Vol. 17 Nomor 3, Desember 2012
Publisher : Deparement of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (565.606 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/medkon.17.3.%p

Abstract

Damage or degradation of forests with moderate to severe category had occurred in the region of Mitrakarya Agroindo Ltd  from year 1998 to 2004. The inventory and identification of wildlife species diversity in plantation areas has done in several habitat types that still exist in this area of oil palm companies. From the observation found 25 species of mammals which belong to 17 families, 47 species of birds belonging to the 20 families and 5 species of reptiles. Protected areas of peat swamp forest and secondary forest ecosystem on mineral sois are  important areas for the protection and preservation of endangered species/protected. This is indicated by it was be found 16 species of mammals, 15 species of birds and 2 species of  reptiles of  rare / protected category. Keywords: ecosystem, habitat, wildlife, species, diversity.
MODEL BISNIS TAMAN NASIONAL MANDIRI: KASUS TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG PALUNG KALIMANTAN BARAT Gunawan, Hendra; Basuni, Sambas; Arief, Pandu Wirawan
Media Konservasi Vol 18 No 1 (2013): Media Konservasi Vol. 18 No. 1 April 2013
Publisher : Deparement of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (624.984 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/medkon.18.1.%p

Abstract

Management of national park has been facing problems due to budgeting limitation. One of the idea to reorient conservation areas management from cost center to profit center is developing self finance national park. The objectives of this research were aimed to describe business model of Gunung Palung National Park; to construct business model of self-finance Gunung Palung National Park, and to formulate development strategy toward self-finance of Gunung Palung National Park. The research used business model canvas analysis.  The results showed that business model of Gunung Palung National Park has strengths in addressing weaknesses in each of the components and can take advantage of opportunities to fine-tune its business model.  Business model of self finance Gunung Palung National Park was categorized as business to business (B2B) model which sold products and services by partner companies. Keywords : business model, environment condition, Gunung Palung National Park 
KARAKTERISTIK HABITAT DAN POPULASI TARSIUS (TARSIUS FUSCUS FISCHER 1804) DI RESORT BALOCCI, TAMAN NASIONAL BANTIMURUNG BULUSARAUNG, SULAWESI SELATAN Mustari, Abdul Haris; Mansyur, Fadhilah Iqra; Rinaldi, Dones
Media Konservasi Vol 18 No 1 (2013): Media Konservasi Vol. 18 No. 1 April 2013
Publisher : Deparement of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (483.492 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/medkon.18.1.%p

Abstract

Tarsier (Tarsius fuscus Fischer 1804) is one of endemic primates of South Sulawesi.  This species has been categorized as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. This This study was conducted in Resort Balocci, Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park from May to July 2011. The data collected were composition and structure of vegetations, number and diversity of insects, distribution and population size of tarsier. This study revealed that tarsier inhabited secondary forest, plantations and vegetation near settlement (yard). Nesting trees of tarsier could be observed in the crevices of the rocks, in the cracks of ficus trees (Ficus spp.), sugar palm tree (Arenga pinnata) and bamboos (Bambusa spp.). A total of 112, 89 and 80 individuals of insects recorded in the secondary forest, vegetation near the settlement and plantation respectively. A total of 13 groups consisting of 44 individuals of tarsiers recorded in the study area.  Of the 44 indvividuals encountered, 31 individuals, 9 individuals, and 4 individuals recoreded  in secondary forest, plantation, and vegetation near settlement respectively. Population densities of tarsier were 151 individuals/km2 in the secondary forest, 36 individuals/km2 in the plantation and 23 individuals/km2  in the vegetation near the settlement. Keywords : Tarsius fuscus, habitat, population, Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park
STUDI POPULASI DAN POLA PENGGUNAAN RUANG MONYET EKOR PANJANG (MACACA FASCICULARIS) DI HUTAN PENDIDIKAN GUNUNG WALAT Santosa, Yanto; Hidayat, Andoko; Mustari, Abdul Haris
Media Konservasi Vol 18 No 1 (2013): Media Konservasi Vol. 18 No. 1 April 2013
Publisher : Deparement of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (459.801 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/medkon.18.1.%p

Abstract

Long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis Raffles 1821) in Gunung Walat University Forest (HPGW) was introduced in 1980/1981. Thirty years post-introduction, there was no any research on the species. The objectives of the research were to estimate demographic parameters and home range of long-tailed macaque in HPGW. This research was conducted from March to May 2012. These data were collected using concentration count method based on sex and age structure. Composition and structure of vegetations analyzed using line-plot sampling method. The groups movement of the long-tailed macaque were recorded using GPS and analyzed using maximum convex polygon. Four groups of long-tailed macaque were observed in HPGW. Population size were 108 individual and group sizes were 30, 23, 24, 31 respectively. Population density were 0,3 per Ha, natality was 0,24, mortality juvenile to sub adult was 0,64 and mortality sub adult to adult was 0,30. Population of macaque groups indicated progressive population based on age structure. Homerange of the groups were 29,26 Ha;  19,73 Ha; 26,94 Ha and 15,78 Ha for group A, B, C, D respectively. Dominant factors of habitat of the long-tailed macaque were elevation (X1), temperature (X2) and moisture (X3). Based on the dominant factor of the habitat, the result from multiple linear regression was Y=-30,964+0,028X1+0,675X2+0,317X3, where Y=size group, R2=75,3%. Key words: long-tailed macaque, demographic parameters, population, home range, Gunung Walat Education Forest
PENINGKATAN PELUANG KERJA BAGI MASYARAKAT LOKAL MELALUI PENGEMBANGAN EKOWISATA DI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG CIREMAI Zuhriana, Diah; Alikodra, Hadi S.; Adiwibowo, Soeryo; S., Hartisari
Media Konservasi Vol 18 No 1 (2013): Media Konservasi Vol. 18 No. 1 April 2013
Publisher : Deparement of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (348.24 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/medkon.18.1.%p

Abstract

Community-based ecotourism become a very important development, especially in national park area that is prone to disruption surrounding communities. Illegal activities of the national parks can be stopped more effectively if they are given alternative employment opportunities. Ciremai Mountain National Park (TNGC) has 19 natural tourism objects that can be developed to enhance employment opportunities and income of the people who live around the area. The study was conducted at the National Park Mount Ciremai (TNGC) Kuningan regency of West Java Province. This study aims to analyze the employment opportunities for local communities through tourism development, particularly the development of business in the tourism sector. Data analysis was performed with the approach supply and demand. The results showed that through the development of business types that already exist in the tourism sector to increase employment opportunities for local communities of 41.46%, and for the amount of new business units increased by 33.72% with an estimated increase in employment opportunities for the local communities at 24.65 %. Keywords: employment, Gunung Ciremai National Park, tourism, communities
PENGGUNAAN BERBAGAI TIPE HABITAT OLEH BURUNG DI KAMPUS INSTITUT PERTANIAN BOGOR, DARMAGA, BOGOR, JAWA BARAT Mulyani, Yeni A.; Ulfah, Maria; ., Sutopo
Media Konservasi Vol 18 No 1 (2013): Media Konservasi Vol. 18 No. 1 April 2013
Publisher : Deparement of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (427.245 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/medkon.18.1.%p

Abstract

This study examined bird diversity in isolated and fragmented habitats in IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java Indonesia. Bird surveys were conducted in plots of several habitat types using MacKinnon List and point count methods. A total of 52 bird species were recorded during the study. Use of habitats by several breeding birds, such as Red-breasted Parakeet Psittacula alexandri indicated the importance of habitats for the survival of bird community in the area. Monitoring of population, especially those of breeding species, is necessary to assess the suitability of the area as wildlife refuge and to make necessary management recommendation. Keywords: bird, isolated, fragmented, habitat use, population
STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS BERUDU ANURA DI SUNGAI CIBEUREUM TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG GEDE PANGRANGO, JAWA BARAT Ningsih, Welni Dwista; Kusrini, Mirza D.; Kartono, Agus Priyono
Media Konservasi Vol 18 No 1 (2013): Media Konservasi Vol. 18 No. 1 April 2013
Publisher : Deparement of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (550.091 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/medkon.18.1.%p

Abstract

The use of various types of habitats can affect the structure of tadpole communities. The purpose of this study was to identify and measure: a) composition and diversity of Anuran species on two different seasons, b) distribution of tadpoles in different microhabitat types, and c) developmental  stages of tadpole in two different season. Quantitative sampling of amphibian larvae was carried out on along the 224 m transect in Cibeureum stream, Mount Gede-Pangrango National Park, West Java. Four species were found in Cibeureum stream were Leptophryne cruentata (37.10%), Megophrys montana (34.33%), Rhacophorus margaritifer (28.49%), and Huia masonii (0.07%). Cibeureum stream microhabitat can be grouped into torrents, riffles and shingle areas. Tadpoles were only found in riffles and shingle areas. Omitting H. masonii data from linear regression test showed that microhabitat variables did not significantly affect the presence of tadpoles. Most tadpoles were found in stage 25. The dominant stage of tadpole found were in Gosner growth stage 24-28 (no foot) for both dry and wet season, which indicated that the frogs in the Cibeureum stream reproduce throughout the year.  Key words: tadpoles, Anura, Cibeureum, Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park, community structure

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