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INDONESIA
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
ISSN : 23032111     EISSN : 2354886X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
JPHPI publishes manuscripts in the field of marine post-harvest, aquatic biotechnology, aquatic biochemistry, aquatic product diversification, and characteristic of aquatic raw materials. In addition, JPHPI also publishes research about aquatic product quality, standardization, and other researches within the field of aquatic product technology.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 19 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia" : 10 Documents clear
TOXICITY SUB CHRONIC WATER EXTRACT MERETRIX MERETRIX LINNAEUS IN VIVO ON SPRAGUE DAWLEY RATS Apriandi, Azwin; Tarman, Kustiariyah; Sugita, Purwantiningsih
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 19 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (683.82 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v19i2.13464

Abstract

Meretrix meretrix is one of the shells of sea water are widely utilized by people as food. This clamalso has many properties and benefits, so in this study tested the effect of the water extract of Meretrixmeretrix against blood chemistry profile Sprague Dawley rats with the method (OECD 413: 2009). Based onobservations obtained growth, feed intake, weight of liver and kidney in normal conditions. Levels of urea,creatinine, cholesterol between the control mice treated with A/0.1 and A/1 were not significantly different(p> 0.05) while the levels of bilirubin and albumin between control mice treated with A/0.1 and A/1 resultssignificantly different (p<0.05), but all blood chemistry parameters tested is still in the normal category.
CHARACTERISTICS OF AMINO ACID, FATTY ACID AND MINERAL OF SEA HARE Manulang, Benny; Purwaningsih, Sri; Azrifitria, Azrifitria
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 19 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (682.208 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v19i2.13462

Abstract

Dolabella auricularia are found in the waters of Indo - Pacific and has active compound in health,which until now is still limited information about nutritional content from sea hare. The aim of this researchwere to determine morphometric and chemical characteristic D. auricularia which includes the proximate,amino acids, fatty acids and minerals. The composition of fatty acid were measured by gas chromatography(GC), amino acids were measured by high performanced liquid chromatography (HPLC), and mineral wasmeasured by atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). The sea hare contained 9 essential amino acidsand 6 non essential amino acids. The highest essential amino acid was arginine (1.61%) while the highestnon essential amino acids was glycine (3.02%). Sea hare contained 26 fatty acids such as saturated fattyacids 5.33%, monounsaturated fatty acids 2.11% and polyunsaturated fatty acids 4.10%. The high mineralwas calcium 68100 mg/kg.
EXTRACTION OPTIMIZATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF COLLAGEN FROM YELLOW PIKE CONGER SWIMBLADDER WITH ACID-HYDRO-EXCTRACTION METHOD Djailani, Fernandy; Trilaksani, Win; Nurhayati, Tati
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 19 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (943.901 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v19i2.13461

Abstract

Swim bladder is one of marine potential byproducts for alternative source of collagen. This study aimedto optimize hydro-extraction and characterized collagen. Extraction optimization of collagen was determinedusing Box-behnken design response surface method with three variables: CH3COOH concentration, soakingtime and extraction time to yield response. Hydro-extraction collagen was characterization based on theamino acid content, SDS-PAGE, FT-IR and DSC. Acording to the result, the concentration had significantlyinfluence yield. Optimum extraction conditions were variable combinations of acetic acid concentration of0.1 M, for 1 h and hydro-extraction time of 1 h to produce the highest yield 63.35%. collagen was classifiedas type I collagen by amino acid content, electrophoresis patterns and fourier transform infrared (FTIR)spectra. The glass transition of collagen was 67.23oC, showed high thermal stability that can be applied tothe cosmetics industry and nutraceutical.
RECOVERY OF BELIDA FISH BONE BYPRODUCT AS A RICH CALCIUM POWDER BY ALCALI METHOD Kusumaningrum, Indriati; Sutono, Doddy; Pamungkas, Bagus Fajar
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 19 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (540.92 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v19i2.13460

Abstract

Belida (Chitala sp.) bone is one of the waste from amplang processing which not treated properlyyet until now especially in East Kalimantan. One type of the usage of this waste is processed to fish bonepowder as calcium source. The aim of this study was to determine the best treatment (boiling frequency)to produce belida fish bone powder which the best characteristics based on highest calcium content. Theprocessing applied alkali method (used NaOH) to produce belida fish bone powder. The treatment of thisstudy was boiling frequency, i.e. P1 (once boiling), P2 (twice boiling), P3 (three times boiling), and P4 (fourtimes boiling) with 30 minutes on each boiling. Observed parameters in this study were moisture content,ash content, protein content, fat content, calcium content, phosphor content, pH and whiteness. The resultsshowed that four times boiling gave the best result with the highest calcium content 31.31%. The range ofcalcium content was 28.25%-31.31%. While the range of phosphor content was 3.95%-4.06%.
CHEMICAL AND MICROBIOLOGY CHARACTERISTIC OF SMOKED AND SEASONED AFRICAN CATFISH FILLET AFFECTED BY CANNING PROCESSING Murda, Yusuf Kalingga; Husni, Amir; Budhiyanti, Siti Ari; Herwati, Ervika Rahayu Novita
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 19 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (726.636 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v19i2.13459

Abstract

African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) many cultivated by the farmers, however if not treated quicklydamaged. One treatment that can maintain quality product african catfish is by smoked and canning. Theaim of this study was to determine the chemical and microbiological characteristics of smoked Africancatfish fillet with seasoning packaged cans during storage. Preparation of research carried out by soakingthe African catfish fillet into seasonings and liquid smoke concentration of 10% by immersion for 1minute, and then next process of curing and drying. Products that are ripe weighed 110 g and signedinto cans sized Ø 301x205. Added medium brine concentration 5% and vegetable oil as much as 100ml, a process exhausting and seaming. The last stage is performed a sterilization process (126oC for 20minutes), cooling and incubation (24oC for 2 weeks). Observations deterioration of product quality ofsmoked African catfish fillet with seasoning performed at weeks 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8. Tests conducted includechemical test which includes test TVB, pH and peroxide value and microbiological testing in the formof TPC. The results showed that the combined treatment of the fumigation and the addition of medium(saline 5% and solution of vegetable oil) combined with treatment canning able to maintain productquality of smoked African catfish fillet with seasoning, based TVB, pH, peroxide value and TPC duringstorage.
SCREENING AND PRODUCTION OF ANTIBACTERIAL FROM LACTOBACILLUS PLANTARUM NS(9) ISOLATED FROM NILE TILAPIA BEKASAM Desniar, Desniar; Setyaningsih, Iriani; Purnama, Yoga Indra
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 19 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (757.659 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v19i2.13458

Abstract

Lactic acid bacteria has been used as biopreservatif becouse produce a number of antibacterialsubstances are safety and has inhibitory activity against enteropatogenic bacteria. The aims of this studywere to screen of antibacterial compounds produced by Lactobacillus plantarum NS (9) and to producetheir antibacterial compounds. The research was devided into two stages. In the first stage was L. plantarumNS (9) inoculated at 37°C, for 24 hours in semi-anaerobic conditions. The cell-free supertnatant was giventhree treatment, ie not neutralized (A), neutralized (pH 7) (N), and precipitated with ammonium sulfate50% (P). This three supernatant was assayed their antibacterial activity against E. coli, S. typhimuriumATCC 14028, S. aureus, B. cereus and L. monocytogenes using the agar well diffusion method. In the secondstage, production of antibacterial compound was L. plantarum NS (9) inoculated at 37°C, for 24 hoursin semi-anaerobic conditions. The Dencity Optical, value pH, acid total and antibacterial activity weremeasured every three hours during growth of bacteria. The results of the antibacterial screening showedthat L. plantarum NS (9) produced inhibitory zone againts the five indicator bacteria from a supernatant,whereas N and P supernatant were not produced inhibitory zone. This result indicated that inhibition.produced at 6 hours of incubation and were increased to simultaneously with increasing of bacteria growth.The highest antibacterial activity against E. coli, B. cereus and L.monocytogenes were produced at the endof the exponential growth phase (12 -15 hours incubation) while against S. aureus and S. typhimuriumATCC 14028 at 21 and 24 hour of incubation, respectively. The antibacterial activity also was increased tosimultaniously with increasing of acid total (1.350 to 4.050%) and decreasing of pH value (6-4) duringgrowth of bacteria.
EVALUATION OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SMOKED RIVER CATFISH PREPARED FROM FRESH AND FROZEN RAWS Hasan, Bustari; Desmelati, Desmelati; Iriani, Dian; Sumarto, Sumarto; Sahyudi, Sahyudi
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 19 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (614.618 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v19i2.13455

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate physicochemical characteristics of hotsmoked catfish from freshand frozen fish. River catfish samples (Hemibagrus nemurus Valenciennes, 1840), 240-270 gram in weightwere taken from catfish cage culture in Sungai Paku, Riau. A total fish samples (120 fishes) were groupedinto 4 batches, each batch consisted of 30 fish (15 fillets and 15 butterfly like cuts). One batch was smokedfresh and the other 3 batches were smoked after being frozen at -18oC for 10, 20 and 30 days respectively.Before smoked, the fish samples were analyzed for proximate composition and water holding capacity; andafter smoked, the fish samples were determined for smoking yield, proximate composition and sensoryquality. Moisture, fat and protein composition of fish was not different between fresh raw and frozen for10, 20 and 30 days (P>0.05), however, water holding capacity was higher for fresh than frozen fish; andthe value decreased as the longer the frozen storage (P<0.05). Smoking yield correlated stronger to waterholding capacity (r=0.59) than to moisture (r=0.01), fat (r=0.16) and protein (r=0.02) composition of theraw. Moisture, fat and protein of smoked fish was lower for smoked fish prepared from frozen fish than thatfor fresh fish (P<0,05); and the values decreased as the longer the frozen storage. Moisture, fat and proteinloss during smoking was higher for smoked fish prepared from frozen fish than that for fresh fish, exceptfor that frozen for 10 days. Overall, sensory values of smoked fish from frozen fish were lower than that forfresh fish (P<0,05); however, flavor and odor values were not different between smoked fish from fish frozenfor 10 days and fresh fish (P>0,05).
HARVESTING AND SEPARATION TECHNIQUE OF PORPHYRIDIUM CRUENTUM POLYSACCHARIDE USING ULTRAFILTRATION MEMBRANE Hasanah, Hasanah; Setyaningsih, Iriani; Uju, Uju
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 19 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (932.871 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v19i2.13454

Abstract

Red microalga Porphyridium cruentum secreting polysaccharides into its medium culture. Harvestingand separation of polysaccharide of P. cruentum usually use centrifugation and in large scale needs highcost. The use of ultrafiltration membrane can be one of the alternatives for harvesting and separation ofP. cruentum polysaccharide. This study aimed to determine the characteristic of membrane and permeatfrom harvesting and separation of P. cruentum polysaccharide using ultrafiltration. Research consisted offour stages : membrane characterization, cultivation of P. cruentum, harvesting using 0.05 ?m ultrafiltrationmembrane, and polysaccharide separation using 0.01 ?m ultrafiltration membrane. Characterization ofmembrane permeability and internal resistance on ultrafiltration 0.05 ?m dan 0.01 ?m were 137.32 L/m2hbarand 62.38 L/m2hbar and 0.01 barm2h/L and 0.02 barm2h/L, respectively. Harvesting using ultrafiltration 0.05?m produced flux 131.37-94.75 L/m2h, biomass rejection 96% and permeate with OD (Optical Density) (0.01± 0.00), viscosity (2.4 ± 0.17 cp), pH (8 ± 0.00), and salinity (42.37 ± 0.11 ?). Separation of polysaccharideusing ultrafiltration 0.05 ?m produced flux 58.11-51.53 L/m2h and permeate with viscosity (2.2 ± 0.30 cp),pH (7.8 ± 0.01), and salinity (38.73 ± 0.05 ?). Ultrafiltration process decreased OD, viscosity, and salinityof permeate.
EXTRACTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF LIVER OIL FROM SILKY SHARK Rozi, Anhar; Suseno, Sugeng Heri; Jacoeb, Agoes Mardiono
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 19 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (689.891 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v19i2.13453

Abstract

Silky shark liver was 10-15% of its body mass and 50% of oil is contained in the liver. The aimed ofthis study was to determine heavy metal content, fatty acid profile on raw material, extraction of its oil, andparameter of oxidation. The method of heavy metal test stated on the SNI and fatty acid analysis referredto AOAC. The extraction was oven methode at 50, 60, 70, and 80°C in 8 hours. Cadmium (Cd) as thehighest heavy metal content with 0.88±0.01 ppm, SFA was 18.46% composed by palmitic acid dominantly(12.59%). The MUFA was 24.54 % with the highest oleic acid (17.86%). PUFA was 19.11 % that consist ofDHA (14.35%) as the most abundantly present while EPA was 1.50%. Shark liver oil which was extractedat 50°C had the highest yield (24.47%). The oxidation of silky shark liver oil extraction indicated the besttreatment at 50°C with peroxide value (PV), p-Anisidine value (p-AV), percentage of free fatty acid (% FFA),acid value (AV), and total oxidation (TOTOX) were 7.26±1.27 mEq/kg, 16.79±0.28 mEq/kg, 5.47±0.12%,10.88±0.25 mg KOH/kg, and 31.31±2.26 mEq/kg respectively.
IDENTIFICATION OF ANTIOXIDANT COMPOUNDS STRUCTURE LARGE-LEAFED MANGROVE FRUIT Sudirman, Sabri; Nurjanah, Nurjanah; Jacoeb, Agoes Mardiono
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 19 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (541.187 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v19i2.13452

Abstract

Antioxidants are compounds that can inhibit or prevent the oxidation of the easily oxidized substrate.One of the plants as a potential source of bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity is large-leafedmangrove (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza). This plant is commonly found in the Pacific region of Southeast Asia,Ryukyu Islands, Micronesia and Polynesia (Samoa) to subtropical regions of Australia and has been usedby the society. This study aimed to determine the bioactive compounds structure of large-leafed mangrovehas the highest antioxidant activity. The compound structure prediction was done by Nuclear MagneticResonance (NMR). The compound structure in the selected antioxidant fractions are flavonol, glikosilfalvonand flavon. Those three compounds are flavonoid compound which has a great role as the one that hasantioxidant activity in large-leafed mangrove fruit.

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