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INDONESIA
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
ISSN : 23032111     EISSN : 2354886X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
JPHPI publishes manuscripts in the field of marine post-harvest, aquatic biotechnology, aquatic biochemistry, aquatic product diversification, and characteristic of aquatic raw materials. In addition, JPHPI also publishes research about aquatic product quality, standardization, and other researches within the field of aquatic product technology.
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Articles 20 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 20 No. 3 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia 20(3)" : 20 Documents clear
BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS OF SEAWEED SARGASSUM PLAGYOPHYLLUM AND EUCHEUMA COTTONII AS LIGHTENING RAW MATERIALS Dolorosa, Maretty Twentyna; Nurjanah, Nurjanah; Purwaningsih, Sri; Anwar, Effionora; Hidayat, Taufik
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 3 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia 20(3)
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (201.616 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i3.19820

Abstract

Seaweed is main commodity with abundant amount of Indonesian waters. Seaweed contains naturallybioactive compounds that acts as antioxidant and tyrosinase inhibitor which inhibit melanin formationand the latest approach used to skin lightening. The aim of this research were to determine chemicalcharacterization such as heavy metal, secondary metabolite (phytochemical compounds), moisture, vitaminC and E, antioxidant activity and total plate count (TPC) on dry simplisia and slurry of S. plagyophyllumand E. cottonii. Total microbe of S. plagyophyllum amounted 2.3×102 colony?g with moisture content 16,71%and E. cottonii amounted 2.2×103 colony?g with moisture content 19.79%. Brown seaweed, S. plagyophyllum,did not contain dangerous heavy metal. Vitamin C value in both spesies of seaweed were 212.95 mg/kg forS. plagyophyllum and 15,95 mg/kg for E. cottonii. Vitamin E of S. plagyophyllum amounted 363.86 mg/kgand 0.23 mg/kg for E. cottonii. IC50 value of S. plagyophyllum was 109 ppm and 130.62 ppm for E. cottonii.S. plagyophyllum slurry contain bioactive compound such as alkaloids, steroids, flavonoids, saponins andtannins. E. cottonii slurry contain bioactive compound alkaloids and terpenoids.
CHARACTERISTIC OF PEDADA FRUIT STARCH AND PECTIN AND ITS APPLICATION AS EDIBLE FILM RAW MATERIALS Pradana, Galih Wendi; Jacoeb, Agoes Mardiono; Suwandi, Ruddy
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 3 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia 20(3)
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (286.326 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i3.19818

Abstract

The synthetic packaging which commonly used so far has been generating new problems for health andthe environment. A safe packaging t which friendly environment is needed to be developed. One of them isedible film. Sonneratia caseolaris fruit has potential as raw material for edible film production, because itsavailability in nature is quite abundant as well as high starch and pectin content. The purpose of this studywas to determine the characteristics of starch and pectin from Sonneratia caseolaris fruit and determine theedible film characteristics produced by its starch and pectin. The starch extracted by water, then produced51.04% of total starch content (24.23% amylose and 26.81% amylopectin). The pectin extracted by 0.5%(w/v) ammonium oxalate solvent with 50 and 70 minutes as time variants. The results showed that starch andpectin with70 minutes of extraction tim) can be used as raw material in edible film production. Differencesin starch and pectin concentrations affected the edible film characteristics. Edible film with 4% starch, 1.5%pectin, and 1.5% glycerol showed the best characteristics of tensile strength, percent of elongation, watervapour transmission rate, and water vapour permeability.
CHARACTERISTICS OF GREEN SEAWEEDS FROM SERIBU ISLANDS AND SEKOTONG WEST NUSA TENGGARA ANTIOXIDANT Nufus, Chairun; Nurjanah, Nurjanah; Abdullah, Asadatun
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 3 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia 20(3)
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (223.331 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i3.19819

Abstract

Green seaweeds contain many bioactive compounds which one of them act as antioxidants as wellas rich in fibers and essential minerals. This study was aimed to determine physicochemicals propertiesof green seaweed Caulerpa lentillifera, Halimeda opuntia and Ulva lactuca. The analitycal methods of thisresearch consists of: proximate analysis, mineral composition, phytochemical compounds, heavy metalcontent and antioxidant activity of extract green seaweed by CUPRAC, DPPH and FRAP method. Theproximate analysis showed that the water content of the three seagrasses ranged from 10.83-28.41%, the ashranged from 24.97-70.66%, the fat ranged from 3.80 to 5.26%, the fiber ranged from 2, 63-3.86%, proteinranges from 0.18 to 1.43% and carbohydrates range from 10.69 to 36.49%. Seaweeds contain Ca mineralsranging from 17.95-124.39 g / kg, Na ranges from 21.16 to 34.18 g / kg. Mg ranges from 2.63-22.23 g / kg,K ranges from 2.29-12.28 g / kg and Fe ranges from 0.13-0.34 g / kg. The three seaweeds contain Pb heavymetals ranging from 13.57-37.76 mg / kg, Cu ranges from 5.02-8.32 mg / kg and Hg ranges from 0.170 to0.265.. bioactive compound extract C. lentillifera, H. opuntia and U. lactuca contains alkaloids, flavonoids,phenols hydroquinone, saponins, steroids and triterpenoids. Green seaweeds contain DPPH antioxidantactivity within IC50 values of 43,53-95,91 mg/L, CUPRAC 138.21?212.43 ?mol trolox /g, FRAP 175.93?181.79 ?mol trolox/g.
PROFILE ALBUMIN AND BETA CAROTENE FORMULA INSTANT BABY PORRIDGE Sari, Dewi Kartika; Rosidi, Ali; Rahmawati, Hafni
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 3 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia 20(3)
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (161.445 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i3.19817

Abstract

Complementary feeding of breast milk should be given to infants after 6 months to increase nutritionalneeds. Instant baby porridge is known as one of complementary feeding of breast milk which is hygienic,easy to serve, and known by. Protein and vitamin A from snakehead fish (Ophiocephalus striatus) meal andpumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) flour can be used to improve the nutrition content of baby porridge . Thepurpose of this study was to determine the albumin and beta-carotene profiles of instant baby porridgesubstituted by 15 and 20% of snakehead fish meal and 10 and 15% of yellow pumpkin flour. Preparationof instant baby porridge carried out bydry mixing method. All ingredients wereapplied indriy condition,then mixed according to the standard of the formula of MP-ASI. The appearance ofinstant baby porridgewas yellowness and ready to eat after brewed with hot water (±60oC) with a ratio of 1 : 1. The results showedthat t instant baby porridge with 20% of snakehead fish meal and 15% of pumpkin flour substitution has thehighest albumin and beta carotene profiles which the value were 2.20% and 3.40 mg/100 g or 283.33 ?g/100g vitamin A, respectively.
CHARACTERIZATION OF ENDOGENOUS TRANSGLUTAMINASE ENZYME OF YELLOW PIKE CONGER’S LIVER (CONGRESOX TALABON) Sidauruk, Santhy Wisuda; Nurhayati, Tati; Laksono, Untung Trimo
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 3 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia 20(3)
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (270.839 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i3.19816

Abstract

Transglutaminases have been found in various living organism, such as mammals, plants,microorganisms, and marine organisms including fishes. Transglutaminases have many various functionssuch as food or non-food application and in pharmaceticals industries. This research was aimed tocharacterize transglutaminase that obtained from fisheries byproducts such as catadromous fish the yellowpike conger?s liver.. The yield of yellow pike conger?s liver was 0.88±0.11%. Crude transglutaminase from liverof yellow pike conger had specific activity of 1.375 U/mg with optimum pH at 7.5 and optimum temperatureat 50°C. The activity of transglutaminase were increased on Mg2+ ion dependent. Crude transglutaminasehad molecular weight of 27.48; 37.00; 69.51; 78.89; 88.18; 108.45; 134.10; and 172.12 kDa.
ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF KLUWEK (PANGIUM EDULE) SEED EXTRACT AS NATURAL PRESERVATIVES OF TUNA FISH BALL Mamuaja, Christine Fransin; Lumoindong, Frans
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 3 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia 20(3)
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (183.996 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i3.19815

Abstract

Kluwek seeds (Pangium edule) contain antimicrobial compounds that can be categorized as preservativeagents. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the addition of kluwek seeds extractagainst microbiological quality, sensory quality and shelf life of tuna fish balls. This study applied a factorialcompletely randomized design with various extract concentrations and storage duration treatments, eachof which conducted in triplicate. In this study, the fishballs were immersed in 2%, 4%, 6% and 8% b/vextract for 60 minutes, then stored for three days at room temperature (28-30ºC). The results showed thatthe the highest inhibitory activity against microbial growth was exhibited by meatballs immersed in 8%concentration, in which total microbial load up to the third day storage was 1,32 x 102 CFU/g which wasin the INS range of quality for fish ball (1 x 107). Fishballs without storage (0 day) was more acceptable bypanelists when compared to fishballs from 1, 2, and 3 days storage in terms of organoleptic acceptability.Fishballs were still accepted organoleptically only until one day storage, while fishballs stored for 2 and 3days have deteriorated based on visual observation of the color, odor, taste and texture.
ELECTRODE DISTANCES OF MICROBIAL FUEL CELL SYSTEM ON SALTED BOILED FISH PROCESSING WASTEWATER TO ELECTRICITY AND POLLUTION LOAD Ibrahim, Bustami; Suptijah, Pipih; Agung, Bagus Sukma
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 3 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia 20(3)
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (207.916 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i3.19813

Abstract

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a technology produce electricity by helping exoelectrogenic bacteria. Thetechnology can also utilize fishery processing wastewater as a media for bacteria to live, so it reduces organicpollution load in the wastewater. The purpose of this research was to identify the effect of electrodes distanceto electricity and water quality parameters of fisheries processing wastewater using MFC technology.. TheMFC system used was single chamber system. The distance between electrodes applied were 2 cm, 4 cmand 6 cm and the electrodes were made of stainless wire mesh coated with chitosan and active carbon.The results showed that electrodes distance affected to MFC electricity within salted boiled fish wastewatermedia. The average value of electric current during 48 hours observation on the distance of 2 cm, 4 cm and6 cm were 0.17±0.06 mA, 0.46±0.17 mA and 0.44±0.16 mA, respectively. Average values of electric voltageon the distance of 2 cm, 4 cm and 6 cm were 0.12±0.03 V, 0.34±0.07 V and 0.37±0.08 V, respectively. Theresearch also showed that MFC system can decrease average value of BOD 20.5%, COD 30.41%, and TAN21.2 % of salted boiled fish wastewater media.
EXTRACTION AND CHARACTERIZATION GELATIN OF SKIN MACKEREL (SCOMBEROMORUS COMMERSONII) FROM PROVINCE BANGKA BELITUNG ISLAND Gunawan, Febri; Suptijah, Pipih; Uju, Uju
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 3 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia 20(3)
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (278.462 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i3.19814

Abstract

Mackerel (Scomberomorus commersonii) is one of the pelagic fish that has high economic value and iswidespread in Indonesia waters and potentially as a source of raw material of gelatin production derivedfrom skin. This study aimed to characterize the physico chemical properties of gelatin of mackerel withextraction with 3 time of replacement. Pretreatment with NaOH 0,1 M and 12 hours of immersion time,hydrolysis with CH3COOH 0,1 M for 3 hours, extracted with temperature 70?C for 2 hours and evavorationwith temperature 60ºC for 60 minutes production gelatin of mackerel skin?s with physico chemicalcharacteristics of mackerel skin?s gelatin are known to have pH 5,47, gel strength 70,81 bloom, viscosity 5.51cP and color brightness L=70.78, a=1.44 and b=19.34. Yield 6.61±0.52%. The result of proximate analysisproduced protein (86.78±0.07%), water content (7.69±0.12%), lipid (0.71±0.07%) and ash (0.58±0.13%).The main amino acids were glysin (25.66%), prolin (12.73%), alanin (12.37%), asam glutamat (11.70%) andarginin (9.10%).
ACTIVITY OF TRIMETHYLAMINE-N-OXIDE DEMETHYLASE (TMAOASE) IN THE FORMING OF NATURAL FORMALDEHYDE IN LIZARDFISH (SAURIDA TUMBIL) Nuraini, Azizah; Nurhayati, Tati; Nurilmala, Mala
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 3 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia 20(3)
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.384 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i3.19811

Abstract

Formaldehyde found in the fish has been occurred naturally through the work of trimethylamine-N-Oxide demethylase (TMAO)ase enzyme that broke TMAO into formaldehyde and dimethylamine.Formaldehyde found in fish has been occurred during storage. This reserch was aimed to determine theTMAOase activity and its role in dimethylamine and formaldehyde formation in Greater lizardfish (Sauridatumbil), which stored at chilling temperature. Observations were made every 2 days for 16 days of storage.Analysis performed in formaldehyde content determination, dimethylamine content determination, andspecific activity of TMAOase enzyme. The result of formaldehyde test was increasing during storage, from0,22±0,00 ppm on day 0 to 7,45±0,46 ppm on day 16. The results of dimethylamine test increased duringstorage from 0,93±0,50 ppm at day 0 to 27,26±1,8 ppm on day 16. The results of TMAOase specific activityin Greater lizardfish increased during storage from 1,15 U/mg on day 0, to 16,47 U/mg on day 16.
THE DEPOLYMERIZATION OF KAPPA CARRAGEENAN USING PERACETIC ACID Sandria, Nofri; Uju, Uju; Suptijah, Pipih
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 3 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia 20(3)
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.519 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i3.19809

Abstract

Kappa carrageenan is a galactose polysaccharide which is easily hydrolyzed on acidic and stable onalkaline solution. Kappa carrageenan is widely used in food industries, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics asthickening, stabilizing, and gelling agents. Peracetic acid (PAA) with the empirical formula CH3COOOHis strong oxidizing agent as a selective agent of delignification. The aims of this study were to determinethe effect of peracetic acid concentration on the characteristics of depolymerization kappa carrageenansuch as, yield, total solubility, viscosity, molecular weight, microstructure, and its functional groups. Theresult of this research showed that kappa carrageenan depolymerization had yield 32.78-98.11%, totalsolubility 23.83-96.68%, viscosity 1.01-26.59 cP, and molecular weight 5.89-199.31 kDa. The higher of PAAconcentration used, the less yield, the increased solubility, lower viscosity, and smaller molecular weights.Depolymerization treatment using 2% PAA caused changes to the microstructure and the function groupkappa carrageenan depolymerization.

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