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INDONESIA
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
ISSN : 23032111     EISSN : 2354886X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
JPHPI publishes manuscripts in the field of marine post-harvest, aquatic biotechnology, aquatic biochemistry, aquatic product diversification, and characteristic of aquatic raw materials. In addition, JPHPI also publishes research about aquatic product quality, standardization, and other researches within the field of aquatic product technology.
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Articles 20 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 21 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia" : 20 Documents clear
QUALITY OF COMERCIAL IMPORT FISH OIL (SOFTGEL) IN CENTRAL JAVA Suseno, Sugeng Heri; Jacoeb, Agoes Mardiono; Yocinta, Hanani Putri; Kamini, Kamini
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 21 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.627 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v21i3.24743

Abstract

Fish oil is a source of omega-3s, specifically EPA (Eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (Docosahexaenoic acid). These fatty acids play an important role for human health. Commercial fish oil production is increasing, but most of the products do not meet IFOS standards. This is a challenge for producers to produce standardized fish oil. The aim of this research was to identify and determining quality of softgel commercial fish oil in Central Java areas based on International Fish Oil Standards (IFOS). The method used was the treatment of differences in the area of origin of commercial fish oil purchases followed by testing the peroxide value, anisidine value, and total oxidation, fatty acid profile, and analysis of free fatty acids. The results showed that the percentage of free fatty acids, peroxide values, anisidine values, and total oxidation values that met IFOS standards were 37 % (3 of 8 samples), 17 % (1 of 8 samples), 83 % (7 of 8 samples) and 50 % (4 out of 8 samples). The best fish oil that fulfil all IFOS parameters has been the sample fish oil E from Tegal. Fish oil D from Tegal has the highest content of omega-3, EPA, and DHA, with valuesof 83.65%, 56.57%, and 26.74% respectively.
CHARACTERISTICS OF PURE OILS FROM BELLY FAT (PANGASIUS HYPOPHTHALMUS) WITH BENTONITE PURIFICATION Sembiring, Lorde; Ilza, Mirna; Diharmi, Andarini
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 21 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (230.765 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v21i3.24742

Abstract

Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) processing industry produces by products of abdoment fat containing unsaturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) which are the essential fatty acids needs to maintain health. Catfish belly fat can be processed into coarse fish oil through a purification process, with the addition of the adsorbent used, one of which is bentonite. This study was aimed to determine theeffect of bentonite application on the characteristics of refined catfish oil. Fish oil was extracted from belly fat then purified by adding bentonite adsorbent at a concentration of 1; 4 and 7%. The design used in thisstudy was a complete factorial of one factor. The parameters of analysis were the number of free fatty acids, peroxide value, anisidine, and totox. The results showed that bentonite had significant effect on free fattyacid, peroxide, anisidine and totox values. The use of 7% bentonite decreased content of free fatty acid, peroxide value, anisidine, peroxide and totox from 1.72 to 0.85%, 5.18 to 0 meq/kg, 27.51 to 2.28 meq/kg,and 37.88 to 2.28 meq/kg respectively.
ACID AND CALCIUM ALGINATE EXTRACTION METHOD AFFECTED THE QUALITY OF ALGINATE FROM BROWN SEAWEED SARGASUM HYSTRIX J. AGARDH Diharningrum, Ivana M.; Husni, Amir
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 21 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (248.758 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v21i3.24737

Abstract

Seaweed is one of the marine biological resources of Indonesia that has a high potential to produce alginate, however, the most appropiate method to extract the alginate of high quality is still unknown. This study was aimed to determine the effects of extraction methods on the quality of alginate from seaweed Sargassum hystrix and compared the extraction cost. Two extraction methods were used in this study including acidic and calcium method. The yield, moisture content, viscosity, pH, whiteness degree, functional group, ash content and extraction cost were evaluated. The viscosity and whiteness degree of sodium alginate from acidic method was 126.00±7.21 cPs and 75.27±0.58 cPs, respectively. Meanwhile the calcium method produced sodium alginate with viscosity 7.23±1.50 cPs and whiteness degree 68.95±0.18 cPs. The yield, moisture content, and ash content of alginate produced by acidic method were lower compare to that of produced by calcium method. Cost analysis showed the acidic method required higher cost. Nevertheless, these resultssuggest that acidic method produce alginate with better quality than the calcium method.
QUALITY OF DRIED ANCHOVY (STOLEPHORUS SP.) FROM BURU ISLAND PRODUCED BY USING CLOSED SUN DRYER Savitri, Imelda Krisanta Enda; Silaban, Bernita; Sormin, R.B.D.
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 21 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (153.41 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v21i3.24740

Abstract

Anchovies drying method in Saliong, Batuboi village, Kayeli Bay has been done by spreading fish on the ground covered by mat or net due to low cost and easy to apply. However, there are no guarantee in the sanitation and hygienic. The objective of this research was to study the effect of closed sun drying method on the quality of dried anchovies (Stolephorus sp). The method was using closed cabinet sun dryer prototype covered by transparence plastic multi racks. Parameters observed involve: organoleptic, moisture content, acid insoluble, total plate count (TPC), E. coli, Salmonella sp., Vibrio cholera and fungi according to Indonesian national standard reference (SNI). The result showed the dried anchovy have an organoleptic grade refers to appearance, smells and texture were 8.40, 8.33 and 8.27 respectively. Moreover, moisture 17.50%; acid insoluble ash 0.32%; total bacterial (TPC) 6.92x102; E. coli, Salmonella sp., V. cholera and fungi were negative. For comparison, dried anchovy produced by using conventional/traditional drying had an organoleptic grade refers to appearance, smells and texture were 7.67, 7.73 dan 7.87 respectively; while moisture 16.93% ; acid insoluble ash 0.65%; total bacterial (TPC) 1.16 x103; E. coli, Salmonella sp., V. cholera and fungi were negative. According to the SNI 01-2891 BSN 1992, dried anchovy produced by using enclosed sun dryer better than dried anchovy produced by traditional method.
ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF PROTEIN HYDROLYSATE PRODUCED FROM TUNA EYE (THUNNUS SP.) BY ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS Mutamimah, Dewi; Ibrahim, Bustami; Trilaksani, Wini
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 21 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (165.073 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v21i3.24736

Abstract

Tuna (Thunnus sp.) by-products from frozen loin and canning industry especially the eye is rich in proteins and in lipids consisting of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). That requires protective agent (antioxidant) to inhibit the oxidation naturally present and predicted to be protein peptides. Enzymatic hydrolysis of protein is an appropriate method to produce bioactive peptide with such nutraceutical/pharmaceutical function such as an antioxidant peptide. This study aimed to produce protein hydrolysate having a function as anwith an antioxidant activity from eye of tuna through enzymatic hydrolysis and determining the antioxidant activity by DPPH methods. Protein soluble content of tuna?s eye protein hydrolysate (TEPH) ranged from 59.98±0.130 to 94.90±0.002%. The degree of hydrolysis (DH) of TEPH was about 9.10±0.28 to 16.14±0.09%. The highest inhibition of DPPH radical scavenging activity was 93.57±0.05% (at 5 mg/mL) was obtained with a DH of 11.35±0.002% at the concentration 0.1% of papain for 6 hours hydrolysis. The IC50 value of was 1.08±0.008 mg/mL
EXTRACTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF ACID-SOLUBLE COLLAGEN AND PEPSIN-SOLUBLE COLLAGEN FROM THE DRY SCALES OF THE STRIPED SNAKEHEAD (CHANNA STRIATUS) Pamungkas, Bagus Fajar; Supriyadi, Supriyadi; Murdiati, Agnes; Indrati, Retno
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 21 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (485.721 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v21i3.24734

Abstract

Characteristics of collagen are influenced by the source of raw materials and extraction methods used. The aim of this research was to characterize the acid- and pepsin-soluble collagens from the dry scales of the striped snakehead (Channa striatus). Collagen was extracted using to methods including 0.5 M acetic acid and 0.1% pepsin. The yield of acid soluble collagen (KLA-SH) and pepsin soluble collagen (KLP-SH) were 0.98% and 1.94%, respectively. KLA-SH and KLP-SH contained glycine as the major amino acid and had high imino acid group content i.e 226 and 230 residues/1.000 residues, respectively. FTIR spectra of KLA-SH and KLP-SH showed that of the structure of collagen could be maintained in the form of triple helix structure. KLA-SH and KLP-SH consisted of ?1- and ?2-chain, ?-chain, and ?-chain and is suggested as type I collagen.
NUTRIENT COMPOSITION OF EEL ANGUILLA BICOLOR BICOLOR AND ANGUILLA MARMORATA Nafsiyah, Ikromatun; Nurilmala, Mala; Abdullah, Asadatun
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 21 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (284.834 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v21i3.24733

Abstract

Eel (Anguilla sp.) is a highly nutritious Indonesian marine commodity. However, information on the eel nutrient content in Indonesia is still limited. This study was aimed to determine chemical properties of Indonesian eels,Anguilla bicolor bicolor and A. marmorata. Proximate, amino acid, fatty acid, and vitamin A analysis were carried out on the fresh eel. The A. bicolor bicolor  ontained 65.51% of moisture, 1.34% of ash, 16.78% of protein, 13.26% of fat, and 3.1% of carbohydrate. Meanwhile, results on A. marmorata showed it contained 57.17% of moisture, 1.09% of ash, 17.30% of protein, 21.35% of fat, and 3.12% of carbohydrate. Leucine and glutamic acid represented the highest essential and non-essential amino acid of both A. bicolor bicolor and A. marmorata, respectively. The highest saturated and monounsaturated fatty acid were palmitate and oleic acid for A. bicolor bicolor as well as A. marmorata. The content of vitamins in A. marmorata was higher than in A. bicolor bicolor.
FISH PROCESSING USING GEOTHERMAL SOURCES IN VILLAGE IDAMDEHE WEST HALMAHERA DISTRICT NORTH MALUKU PROVINCE Baksir, Abdurrachman; Daud, Kadri; Wibowo, Eko Setyabudi; Akbar, Nebuchadnezzar; Haji, Irfan
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 21 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (662.863 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v21i3.24731

Abstract

Idamdehe village has geothermal potential that can be used for fish processing. However, until now the use of this potential has not been carried out optimally. Geothermal in this area is only used as a touristattraction for local people to visit. However, utilization for fisheries processing has not been carried out. This research aimed to observe the use of geothermal in fisheries processing. The research method was carried out with different treatments, including traditional and conventional methods. Fish samples used for processing were yellowstrip scad fish (Selaroides leptolepis). The results of the study showed the value of geothermal vapor temperature increased along with the increase of the depth of excavation, namely in 20 cm with a temperature value of 90oC, a depth of 30 cm with a temperature of 100oC. The process of fish processing using geothermal steam only took 30 minutes with a temperature of 100oC, while the conventional method using geothermal steam took 1 hour with a temperature of 100oC.
EXTRACTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF PEPSIN ENZYME FROM TUNA (THUNNUS ALBACARES) GASTRIC Pasaribu, Ewi; Nurhayati, Tati; Nurilmala, Mala
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 21 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (332.576 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v21i3.24727

Abstract

Fish gastric is a by-product of fishery waste that has the potential to be developed as a source of pepsin enzyme, such as tuna gastric. The purpose of this study was to extract pepsin from tuna gastric and characterize the enzyme pepsin after dialysis step. The extraction process of pepsin carried out by separating the gastric wall fluid by adding Tris-HCl buffer pH 7.5, then proceed by ammonium sulphate (NH4)2SO4 fractional precipitation from 20% to 80% followed by dialysis. The results showed that the crude extract of the pepsin enzyme had a specific activity of 0.251 mg/mL. Pepsin extract from precipitation with 30-40% fraction had 4,274 U/mg activity and after dialysis, pepsin had 5,137 U / mg activity. The pepsin obtained from gastric tuna had a working temperature in the range of 20-60°C and the working pH is in the pH range 2-3.5. The metal ion, namely FeCl3 and ZnCl2 increased the activity of the pepsin by 2.97 times and 1.92 times.
PREVALENCE OF MICROBE IN PINDANG PRODUCT AT UKM SCALE AT PELABUHAN RATU, SUKABUMI DISTRICT Mumpuni, Fia Sri; Hasibuan, Sawarni
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 21 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (127.458 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v21i3.24720

Abstract

Pindang, boiled fish,  is one of traditional fish processing products consumed by Indonesian society.  Pindang  industry at Pelabuhan Ratu, District of Sukabumi, is one of central of fish boiling production in Indonesia  with small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) scale. The previous result of gap assessment on this  SMEs  at Pelabuhan Ratu, District of Sukabumi showed that they have not yet applied good manufacturing practices well.  Factory cleanliness and sanitation do not meet the requirements of good manufacturing practices. Thus, the research  aimed to determine prevalence of microbes on baby tuna fish boiling/pindang product. The research used the proposive sampling method.  Samples were taken from producer of baby tuna pindang/fish boiling at Pelabuhan Ratu, District of Sukabumi. The results of the research showed that the prevalence of microbes were TPC 100%, Yeast 100%, Escherichia coli (> 3 APM/g)10%, and Salmonella 80%.

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